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Clark Steven L - - 2008
The use of a vacuum device as a routine procedure at the time of repeat cesarean delivery was associated with major fetal intracranial hemorrhage. In the absence of clear evidence of benefit, the routine use of vacuum extraction at the time of cesarean delivery is not justified, given its potential ...
Sela Hen Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the injuries incurred by involvement in terror-related multiple casualty incidents (TR-MCIs) during pregnancy and describe the maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective (January 1, 2001-December 31, 2003), descriptive, multicenter study of all pregnant women injured in TR-MCIs. RESULTS: Twelve pregnant women (singletons, gestational age 20.6 +/- 10.5 ...
Jiao Lan-zhou - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: Clinical data of 28 patients with CSP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1994 to April 2007, including age, interval from the last cesarean delivery to diagnosis, clinical presentation, location of the lesion, process ...
Boso Edwin B - - 2008
This is a report of a patient with moderate aortic stenosis and twin gestation who presented for elective Cesarean section. These patients are at high risk of anesthesia related mortality from the pathophysiology of the cardiac lesion, exacerbated by the cardiovascular changes of pregnancy and complicated by the hemodynamic aberrations ...
Carayol Marion - - 2008
This study, based on the Lebanese National Perinatal Survey which included 5231 women, examined the relations between the caesarean section (CS) rate and the characteristics of mothers, children, antenatal care and maternity units in two geographical zones of Lebanon (Beirut-Mount Lebanon and the rest of the country) and then looked ...
Usman S Bose - - 2008
A 37-weeks pregnant woman was admitted to the accident and emergency department with hypothermia following possible drug misuse. Although her pulse and blood pressure were normal, her fetus was found to have marked bradycardia. This caused anxiety and quick transfer of the unconscious and still hypothermic woman to the maternity ...
Moallem Seyed Adel - - 2008
AIM OF THE STUDY: Perovskia abrotanoides is a medicinal herb which traditionally has been used as a topical application to treat leishmaniasis in Iran. Due to similarities of the flowers of Perovskia abrotanoides and Echium species, it is added as an adulterant to Echium preparations in Iran. Echium flowers have ...
Fontanarosa M - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of variation of the incision-to-delivery interval on neonatal wellbeing during cesarean delivery. METHODS: In this prospective study, 71 women, hemodynamically stable and without severe comorbidities, undergone an antepartum cesarean delivery; acid-base status, umbilical arterial oxygen content and Apgar score ...
Gharaibeh Amer M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the overall increase in rate of cesarean sections is accompanied by a parallel decrease in instrumental births. METHODS: A retrospective study carried out at the Queen Alia Military Hospital, Amman, Jordan. The records of all deliveries from January 1992 to December 2006 were reviewed, and analyzed. ...
Liu Hong-Gang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether Warthin-Starry (WS) silver method could detect the air particulate matter (PM)/dust particles (Ps) located within the macrophages in situ. METHODS: There were 26 autopsy cases that resulted from cerebral hemorrhage (group A), silicosis (group B), and fetal death during pregnancy (group C). Samples were collected separately ...
Mercer Brian M BM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Case Western Reserve University-MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44109-1989, - - 2008
To estimate the success rates and risks of an attempted vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) according to the number of prior successful VBACs. From a prospective multicenter registry collected at 19 clinical centers from 1999 to 2002, we selected women with one or more prior low transverse cesarean deliveries ...
Eijsink J J H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether having a Caesarean section results in fewer subsequent pregnancies with longer intervals between pregnancies, an effect which may impact on the reproductive performance of a population. Our aim was to determine the implications of a Caesarean section on the subsequent fecundity and interpregnancy interval. METHODS: ...
Zeck Willibald - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The outcomes of external cephalic versions (ECV) performed at the University Hospital Graz in Austria were analyzed to determine to what extent the cesarean section rate can be reduced by an ECV program. METHODS: All women who were admitted to the hospital with breech presentation at 37 weeks or ...
Kale Anita - - 2008
The objective of our study was to test the hypothesis that the availability and selective use of STAN in conjunction with cardiotocography for intrapartum monitoring, lowers the incidence of operative deliveries for fetal distress. Observational study. Delivery suite of the National University Hospital, Singapore. The data regarding intrapartum cesarean sections ...
Partsinevelos G A - - 2008
Uterine prolapse complicating pregnancy is a rare event. Early recognition is essential in order to avoid possible maternal and fetal risks. We report the case of a 37-year-old pregnant woman who presented to the antenatal outpatient clinic with uterine prolapse at 31(+1) weeks of gestation. Sonographic examination revealed an enlarged ...
Bernstein Kyra - - 2008
Regional anesthesia for pain at delivery in the presence of maternal thrombocytopenia is a clinical dilemma. We reviewed 10,369 obstetric cases (12 months) from our tertiary center. Generally, hemodilution of pregnancy does not result in thrombocyte counts of <150,000/mm(3) at delivery. A total of 166 births (1.6%) were recorded in ...
Park Katharine - - 2008
This article provides a transcription and translation of four notarized declarations describing the events surrounding a postmortem caesarean section performed in 1545 in Vercelli, a small city in the Duchy of Savoy. After her death in the late stages of pregnancy, Isabella della Volpe's body was opened and her fetus ...
Daponte A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The management of a Stage I immature teratoma during pregnancy with a review of the literature is reported. CASE REPORT: A growing adnexal mass was removed at 12 weeks of gestation. Although the frozen section was negative, because of intraoperative clinical suspicion, a right salpingo-oophorectomy and surgical staging were ...
Suchonska Barbara - - 2008
The course of pregnancy and delivery in a patient after Fontan repair of double-outlet right ventricle is herein presented. She uneventfully delivered a healthy infant in good general condition at 38 weeks of gestation through a caesarean section, at 24 years after cardiosurgery. Although the patient demonstrated a good hemodynamic ...
Roman Horace - - 2008
AIMS: As the rate of cesarean sections has continuously increased over the last three decades, we sought to identify the factors related to elective cesarean section (ECS) and cesarean section during labor (LCS) in low risk pregnancies and to determine if they differ for the two types of cesarean. METHODS: ...
Nilstun Tore - - 2008
In this article, we use the principlist approach to identify, analyse and attempt to solve the ethical problem raised by a pregnant woman's request for cesarean delivery in absence of medical indications. We use two different types of premises: factual (facts about cesarean delivery and specifically attitudes of obstetricians as ...
Groenen Rian - - 2008
In this article, the effects of pregnancy and delivery on the development of stress urinary incontinence are described with special emphasis on the obstetrical management in women who wish to become pregnant or are pregnant after a preceding mid-urethral sling procedure. Three case histories and a review of literature are ...
Oram M P - - 2007
We report the case of a 25-year-old woman in the second trimester of pregnancy with acute respiratory distress syndrome associated with miliary tuberculosis. Delivery of the baby by caesarean section at 24 weeks gestation resulted in an immediate and sustained improvement in respiratory function and maternal survival. We believe this ...
Clyburn P - - 2007
The challenges of obstetric care in the developing world are enormous. Many fit young mothers die or suffer disabling birth injuries from preventable complications of pregnancy that are easily treated with basic facilities. Maternal mortality rates in excess of 1% have been recorded in a number of countries. Access to ...
Casele Holly L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate practice patterns among maternal-fetal medicine physicians with regard to thromboprophylaxis in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A Web-based survey was conducted among members of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). The Web address for the survey and unique participant identification codes were mailed out to all SMFM members. Participants ...
Grobman William A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between the number of prior cesarean deliveries and pregnancy outcomes among women with placenta previa. METHODS: Women with a placenta previa and a singleton gestation were identified in a concurrently collected database of cesarean deliveries performed at 19 academic centers during a 4-year period. Maternal ...
Ozkan Sebiha - - 2007
Implantation of conception material within a cesarean section scar is an extremely rare form of ectopic pregnancy with devastating complications, such as uterine rupture and intractable bleeding. Both 2-D and 3-D transvaginal ultrasonographic devices are used adequately for precise diagnosis, but there is still a lack of consensus concerning management ...
Popović J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of pregnancy on postoperative ceftriaxone, cefazolin and gentamicin elimination rate constant, half-life, volume of distribution and systemic clearance. METHODS: Fifty-four patients undergoing caesarean section and 12 undergoing gynaecological surgery were given intravenous dose of ceftriaxone, cefazolin or gentamicin immediately before the operation, for chemoprophylaxis. The ...
Jabiry-Zieniewicz Z - - 2007
AIM: A high rate of cesarean sections has been reported among high-risk pregnancies in liver transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to analyze the course of deliveries and the indications for cesarean sections in women after liver transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2006, we noted 21 ...
Agarwal Anjoo - - 2007
AIM: Management of post cesarean pregnancy continues to be a dilemma. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the outcome of such pregnancies in a resource constrained setting so that an appropriate management protocol can be decided. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in the Department Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, ...
Swende T Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Elective caesarean section is associated with less risk of adverse events compared to emergency caesarean section. Paradoxically, emergency caesarean deliveries continue to form the bulk of caesarean deliveries in our facility. The aim of this study is to determine the caesarean section rate, ascertain the trend of elective caesarean ...
Saha R - - 2007
When a woman in late pregnancy has cardiac arrest and resuscitation fails, should an attempt be made to deliver the baby by Caesarean section? Many obstetricians would hesitate to operate in these circumstances for fear of delivery a baby who survives but shows profound neurological handicap. Obstetricians need to have ...
Getahun Darios - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine whether the risk and indications for primary cesarean in the second pregnancy are influenced by changes in prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) between pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a cohort analysis using the Missouri maternally linked birth and infant death surveillance ...
Regnier Stephanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP) is a pruritic disease that usually occurs in primiparous women, most commonly in the last trimester of pregnancy. The origin and pathomechanisms still remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: We attempted to determine the parameters that may be associated with or complicate the course of PEP. METHODS: ...
Bodnar Richard J - - 2007
This paper is the 29th consecutive installment of the annual review of research concerning the endogenous opioid system, now spanning 30 years of research. It summarizes papers published during 2006 that studied the behavioral effects of molecular, pharmacological and genetic manipulation of opioid peptides, opioid receptors, opioid agonists and opioid ...
Chanthasenanont Athita - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present the indications associated with the increase in cesarean section rate at Thammasat University Hospital during the past three years. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study. Pregnant women who underwent cesarean section between January 2003 and December 2005 at Thammasat University Hospital were recruited for the ...
Atta Emad - - 2007
Although pregnancy and delivery in the United States are usually safe for mother and her newborn child, serious maternal complications, including cardiac arrest, can occur in the prenatal, intrapartum and postpartum periods. The clinical obstetrician can expect to encounter this complication in his or her career. The obstetrician must be ...
Muench Michael V - - 2007
Trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of maternal mortality. The basic tenets of trauma evaluation and resuscitation should be applied in maternal trauma. Aggressive resuscitation of the mother is the best management for the fetus. Care must be taken to keep the patient in the left lateral decubitus position to ...
Saadat Mandana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific hypertensive syndrome associated with significant morbidity and mortality in mother and neonate. We compared neonatal and maternal complications in preeclamptic women with healthy pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 125 consecutive women with preeclampsia at Bandarabbas Shariati Hospital were assessed between July 2005 and July ...
Chang Leon C - - 2008
The ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is an uncommon operation indicated for fetal lesions with the potential to cause life-threatening airway obstruction immediately after delivery. By maintaining utero-placental circulation, the fetal airway can be evaluated and secured prior to delivery. The anesthetic goals for the EXIT procedure differ significantly from ...
Baskett Thomas F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy, morbidity, and subsequent pregnancy outcome after uterine compression sutures for severe postpartum hemorrhage. METHODS: A 7-year review (2000-2006) of all uterine compression sutures for postpartum hemorrhage at one tertiary obstetric hospital. RESULTS: During the 7 years, 28 uterine compression sutures were performed in 31,519 deliveries ...
Mukherj Joydev - - 2007
Caesarean section for the dead baby is sometimes still needed to prevent maternal complications. The objective of the study is to critically analyse the characteristics of the mother and indications for the operation in women who delivered stillbirths following caesarean section. The study period covered a 2 years span from ...
Cahill Alison G - - 2007
Given the high national rate of cesarean delivery in current obstetric practice, patients considering vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in subsequent pregnancies are frequently encountered. A recently growing body of literature on VBAC has produced concrete evidence to define the VBAC-associated risks and identify factors influencing success. An evidence-based approach ...
Bar Ronen - - 2007
A woman was admitted to hospital in the 39th week of gestation due to syncope, followed by nausea and headache. The patient's history revealed a 10-hour, unintentional exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), secondary to burning charcoal for indoor heating. Because of monitored fetal distress, a cesarean section was performed. The ...
Oral Engin - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recently, the rate of cesarean delivery has increased to 25-30% of all births, the highest rate ever reported in the USA. Primary cesarean deliveries, especially elective procedures, mainly contribute to this increase. Currently, controversy concerning elective cesarean delivery is an area of growing debate. Women should be ...
Al-areibi Arif - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the anesthetic considerations for a near-term parturient with progressive cauda equina syndrome who required Cesarean delivery followed immediately by decompression lumbar discectomy and laminectomy in the prone position. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 33-yr-old woman presented at 35 weeks gestation with severe L5-S1 disc herniation causing motor and sensory ...
Kern C - - 2007
The ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is designed to guarantee sufficient oxygenation for a foetus at risk of airway obstruction. This is achieved by improving lung ventilation, usually by establishing an airway during caesarean delivery whilst preserving the foetal-placental circulation temporarily. Indications for the EXIT procedure have extended from ...
Buccoliero Rosaria - - 2007
We report the clinical and therapeutic approach of a case of 'dystonia gravidarum'. The patient came to our observation with neck and bilateral feet dystonia, appearing after the onset of pregnancy. She was treated with clonazepam, 0.5 mg three times a day, during the pregnancy. After delivery of a healthy ...
Smith Alison - - 2007
Cesarean scar pregnancy is rare. However, there has been a rapid increase in the reporting of such cases in recent years. Most of the cases reported in the literature were diagnosed early in the first trimester. Possible management options proposed are pertinent to an early diagnosis. We present a case ...
Renner R M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A recent National Institutes of Health conference on cesarean concluded that the literature is lacking with regard to patients' childbirth preferences. The goal of this study was to examine how information patients received in pregnancy affects childbirth preferences and satisfaction. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, questionnaires were issued ...
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