Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1151
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Pasquier Jean-Charles - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effects of maternal and pregnancy characteristics on the rupture-to-delivery interval. STUDY DESIGN: DOMINOS study, a descriptive prospective population-based study, recorded the characteristics of 598 pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation. Univariate and multivariate analyses ...
Skrablin Snjezana - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal risk factors of long-term neurologic impairment for preterm infants. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 60 neurologically impaired and 60 healthy children, all born prematurely. RESULTS: There was no relation between neurologic impairment and maternal pregnancy complications or prenatal steroid administration, bacteriologic content of ...
Ezechi O C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the pregnancy, obstetric and neonatal outcome after assisted reproduction in Nigerians. METHODS: Case control study of all confirmed pregnancies following assisted reproduction managed at the Havana Specialist Hospital (HSH), Lagos over a 7 year period. RESULTS: Adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome occurred in 30.8% of pregnancy following ...
Ohara Mamiko - - 2008
AIM: Japan has a shortage of tertiary medical care facilities for maternal and fetal medicine. Establishment of efficient medical transport systems is needed for pregnant women and fetuses with severe complications. Maternal transport by helicopters is expected to shorten transportation time to advanced facilities, although its feasibility has not yet ...
Hill Jacquelyn L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to use recursive partitioning (RP) to identify gestational age-specific and threshold values for infectious and endocrine biomarkers of imminent delivery. STUDY DESIGN: RP was developed using a previously collected data set and then applied to a prospectively collected cohort of women in threatened ...
Dulay Antonette T AT Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8063, USA. - - 2008
The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that inflammation modulates fetal erythroblastosis and/or the release of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) independent of hypoxia or fetal stress. We sought to determine whether fetal inflammation is associated with an elevation in neonatal NRBC count in the setting of ...
Stafford Irene P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Current recommendations include the use of a vaginal speculum for fetal fibronectin specimen collection. This article evaluates the equivalency of nonspeculum methods for collecting fetal fibronectin specimens. STUDY DESIGN: Two separate prospective studies of patients more than 22 weeks' gestation were performed at 2 institutions with similar hypotheses and ...
Barua Moumita - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women of childbearing age on conventional hemodialysis (CHD) have decreased fertility when compared with the general population. Even in women who conceived, maternal morbidity and fetal mortality remained elevated. We hypothesized that nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) (3 to 6 sessions per week, 6 to 8 h per treatment), ...
Gálik Márta - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether gestagen treatment enhances the effects of beta2-mimetics in hormone-induced preterm delivery in pregnant rats in vivo. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm birth was induced with a combination of mifepristone and prostaglandin E2 on day 19 of pregnancy. The animals were treated with ...
- - 2008
DESCRIPTION: Update of the 2001 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy. METHODS: The USPSTF weighed the benefits and harms of screening for bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy by identifying new evidence addressing previously identified gaps from the 2001 USPSTF recommendation. Published literature on ...
Pitiphat Waranuch - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Maternal periodontal diseases have been associated with increased risk of preterm birth and restricted fetal growth among relatively low socioeconomic groups. Whether the association can be generalized to middle-class populations remains uncertain. We evaluated periodontitis in relation to preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestation) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA, birth weight below ...
Spencer K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical utility of the first-trimester markers of aneuploidy in their ability to predict preterm delivery. METHODS: We examined 54 722 singleton pregnancies with no chromosomal abnormality and with complete outcome data that had undergone screening for trisomy 21 by a combination of fetal nuchal translucency (NT) ...
Gelson E - - 2008
We performed a retrospective cohort study of 26 pregnancies in 16 women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) delivering at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital and compared them with 104 controls. The rate of antenatal complications was significantly higher in the rTOF group (30 cf. 13%). Use of epidural anaesthesia ...
Melamed Nir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the indications for preterm delivery and identify risk factors predicting preterm delivery in pregnancies complicated by pregestational diabetes (PGDM). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of all women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus followed from preconception to delivery at our institute from 1996 to ...
Caserta Donatella - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcome of pregnancies achieved by assisted reproduction technique (ART) according to the guidelines of the newly established Italian ART law 40/2004, with that of naturally conceived. DESIGN: Three hundred and sixty-four ART pregnancies and 304 naturally conceived pregnancies were analyzed in terms of the ...
Larrañaga-Azcárate Carlos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retrospective study of 744 women at the Virgen del Camino Hospital in Pamplona concerning two variants for the active treatment of premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). The main purpose of the study was to assess the differences between two variants for the active treatment of PROM at term ...
Barros Fernando C - - 2008
Three birth cohort studies from 1982, 1993 and 2004, in Pelotas, Southern Brazil provided the data for this study of trends in preterm births, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction. We found a slight increase in the period in the low birth weight prevalence from 9% to 10%. Intrauterine ...
Astolfi Paola - - 2008
Population of Sardinia Island is characterized by geographical and historical isolation, a deep-rooted tendency to postpone childbearing, and a demographic and genetic structure largely different from that of continental Italy and other European countries. Based on such differences we investigated whether the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome associated with late ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2008
The preterm deliveries in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort (MoBa) study were divided into subgroups: spontaneous preterm delivery, iatrogenic preterm delivery, multiple pregnancies, congenital malformations and intrauterine fetal deaths (IUFD). Records were linked with the Medical Birth Registry of Norway in order to permit identification of the different subgroups. ...
A Baxi - - 2008
There is a continuous controversy regarding the obstetric perinatal outcome of twin pregnancies conceived after assisted reproductive techniques (ART). There is an ongoing discussion whether theses parameters may show poorer results as compared to spontaneous conception. To evaluate the outcome of multifetal pregnancies and to compare maternal and neonatal complications ...
Abenhaim Haim A HA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ste-Justine Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada. - - 2008
Evaluating the effect of restricted activity on the development of preeclampsia under experimental clinical settings has been compromised by inherent selection bias and differential misclassification. The aim of our study was to overcome such limitations by using hospitalized bedrest for preterm labor/birth-related indications as an unbiased measure of restricted activity ...
Kondrackiene Jurate - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the predictive value of clinical symptoms and biochemical parameters for prematurity in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Sixty symptomatic patients with ICP were included in this retrospective analysis. Preterm delivery was defined as delivery before 37 wk gestation. Predictors of preterm delivery were disclosed by binary ...
George Ronald B - - 2008
We sought to determine if apoptosis in the chorion of fetal membranes was increased in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) with histological chorioamnionitis. Using the TUNEL (terminal uridine deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling) method (ApopTag Plus kit; Oncor, Gaithersburg, MD), apoptosis was quantified. Of the 47 subjects ...
Valdez-Velazquez Laura L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Premature rupture of membranes (PRM) is a late pregnancy complication commonly associated with preterm delivery (PD). Although several markers related to the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) have been evaluated in certain pregnancy complications, only the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D variant has been studied in PD-PRM. The aim of this survey ...
Edlow Andrea G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine whether second-trimester pregnancy loss was associated with an increased risk for spontaneous preterm birth or recurrent second-trimester loss in a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with a second-trimester pregnancy loss (n = 38), a spontaneous preterm birth ...
Locatelli A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of transabdominal amnioinfusion (TA) on the histology of amnion (A) and umbilical cord (UC). STUDY DESIGN: From a cohort of 56 singleton pregnancies with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at <or=24.6 weeks, we excluded those who did not develop severe oligohydramnios (n=12). Of the 44 ...
Ilagan John G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review pregnancy and childhood outcomes following selective termination by ultrasound guided bipolar umbilical cord cauterization (UCC) in complicated monochorionic multifetal pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Consenting patients (27 of 49, 55%) had review of pregnancy history and pediatric development in the surviving twin following selective UCC. RESULTS: UCC was performed ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2007
CONTEXT: Preterm birth still remains a significant management problem, and a large number of markers of the disease have been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We measured plasma levels of urocortin, a neuropeptide expressed by gestational tissues, in women with threatened preterm labor (TPTL) to evaluate whether the measurement may predict preterm delivery ...
Grisaru-Granovsky Sorina - - 2007
Protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1), the thrombin receptor, is implicated in hemostasis, tissue remodeling, and is critical in early placentation. PAR1 polymorphisms that influence coagulation and adhesion molecule expression may compromise formation of a normal placenta, thereby resulting in adverse outcomes. This study is a prospective, case-control comparison of Israeli ...
Lausman Andrea Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To consolidate what is known about pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis through analysis of one of the largest series yet reported and to define the average gestational age of spontaneous delivery. METHODS: From 1980 to 2001, 159 pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis were identified at a tertiary care center. ...
Balchin Imelda - - 2007
Compared to white Europeans, Blacks and South Asians have a significantly shorter mean gestational length and a higher incidence of preterm birth. For any given gestational age before 37 weeks, Black and South Asian babies have less risk of respiratory distress syndrome, and the survival rate in Black babies is ...
Palacio Montse M Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Sabino de Arana 1, Spain. - - 2008
To evaluate pregnancy outcome and the role of the amount of amniotic fluid (AF) in the prognosis of extremely preterm (<24 weeks) premature rupture of membranes (EPPROM). Women with EPPROM and on-going pregnancy after 1 week of expectant management were included. fetal anomalies, termination of pregnancy and spontaneous recovery of ...
van de Geijn F E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The complement factor mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. MBL serum concentrations are increased from early pregnancy onwards and depend upon several gene polymorphisms. We investigated whether MBL polymorphisms are associated with term and preterm birth, since preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity ...
Kusanovic J P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical significance of the presence of amniotic fluid (AF) 'sludge' among asymptomatic patients at high risk for spontaneous preterm delivery. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 281 patients with (n = 66) or without (n = 215) AF 'sludge', who underwent transvaginal ultrasound examination between 13 ...
Zlatnik Marya G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to quantify the risk of preterm delivery and maternal and neonatal morbidities associated with placenta previa. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of singleton births that occurred between 1976 and 2001, examining outcomes including preterm delivery and perinatal complications. Multivariate logistic regression was used to ...
Tita Alan T N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore whether endometrial microbial colonization and plasma cell endometritis are risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, and whether these outcomes are influenced by interactions between interconceptional antibiotics and the micro-flora. STUDY DESIGN: Subgroup analyses of data from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial ...
Eskenazi Brenda - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We examined pregnancy outcomes in New York City (NYC) and upstate New York after the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center disaster. METHODS: Using birth certificate data for NY residents (n = 1,660,401 births), we estimated risk of low birthweight (LBW: <2,500 g) and preterm birth (<37 weeks) one ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) to nulliparous women older than 35 compared to those of their younger counterparts. METHODS: Nulliparous women 35 years and older at delivery conceived by IVF (n = 89) were compared with nulliparous women 34 years and ...
Ekelund C K CK North Atlantic Neuro-Epidemiology Alliances, Institute of Public Health, University of Aarhus, Vennelyst Boulevard 6, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2008
Mice disrupted for the interleukin (IL)-18 gene appear more disposed to preterm delivery (PTD) induced by inflammation. A synergy between IL-18 and IL-12 has been suggested. The objective of this study was to investigate a possible relation between human maternal serum levels of IL-18, IL-12 and spontaneous PTD. A cohort ...
She Bo-Quing - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the first-trimester maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels and pregnancies complicated by preterm delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correlation between PAPP-A levels and gestational age at delivery was analyzed by linear regression. The probabilities of low PAPP-A multiples of the median (MoM) levels ...
How Helen Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine effectiveness of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17 P) prophylaxis by gestational age (GA) at 17 P initiation. STUDY DESIGN: Singleton gestations with > or = 1 preterm birth (PTB) treated with 17 P prophylaxis for recurrent preterm birth before 27 weeks were ...
Facco Francesca L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether preterm birth of twins is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in a subsequent singleton pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: All patients who delivered a twin gestation and a subsequent singleton pregnancy at Northwestern Memorial Hospital during a 10-year period ...
Gotsch Francesca - - 2007
The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) is a condition characterized by systemic inflammation and an elevation of fetal plasma interleukin-6. This syndrome has been observed in fetuses with preterm labor with intact membranes, preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes, and also fetal viral infections such as cytomegalovirus. FIRS is a ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2008
Cabergoline is a dopamine agonist used to treat hyperprolactinaemia. Because hyperprolactinaemia is a significant cause of infertility in women, cabergoline and other dopamine agonists are frequently prescribed to reduce prolactin levels and restore normal menses. They are usually discontinued shortly after the patient becomes pregnant. Although cabergoline has been used ...
Rouse Dwight J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In singleton gestations, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) has been shown to reduce the rate of recurrent preterm birth. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether 17P would reduce the rate of preterm birth in twin gestations. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 14 centers. Healthy women ...
Holzman Claudia - - 2007
Inconsistent findings linking placental histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) and preterm delivery may result from variations in HCA definition, population studied, and exclusion criteria. This analysis from the 1998-2004 Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health Study (five Michigan communities) includes the first 1,053 subcohort women (239 preterm, 814 term) with completed placental assessments. ...
Eskandar M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of elective cervical cerclage in women with twin pregnancy on gestational age at time of delivery. METHOD: In a pragmatic fashion women in Abha Maternity Hospital, Saudi Arabia with twin gestations were allocated to receive either an elective cerclage (group I) or no cerclage (group ...
Morgan Daniel J - - 2007
Cutaneous leishmaniasis affects millions of people worldwide. After observations of atypical lesions in pregnant women at the health centers of Corte de Pedra, Brazil, 9 years of records were reviewed, and 26 pregnant patients were identified. A retrospective case-control study revealed that lesions in pregnant women were much larger than ...
Antipova, Anzhelika
There are anecdotal accounts about the possible impact of a pregnant woman's mental health on her unborn fetus. This thesis investigates the possible association between hurricane-related stress experienced by pregnant women living in the area afflicted by Hurricane Andrew in Louisiana in 1992 and poor pregnancy outcomes such as preterm ...
Yap Sing-Chien - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The pulmonary autograft has been recommended as the valve of choice for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in young women contemplating pregnancy. However, current information on maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancy in women with pulmonary autograft valve replacement is limited. METHODS: Using a nationwide ...
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