Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1141
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Ring Allison M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether the neonatal benefit of a single complete course of antenatal corticosteroids diminishes when delivery is remote from administration (> 14 days). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective 2 center cohort trial included women who received a single complete course of antenatal corticosteroids and delivered ...
Lin Dongming - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies examining the association between periodontal diseases and preterm birth have explored the underlying microbial and antibody responses associated with oral infection. METHODS: A nested case-control study was performed using data from a recent interventional trial following the delayed-treatment control group of 31 subjects with periodontal diseases. The ...
Horvath Andrea - - 2007
It is hypothesized that the intake of long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) throughout pregnancy could protect against pre-eclampsia, pregnancy-induced hypertension or intra-uterine growth retardation, and is essential for optimal neural development. The objective of the present study was to systematically evaluate the effect of LC-PUFA supplementation of high-risk pregnant women's diets on ...
Landrum Lisa M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency for which prompt diagnosis and treatment are imperative to reducing the rate of death and long-term neurologic compromise. Few cases of meningitis have been reported during pregnancy, many of which had devastating outcomes for mother, neonate, or both. CASE: A 38-year-old multigravida at ...
Palacio M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the optimal cut-off value to predict low risk of preterm delivery in women admitted for preterm labor should be adjusted for gestational age. METHODS: A cohort of 333 women with singleton pregnancies admitted with preterm labor and intact membranes between 24 and < 36 weeks' gestation ...
Kim Young Nam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe an instance of complete chorion-amnion membrane separation with fetal restrictive dermopathy in two consecutive pregnancies. METHODS: We performed prenatal ultrasounds in two consecutive pregnancies and evaluated gross and microscopic postnatal findings. RESULTS: The first pregnancy ended at 32 weeks of gestation with spontaneous chorioamniotic membrane separation and ...
Skrablin Snjezana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maternal serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) could be used as markers of tocolysis failure and adverse neonatal outcome in pregnancies with preterm labor (PL). METHODS: Forty-seven maternal blood samples taken because of PL at admission and delivery were analyzed. Control ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2007
Because maternal plasma corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) levels increase during the last weeks of pregnancy and at parturition, the present study evaluated whether placental mRNA expression of CRF and CRF-binding protein (CRF-BP) are modified in preterm delivery. A group of 30 women with singleton pregnancies were enrolled in the study. A ...
Yasuda Katsuhiko - - 2007
To assess the role of protein kinase Cbeta (PKCbeta) in human myometrial contractions during pregnancy, we evaluated the effect of a PKCbeta inhibitor (LY333531) on the pregnant and nonpregnant myometrial contractions and compared the level of PKCbeta in the pregnant myometrium with that in the nonpregnant myometrium. The effects of ...
Montan Sven - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The steady increase in age in primiparous and multiparous women raises questions concerning increased obstetric risk and outcome in such pregnancies. This review highlights the effects of maternal age on obstetric and perinatal outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Complications have been associated with increasing maternal age, including abnormal weight ...
Grisaru-Granovsky S - - 2007
Acute lung disease may originate in pregnancy because of the pregnancy itself or because of an intercurrent etiology. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of prolonged antepartum mechanical ventilatory support on the mother and the neonate when the strategy was to prolong the pregnancy rather than ...
Genc Mehmet R - - 2007
This article focuses on the influence of gene-environment interaction on pregnancy outcome. In particular, we focus on those adverse outcomes related to subclinical infection and the resultant inflammation of gestational tissues. We identify genetic association studies on pregnancy-related disorders with an infectious/inflammatory etiology. All studies in this field have focused ...
Longini Mariangela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is caused by collagen damage in the chorioamniotic sac leading to tearing. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be the cause of collagen damage. Isoprostanes (F(2)-IP) are produced by ROS attack on polyunsaturated fatty acids and are sensitive and specific biomarkers of lipid-peroxidation in vivo. ...
Taylor-Robinson David - - 2007
Mycoplasma hominis was isolated from a Bartholin's gland abscess 70 years ago, and ureaplasmas were isolated from the genital tract about 20 years later. Subsequently, reports incriminating mycoplasmas in the known adverse outcomes of pregnancy have been legion. Without doubt these genital mycoplasmas are able to invoke an inflammatory response ...
Rebarber Andrei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of early cessation of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) on the incidence of spontaneous recurrent preterm delivery (PTD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from women who were enrolled for outpatient 17P administration between January 2004 and May 2006 included women ...
López Ramón Y Cajal C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate amino acids in amniotic fluid collected at the time of genetic amniocentesis. METHODS: We analyzed 128 fluids from the 15(th) week of gestation and 53 from the 16(th) week of gestation from normal pregnancies, and eight in the 15(th) week and seven in the 16(th) week from ...
González-Quintero Víctor Hugo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of recurrent preterm birth between women starting treatment with 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) at 16-20.9 weeks of gestation versus 21-26.9 weeks. METHODS: Women enrolled in an outpatient program of education, nursing assessment and weekly 17P injections beginning at 16-26.9 weeks were eligible. Included were patients with singleton ...
Lamont Ronald F - - 2007
Preterm birth (PTB) is the main cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world. Historically, the approach for the prevention of PTB has been reactive rather than proactive. With the introduction of new screening tests and a greater emphasis on prevention rather than treatment, a number of new ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between fetal fibronectin and preterm birth and maternal-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in an African population of predominantly HIV-infected women. METHODS: During a trial of second trimester and intrapartum antibiotics compared with placebo to prevent chorioamnionitis and reduce preterm birth and mother-to-child transmission ...
McClaine Rebecca J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The second trimester is recommended as the optimal time to conduct a surgical procedure on pregnant patients, even though the fetal responses to anesthesia at this age are not known. Here we assessed the responses of preterm fetal sheep to a standard anesthetic regimen of midazolam, thiopental, and isoflurane. ...
Soares S C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between first-trimester uterine artery Doppler measurements and spontaneous preterm delivery. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of uterine artery Doppler findings at 11-14 weeks in 73 singleton pregnancies with spontaneous preterm labor and 2417 pregnancies delivered at term. RESULTS: The uterine artery mean resistance index ...
Engemise Samuel - - 2007
A 34-years-old primigravida conceived following a fourth attempt at in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer for severe bilateral tubal disease and grade IV endometriosis. Pregnancy progressed well until 17 weeks gestation when she spontaneously ruptured her membranes. She elected to continue with the pregnancy despite the significant risks associated with ...
Hossain Rydhwana - - 2007
To examine the relationship between vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy and preterm delivery. Study subjects (N=2678) provided information regarding socio-demographic, biomedical, and lifestyle characteristics. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Any vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy was associated with a 1.57-fold ...
Obi S N - - 2007
This study aims at evaluating the outcome of pregnancies complicated by pre-term premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) in a developing country and to highlight the problems of managing such cases and ways of improving future management. This was a retrospective review of 344 patients with PPROM at a University of ...
Facchinetti Fabio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate how sociodemographic factors, psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy and well-being levels are associated with the onset of preterm uterine contractions allowing symptomatic preterm labor. METHODS: In a prospective case-control design, 51 consecutive women admitted for threatened preterm labor were enrolled. The patients ...
Curry Allison E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the relationship between inflammation and spontaneous preterm delivery (sPTD) in women before preterm labour. The authors examine whether mid-pregnancy plasma cytokine levels are associated with sPTD, and whether associations vary by maternal age, body mass index, prior preterm delivery, or gravidity. METHODS: This case-control study ...
Piazze Juan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) complicates up to one-third of preterm deliveries. We studied the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) in order to ascertain its validity as a predictive variable of maternal-fetal outcome in pregnancies complicated by pPROM. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and fourteen pregnant women with gestational age ...
Murtha Amy P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether maternal serum interleukin (IL)-6 or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) obtained daily are elevated in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes who develop funisitis. METHODS: Daily blood samples were obtained from women with preterm premature rupture of membranes and analyzed for IL-6 and G-CSF by enzyme-linked ...
Akers Aletha - - 2007
AIMS: Both acute placental inflammation and positive mid-gestational cervico-vaginal fetal fibronectin assays have been independently correlated with preterm delivery. We conducted this study to examine the relationship between positive mid-gestational fetal fibronectin (fFN) assays and histological evidence of acute placental inflammation at delivery among women presenting with symptomatic preterm labor. ...
Morency Anne-Maude - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: As many as 50% of spontaneous preterm births are infection-related, with Mycoplasma species being the most common microbial isolates from the amniotic cavity. The goal of our study was to evaluate the effect of macrolides, a specific group of antibiotics known to be effective against Mycoplasma species, on the ...
Gupta Munish - - 2007
To evaluate the impact of clinical and histopathologic correlates related to maternal and fetal inflammatory responses (MIR and FIR) on degree of preterm birth. Pathology reports and clinical data from 577 singleton preterm births (<37 weeks of gestation) that took place between 1998 and 2004 were analyzed according to decreasing ...
Romero Roberto - - 2007
Inflammation has been implicated in the mechanisms responsible for preterm and term parturition, as well as fetal injury. Out of all of the suspected causes of preterm labor and delivery, infection and/or inflammation is the only pathological process for which both a firm causal link with preterm birth has been ...
Astolfi Paola - - 2007
The increasing incidence of moderate preterm births (32-36 gestation weeks) might reflect a more general tendency toward a shortening of the gestational length occurring also in the term births (37 + gestation weeks). We examined all Italian 1st live born singletons (n = 2,356,365) and found that from 1990 to ...
Marque Catherine K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The electrical activity of the uterine muscle is representative of uterine contractility. Its characterization may be used to detect a potential risk of preterm delivery in women, even at an early gestational stage. METHODS: We have investigated the effect of the recording electrode position on the spectral content of ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2007
Perinatal outcomes differ by week of gestational age. However, it appears that how measures to examine these outcomes vary among various studies. The current paper explores how perinatal complications are reported and how they might differ when different denominators, numerators, and comparison groups are utilized. One issue that can clearly ...
Torbé Andrzej - - 2007
Our objective is to compare maternal plasma procalcitonin concentrations in preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) and premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at term with their levels in uncomplicated pregnancy, and to determine whether these concentrations are useful in the diagnosis of pPROM cases suspected of infection and in the ...
Lim Arianne C - - 2007
15% of multiple pregnancies ends in a preterm delivery, which can lead to mortality and severe long term neonatal morbidity. At present, no generally accepted strategy for the prevention of preterm birth in multiple pregnancies exists. Prophylactic administration of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHPC) has proven to be effective in the ...
Muppala H - - 2007
A 32-year-old Caucasian woman of body mass index (BMI) 46 presented with urinary symptoms to accident and emergency (A&E). Acute pyelonephritis was the diagnosis. Transabdominal scan revealed a live term fetus. Both the partners were unaware of the ongoing pregnancy until diagnosed. She underwent emergency cesarean under general anaesthesia (GA) ...
Othman M - - 2007
Preterm birth causes 60% to 80% of neonatal deaths. Survivors can experience life-long complications. The risk of preterm labour in the presence of maternal infection is thought to be 30% to 50%. Probiotics are defined as live micro-organisms which, when administered in an adequate amount, confer a health benefit on ...
Jackson J E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate subsequent pregnancy outcomes in women with a previous mid-trimester (12-24 weeks) pregnancy termination by dilation and evacuation (D&E) as compared to women without a previous D&E. METHOD: Medical records for women who underwent a D&E between 1995 and 2003 were identified and reviewed. Women with subsequent pregnancies ...
Helmer H - - 2006
Preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is defined as prelabour rupture of the membranes prior to 37 weeks of gestation. It occurs in approximately 3% of pregnancies and is responsible for one-third of all preterm births. Effective treatment relies on accurate diagnosis, and it is gestational age dependent because ...
Herbst A - - 2006
While preterm contractions occur almost as often extremely preterm as they do closer to term, birth due to spontaneous preterm labour before 27 weeks of gestation is rare, accounting for 0.05-0.7% of all births in different populations. Although the likelihood that uterine contractions before 27 weeks of gestation represent true ...
Kim A - - 2006
The incidence of spontaneous preterm labour and preterm birth has increased, and its management worldwide remains suboptimal. While considerable debate remains as to whether long-term maintenance tocolysis is appropriate after an episode of spontaneous preterm labour, many practitioners support its use. Several drugs have been used for maintenance tocolysis, but ...
Lamont R F - - 2006
In gynaecology, specialist menopause, urogynae, colposcopy, infertility, pelvic pain and cancer, rapid access clinics exist at many teaching and busy district general hospitals in the UK. Similarly, in obstetrics many busy maternity units have fetal medicine clinics, dedicated twins clinics and maternal medicine clinics, incorporating various general medical conditions and ...
Dudenhausen J - - 2006
Preterm birth is never low risk and there are advantages gained by prolonging gestation even at relatively advanced stages of pregnancy. This means that high-value treatments should not just be reserved for high-risk pregnancies. Some women treated with tocolytics will experience adverse events, and some adverse events are particularly associated ...
Blickstein I - - 2006
There is little doubt that all methods of assisted reproduction increase the likelihood of multiple pregnancy and, as a result, increase the likelihood of preterm birth. Data from the East Flanders Prospective Twin Study clearly show that the proportion of spontaneous to iatrogenic twins has changed from 25:1 to 1:1 ...
Steer P J - - 2006
The major burden of preterm birth is in the developing world, where most of the increasing death and morbidity is secondary to infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, bacterial vaginosis and intestinal parasites. In some developing countries, the growth of medical care has outstripped the growth of preventive public ...
Offenbacher Steven - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the potential effects of periodontal treatment during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes, periodontal status, and inflammatory biomarkers. METHODS: A randomized, delayed-treatment, controlled pilot trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of second-trimester scaling and root planing and the use of a sonic toothbrush on the rate ...
Dobak William J - - 2006
The late preterm infant represents a significant portion of preterm deliveries. Historically, this cohort has been referred to as near-term, which may not address adequately the increased perinatal morbidity these neonates experience. The changing demographics of pregnant women also are increasing the number of inductions in this gestational age group. ...
Jacquemyn Y - - 2006
Today's dogma states that tocolytics can be used to prolong pregnancy for just 48 hours, allowing corticosteroids to be administered and transportation of the mother to a tertiary care centre. Surveys have shown that up to 30% of practitioners use maintenance tocolysis. Theoretically, maintenance tocolysis should be able to improve ...
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