Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1141
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Pitiphat Waranuch - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Maternal periodontal diseases have been associated with increased risk of preterm birth and restricted fetal growth among relatively low socioeconomic groups. Whether the association can be generalized to middle-class populations remains uncertain. We evaluated periodontitis in relation to preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestation) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA, birth weight below ...
Spencer K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical utility of the first-trimester markers of aneuploidy in their ability to predict preterm delivery. METHODS: We examined 54 722 singleton pregnancies with no chromosomal abnormality and with complete outcome data that had undergone screening for trisomy 21 by a combination of fetal nuchal translucency (NT) ...
Gelson E - - 2008
We performed a retrospective cohort study of 26 pregnancies in 16 women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) delivering at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital and compared them with 104 controls. The rate of antenatal complications was significantly higher in the rTOF group (30 cf. 13%). Use of epidural anaesthesia ...
Melamed Nir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the indications for preterm delivery and identify risk factors predicting preterm delivery in pregnancies complicated by pregestational diabetes (PGDM). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of all women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus followed from preconception to delivery at our institute from 1996 to ...
Caserta Donatella - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcome of pregnancies achieved by assisted reproduction technique (ART) according to the guidelines of the newly established Italian ART law 40/2004, with that of naturally conceived. DESIGN: Three hundred and sixty-four ART pregnancies and 304 naturally conceived pregnancies were analyzed in terms of the ...
Larrañaga-Azcárate Carlos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retrospective study of 744 women at the Virgen del Camino Hospital in Pamplona concerning two variants for the active treatment of premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). The main purpose of the study was to assess the differences between two variants for the active treatment of PROM at term ...
Abenhaim Haim A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the effect of restricted activity on the development of preeclampsia under experimental clinical settings has been compromised by inherent selection bias and differential misclassification. The aim of our study was to overcome such limitations by using hospitalized bedrest for preterm labor/birth-related indications as an unbiased measure of restricted ...
Barros Fernando C - - 2008
Three birth cohort studies from 1982, 1993 and 2004, in Pelotas, Southern Brazil provided the data for this study of trends in preterm births, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction. We found a slight increase in the period in the low birth weight prevalence from 9% to 10%. Intrauterine ...
Astolfi Paola - - 2008
Population of Sardinia Island is characterized by geographical and historical isolation, a deep-rooted tendency to postpone childbearing, and a demographic and genetic structure largely different from that of continental Italy and other European countries. Based on such differences we investigated whether the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome associated with late ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2008
The preterm deliveries in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort (MoBa) study were divided into subgroups: spontaneous preterm delivery, iatrogenic preterm delivery, multiple pregnancies, congenital malformations and intrauterine fetal deaths (IUFD). Records were linked with the Medical Birth Registry of Norway in order to permit identification of the different subgroups. ...
A Baxi - - 2008
There is a continuous controversy regarding the obstetric perinatal outcome of twin pregnancies conceived after assisted reproductive techniques (ART). There is an ongoing discussion whether theses parameters may show poorer results as compared to spontaneous conception. To evaluate the outcome of multifetal pregnancies and to compare maternal and neonatal complications ...
Kondrackiene Jurate - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the predictive value of clinical symptoms and biochemical parameters for prematurity in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Sixty symptomatic patients with ICP were included in this retrospective analysis. Preterm delivery was defined as delivery before 37 wk gestation. Predictors of preterm delivery were disclosed by binary ...
George Ronald B - - 2008
We sought to determine if apoptosis in the chorion of fetal membranes was increased in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) with histological chorioamnionitis. Using the TUNEL (terminal uridine deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling) method (ApopTag Plus kit; Oncor, Gaithersburg, MD), apoptosis was quantified. Of the 47 subjects ...
Valdez-Velazquez Laura L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Premature rupture of membranes (PRM) is a late pregnancy complication commonly associated with preterm delivery (PD). Although several markers related to the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) have been evaluated in certain pregnancy complications, only the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D variant has been studied in PD-PRM. The aim of this survey ...
Edlow Andrea G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine whether second-trimester pregnancy loss was associated with an increased risk for spontaneous preterm birth or recurrent second-trimester loss in a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with a second-trimester pregnancy loss (n = 38), a spontaneous preterm birth ...
Locatelli A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of transabdominal amnioinfusion (TA) on the histology of amnion (A) and umbilical cord (UC). STUDY DESIGN: From a cohort of 56 singleton pregnancies with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at <or=24.6 weeks, we excluded those who did not develop severe oligohydramnios (n=12). Of the 44 ...
Ilagan John G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review pregnancy and childhood outcomes following selective termination by ultrasound guided bipolar umbilical cord cauterization (UCC) in complicated monochorionic multifetal pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Consenting patients (27 of 49, 55%) had review of pregnancy history and pediatric development in the surviving twin following selective UCC. RESULTS: UCC was performed ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2007
CONTEXT: Preterm birth still remains a significant management problem, and a large number of markers of the disease have been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We measured plasma levels of urocortin, a neuropeptide expressed by gestational tissues, in women with threatened preterm labor (TPTL) to evaluate whether the measurement may predict preterm delivery ...
Grisaru-Granovsky Sorina - - 2007
Protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1), the thrombin receptor, is implicated in hemostasis, tissue remodeling, and is critical in early placentation. PAR1 polymorphisms that influence coagulation and adhesion molecule expression may compromise formation of a normal placenta, thereby resulting in adverse outcomes. This study is a prospective, case-control comparison of Israeli ...
Lausman Andrea Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To consolidate what is known about pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis through analysis of one of the largest series yet reported and to define the average gestational age of spontaneous delivery. METHODS: From 1980 to 2001, 159 pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis were identified at a tertiary care center. ...
Balchin Imelda - - 2007
Compared to white Europeans, Blacks and South Asians have a significantly shorter mean gestational length and a higher incidence of preterm birth. For any given gestational age before 37 weeks, Black and South Asian babies have less risk of respiratory distress syndrome, and the survival rate in Black babies is ...
Palacio Montse - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy outcome and the role of the amount of amniotic fluid (AF) in the prognosis of extremely preterm (<24 weeks) premature rupture of membranes (EPPROM). STUDY DESIGN: Women with EPPROM and on-going pregnancy after 1 week of expectant management were included. Exclusion criteria: fetal anomalies, termination of ...
van de Geijn F E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The complement factor mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. MBL serum concentrations are increased from early pregnancy onwards and depend upon several gene polymorphisms. We investigated whether MBL polymorphisms are associated with term and preterm birth, since preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity ...
Kusanovic J P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical significance of the presence of amniotic fluid (AF) 'sludge' among asymptomatic patients at high risk for spontaneous preterm delivery. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 281 patients with (n = 66) or without (n = 215) AF 'sludge', who underwent transvaginal ultrasound examination between 13 ...
Zlatnik Marya G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to quantify the risk of preterm delivery and maternal and neonatal morbidities associated with placenta previa. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of singleton births that occurred between 1976 and 2001, examining outcomes including preterm delivery and perinatal complications. Multivariate logistic regression was used to ...
Tita Alan T N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore whether endometrial microbial colonization and plasma cell endometritis are risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, and whether these outcomes are influenced by interactions between interconceptional antibiotics and the micro-flora. STUDY DESIGN: Subgroup analyses of data from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial ...
Eskenazi Brenda - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We examined pregnancy outcomes in New York City (NYC) and upstate New York after the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center disaster. METHODS: Using birth certificate data for NY residents (n = 1,660,401 births), we estimated risk of low birthweight (LBW: <2,500 g) and preterm birth (<37 weeks) one ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) to nulliparous women older than 35 compared to those of their younger counterparts. METHODS: Nulliparous women 35 years and older at delivery conceived by IVF (n = 89) were compared with nulliparous women 34 years and ...
Ekelund C K - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Mice disrupted for the interleukin (IL)-18 gene appear more disposed to preterm delivery (PTD) induced by inflammation. A synergy between IL-18 and IL-12 has been suggested. The objective of this study was to investigate a possible relation between human maternal serum levels of IL-18, IL-12 and spontaneous PTD. MATERIALS ...
She Bo-Quing - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the first-trimester maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels and pregnancies complicated by preterm delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correlation between PAPP-A levels and gestational age at delivery was analyzed by linear regression. The probabilities of low PAPP-A multiples of the median (MoM) levels ...
How Helen Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine effectiveness of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17 P) prophylaxis by gestational age (GA) at 17 P initiation. STUDY DESIGN: Singleton gestations with > or = 1 preterm birth (PTB) treated with 17 P prophylaxis for recurrent preterm birth before 27 weeks were ...
Facco Francesca L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether preterm birth of twins is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in a subsequent singleton pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: All patients who delivered a twin gestation and a subsequent singleton pregnancy at Northwestern Memorial Hospital during a 10-year period ...
Gotsch Francesca - - 2007
The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) is a condition characterized by systemic inflammation and an elevation of fetal plasma interleukin-6. This syndrome has been observed in fetuses with preterm labor with intact membranes, preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes, and also fetal viral infections such as cytomegalovirus. FIRS is a ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2008
Cabergoline is a dopamine agonist used to treat hyperprolactinaemia. Because hyperprolactinaemia is a significant cause of infertility in women, cabergoline and other dopamine agonists are frequently prescribed to reduce prolactin levels and restore normal menses. They are usually discontinued shortly after the patient becomes pregnant. Although cabergoline has been used ...
Rouse Dwight J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In singleton gestations, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) has been shown to reduce the rate of recurrent preterm birth. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether 17P would reduce the rate of preterm birth in twin gestations. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 14 centers. Healthy women ...
Holzman Claudia - - 2007
Inconsistent findings linking placental histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) and preterm delivery may result from variations in HCA definition, population studied, and exclusion criteria. This analysis from the 1998-2004 Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health Study (five Michigan communities) includes the first 1,053 subcohort women (239 preterm, 814 term) with completed placental assessments. ...
Eskandar M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of elective cervical cerclage in women with twin pregnancy on gestational age at time of delivery. METHOD: In a pragmatic fashion women in Abha Maternity Hospital, Saudi Arabia with twin gestations were allocated to receive either an elective cerclage (group I) or no cerclage (group ...
Morgan Daniel J - - 2007
Cutaneous leishmaniasis affects millions of people worldwide. After observations of atypical lesions in pregnant women at the health centers of Corte de Pedra, Brazil, 9 years of records were reviewed, and 26 pregnant patients were identified. A retrospective case-control study revealed that lesions in pregnant women were much larger than ...
Antipova, Anzhelika
There are anecdotal accounts about the possible impact of a pregnant woman's mental health on her unborn fetus. This thesis investigates the possible association between hurricane-related stress experienced by pregnant women living in the area afflicted by Hurricane Andrew in Louisiana in 1992 and poor pregnancy outcomes such as preterm ...
Yap Sing-Chien - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The pulmonary autograft has been recommended as the valve of choice for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in young women contemplating pregnancy. However, current information on maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancy in women with pulmonary autograft valve replacement is limited. METHODS: Using a nationwide ...
Chafetz Ilana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate first-trimester serum placental protein 13 (PP13) as a screening test for preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective, nested case-control study in the Massachusetts General Hospital Obstetric Maternal Study. PP13 was measured by solid-phase sandwich enzyme-linked ...
Orr Suezanne T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To focus on the relationship between pregnancy-related anxiety and spontaneous preterm birth. Psychosocial factors have been the subject of inquiries about the etiology of preterm birth; a factor of recent interest is maternal prenatal pregnancy-related anxiety (worries and concerns related to the pregnancy). METHODS: From 1991 to 1993, a ...
Chou Ching-Yu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE(S): Pregnancy is rare in patients on chronic dialysis, with only a 30-50% rate of successful delivery reported in a previous review article. The pregnancy outcome has improved in recent decades, but data on pregnancy outcome are limited due to the small sample size of previous case series. This study ...
Ting Hua-Sieng - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the effectiveness of bedside test kits for pIGFBP-1 and fetal fibronectin test in predicting preterm delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients presenting with symptoms of preterm labour between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation were recruited. Both pIGFBP-1 and fetal fibronectin bedside ...
Seubert David E - - 2007
Preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the world today. This article discusses ways the treatment team can inform parents of probable outcomes and help them reach decisions about treatment for the newborn under emotionally fraught conditions. In addition to supporting the patient, these approaches ...
Yinon Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence indicates that chorioamnionitis is associated with a significant decrease in thymic size at birth in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. The aim of this study was to determine whether decreased fetal thymus size is associated with histological or clinical chorioamnionitis in patients with preterm premature ...
Sibai Baha M - - 2007
Severe preeclampsia that develops at <34 weeks of gestation is associated with high perinatal mortality and morbidity rates. Management with immediate delivery leads to high neonatal mortality and morbidity rates and prolonged hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit because of prematurity. Conversely, attempts to prolong pregnancy with expectant management ...
Oliveira Leandro G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of pregnancies in renal transplant recipients. Our aim was to report our experience with a significant casuistic. METHODS: Fifty-two pregnancies in 52 patients (January 2001 to December 2005), with two patients having a multiple pregnancy, were evaluated and patients were characterized ...
Fantuzzi Guglielmina - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between preterm/early preterm delivery and active smoking as well as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in a sample of pregnant Italian women. A case-control study was conducted in nine cities in Italy between October 1999 and September 2000. Cases of ...
Singer Emily - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate accuracy of fetal fibronectin testing to predict preterm birth in twin gestations with symptoms of preterm labor. METHODS: We reviewed charts of all patients with twin gestations who underwent fetal fibronectin testing and presented with complaints of preterm labor between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2004. ...
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