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Sood Shaveta - - 2010
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is prevalent worldwide. Herpes labialis is caused predominantly by HSV-1, and herpes vulvo-vaginitis is caused predominantly by HSV-2. HSV-2 may result in significant morbidity and mortality for infected neonates exposed during delivery. Due to this fact, a large amount of literature exists for HSV-2 but ...
Giorgio Elsa - - 2010
Several infections in adults warrant special consideration in pregnant women given the potential fetal consequences. Among these is parvovirus B19 deserves special attention since the harmful effects on the pregnant woman and fetus. It can then cause fetal anemia, non-immune fetal hydrops and fetal death. Among cases with fetal demise, ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to examine whether cesarean section in the first pregnancy is associated with the success or failure of programmed fetal growth phenotypes or patterns in the subsequent pregnancy. We analyzed data from a population-based retrospective cohort of singleton deliveries that occurred in the state of ...
Botelho Simone - - 2010
Several studies evidenced the association between pregnancy, mode of delivery and genitourinary symptoms. However, there are still controversies about the role of mode of delivery in the prevention or aggravation of these symptoms. This study aimed to compare the impact of three distinct modes of delivery on pelvic floor muscle ...
Bourgeade F - - 2010
We present the case of a woman who refused RMI examination to diagnose a coarctation of her aorta before her third pregnancy. At term of 34 weeks of gestation the caesarean delivery was scheduled under spinal-epidural anaesthesia. Despite the use of a titrated regional anaesthesia, an important arterial hypotension occurred, ...
Shrim Alon - - 2010
to assess complications of very advanced maternal age (VAMA) pregnancies ≥ 45 years with and without egg donation (ED). obstetric and neonatal complications were studied in 20,659 singleton pregnancies according to three maternal age groups: 20-39, 40-44 [advanced maternal age (AMA)] and ≥ 45 years (VAMA). Twenty pregnancies within the ...
Kamoshita Emi - - 2010
To examine the effect of the interval between onset of sustained fetal bradycardia and cesarean delivery on long-term neonatal neurologic prognosis. A retrospective observational case-series performed with patients who had sudden-onset and sustained (<100 beats per minute) fetal bradycardia during labor. Fetal heart rate was monitored closely until cesarean delivery. ...
Karlström Annika - - 2011
to describe the prevalence of women's preference for caesarean section as expressed in mid pregnancy, late pregnancy and one year post partum. An additional aim was to identify associated factors and investigate reasons for the preference. mixed methods. Data were collected from 2007 to 2008 through questionnaires distributed to a ...
Singh Ruchi - - 2011
The indications of caesarean section are increasing. The need to respect maternal desire in the decision making has been supported by law and ethics. Some of the other contributors to the increasing caesarean section rate are breech with failed external cephalic version, decreasing rate of trial of scar, increasing induction ...
Zipori Yaniv - - 2011
The appropriate time and the optimal mode of delivery of twins are still controversial. We assessed the effect of gestational age and the mode of elective delivery of twins on the occurrence of neonatal respiratory morbidity (NRM) and of maternal morbidity. This study included twins born beyond 35 weeks' gestation. ...
Al-Agha Rany - - 2010
We determined whether transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) is more common in macrosomic versus normal weight infants and in those delivered by caesarean section versus vaginally, in a retrospective cohort analysis of 212 type 1 diabetes pregnancies. Caesarean section and macrosomia were both associated with higher TTN rates.
Aaronson Daniel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal and perinatal morbidity in patients undergoing a trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC) in twin gestations. METHODS: A retrospective study including all twin pregnancies with a single prior cesarean section was performed. Stratified analysis using a multiple logistic regression model was performed to control for ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2010
To compare incision-to-delivery intervals and related maternal and neonatal outcomes by skin incision in primary and repeat emergent cesarean deliveries. From 1999 to 2000, a prospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries was conducted at 13 hospitals comprising the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's ...
Bjørstad Astrid R - - 2010
To assess associations between birthweight and selected adverse outcomes in vaginal and cesarean deliveries and to clarify to which extent macrosomic births are delivered by cesarean section or are centralized to larger maternity units. Cohort study. National study based on the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. All births in Norway ...
Robinson Christopher J - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the economic impact of performing elective repeat cesarean during 37 or 38 weeks of gestation relative to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendation of a 39-week delivery. Decision analysis modeling was used to estimate economic outcomes for a hypothetical cohort ...
Srinivas Sindhu K SK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2010
To validate the risk-adjusted cesarean delivery rate as a measure of obstetric quality through its association with maternal and neonatal outcomes for all pregnancies (model 1) and in primiparous patients with singleton pregnancies (model 2). We constructed a population-based cohort of 845,651 patients from 401 hospitals representing all deliveries in ...
Piccoli Giorgina Barbara - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a challenge for pregnancy. Its recent classification underlines the importance of its early phases. This study's aim was to evaluate outcomes of pregnancy according to CKD stage versus low-risk pregnancies followed in the same center. The prospective analysis was conducted from January 2000 to May ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2010
We examined whether the incidence of neonatal respiratory disorders has increased with the increased rate of elective cesarean delivery in twin pregnancies. We reviewed the obstetric records of 292 twin deliveries with vertex presentation of the first twin after 37 weeks' gestation at our hospital from 2000 through 2008. The ...
Igwegbe A O - - 2010
The standard teaching is to avoid caesarean myomectomy as much as possible for the fear of the attendant severe haemorrhage. Classical caesarean section in spite of its risk of uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies had been prescribed in its place. We report a case of a 32 year old nullipara ...
Khalifeh A - - 2010
This study reviewed caesarean sections for very low birth weight babies in a tertiary referral maternity hospital. Maternal and neonatal complications were recorded and classified according to uterine incision type. We reviewed medical records of 89 women over a period of 2 years. The indication for the caesarean section influenced ...
Wang Chin-Jung - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) with a coexistent viable intrauterine pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old woman, with previous cesarean delivery, presented with vaginal bleeding, was transferred to our hospital at 7 weeks' gestation ...
Gschliesser Andreas - - 2010
AIMS: To evaluate the arteriovenous (AV) pH difference in cord blood as a possible indicator of fetal O(2)-utilization at delivery. Furthermore to examine which maternal, fetal and obstetrical factors lead to elevated O(2)-utilization. METHODS: In this retrospective study all singleton live births, delivered within a four-month period at the University ...
Aufforth Rachel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Trauma complicates 5% to 7% of all pregnancies and the majority are noncatastrophic events. METHODS: All pregnant patients in the trauma registry from April 2004 to December 2008 were reviewed retrospectively for trauma code activation criteria: pregnancy as sole criterion versus anatomic/physiologic criteria. The incidence of emergent cesarean sections ...
Park Moon-Il - - 2010
A 34-year-old woman, who had a history of five spontaneous losses and failures of two McDonald purse-string cerclages, underwent a transabdominal cervico-isthmic cerclage (TCC). She became pregnant 17 months after TCC. At 35 weeks of gestation, she was admitted to our hospital due to preterm labor and delivered a healthy ...
Wise Arlene - - 2010
Every minute of every day, a woman dies in pregnancy or childbirth. The biggest killer is obstetric haemorrhage, the successful treatment of which is a challenge for both the developed and developing worlds. The presence of an attendant at every birth and access to emergency obstetric care are key to ...
Stjernholm Ylva Vladic - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the indications for cesarean sections in the early 1990s as compared to the middle 2000s. Retrospective cohort study. Data were collected from original obstetrical records in a tertiary hospital in 1992 and 2005. The total cesarean delivery rate rose from 11% to ...
Conchon Monika - - 2010
Here we report the case of an 18-year-old woman with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who became pregnant while undergoing treatment with dasatinib. Before pregnancy, she received imatinib mesylate therapy but could not tolerate the treatment. The regimen was then changed to dasatinib at a dose of 70 mg b.i.d. While ...
Moorhead Kathleen - - 2010
At 33 weeks of gestation, a 24-year-old developed Ludwig's angina that worsened despite aggressive therapy. This is the first reported case of Ludwig's Angina in pregnancy that required an emergent cesarean section for fetal indications. Delivery may have contributed to improvement in the mother's health status.
Chu Kuei-Hui - - 2010
The rate of cesarean delivery was 35% in 2007 in Taiwan. It is unclear how many of the cesarean deliveries were without medical indications. Women's preference for cesarean delivery during their course of pregnancy has rarely been studied and therefore our objectives were to examine rate of cesarean deliveries without ...
Zencirci Beyazit - - 2010
Chronic renal failure is strongly associated with poor pregnancy outcome. Women dependent on hemodialysis before conception rarely achieve a successful live birth. A 31-year-old multiparous Turkish woman was scheduled for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia at 37 weeks and five days' gestation because of hemorrhage due to secondary placenta previa. ...
Lee Seung Mi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine if patients with "early rupture of membranes (ROM)" after spontaneous onset of labor are at increased risk of cesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: The rate of cesarean section was examined in 447 term singleton nulliparas who were admitted after the spontaneous onset ...
Robson Stephen J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unexplained stillbirth is the largest contributor to perinatal death, accounting for one-third of stillbirths. There appears to be no increase in perinatal death rates in the pregnancies that follow an unexplained stillbirth. However, these pregnancies have increased rates of induced labour and elective caesarean section, as well as preterm ...
Heckathorn J - - 2010
A 26-year-old primiparous patient with intractable benign intracranial hypertension treated by cerebrospinal fluid drainage through an indwelling spinal catheter was expecting twins. At 30 weeks she presented for emergent cesarean delivery secondary to a non-reassuring fetal condition. In consultation with the neurosurgical team, spinal anesthesia for the cesarean delivery was ...
Trasande Leonardo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevation in prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) has been linked to a host of perinatal complications, but increases in charges or costs associated with obesity during pregnancy have not been quantified. METHODS: To evaluate the economic impact of obesity as a diagnosis on hospitalizations of pregnant women, we performed ...
Obata-Yasuoka Mana - - 2009
We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of midtrimester termination of pregnancy using gemeprost in combination with laminaria in women who had previously undergone cesarean section and in women who had not. Between January 1999 and December 2006, we carried out a retrospective study of termination of pregnancy at ...
Ta┼čkin Salih - - 2009
Heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy is an extremely rare condition that may cause life-threatening complications. A 24-year-old woman gravida 2, para 1, presented with vaginal bleeding. Vaginal sonography demonstrated 2 gestational sacs containing viable embryos, one located in the uterine fundus and the other in the previous cesarean scar. Fetal reduction ...
Pates Jason A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the position of the appendix in term pregnancy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique. METHODS: Appendiceal distance from the iliac crest and axis rotation were determined in women between 39 and 40 weeks of gestation who were undergoing scheduled repeat cesarean delivery. A single-shot fast spin-echo MRI ...
Noor Shehla - - 2009
Pregnancy along with a fibroid is a high risk pregnancy which may lead to complication with unequal gravity. Objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and obstetric complications of fibroids during pregnancy, this cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Gynaecology, Unit 'C', Ayub Teaching Hospital ...
Neumann M M - - 2009
Spinal muscular atrophy in pregnancy is rare and poses multiple problems for the anesthesiologist. The effects of dexmedetomidine on a parturient with spinal muscular atrophy have not previously been reported. There are also no in vivo data on placental transfer of dexmedetomidine and its effects on a human neonate. We ...
Robson Stephen J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean section in Australia now exceeds 30 percent, and evidence from population studies indicates that maternal requests for elective cesarean delivery might make an important contribution. The objective of this study was to explore the rate of such deliveries in Australia, in the absence of a ...
Tschudin Sibil - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate pregnant women's intentions for opting for caesarean section (CS), their experiences regarding previous births and their expectations for subsequent delivery. Our objectives were to identify medical and psychological predictors pertaining to the decision for CS on demand. DESIGN: The cross-sectional survey ...
Robinson James K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe laparoscopically assisted hysteroscopy as a unique surgical intervention for a cesarean section scar ectopic pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 44-year-old woman, pregnant at 5 weeks and 6 days' gestational age with a cesarean section scar ectopic pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): The patient underwent serial transvaginal ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of light-intensity resistance exercise training that is performed during the second and third trimester of pregnancy by previously sedentary and healthy women on the type of delivery and on the dilation, expulsion, and childbirth time. STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned 160 sedentary women to either ...
Yang Qing - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of hysteroscopy in the treatment of caesarean section scar pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective review. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-nine patients with cesarean scar pregnancy. INTERVENTIONS: Between January 2006 and June 2008, 39 patients with caesarean section scar pregnancy underwent hysteroscopic removal of conceptive tissues in our department. Their ...
Hasegawa J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether maternal history and ultrasound findings can be predictors for massive hemorrhage during Cesarean section in patients with placenta previa and adherence of the placenta. METHODS: We reviewed 127 singleton pregnancies with placenta previa. Maternal history, antenatal ultrasound findings of the placenta, including location, presence of placental ...
Igwegbe A O - - 2009
The standard teaching is to avoid caesarean myomectomy as much as possible for the fear of the attendant severe haemorrhage. Classical caesarean section in spite of its risk of uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies had been prescribed in its place. We report a case of a 32 year old nullipara ...
Kinoshita Manabu - - 2009
A 23-year-old Japanese woman presented with a newly developed spinal extradural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) during pregnancy. She had been followed up for a suspected spinal cavernous angioma and became unable to walk during the 29th week of her pregnancy. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a spinal extradural AVF at the ...
Agostini Aubert - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate obstetrical complications at term after hysteroscopic metroplasty for septate uterus. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: La Conception Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Marseille, France. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-one women who had a term pregnancy from January 1996 through December ...
Ben-Ami Ido - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is an increased perioperative risk in termination of late second-trimester pregnancy after multiple cesarean sections by laminaria dilatation and evacuation. STUDY DESIGN: During the period between January 2002 and June 2008, 636 consecutive patients underwent late second-trimester (17-24 weeks) pregnancy terminations by dilatation and evacuation. ...
Sadeghi Homayoun - - 2010
Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy is becoming increasingly common at tertiary care hospitals around the world. It is a condition in which the embryo implants within the myometrium at the site of a previous cesarean hysterotomy, and it can occur in women with only one prior cesarean delivery. We present four ...
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