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Results 351 - 400 of 797
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Moise Kenneth J KJ - - 2002
Hemolytic disease of the newborn secondary to rhesus alloimmunization was once a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Today, rhesus immune globulin has markedly decreased the prevalence of this disease so that only one to six cases occur in every 1000 live births. The rarity of this condition warrants ...
Ahmed S G - - 2002
A total of 135 obstetric patients who were first-time transfusion recipients at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital were studied with respect to the incidence and clinical severity of urticarial transfusion reactions (UTR) in relation to the number of previous pregnancies. The overall incidence of UTR was 12.6%. Analysing the ...
Matsuda Yoshio - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review consecutive pregnancies complicated by twin oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios sequence (TOPS) and to clarify the probable factors influencing the perinatal outcomes. METHODS: Twenty-five pregnancies with a diagnosis of TOPS were treated with and without amniocentesis. A poor perinatal outcome was defined when either perinatal ...
Sydorak Roman M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Pericardial teratomas are rare congenital tumors which invade the developing mediastinum, compressing the venous return to the heart, leading to hydrops. Tumors, with large cystic components, have been treated previously with in utero pericardiocentesis with some success. We present the first reported case of in utero open resection of ...
Ziman A - - 2002
Post-transfusion purpura (PTP) is a rare disorder characterized by severe thrombocytopenia developing seven to 10 days following transfusion of platelet-containing blood components, in a person who was previously sensitized via transfusion or pregnancy. Although most cases of PTP are caused by alloantibodies directed against HPA-1a[(Pl(A1))], this case represents the second ...
Levy Jeffrey A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia, defined as a platelet count of less than 150,000/microL, has been more commonly diagnosed in pregnant women in the last 20 years because platelet counts are included with the automated blood cell counters. Evaluation and treatment of this condition can be expensive and invasive and can result in ...
Chen Da-Chung - - 2002
Rhesus (Rh) isoimmunization presenting as severe neonatal hemolytic disease is rare in RhD negative primigravidas of Chinese ethnicity. We report the case of a 32-year-old pregnant Taiwanese woman, RhD negative, who gave birth vaginally to two RhD-positive full-term fetuses 6 years apart. Antenatal follow-up was uneventful and there was no ...
Gratacós E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and impact on perinatal outcome of the development of hydropic signs in the donor fetus after laser coagulation for severe twin-twin transfusion syndrome in the second trimester. METHODS: Forty cases of second-trimester severe twin-twin transfusion underwent fetoscopic laser coagulation of placental anastomoses and were ...
Benn P A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare second-trimester maternal serum analyte values in Down syndrome pregnancies with, and without, hydrops fetalis. METHODS: Seven hydropic and 85 non-hydropic Down syndrome pregnancies were identified among women with positive second-trimester maternal serum screening results. Values for maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), unconjugated estriol and ...
Harrington Kevin - - 2002
The perinatal outcome of the anaemic fetus has dramatically improved over the last 20 years, as a result of early recognition of the problem and treatment by intrauterine transfusion. Traditionally assessment of the anaemic fetus relied on obstetric history and maternal antibody titre, which proved to be inadequate tests to ...
Crombleholme Timothy M - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CAM) diagnosed in utero has a variable natural history that may result in hydrops in up to 40% or regress in up to 15%. No criteria have been available to determine which lesions would grow and develop hydrops versus those whose growth would ...
Kaplan C - - 2002
Fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia results from a maternal alloimmunization against fetal platelet antigens. Care must be taken in making a correct diagnosis that eliminates other causes of thrombocytopenia that may occur during pregnancy. Biological diagnosis is normally made by platelet genotyping and search for the maternal alloantibody using monoclonal antibodies in ...
Rahman M E - - 2002
Hereditary haemoglobin disorders (E-beta Thalassaemia & Thalassaemia) are inherited as recessive disorders so that the heterozygote subjects are generally healthy. They commonly present with progressive pallor, thalassaemic facies, splenohepatomegaly & growth retardation. Diagnosis of carriers & patients are usually confirmed by haemoglobin electrophoresis. Transfusion-chelation therapy is usually employed for their ...
Noia G - - 2002
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: This report describes successful treatment, using invasive and noninvasive techniques, of a 36-year-old woman (gravida 10, para 0) referred to our center at 13 weeks' gestation for severe Rh alloimmunization. Pre-pregnancy indirect Coombs titers ranged from 1:1024-2048. All nine past pregnancies (conceived with three different partners) had ...
Machado Luiz E - - 2002
Fetal edema was recognized in the past as a complication of alloimmune disease. More recently, fetal edema is frequently seen in conditions that cause non-immune fetal hydrops with increased soft tissue thickness. Classically there is a halo pattern around fetal head, neck, thorax, and abdomen. Fetal edema is associated with ...
Apuzzio Joseph - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is the purpose of this article to describe a suspected association of inadvertent vaccination with varicella vaccine during early pregnancy with the subsequent development of in utero miliary fetal tissue calcifications and fetal hydrops detected by sonogram at 15 weeks of gestation. CASE: This is a case presentation ...
Henrich Wolfgang - - 2002
The incidence of nonimmunological fetal hydrops is between 1 in 1500 and 1 in 4000. Overall mortality for this condition is about 80%. This report describes a case of prenatally diagnosed hydrops fetalis with severe generalized edema, ascites and pleural effusion of unknown origin at 19 weeks of gestation. No ...
Tekinalp G - - 2001
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemias (CDAs) are a group of hereditary refractory anemias characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis, typical morphological abnormalities of erythroblasts, a low or no reticulocyte response, hyperbilirubinemia, and splenomegaly. A massive hydropic newborn born with a very severe anemia (Hb 4.8 g/dL), diffuse edema, hepatosplenomegaly, ascites, pulmonary edema and respiratory ...
Chandrasekar A - - 2001
We assessed the clinical outcome of pregnancies with non-Rh-D antibody in Northern Ireland using retrospective case note review. During the study period (April 1999- March 2000) 186 women with clinically significant antibodies were identified from the records of the antenatal laboratory of the Northern Ireland Blood Transfusion Service. Eighty-five women ...
Kumar R - - 2001
We present the case of a young primigravida who developed severe life threatening hemolytic anemia in the last trimester of three successive pregnancies with spontaneous recovery after each delivery and remained normal during the entire nongravid state. Corticosteroid and high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, although reported as useful, was ineffective in ...
Miller N R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Little information exists regarding sepsis following marsupialization of a Bartholin's duct abscess. We report a gravida who became septic after marsupialization. CASE: A 30-year-old primigravida at 32 weeks' gestation underwent marsupialization of a Bartholin's gland abscess. Postoperatively, she developed fever with maternal and fetal tachycardia. She was admitted to ...
Tanemura M - - 2001
A 38-year-old multiparous woman was referred at 19 weeks' gestation because of hydrops fetalis. Ultrasonic examination revealed severe pleural effusion, ascites and skin edema. Detailed examination of the amniotic fluid, fetal blood and intrathoracic fluid led to a diagnosis of congenital fetal chylothorax. Repeated thoracocenteses were not effective in improving ...
Vintzileos A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine how frequently general obstetricians refer pregnant patients to maternal-fetal medicine specialists in the presence of the clinical indications specified as appropriate for referral or consultation by the 1996 statement of the Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was mailed ...
Fisk N M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Whether the fetus can experience pain remains controversial. During the last half of pregnancy, the neuroanatomic connections for nociception are in place, and the human fetus mounts sizable stress responses to physical insults. Analgesia has been recommended for intrauterine procedures or late termination, but without evidence that it works. ...
Cheong Y C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review our management of anti-Rhesus-D antibodies in pregnancy over a 5-year period in order to assess possible changes in the management or prognosis which may have developed with time. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from 31 pregnancies with maternal anti-D levels >4 IU/ml and in which ...
von Kaisenberg C S - - 2001
Parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy causes up to 27% cases of non-immune hydrops in anatomically normal fetuses. The virus is believed to cause arrest of maturation of red blood cell precursors at the late normoblast stage and also causes a decrease in the number of platelets. Fetal anemia is presently ...
van Kamp I L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the degree of immune fetal hydrops predicts outcome in red blood cell-alloimmunized pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: In an 11-year period, 213 fetuses received 599 intrauterine transfusions. The outcome of 208 pregnancies, including two pairs of twins, was analyzed in a retrospective ...
Delle Chiaie L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the relationship between the middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA PSV) and hemoglobin values in fetuses at risk for anemia (due to maternal blood group alloimmunization or parvovirus B19 infection) and to investigate the clinical value of this method in the management of these pregnancies regardless ...
Hamilton S - - 2001
Lead toxicity has gained increasing attention in the public media because of its ubiquitous distribution in the environment and the potentially serious medical complications that it can induce, particularly in children. We present a case of an asymptomatic Hispanic woman who exhibited a unique form of pica during her pregnancy. ...
Whitecar P W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Splenic rupture in the newborn is a rare complication in erythroblastosis fetalis. There are no reports of splenic rupture in the fetus affected by hemolytic disease of the newborn. CASE: A 41-year-old gravida 3, para 2-0-0-2 with severe rhesus alloimmunization was managed with serial intrauterine transfusions resulting in fetal ...
Su R M - - 2001
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) may complicate multiple pregnancy. Monochorionic discordant twins with oligohydramnios and polyhydramnios may be diagnostic. Hydrops fetalis is particularly ominous. All the signs can appear independently at any stage of gestation. However, TTTS with hydrops fetalis in early pregnancy is rare. We report here a case of ...
Kuller J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review our experience with renal biopsy in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed 18 renal biopsies performed during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period at the University of North Carolina. Indications, histopathologic findings, complications, and neonatal outcome were reviewed for each case. RESULTS: Fifteen patients ...
Tanawattanacharoen S - - 2001
To assess the role of fetal blood sampling and intrauterine transfusion in monochorionic (MC) multiple pregnancy complicated by single intrauterine death (IUD), we reviewed ten cases over a 4-year period in a tertiary referral centre which underwent fetal blood sampling within 24 h of death of its MC co-twin. Intrauterine ...
Sikovanyecz J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the extent of fetomaternal transfusion and the outcome of pregnancy after cordocentesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 268 women underwent percutaneous fetal umbilical cord blood sampling for fetal karyotyping between 15 and 26 gestations of weeks. Complete follow-up was available in 221 (82.5%) of the cases. Cordocentesis was performed ...
Spencer J A - - 2001
Exploring prognostic factors that determine outcomes in fetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT), a search of Medline was performed covering the years 1966 to April 1998. 376 articles were collected and reviewed; 140 articles contained the case histories of 297 mothers and 433 pregnancies that fulfilled entry criteria. More than 30 data ...
Fernández-Jiménez M C - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In addition to anti-D alloantibody, other antibodies such as anti-K antibody and anti-PP1Pk antibody have been reported to cause severe haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN). HDN caused by anti-K results not only from destruction of red cells but also from suppression of erythropoiesis. Anti-PP1Pk has been ...
Narang A - - 2001
Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) occurs due to maternal IgG antibodies crossing the placenta thereby producing hemolysis mainly due to Rh, ABO and Kell groups. A systematic approach to the Rh HDN involves an obstetric history of previous isoimmunized baby, timing and regular monitoring of maternal Rh antibodies and ...
Stanworth S - - 2001
A case of anti-Js(b) in pregnancy was associated with unexpectedly severe haemolytic disease of the newborn, requiring urgent exchange transfusion. Clinical signs of fetal distress were evident at 35 weeks of gestation in a sixth pregnancy. A Js(b+) baby from a previous pregnancy had been unaffected. This case report illustrates ...
Has R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the etiology and outcome of non-immune hydrops fetalis diagnosed in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: 30 cases with fetal hydrops diagnosed between 10 and 14 weeks of pregnancy at the prenatal diagnosis unit of Istanbul Medical Faculty were reviewed. Sonographic findings, fetal chromosome profiles, and outcomes ...
Madazli R - - 2001
A case of Greenberg dysplasia [hydrops fetalis, ectopic calcifications, "moth-eaten" skeletal dysplasia (HEM)] is presented. Fetal ultrasonography at 20 weeks' gestation showed hydrops fetalis, severe micromelia, irregular hyperechogenic foci in the ribs and vertebral bodies, irregular hypo- and hyperechogenic areas and abnormal contour within the long bones, and flattened and ...
Devine P C - - 2000
FHT is a rare diagnosis that may be an isolated finding or associated with multiple fetal anomalies, congenital infection or isoimmunization. The natural history of the lesion is variable. The effusion may regress spontaneously; remain stable in size; or progress to involve both sides of the chest and produce fetal ...
Bruner J P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, type III (CCAM III) lesions are large, bulky tumors which can cause mediastinal shift, prevent normal pulmonary growth, and compress the esophagus, thus leading to complications of nonimmune hydrops, pulmonary hypoplasia and polyhydramnios. Because the mortality rate of untreated fetuses with CCAM and hydrops is ...
Dangel J H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We performed a retrospective study to check the effectiveness of adenosine triphosphate (Striadyne) for cardioversion of fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and to evaluate neonatal outcome after prenatal treatment of severe SVT with fetal hydrops. METHODS: Two hydropic fetuses with SVT were treated with Striadyne injection into the umbilical vein, ...
Pafumi C - - 2000
A clinical case concerning a normal pregnancy outcome in a transfusion-dependent woman affected by homozygous beta thalassemia, whose partner was negative with regard to the "thalassemic trait", was reported. The patient showed no iron deposit problems, viral diseases that could have made the pregnancy management difficult or any complications during ...
Nicolini U - - 2000
Fetal hydrothorax and hydrops is a frequent complication of extralobar pulmonary sequestration which is associated with a high perinatal mortality and severe respiratory insufficiency in the newborn. In a 27-week-old fetus with this condition, injection of 1 ml of pure alcohol and pleuro-amniotic shunting achieved resolution of hydrops. The pregnancy ...
Bahado-Singh R O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the screening performance of a new middle cerebral artery Doppler velocimetric index for the prediction of fetal anemia. STUDY DESIGN: Doppler velocimetry of the middle cerebral artery was performed before cordocentesis in 24 Rh-alloimmunized fetuses without hydrops on 52 occasions. The ...
Morrison J - - 2000
We performed a retrospective audit of 99 Rhesus D (RhD) negative women to discover if anti-D immunoglobulin (anti-D) prophylaxis was given in accordance with guidelines from the National Blood Transfusion Service Immunoglobulin Working Party (1991). It was found that all patients received appropriate management postpartum. However, more than half of ...
Wagner T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Rh system antibodies are commonly encountered in blood bank practice as well as during pregnancy. Nevertheless, no examples of anti-Ce (RH7) have been reported as a cause of HDN that requires exchange transfusion. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old woman in her fourth pregnancy was typed as blood group O D+, ...
Grant S R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess management and outcome of pregnancies with anti-Kell in the West Midlands in the UK over 13 years. DESIGN: A retrospective review of casenotes. SETTING: A regional referral clinic for red cell alloimmune disease and fetal medicine unit at a university hospital. POPULATION: Sixty-five pregnancies were identified in ...
Phupong V - - 2000
Thalassemia is a common hematological disease in Southeast Asia. Extramedullary hematopoiesis is common sequelae in thalassemic patients but extramedullary hematopoiesis in the spinal epidural space that leads to paraparesis in pregnancy is very rare. We managed a thalassemic patient with extramedullary hematopoiesis and spinal cord compression during pregnancy. The diagnosis ...
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