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Results 301 - 350 of 1153
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Antipova, Anzhelika
There are anecdotal accounts about the possible impact of a pregnant woman's mental health on her unborn fetus. This thesis investigates the possible association between hurricane-related stress experienced by pregnant women living in the area afflicted by Hurricane Andrew in Louisiana in 1992 and poor pregnancy outcomes such as preterm ...
Yap Sing-Chien - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The pulmonary autograft has been recommended as the valve of choice for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in young women contemplating pregnancy. However, current information on maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancy in women with pulmonary autograft valve replacement is limited. METHODS: Using a nationwide ...
Chafetz Ilana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate first-trimester serum placental protein 13 (PP13) as a screening test for preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective, nested case-control study in the Massachusetts General Hospital Obstetric Maternal Study. PP13 was measured by solid-phase sandwich enzyme-linked ...
Orr Suezanne T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To focus on the relationship between pregnancy-related anxiety and spontaneous preterm birth. Psychosocial factors have been the subject of inquiries about the etiology of preterm birth; a factor of recent interest is maternal prenatal pregnancy-related anxiety (worries and concerns related to the pregnancy). METHODS: From 1991 to 1993, a ...
Chou Ching-Yu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE(S): Pregnancy is rare in patients on chronic dialysis, with only a 30-50% rate of successful delivery reported in a previous review article. The pregnancy outcome has improved in recent decades, but data on pregnancy outcome are limited due to the small sample size of previous case series. This study ...
Ting Hua-Sieng - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the effectiveness of bedside test kits for pIGFBP-1 and fetal fibronectin test in predicting preterm delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients presenting with symptoms of preterm labour between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation were recruited. Both pIGFBP-1 and fetal fibronectin bedside ...
Seubert David E - - 2007
Preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the world today. This article discusses ways the treatment team can inform parents of probable outcomes and help them reach decisions about treatment for the newborn under emotionally fraught conditions. In addition to supporting the patient, these approaches ...
Yinon Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence indicates that chorioamnionitis is associated with a significant decrease in thymic size at birth in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. The aim of this study was to determine whether decreased fetal thymus size is associated with histological or clinical chorioamnionitis in patients with preterm premature ...
Sibai Baha M - - 2007
Severe preeclampsia that develops at <34 weeks of gestation is associated with high perinatal mortality and morbidity rates. Management with immediate delivery leads to high neonatal mortality and morbidity rates and prolonged hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit because of prematurity. Conversely, attempts to prolong pregnancy with expectant management ...
Oliveira Leandro G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of pregnancies in renal transplant recipients. Our aim was to report our experience with a significant casuistic. METHODS: Fifty-two pregnancies in 52 patients (January 2001 to December 2005), with two patients having a multiple pregnancy, were evaluated and patients were characterized ...
Fantuzzi Guglielmina - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between preterm/early preterm delivery and active smoking as well as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in a sample of pregnant Italian women. A case-control study was conducted in nine cities in Italy between October 1999 and September 2000. Cases of ...
Singer Emily - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate accuracy of fetal fibronectin testing to predict preterm birth in twin gestations with symptoms of preterm labor. METHODS: We reviewed charts of all patients with twin gestations who underwent fetal fibronectin testing and presented with complaints of preterm labor between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2004. ...
Ring Allison M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether the neonatal benefit of a single complete course of antenatal corticosteroids diminishes when delivery is remote from administration (> 14 days). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective 2 center cohort trial included women who received a single complete course of antenatal corticosteroids and delivered ...
Lin Dongming - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies examining the association between periodontal diseases and preterm birth have explored the underlying microbial and antibody responses associated with oral infection. METHODS: A nested case-control study was performed using data from a recent interventional trial following the delayed-treatment control group of 31 subjects with periodontal diseases. The ...
Horvath Andrea - - 2007
It is hypothesized that the intake of long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) throughout pregnancy could protect against pre-eclampsia, pregnancy-induced hypertension or intra-uterine growth retardation, and is essential for optimal neural development. The objective of the present study was to systematically evaluate the effect of LC-PUFA supplementation of high-risk pregnant women's diets on ...
Landrum Lisa M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency for which prompt diagnosis and treatment are imperative to reducing the rate of death and long-term neurologic compromise. Few cases of meningitis have been reported during pregnancy, many of which had devastating outcomes for mother, neonate, or both. CASE: A 38-year-old multigravida at ...
Palacio M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the optimal cut-off value to predict low risk of preterm delivery in women admitted for preterm labor should be adjusted for gestational age. METHODS: A cohort of 333 women with singleton pregnancies admitted with preterm labor and intact membranes between 24 and < 36 weeks' gestation ...
Kim Young Nam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe an instance of complete chorion-amnion membrane separation with fetal restrictive dermopathy in two consecutive pregnancies. METHODS: We performed prenatal ultrasounds in two consecutive pregnancies and evaluated gross and microscopic postnatal findings. RESULTS: The first pregnancy ended at 32 weeks of gestation with spontaneous chorioamniotic membrane separation and ...
Skrablin Snjezana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maternal serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) could be used as markers of tocolysis failure and adverse neonatal outcome in pregnancies with preterm labor (PL). METHODS: Forty-seven maternal blood samples taken because of PL at admission and delivery were analyzed. Control ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2007
Because maternal plasma corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) levels increase during the last weeks of pregnancy and at parturition, the present study evaluated whether placental mRNA expression of CRF and CRF-binding protein (CRF-BP) are modified in preterm delivery. A group of 30 women with singleton pregnancies were enrolled in the study. A ...
Yasuda Katsuhiko - - 2007
To assess the role of protein kinase Cbeta (PKCbeta) in human myometrial contractions during pregnancy, we evaluated the effect of a PKCbeta inhibitor (LY333531) on the pregnant and nonpregnant myometrial contractions and compared the level of PKCbeta in the pregnant myometrium with that in the nonpregnant myometrium. The effects of ...
Montan Sven - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The steady increase in age in primiparous and multiparous women raises questions concerning increased obstetric risk and outcome in such pregnancies. This review highlights the effects of maternal age on obstetric and perinatal outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Complications have been associated with increasing maternal age, including abnormal weight ...
Grisaru-Granovsky S - - 2007
Acute lung disease may originate in pregnancy because of the pregnancy itself or because of an intercurrent etiology. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of prolonged antepartum mechanical ventilatory support on the mother and the neonate when the strategy was to prolong the pregnancy rather than ...
Genc Mehmet R - - 2007
This article focuses on the influence of gene-environment interaction on pregnancy outcome. In particular, we focus on those adverse outcomes related to subclinical infection and the resultant inflammation of gestational tissues. We identify genetic association studies on pregnancy-related disorders with an infectious/inflammatory etiology. All studies in this field have focused ...
Longini Mariangela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is caused by collagen damage in the chorioamniotic sac leading to tearing. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be the cause of collagen damage. Isoprostanes (F(2)-IP) are produced by ROS attack on polyunsaturated fatty acids and are sensitive and specific biomarkers of lipid-peroxidation in vivo. ...
Taylor-Robinson David - - 2007
Mycoplasma hominis was isolated from a Bartholin's gland abscess 70 years ago, and ureaplasmas were isolated from the genital tract about 20 years later. Subsequently, reports incriminating mycoplasmas in the known adverse outcomes of pregnancy have been legion. Without doubt these genital mycoplasmas are able to invoke an inflammatory response ...
Rebarber Andrei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of early cessation of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) on the incidence of spontaneous recurrent preterm delivery (PTD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from women who were enrolled for outpatient 17P administration between January 2004 and May 2006 included women ...
López Ramón Y Cajal C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate amino acids in amniotic fluid collected at the time of genetic amniocentesis. METHODS: We analyzed 128 fluids from the 15(th) week of gestation and 53 from the 16(th) week of gestation from normal pregnancies, and eight in the 15(th) week and seven in the 16(th) week from ...
González-Quintero Víctor Hugo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of recurrent preterm birth between women starting treatment with 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) at 16-20.9 weeks of gestation versus 21-26.9 weeks. METHODS: Women enrolled in an outpatient program of education, nursing assessment and weekly 17P injections beginning at 16-26.9 weeks were eligible. Included were patients with singleton ...
Lamont Ronald F - - 2007
Preterm birth (PTB) is the main cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world. Historically, the approach for the prevention of PTB has been reactive rather than proactive. With the introduction of new screening tests and a greater emphasis on prevention rather than treatment, a number of new ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between fetal fibronectin and preterm birth and maternal-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in an African population of predominantly HIV-infected women. METHODS: During a trial of second trimester and intrapartum antibiotics compared with placebo to prevent chorioamnionitis and reduce preterm birth and mother-to-child transmission ...
McClaine Rebecca J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The second trimester is recommended as the optimal time to conduct a surgical procedure on pregnant patients, even though the fetal responses to anesthesia at this age are not known. Here we assessed the responses of preterm fetal sheep to a standard anesthetic regimen of midazolam, thiopental, and isoflurane. ...
Soares S C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between first-trimester uterine artery Doppler measurements and spontaneous preterm delivery. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of uterine artery Doppler findings at 11-14 weeks in 73 singleton pregnancies with spontaneous preterm labor and 2417 pregnancies delivered at term. RESULTS: The uterine artery mean resistance index ...
Engemise Samuel - - 2007
A 34-years-old primigravida conceived following a fourth attempt at in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer for severe bilateral tubal disease and grade IV endometriosis. Pregnancy progressed well until 17 weeks gestation when she spontaneously ruptured her membranes. She elected to continue with the pregnancy despite the significant risks associated with ...
Hossain Rydhwana R Department of Epidemiology, Multidisciplinary International Research Training Program, University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2007
To examine the relationship between vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy and preterm delivery. Study subjects (N=2678) provided information regarding socio-demographic, biomedical, and lifestyle characteristics. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Any vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy was associated with a 1.57-fold ...
Obi S N - - 2007
This study aims at evaluating the outcome of pregnancies complicated by pre-term premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) in a developing country and to highlight the problems of managing such cases and ways of improving future management. This was a retrospective review of 344 patients with PPROM at a University of ...
Facchinetti Fabio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate how sociodemographic factors, psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy and well-being levels are associated with the onset of preterm uterine contractions allowing symptomatic preterm labor. METHODS: In a prospective case-control design, 51 consecutive women admitted for threatened preterm labor were enrolled. The patients ...
Curry Allison E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the relationship between inflammation and spontaneous preterm delivery (sPTD) in women before preterm labour. The authors examine whether mid-pregnancy plasma cytokine levels are associated with sPTD, and whether associations vary by maternal age, body mass index, prior preterm delivery, or gravidity. METHODS: This case-control study ...
Piazze Juan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) complicates up to one-third of preterm deliveries. We studied the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) in order to ascertain its validity as a predictive variable of maternal-fetal outcome in pregnancies complicated by pPROM. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and fourteen pregnant women with gestational age ...
Murtha Amy P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether maternal serum interleukin (IL)-6 or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) obtained daily are elevated in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes who develop funisitis. METHODS: Daily blood samples were obtained from women with preterm premature rupture of membranes and analyzed for IL-6 and G-CSF by enzyme-linked ...
Akers Aletha - - 2007
AIMS: Both acute placental inflammation and positive mid-gestational cervico-vaginal fetal fibronectin assays have been independently correlated with preterm delivery. We conducted this study to examine the relationship between positive mid-gestational fetal fibronectin (fFN) assays and histological evidence of acute placental inflammation at delivery among women presenting with symptomatic preterm labor. ...
Morency Anne-Maude - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: As many as 50% of spontaneous preterm births are infection-related, with Mycoplasma species being the most common microbial isolates from the amniotic cavity. The goal of our study was to evaluate the effect of macrolides, a specific group of antibiotics known to be effective against Mycoplasma species, on the ...
Gupta Munish - - 2007
To evaluate the impact of clinical and histopathologic correlates related to maternal and fetal inflammatory responses (MIR and FIR) on degree of preterm birth. Pathology reports and clinical data from 577 singleton preterm births (<37 weeks of gestation) that took place between 1998 and 2004 were analyzed according to decreasing ...
Romero Roberto - - 2007
Inflammation has been implicated in the mechanisms responsible for preterm and term parturition, as well as fetal injury. Out of all of the suspected causes of preterm labor and delivery, infection and/or inflammation is the only pathological process for which both a firm causal link with preterm birth has been ...
Astolfi Paola - - 2007
The increasing incidence of moderate preterm births (32-36 gestation weeks) might reflect a more general tendency toward a shortening of the gestational length occurring also in the term births (37 + gestation weeks). We examined all Italian 1st live born singletons (n = 2,356,365) and found that from 1990 to ...
Marque Catherine K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The electrical activity of the uterine muscle is representative of uterine contractility. Its characterization may be used to detect a potential risk of preterm delivery in women, even at an early gestational stage. METHODS: We have investigated the effect of the recording electrode position on the spectral content of ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2007
Perinatal outcomes differ by week of gestational age. However, it appears that how measures to examine these outcomes vary among various studies. The current paper explores how perinatal complications are reported and how they might differ when different denominators, numerators, and comparison groups are utilized. One issue that can clearly ...
Torbé Andrzej - - 2007
Our objective is to compare maternal plasma procalcitonin concentrations in preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) and premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at term with their levels in uncomplicated pregnancy, and to determine whether these concentrations are useful in the diagnosis of pPROM cases suspected of infection and in the ...
Lim Arianne C - - 2007
15% of multiple pregnancies ends in a preterm delivery, which can lead to mortality and severe long term neonatal morbidity. At present, no generally accepted strategy for the prevention of preterm birth in multiple pregnancies exists. Prophylactic administration of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHPC) has proven to be effective in the ...
Muppala H - - 2007
A 32-year-old Caucasian woman of body mass index (BMI) 46 presented with urinary symptoms to accident and emergency (A&E). Acute pyelonephritis was the diagnosis. Transabdominal scan revealed a live term fetus. Both the partners were unaware of the ongoing pregnancy until diagnosed. She underwent emergency cesarean under general anaesthesia (GA) ...
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