Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1141
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Di Naro Edoardo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there is a relationship between the sonographic fetal thymus size and the presence of an intrauterine infection in patients with preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-one women who had been admitted with preterm labor and intact membranes between 24 and 32 ...
Bergman Eva - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In Sweden measurements of the symphysis-fundus (SF) distance are used to detect small for gestational age (SGA) pregnancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of Swedish ultrasound-based SF reference curves in detecting SGA pregnancies. METHODS: To assess the sensitivity for detection of SGA pregnancies we ...
Daskalakis George - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between bacterial vaginosis (BV) and group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and preterm delivery. METHODS: 1,197 pregnant women between 22 and 25 weeks' gestation had a high vaginal swab for assessment of BV and GBS. Exclusion criteria were: previous preterm ...
Klimek M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of two kinds of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-depot repeated doses administered to pregnant women who underwent infertility treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population included 424 pregnant women with singletons. Two hundred and forty-two women received repeated 0.5 mg doses of ...
August Fuhr Norbert - - 2006
AIMS: To evaluate whether primary application of mezlozillin in preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) prolongs pregnancy and lowers neonatal morbidity. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study a total of 105 pregnant women with pPROM between 24 + 0 and 32 + 6 weeks of gestation ...
Wilke Cathrin - - 2006
AIMS: To determine the TH-1/TH-2 cytokine pattern in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) in late second- and third trimester in normal pregnancies, in comparison to patients with spontaneous preterm delivery (PTD; < 37 completed weeks' gestation). METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed in a tertiary care obstetric unit with healthy ...
Wood Stephen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested an association between periodontal disease and prematurity but this finding has not been consistently observed. METHODS: Case control study. Cases (n = 50) were women who had delivered after spontaneous preterm labor at <35 weeks gestation. Two groups of controls (n = 101) were recruited: ...
Olsen Sjurdur F - - 2006
We examined the association between exposure to seafood intake during two periods of pregnancy on the one hand and risks of preterm delivery and postterm delivery on the other. In a prospective cohort of 8729 pregnant Danish women, we assessed frequency of fish meals during the first and second trimester ...
Kashanian Maryam - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of sweeping of fetal membranes for induction of labor in uncomplicated term pregnancies. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed in 122 pregnant women beyond 39 weeks of gestation with no complications. The women were assigned to have their membranes swept or not (controls) for ...
Oboro V O - - 2006
Our objective was to examine pregnancy outcome in women age 35 and over. We compared pregnancy delivery complications in 207 women aged 35 years and older with 219 control women aged 25 - 29 years. Data was collected retrospectively and stratified by parity. Results of statistical analysis showed that the ...
Bastiaenen Caroline H G - - 2006
For the moment, scientific evaluation of programs on treatment of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle and/or low back pain after delivery is hardly available with only one study with a positive result, suggesting uncertainty about the optimal approach. Investigators draw particular attention to biomedical factors but there is growing evidence that biopsychosocial ...
Kurata Akiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To identify prenatal events associated with preterm delivery at less than 35 weeks of gestation in women with renal transplant. METHODS: A case-control study of 53 pregnancies in 42 renal transplant recipients, at a single center from 1984 to 2003 was analyzed. Preterm delivery cases (n=23) at less than ...
Erichsen Hans Christian - - 2006
Vitamin C has been the focus of epidemiologic investigation in preterm delivery (<37 weeks' gestation), which is a leading cause of neonatal mortality and birth-related morbidity. There are two sodium-dependent membrane transporters encoded by SLC23A1 and SLC23A2, which have key roles in human vitamin C metabolism and which control dietary ...
Vogel Ida - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine serum relaxin as a predictor of spontaneous preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of 2846 women with singleton pregnancies, from which a matched case-control study (84 cases of spontaneous preterm delivery before 37 weeks gestation and 175 controls) and a cohort (84 preterm and 399 term ...
Ziaei Saeideh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The most serious outcome of term, premature rupture of membrane and chorioamnionitis is often associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes related to infection. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) at 37-42 gestational weeks and its relationship to premature rupture of membranes. METHOD: ...
Pompeii Lisa A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether exposure to standing, lifting, night work, or long work hours during 3 periods of pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of preterm or small-for-gestational-age birth. METHODS: The Pregnancy, Infection and Nutrition study is a prospective cohort with a nested case-control component that was conducted through ...
Morrison John C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of uterine contractions on the incidence of preterm delivery within 7 and 14 days in twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Study patients were identified from a large database composed of women receiving outpatient surveillance with home uterine contraction monitoring. We included tracings collected on a routine ...
Cararach Vicenç - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of nifedipine and ritodrine in prolonging pregnancy beyond 48 h, 1 week and 36.0 weeks and to evaluate maternal side effects and adverse perinatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Non-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Eighty patients with singleton pregnancies admitted for preterm labor with intact membranes between 22 ...
Sandman Curt A - - 2006
The purposes of this study were to determine the intervals when placental corticotrophic-releasing hormone (CRH) was most responsive to maternal cortisol. A sample of 203 women each were evaluated at 15, 19, 25 and 31 weeks gestation and followed to term. Placental CRH and maternal adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), B-endorphin and ...
Koenig Alvaro - - 2005
This study compared concentrations of total protein, lysozyme, and immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM) in samples of colostrum (n=101) obtained from mothers of infants<32 weeks, 32 to 36(6) 7 weeks, and >or=37 weeks gestational age, both before and after pasteurization. Total protein was measured by refraction index, lysozyme by the lysoplate ...
Swamy Geeta K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fetal fibronectin can be used in a clinical setting to predict preterm birth and guide clinical management. STUDY DESIGN: We implemented a clinical protocol using the rapid fetal fibronectin test for patients presenting with symptoms of preterm labor. Adherence to the clinical pathway was at the ...
Malik G H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy is infrequent in women with end-stage renal disease. The frequency of conception in dialysis patients has been reported as 0.3% to 1.4% in different studies from different countries. In the present study the frequency and outcome of pregnancies from a referral center in Saudi Arabia from January 1992 ...
Meijboom Lilian J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the obstetric maternal and neonatal outcome of pregnancy in women with Marfan syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective observational multi-center study based on congenital heart disease registry. RESULTS: Sixty-three of the 122 enrolled women with Marfan syndrome had been pregnant 142 times (including 111 pregnancies>20 weeks, 28 (20%) miscarriages and ...
Pitiphat Waranuch - - 2005
Systemic maternal infections have been associated with preterm delivery. The authors examined the association of C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, with preterm delivery. This nested case-control study was conducted within Project Viva in Massachusetts between 1999 and 2002. Subjects were 117 women who delivered preterm (< 37 weeks' ...
Stewart Chantal J M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To document the prognosis after conservative management of patients with membrane rupture at gestations less than 28 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 78 women with confirmed membrane rupture at less than 28 weeks gestation, managed conservatively. Antibiotics were given from the time of membrane rupture till delivery. ...
Kazy Zoltán - - 2005
The objective of the study was to check the effect of the combination of metronidazole and miconazole (M+M) for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections/disorders related preterm delivery/birth. Antiprotozoal vaginal metronidazole was not able to prevent preterm birth, while the antifungal topical miconazole use showed some reduction in preterm birth ...
Hediger Mary L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether slow fetal growth rates and twin growth patterns from 20 weeks' gestation to delivery are associated with very preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Available charts were reviewed for twin pregnancies, delivered between 1979 and 2002, at 4 U.S. medical centers. The sample of 1612 ...
Axmon Anna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the outcome of a pregnancy is related to the time required to achieve that pregnancy (TTP). DESIGN: The distribution of the TTP for pregnancies ending in multiple birth, early (before week 12) and late (weeks 12-28) miscarriage, stillbirth, and extrauterine pregnancy was compared to that of ...
Elliott John P - - 2005
Infertility treatments have produced an increase in multiple gestations with twins accounting for 3.3% of births in the United States in 2002. Over that same time period, premature deliveries increased from 10.7% in 1992 to 12.1% in 2002. High-order multiple gestations have also increased, and virtually all of those deliver ...
Norwitz Errol R - - 2005
Approximately 1% to 3% of all pregnancies in the United States are multiple gestations. The vast majority (97-98%) are twin pregnancies. Multiple pregnancies constitute significant risk to both mother and fetuses. Antepartum complications-including preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of the membranes, intrauterine growth restriction, intrauterine fetal demise, gestational diabetes, and ...
Yildirim Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors affecting pregnancy, perinatal outcomes, and short-term graft condition in women who underwent renal transplantation. METHOD: Between May 1998 and January 2005, the histories of 20 pregnancies in 17 renal transplant recipients were reviewed retrospectively at the Ministry of Health Aegean Obstetrics and Gynecology Teaching ...
Lauszus Finn F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the importance of glycemic regulation on the risk of preterm delivery in women with normoalbuminuria and no preeclampsia later in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective study of 71 women with type 1 diabetes mellitus where complete data were collected ...
Yudin Mark H - - 2005
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common lower genital tract infection among women of reproductive age. It has been associated with a number of significant obstetric and gynecologic complications, such as preterm labor and delivery, preterm premature rupture of membranes, spontaneous abortion, chorioamnionitis, postpartum endometritis, postcesarean delivery wound infections, postsurgical infections, ...
Mercer Brian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Early preterm birth at 20 to 26 weeks of gestation (periviable birth) carries extreme risks of infant death and morbidities. Prevention of periviable birth could improve infant outcomes significantly. We sought to characterize the causes of periviable birth and to determine whether periviable birth can be predicted by previous ...
Spong Catherine Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth occurs in 1 of 8 pregnancies and may result in significant morbidity and mortality. 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHP caproate) has been found to be efficacious in reducing the risk of subsequent preterm delivery in women who have had a previous spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). This analysis was ...
Lam Fung - - 2005
With the advent of preterm birth prevention programs, increasing numbers of patients are now considered candidates for tocolytic management. Tocolysis' chief benefit is significantly prolonging pregnancy in the hope of avoiding or ameliorating the sequelae of preterm delivery. Three principal indications dominate the use of tocolysis in the treatment of ...
Chasen Stephen T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe obstetric outcomes after surgical abortion at > or = 20 weeks, and to identify risk factors for subsequent spontaneous preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who had surgical abortion at > or = 20 weeks' gestation from 1996 to 2003 and received ...
Fuks Aleksandr - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Fetal inflammatory response has been previously shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of preterm premature rupture of membranes. We investigated the association between polymorphisms at position -670 in the Fas gene and position -124 in the Fas ligand gene demonstrated in neonatal oral mucosa cells and preterm premature ...
Wilhelm Michelle - - 2005
We extended our previous analyses of term low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth to 1994-2000, a period of declining air pollution levels in the South Coast Air Basin. We speculated that the effects we observed previously for carbon monoxide, particulate matter < 10 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), and ...
Plangger Nathalie - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare tolerability and tocolytic outcome between i.v. infused plant extract, Bryophyllum pinnatum, and beta-agonists. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective study, 67 pairs of pregnant women in preterm labor treated with intravenous B. pinnatum or beta-agonists were closely matched for maternal age, gestational age at tocolysis, CTG recorded contractions, ...
Tanir H Mete - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the apoptotic index using three different apoptotic markers: terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL); M30 cytoDEATH antibody and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FTIC)-labeled annexin-V in the placenta and membranes from normal pregnancy and pregnancy complicated by premature rupture of membranes ...
Gómez Ricardo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and clinical significance of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) in patients with vaginal bleeding in the absence of placenta previa, preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included patients who presented with vaginal bleeding between ...
Matsuda Yoshio - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fetal/neonatal outcome and to determine the important factors in that outcome, including the use of ultrasonography and fetal heart rate monitoring, in abruptio placentae during preterm gestation. A case-control study was performed using a logistic regression model. Adverse outcome was defined ...
Franceschini Nora - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vascular dysfunction has been hypothesized as a causal pathway for preeclampsia, impaired fetal growth, and early parturition. The relationship between increased urine albumin excretion (albuminuria), a marker of endothelial dysfunction, and preterm birth has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study of 404 pregnancies from ...
Ghidini Alessandro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether particular placental histopathology lesions are associated with recurrent preterm birth. METHODS: We analyzed a database of 413 consecutive singleton pregnancies delivered at <32 weeks with past reproductive history available. After the exclusion of nulliparous women, the pregnancies were divided according ...
Tranquilli Andrea Luigi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of transabdominal amnioinfusion in improving the perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM). DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A teaching hospital in Italy, obstetric unit. Population Women with singleton pregnancies complicated by pPROM, between 24 + 0 and 32 ...
Esplin M Sean - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pro-inflammatory chemokines have been associated with preterm parturition. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) is a chemokine capable of recruiting monocytes/macrophages into sites of inflammation, as well as stimulating the respiratory burst required for macrophage activation. MCP-1 transcripts and immuno-reactivity are expressed by uterine tissues (i.e., decidual cells and myometrium) and, ...
Acharya Ganesh - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown conflicting results on the outcome of pregnancy following loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether LEEP affects the outcome of pregnancy after 20 weeks' gestation. METHODS: This is a matched cohort study of all women who had a ...
Meis Paul J - - 2005
The recent publication of 2 large randomized trials of 17 alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) and progesterone suppositories, respectively, for the prevention of premature labor have renewed interest in the use of progesterone to prevent preterm birth. The results of these trials have reinforced the positive results of earlier smaller trials ...
Santos Iná S - - 2005
Mate, a hot infusion of Ilex paraguayensis, is a beverage largely consumed in Southeast Latin America, including during pregnancy. To assess the effect of mate drinking during pregnancy on preterm and small for gestational age (SGA) birth, a cross-sectional study was done. From January 1st to December 31st, 1993, in ...
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