Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1150
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Timmler Tomasz - - 2003
Background. Recent studies on the developmental dysplasia of the hip emphasize the role of the last trimester of pregnancy in the origin of the pathology. The aim of the study was to evaluate the development of the hip joints of preterm neonates born with different weight and in different periods ...
Freeman Mala - - 2004
METHODS: To evaluate if air travel affects pregnancy outcome, all women with singleton, non anomalous fetuses, admitted for delivery at a gestational age >20.0 weeks over a 6-month period were asked if they traveled by airflight during pregnancy, including details of the destination and length of their flights and any ...
King Hollis H - - 2003
The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) during pregnancy has a long tradition in osteopathic medicine. A retrospective study was designed to compare a group of women who received prenatal OMT with a matched group that did not receive prenatal OMT. The medical records of 160 women from four cities ...
Kwik Michele - - 2003
AIMS: To investigate whether low pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels in the first trimester of pregnancy are associated with subsequent intrauterine fetal growth restriction, stillbirth and preterm delivery. METHODS: A retrospective review of pregnancy outcomes was undertaken in women who had PAPP-A carried out in the first trimester of ...
Bernardini Marcus - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to review and analyze the fertility and pregnancy outcomes in patients who have undergone radical trachelectomy as the method of management of invasive carcinoma of the cervix. STUDY DESIGN: All preoperative, operative, and follow-up data were collected prospectively. Perinatal information was completed by chart reviews ...
Roman Ashley S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of vaginal fetal fibronectin as a screening test for spontaneous preterm birth in patients with cervical cerclage. STUDY DESIGN: A historic cohort of 117 patients who underwent cervical cerclage placement between 1996 and 2002 were identified. All patients were ...
Jacobsson Bo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 in cervical and amniotic fluid in women in preterm labor and with preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: Women with singleton pregnancies (<or=34 weeks) in preterm labor (n=75 women), with preterm premature rupture of ...
Parazzini F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We have analysed the association between alcohol drinking before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy and risk of preterm birth of babies with normal weight for gestational age or with low weight for gestational age (SGA). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: General and university hospitals in Italy. SUBJECTS: Cases ...
Clark Christine A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical, laboratory, and demographic variables of women in our clinic with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who have had a pregnancy resulting in a live birth and identify any correlations with either term or preterm delivery. METHODS: Pregnancies in women with SLE from 1999 to 2001 were ...
Yang Chun-Yuh - - 2003
Traffic emissions are a major source of air pollution in urban areas. The results of recent studies have suggested that air pollution may be related to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm delivery. The authors investigated the association between traffic-related air pollution and preterm deliveries. The ...
Ishikawa Kazuaki - - 2003
Our objective was to determine the outcome predictor of conservative bed rest therapy for prolapsed chorioamniotic membrane. We could perform tocolysis for 61 women, 41 of visible membrane (group A) and 20 of protruding membrane (group B). The duration of pregnancy prolongation and gestational age (in weeks) at delivery in ...
Hedderson Monique M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether different degrees of maternal glucose intolerance are associated with the risk of spontaneous preterm birth. METHODS: We performed a cohort study of 46,230 pregnancies screened by a 50-g, 1-hour oral glucose tolerance test between 24 and 28 gestation weeks at the Northern California Kaiser Permanente Medical ...
Buchmayer Susanne - - 2003
Previous studies on whether signs of infection in Pap smears imply a risk factor for preterm delivery are conflicting. In a large population-based study, we combined information from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and the Swedish Pap Smear Screening Register to investigate whether signs of infection in Pap smears increase ...
Yazbeck Chadi M - - 2003
Multiple gestations have a significantly increased incidence of preterm labor and preterm rupture of membranes. In this case, a 32-year-old woman had a car accident with preterm labor at 19 weeks' gestation. A vaginal delivery of the presenting triplet followed. After conservative management, the second and third triplets were delivered ...
Yoshimura Kazuaki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in a murine model of bacterially induced preterm delivery. METHODS: On day 14.5 of a 19-20-day gestation, female mice underwent one of two interventions. In experiment 1, pregnant right uterine horns were injected at laparotomy ...
Keelan J A - - 2004
Intra-amniotic secretion and abundance of epithelial cell-derived neutrophil-activating peptide (ENA)-78, a potent chemoattractant and activator of neutrophils, was studied in the context of term and preterm parturition. Staining of ENA-78 immunoperoxidase was localized predominantly to chorionic trophoblasts and amniotic epithelium in term and preterm gestational membranes, with weaker and less ...
Quintero Rubén A - - 2003
We have gained significant experience in the clinical understanding and treatment of PPROM in the last 5 years. From our work we can conclude that iatrogenic PPROM is not only a different entity etiologically, it is also different than spontaneous PPROM in its clinical behavior and response to therapeutic measures. ...
Hou Susan - - 2003
Current guidelines for dialysis in pregnant women have been developed in response to occasional dialysis patients who unexpectedly become pregnant. These include prolonged dialysis times, generally 20 or more hours per week. The increased dialysis time requires careful monitoring of phosphorus and potassium which may be removed in excessive amounts. ...
Jesse D Elizabeth - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate which psychosocial criteria are associated with preterm birth in a midwifery model of risk in pregnancy. DESIGN: A quantitative study with a prospective correlational research design. SETTING: Women attending three prenatal clinics in East Tennessee. PARTICIPANTS: 120 pregnant women between 16 and 28 weeks gestation. ...
Wilson R Douglas - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence of posthysterotomy chorioamniotic membrane separation and delivery outcome following open fetal surgery [myelomeningocele (MMC); cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM); congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH); sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT)]. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a maternal population undergoing open fetal surgery at a single tertiary level program (1998-2001) following ...
Lao T T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether maternal glucose tolerance has a progressive effect on the length of gestation in singleton pregnancies and whether there is an increasing tendency towards spontaneous preterm birth with increasing glucose intolerance. METHODS: A total of 2,168 consecutive Chinese women with singleton pregnancies who underwent the 75-g ...
Tough Suzanne C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify key demographic, lifestyle, and medical indicators for preterm births in women aged 20 to 34. METHODS: A population-based, case-control study consisting of 987 women aged 20 to 34, who delivered a liveborn singleton infant at <37 weeks' gestation in Alberta between May 1999 and August 2000. Controls ...
Haram Kjell - - 2003
Preterm delivery is the leading factor causing neonatal mortality and morbidity. We have conducted a PubMed literature search to obtain an update on the etiology, diagnostic problems and therapeutic considerations of preterm delivery. Approximately 5-10% of all births are premature. Preterm labor is associated with preterm rupture of membranes, cervical ...
von Dadelszen Peter - - 2003
The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between adverse outcomes in twin pregnancies and preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM). A chart review of 246 consecutive twin pregnancies with confirmed PPROM was conducted. Regression analysis (beta [natural log of the odds ratio] and odds ratio [OR]) was performed ...
Tanir H M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of preterm premature rupture of membranes on neonatal outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted among singleton pregnancies with or without intact amniochorional membranes. The impact of maternal age, gestational age at birth, 1- and 5-min Apgar scores, birthweight, presence of meconium, use of tocolytics, ...
Ezechi O C - - 2003
This was a case-control study to determine the risk factors of preterm delivery among Nigerian women seen at Obafemi Awolowo University teaching hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria over a period of 9 months. All women delivering preterm were recruited into the study, with two consecutive term deliveries after each preterm delivery serving ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2003
The Preterm Prediction Study conducted by the Maternal Fetal Medicine Network between 1993 and 1996 studied a large number of risk factors for preterm birth in more than 3,000 women at 10 centers. The goals of the study were to better understand the strength of one risk factor versus another ...
Andrews William W - - 2003
Clinically silent upper genital tract microbial infections have been strongly associated with spontaneous preterm delivery, especially prior to 32 weeks gestational age. This condition represents a potentially preventable or reversible cause of preterm birth using safe, readily available, and inexpensive antibiotics. Fetal fibronectin detected in cervical and vaginal secretions between ...
Morrison John C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to study the effectiveness of continuous subcutaneous terbutaline (SQT) in the home after recurrent preterm labor (RPTL). STUDY DESIGN: Women with RPTL at less than 32 weeks' gestation were treated with continuous SQT administered in the home compared with matched control patients. RESULTS: Fifteen SQT ...
Balderston Keith D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: If a pregnancy is complicated by third-trimester bleeding, is there a higher risk of fetal-to-maternal hemorrhage that might necessitate the administration of additional anti-D immune globulin to prevent alloimmunization in the patient who is Rh D-negative? The study objective was to analyze prospectively the incidence of fetal-to-maternal hemorrhage in ...
Lu M C - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence of effectiveness of prenatal care for preventing low birth weight (LBW). METHODS: We reviewed original research, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and commentaries for evidence of effectiveness of the three core components of prenatal care--risk assessment, health promotion and medical and psychosocial interventions--for preventing the two constituents ...
Jazayeri Allahyar - - 2003
To investigate the effects of magnesium sulfate therapy in premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROM), this retrospective cohort study of deliveries after PPROM over a 3-year period was performed. Gestational age-matched patients, who received magnesium sulfate therapy after PPROM, were compared with those who did not receive tocolysis. Deliveries within ...
Villar José - - 2003
This overview assesses the effectiveness of nutritional interventions to prevent or treat maternal morbidity, mortality and preterm delivery. Cochrane systematic reviews and other up-to-date systematic reviews and individual randomized controlled trials were sought. Searches were carried out up to July 2002. Iron and folate supplements reduce anemia and should be ...
Kadanali Ayten - - 2003
We review, in detail, 2 cases of anthrax during pregnancy, its maternal and perinatal complications, and its management. Patient 1 was a 33-year-old woman at 32 weeks of gestation. She had a submandibular eschar; extensive edema on her face, neck, and upper thorax that inhibited respiratory function; and fever. The ...
Hobel Calvin - - 2003
Epidemiological evidence suggests that maternal psychosocial stress, strenuous physical activity and fasting are independent risk factors for preterm birth and low birth weight. Data from clinical studies consistently demonstrate that women in preterm labor have significantly elevated levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone compared with age-matched control subjects. Because production of corticotropin-releasing ...
Stinson Janice Chiyomi - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine whether stress, sleep disturbance, or fatigue at 22 to 26 weeks of gestation is related to the incidence of preterm labor and birth in military women. Data were collected prospectively by questionnaires measuring factors contributing to preterm labor and birth. Hours worked ...
Balu Rukmini B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between bacterial vaginosis, vaginal fluid neutrophil defensins, and preterm birth. METHODS: Vaginal fluid specimens were obtained at 24-29 weeks' gestation from 242 cases with preterm birth and 507 noncases sampled using a case-cohort study design. We tested for bacterial vaginosis by Gram staining and Nugent ...
Leitich Harald - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin as a marker for preterm delivery, a previously published meta-analysis was updated. STUDY DESIGN: Selection criteria confined the analysis to English-language original reports of prospective studies including women at <37 weeks' gestation with intact amniotic membranes. For the outcomes of delivery ...
Lamont Ronald F - - 2003
The association between infection and spontaneous preterm labour is now well established and thought to be responsible for preterm birth in up to 40% of cases. Preterm labour that is due to infection is refractory to the use of tocolytic agents. So the knowledge that infection may be the cause ...
Kamata Shinkichi - - 2003
The authors report a case of hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma diagnosed prenatally with ultrasound scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and confirmed histologically postdelivery. The fetus had a multicystic mass in the left upper abdomen, which showed a rapid enlargement accompanying maternal hypertension and preterm labor. The patient was delivered by ...
Tejero E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between plasma and leukocyte concentration of ascorbic acid and collagen type I propeptide C during pregnancy and subsequent premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: Fifteen women with PROM and 26 controls were compared for plasma and leukocyte concentration of vitamin C and for Pro-C during ...
Lange Melanie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in cervical secretions for preterm delivery before 34+0 gestational weeks in patients with preterm labor. METHODS: In this prospective study, 31 patients were enrolled with preterm labor and intact membranes. Cervical swabs were taken on ...
Grisaru-Granovsky Sorina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess neonatal and maternal complications of the expectant management of pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes (P-PROM) prior to 24 weeks of gestation and to delineate a patient consult strategy. STUDY DESIGN: We included all consecutive cases of early midtrimester P-PROM (16-24 weeks gestation). ...
El-Bastawissi Amira Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between maternal reproductive history and preterm delivery. METHODS: The 312 preterm delivery cases, studied in aggregate, and in subgroups (spontaneous preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, medically induced preterm delivery, moderate preterm delivery [gestational age at delivery 34-36 weeks], and very preterm delivery [gestational ...
Madazli Riza - - 2003
Our purpose was to compare angiogenin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and fibronectin levels in mid-trimester amniotic fluid of patients with preterm and term deliveries and to find out their predictive values for preterm birth. A prospective cohort study was conducted in 55 pregnancies with singleton gestations that underwent amniocentesis at 15-20 ...
Iams Jay D - - 2003
Studies of cervical sonography, fetal fibronectin, and uterine contraction monitoring during pregnancy have improved our understanding of how preterm labor occurs, but their use in practice remains uncertain. This article reviews the use of these tests to improve the accuracy of diagnosis of preterm labor and to estimate the likelihood ...
Low James A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to provide insight into the frequency and characteristics of antepartum fetal asphyxia in pregnancies that are delivered preterm. STUDY DESIGN: The characteristics of 30 pregnancies that were delivered preterm with biochemically confirmed antepartum fetal asphyxia (umbilical artery base deficit of >12 mmol/L) that ...
Wessel Jens - - 2003
AIMS: Newborns following denied pregnancies are delivered after either late onset or total absence of antenatal care, with a presumed subsequently increased risk for neonatal outcome. For this specific group, several characteristic outcome parameters are investigated. METHODS: During the period July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1996, a prospective case ...
Lewis David F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review our experiences with ureterolithiasis and nephrolithiasis in pregnancy and compare their outcomes with those in the rest of the obstetric population. STUDY DESIGN: A database of obstetric deliveries was used to identify patients with (cases) and without (controls) urolithiasis and to compare demographics and pregnancy complications between ...
Mulik V - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether fetal macrosomia is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity in uncomplicated, singleton, vertex deliveries at term in primigravid women. METHODS: This was a retrospective population based survey of 8617 deliveries over an 11-year period. These were stratified into three birthweight categories: 2500-3999 g (n=7854), 4000-4499 ...
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