Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1150
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Tews Gernot - - 2004
Rupture of the membranes before the fetus has achieved viability within the womb is an event of enormous importance for both mother and physician. The potential outcome ranges from fetal death, a frequent occurrence, to a severely disabled life or a happy (but rare) birth without any mental or physical ...
Odibo Anthony O - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use a decision-analytic approach to explore the best strategy for the timing of the delivery of preterm intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: We constructed a decision-analysis model that compared 4 antenatal fetal testing strategies The fetal/neonatal states that were compared included live ...
Kalish Robin B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between preterm premature rupture of membranes, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and heat shock protein-70 gene polymorphisms in multifetal gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Buccal swabs from 101 mother-neonate pairs of multifetal pregnancies were tested for single nucleotide polymorphisms at position -308 of ...
Wadhwa Pathik D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Recent advances in the physiology of human pregnancy have implicated placental corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) as one of the primary endocrine mediators of parturition and possibly also of fetal development. The aim of this study was (1) to prospectively assess the relationship of maternal plasma concentrations of CRH in the ...
Bobrzynska Monika - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine: a) to what extent application of antibiotics enhances efficiency of tocolysis; b) whether the duration of antibiotic treatment influences its efficacy; c) what criterion is decisive for efficacy of tocolysis assisted by antibiotic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 223 successive women with ...
Young B K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Currently, physicians manage preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) by expectant management or termination of the gestation. A therapy aimed at sealing membranes would be optimal to maintain the pregnancy and achieve a normal neonate. Our objective was to compare an endoscopic technique for intrauterine closure of fetal membrane ...
Buchmayer Susanne M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between previous pregnancy losses and subsequent risk of preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based Swedish study including information on all births and women's hospital admissions for pregnancy loss (n = 601,883) in Sweden between 1987 and 2000 was performed. ...
Falk Sandy J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE:To examine maternal and neonatal outcomes in expectant management of spontaneous preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) before 24 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Patients presenting with spontaneous PPROM from 14 to 23 completed weeks' gestation between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 1999 were reviewed. A total of 108 pregnancies were ...
Menon Ramkumar - - 2004
Prematurity is the third leading cause of perinatal death, and preterm premature rupture of the membranes (pPROM) is associated with approximately 20-50% of all preterm births. The etiologic factors described for pPROM and preterm labor (PTL) are the same, although the clinical presentation (pPROM vs PTL) differs among patients. The ...
Romero R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is associated with one-third of preterm births. In about 50% of preterm PROM cases, the fetuses will elicit a fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). FIRS is associated with the impending onset of preterm labor, periventricular leukomalacia, neonatal sepsis, and long-term handicap, including the ...
Radnai Márta - - 2004
According to many studies, generalised periodontitis can be a risk factor for preterm birth (PB). A case-control study was carried out to examine if early localised periodontitis could be a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Postpartum women without any systemic disease were included into the study. ...
Canavan Timothy P - - 2004
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3% of pregnancies and is responsible for one third of all preterm births. PPROM will affect 120,000 women in the United States each year. It is associated with significant maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality resulting from infection, umbilical cord compression, ...
Cobian-Sanchez F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between second-trimester uterine artery (UtA) Doppler measurements and spontaneous preterm delivery. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of UtA Doppler findings at 18-23 weeks' gestation in 234 singleton pregnancies with spontaneous preterm labor and 5472 pregnancies delivered at term. Cases with fetal chromosomal or structural ...
Jongbloet Piet Hein - - 2004
Male dominance being higher at preterm than term delivery was described in a population-based study by Vatten and Skjaerven [Early Hum. Dev. 76 (2004) 47]. A so-called "reversion" and "cross-over" in the sex ratio took place in preeclamptic gestations. These phenomena occurred earlier and stronger when associated with perinatal mortality ...
Canavan Timothy P - - 2004
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3% of pregnancies and is responsible for one third of all preterm births. In part I of this series, the definition, pathophysiology, and diagnosis of PPROM was reviewed. In this part, treatment is discussed. Adjunctive antibiotic and corticosteroid therapy has the strongest ...
Borna Sedigheh - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to determine whether AFI<5 cm after preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is associated with an increased risk of perinatal morbidity. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 95 singleton pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) with delivery between 26 ...
Ambrose Steven - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy and economic outcomes in women receiving inpatient vs outpatient tocolysis with continuous subcutaneous terbutaline (SQT). STUDY DESIGN: Identified within a database were women prescribed SQT at 24.0 to 33.9 weeks' gestation following stabilization of an acute episode of preterm labor. Women with cervical dilatation >3 cm, ...
Wennerholm U B - - 2004
An intensive debate is ongoing in this journal concerning the most appropriate endpoint after assisted reproduction techniques. The endpoint suggested by the first authors was Birth Emphasizing a Successful Singleton at Term (BESST). We have evaluated the most appropriate endpoint from different perspectives: patients, public, health authorities, obstetric and IVF ...
Arafa Mostafa A - - 2004
The influence of pregnancy spacing on preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestation) was examined in a group of mothers attending three Maternal and Child Health centres in three different districts in the city of Alexandria, Egypt between October 2001 and July 2002. All pregnant mothers attending the centres were interviewed or ...
Wong Shell F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the pregnancy and perinatal outcomes of pregnant women with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). STUDY DESIGN: All pregnant women (12) who presented with SARS in Hong Kong between February 1 and July 31, 2003, were included. The pregnancy and perinatal outcomes were collected. ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to assess the impact of obstetric risk factors for preterm delivery among women with MacDonald cerclage performed due to cervical incompetence. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study was conducted including all patients with MacDonald cerclage performed at 12-14 weeks gestation due to cervical incompetence (n = ...
Honest H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy with which the absence of fetal breathing movements on ultrasound examination predicts spontaneous preterm birth in women with threatened preterm labor. METHODS: Data sources included Medline, Embase, Pascal, Biosis, Cochrane Library, Medion, National Research Register, SciSearch, conference papers, and manual searching of bibliographies of known ...
Aina-Mumuney Abimbola J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the hypothesis that nulliparous women with multiple gestations would be more likely to have shorter gestational durations, a higher frequency of previable deliveries, and fewer pregnancy complications when compared with parous women. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of women who delivered a multiple gestation ...
Gibson J L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospectively cervical length measurements and fetal fibronectin detection as predictors of spontaneous preterm delivery in an unselected population of twin pregnancies. METHODS: Transvaginal ultrasound assessments of cervical length were performed serially at 18, 24, 28 and 32 weeks' gestation. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were generated at each time ...
Yazici Gurkan - - 2004
PURPOSE: A major advantage of transperineal sonography (TPUS) is its ability to evaluate the cervix without causing any distortion. This study was performed to compare transvaginal sonography (TVUS) and TPUS at 24 weeks of gestation in predicting preterm delivery in low-risk pregnancy. METHODS: Three hundred fifty-seven pregnant women underwent TVUS ...
Healy Andrew J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the gestational age at which elective delivery is considered in an otherwise uncomplicated patient with preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) by members of the Society of Maternal Fetal-Medicine (SMFM). STUDY DESIGN: A 3-page survey was mailed to members of the SMFM for this ...
Gopalani Sameer - - 2004
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is responsible for 30% of neonatal morbidity and mortality in premature gestations. We sought to evaluate pregnancy outcomes in PPROM managed uniformly with antibiotics and steroids, and to determine what maternal factors influence latency. This was a retrospective analysis of 134 patients at 24 ...
Papazoglou Dimitrios - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is convincing evidence for a central role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in fetal and placental angiogenesis. Our present study was undertaken to examine the possible relationship between two common functional VEGF gene polymorphisms (- 634G/C and 936C/T), linked with altered VEGF gene responsiveness, and spontaneous preterm ...
Stringer Marilyn - - 2004
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is diagnosed when rupture of the amniotic membranes occurs prior to the completion of the 36th week of gestation. PPROM accounts for 25% of all cases of premature rupture of the membranes and is responsible for 30%-40% of all preterm deliveries. In mothers ...
Krymko Hanna - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for recurrent preterm delivery among primiparous women with previous preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study was designed: 152 primiparous women who delivered preterm (22-36 weeks) were divided into two groups: 81 had a second preterm delivery (study group) and 71 had a second-term ...
Lone Farah Wali - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To find out the relationship between maternal anaemia and perinatal morbidity and mortality. METHOD: A cohort of 629 pregnant women was studied from October 2001 to October 2002. Of these, 313 were anaemic (haemoglobin <11 g/dl in labour and on two previous occasions in current pregnancy). A total of ...
Mulik Varsha - - 2004
The aim of this study was to ascertain any potential link between threatened miscarriage and obstetric outcome. Threatened miscarriage was associated independently with an increased incidence of abruption (OR 2.8, 2.0-3.7), unexplained antepartum haemorrhage (APH) (OR 2.3, 1.1-5.1) and preterm delivery (OR 2.0, 1.3-3.3). The incidence of low and very ...
Lewi L - - 2004
Rupture of the fetal membranes is a common, but potentially serious complication of invasive fetal procedures. Quintero described a technique to seal the fetal membrane defect by means of a bloodpatch, usually called 'amniopatch' in this application. The successful use in two consecutive patients with ruptured membranes after a fetoscopic ...
Martí-Carvajal Arturo - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine the association and its magnitude between prematurity and folate deficiency in women in their third trimester of pregnancy, and at labor. An incident case-control study was conducted using 2 controls per case. Data was obtained in a tertiary hospital in Valencia, Venezuela. ...
Kalish Robin B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal and fetal carriage of different alleles of interleukin-4 and -10 genes and pregnancy outcome in multifetal gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Buccal swabs from mother-infant pairs of 73 multifetal gestations were assayed for polymorphisms at position -590 of the ...
Weiss Joshua L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with first-trimester threatened abortion are at increased risk for poor pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A large prospective multicenter database was studied. Subjects were divided into three groups: (1) no bleeding, (2) light bleeding, and (3) heavy bleeding. Univariate and ...
Baud O - - 2004
Antenatal glucocorticoid therapy remains one the most striking successes in perinatal management of complicated pregnancies leading to premature birth. All women at risk of preterm delivery before 34 weeks gestation should be treated, given the anti-inflammatory and maturative properties of fluorocorticoids. Betamethasone is preferred to dexamethasone and no more than ...
Ancel Pierre-Yves - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between history of induced abortion and preterm delivery in various parts of Europe, and according to the main cause of preterm birth. METHODS: We used data from a case-control survey, the EUROPOP study; 2938 preterm births and 4781 controls ...
Helmerhorst Frans M - - 2004
To compare the perinatal outcome of singleton and twin pregnancies between natural and assisted conceptions. Systematic review of controlled studies published 1985-2002. 25 studies were included of which 17 had matched and 8 had non-matched controls. Very preterm birth, preterm birth, very low birth weight, low birth weight, small for ...
Roman Ashley S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to assess the validity of vaginal fetal fibronectin assay as a screening test for spontaneous preterm delivery in asymptomatic patients who have undergone multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR). STUDY DESIGN: A historic cohort of 63 patients who underwent MFPR between 10 and 14 weeks of gestation ...
Gallagher Shawn - - 2004
Women can safely commence omega 3 intake in early pregnancy to allow the full benefits to be incorporated into the body. Pregnant women should consider the intake of omega 3 oils and evening primrose oil throughout pregnancy in order possibly to prevent preterm delivery, promote an easier birth, assist the ...
Raynes-Greenow C H - - 2004
Preterm birth is a significant obstetric problem in high-income countries. Genital infection including ureaplasmas are suspected of playing a role in preterm birth and preterm rupture of the membranes. Antibiotics are used to treat women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes and results in prolongation of pregnancy and lowers ...
Meis Paul J - - 2004
The publication in 2003 of two large randomised trials of progesterone therapy to prevent preterm delivery has generated renewed interest in this treatment and has added substantial numbers of subjects to previously published small trials. The randomised trials of progestogens have generally shown efficacy in reducing the rate of recurrent ...
Carta G - - 2004
Maternal infective processes sustained especially by Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria like periodontal disease, during pregnancy, have been demonstrated to perturb the physiologic course of parturition through inflammatory cytokine production, sometimes resulting in preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes and preterm low birth weight. In a matched case-control study, the hypothesis ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate when rates of pregnancy complications increase beyond 37 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We designed a retrospective, cohort study of all women delivered beyond 37 weeks of gestational age from 1992 to 2002 at a single community hospital. Rates of perinatal complications by gestational age were analyzed with ...
Eroğlu D - - 2004
The perinatal outcome of patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis has been improved in recent years. In this report we review the treatment and outcome of seven pregnancies in women undergoing chronic hemodialysis before and during pregnancy between 2000 and 2002. The hemodialysis schedule was increased from 4 hours twice weekly to ...
Vergani Patrizia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether serial amnioinfusions for persistent oligohydramnios can affect the perinatal and long-term outcomes in extreme cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: All singleton pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes at <26 weeks'gestation and lasting >4 days between January 1991 and December ...
Başaran O - - 2004
Ovarian dysfunction, anovulatory vaginal bleeding, amenorrhea, high prolactin levels, and loss of libido are the causes of infertility in women with chronic renal failure. After renal transplantation, endocrine function generally improves after recovery of renal function. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the prepregnancy and postdelivery renal function, outcome of ...
Curley A E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of chorioamnionitis and antenatal corticosteroids on matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from preterm babies in the first week of life. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Regional neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Thirty five ventilated preterm babies < 33 weeks gestation, seven ...
Dinsmoor Mara J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess contemporary outcomes in pregnancies managed expectantly after extremely preterm premature (< or =24 weeks) premature rupture of the membranes (EPPROM). STUDY DESIGN: We queried antepartum and ultrasound databases for patients with EPPROM. Data on pregnancy outcome and short-term neonatal outcomes were collected. RESULTS: ...
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