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Results 301 - 350 of 797
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Merchant Aziz M - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Mediastinal teratomas are rare congenital germ cell tumors that prenatally can compress mediastinal structures and cause hydrops. Two possible presentations of massive fetal mediastinal teratoma include hydrops leading to fetal demise, or fetal esophageal and airway compression causing late-gestation polyhydramnios and preterm labor. The authors present 2 cases of ...
Van Kamp Inge L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the true procedure-related complication rate of intrauterine transfusion therapy. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study of 254 fetuses treated with 740 intrauterine blood transfusions for red-cell alloimmunization in a single center in the years 1988 to 2001. Our database was searched for ...
Mirghani Hisham H - - 2004
The incidence of perinatal death resulting from rhesus Rh isoimmunization has dropped dramatically since the introduction of Rh immunoglobulin. However, Rh sensitization continues to be one of the leading causes of fetal anemia. Our patient is a 38-year-old woman; she gives a history of 2 uneventful pregnancies followed by 5 ...
Suwanrath-Kengpol Chitkasaem - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report the first known case of 6p deletion presenting in utero with hydrops fetalis and multiple anomalies in the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A thirty-year-old woman (gravida 3 para 1 abortion 1) was referred to our hospital at 18 weeks of gestation because of suspicion of fetal ...
Weisberg Lori - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Significant fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) is an uncommon event that places the fetus at risk of severe morbidity and mortality. Symptoms and signs at presentation are subtle and, if promptly recognized, appropriate management may permit the fetus to escape serious injury. CASES: Four cases of significant FMH were diagnosed in ...
Wilson R Douglas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fetuses that underwent thoracoamniotic shunt placement for treatment of pleural effusion (PE) or macrocystic congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) have an improved outcome as compared with an untreated population. METHODS: A retrospective review from a single tertiary center was performed using thoracoamniotic shunt placement to treat ...
van Kamp Inge L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy outcome after intrauterine transfusion (IUT) for fetal anemia due to red-cell alloimmunization in the Netherlands over 11 years, in order to improve care and counseling. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 1, 1988, to January 1, 1999. Data were collected prospectively on all ...
Enders Martin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine more precisely the incidence of fetal complications following maternal parvovirus B19 infection at various gestational ages. METHODS: An observational prospective study of 1018 pregnant women whose acute B19 infection was serologically confirmed in our laboratory. RESULTS: The observed rate of fetal death throughout pregnancy was 6.3% (64/1018) ...
Asmal Mohammed - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In a monochorionic twin gestation, hydrops in one fetus often results from placental transfusion, accompanied by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) of the non-hydropic fetus. CASE: A 35-year-old G11P9 presented with hydrops and IUGR of one of a monochorionic-diamniotic gestation. Extensive testing failed to reveal etiology for hydrops. The patient ...
Neubert S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A subset of fetuses with sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCT) develops hydrops caused by high-output heart failure. Identification of fetuses at risk for hydrops is important because surgical intervention may reverse the pathophysiology of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate sonographic prognostic factors regarding tumor morphology and ...
Lockitch Gillian - - 2004
In first-world countries, maternal and infant mortality has significantly decreased over the past 50 years due to factors such as skilled pregnancy care practitioners, aseptic hospital births, antibiotics, safe blood transfusions, and oxytocin. However, international maternal and infant mortality statistics from underdeveloped countries remain high. Pregnancy risk management requires implementation ...
Finning Kirstin - - 2004
Antenatal determination of fetal blood group is important in pregnancies with a significant risk of hemolytic anemia due to maternal alloimmunization. The International Blood Group Reference Laboratory (part of the National Blood Service) in Bristol, UK, provides a fetal blood group genotyping service to obstetricians caring for immunized pregnant women ...
Ghi T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess sonographically brain anatomy in fetuses with severe anemia due to red blood cell alloimmunization undergoing intrauterine intravascular transfusions. METHODS: Multiplanar neurosonography was performed in seven consecutive hydropic fetuses undergoing intrauterine transfusions (mean gestational age 22 +/- 2.5 weeks; mean hemoglobin concentration at the first transfusion 2.3 +/- ...
Yang Jeong-In - - 2004
Intrauterine intussusception, an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction, has rarely been detected by prenatal ultrasonography. We report two cases of intrauterine intussusception after gestation, which presented as isolated fetal ascites at 30 weeks of gestation by ultrasonography. In case 1, on the follow-up ultrasonography at 32 weeks of gestation, the ...
García-Malo M D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Alloimmune incompatibility in allo-geneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT), pregnancy, and blood transfusion might trigger an immune response with clinical consequences. Human PLT antigens (HPAs), which play a significant role in pregnancy or blood transfusion-associated alloimmune thrombocytopenia, are also expressed on the surface of tissues affected by GVHD. Thus, HPA ...
Hernandez-Andrade E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In some cases of non-immune hydrops there is congenital or acquired fetal anemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential value of fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) in the assessment and management of non-immune hydrops due to anemia. METHODS: Fetal MCA-PSV and fetal ...
Gessoni G - - 2004
Haemoglobin E is a beta chain variant quite common in Southeastern Asia. The case of a gravid Thai woman with a microcytic anaemia is reported. The diagnosis of homozygous haemoglobin E was suspected on the basis of ethnic considerations when analysis of her haemoglobin showed the absence of normal HbA1 ...
Gallot D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of an extremely severe Rhesus allo-immunization treated very early in pregnancy 12 years ago. METHODS AND RESULTS: After chorionic villus sampling at 12 weeks for fetal blood phenotyping, two intraperitoneal transfusions at 14 and 15 weeks were given followed by two intravascular and seven exchange ...
Hirose Masaya - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To delineate clinical features of a case of fetal hemolytic disease due to anti-Rh17, along with a review of relevant studies published in English and Japanese. METHODS: We present clinical features of a -D-/-D- phenotype woman with anti-Rh17 alloimmunization during pregnancy. Relevant English literature in the MEDLINE database was ...
Wehrens Xander H T - - 2004
A large placental chorioangioma is a relatively rare condition, which in 50% of all cases will lead to maternal and fetal complications. Since chorioangiomas are often associated with significant arterio-venous shunting within the placenta, several fetal hemodynamic compensatory mechanisms are initiated. Ultrasound and color Doppler flow mapping are important for ...
Hopper B J - - 2004
A previously unreported syndrome of transient mid-gestational hydrops fetalis identified by ultrasound was diagnosed in 16 litters of 16 different dogs between November 1999 and May 2002. During this study period, a total of 161 canine pregnancies were diagnosed by ultrasound. A 17th litter of eight fetuses developed similar ultrasonographic ...
David Matthias - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the incidence of severe fetal-to-maternal transfusion after delivery and to identify risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective study at the Department of Obstetrics, Charité, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany, we analyzed the incidence of severe fetal-to-maternal transfusion (>10 ml) and fetal-to-maternal hemorrhage (>25 ml) in Rh ...
Hackney David N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review cases of anti-c isoimmunization and determine the most appropriate management strategies. METHODS: We performed a review of 102 pregnancies managed at The Ohio State University from 1967 to 2001 for anti-c isoimmunization. Of these, 55 had complete data and are included in this report. Information collected included ...
Shamseddine Ali - - 2004
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a severe life-threatening hematological disorder affecting the microcirculation of multiple organ systems. Infection, pregnancy, cancer, drugs, and surgery are frequently associated with the initial episodes and relapses. Women who are either pregnant or in the postpartum period make up 10-25% of TTP patients, suggesting the ...
Gitau R - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of acute stress, caused by intrauterine needling at the intrahepatic vein (IHV), on fetal plasma concentrations of corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH), and to compare paired fetal and maternal samples for CRH concentration to determine the extent of their joint control. DESIGN: Venous blood samples were ...
Athanassiadis A P - - 2004
Medical treatment of fetal tachycardias has substantially improved neonatal outcome over the past years. Digitalis has been often used as first-line therapy in these cases, and more recently the use of several newer agents have been reported. We present four cases of fetal tachycardia with a favorable neonatal outcome after ...
Bayoumeu F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Cesarean section is the more usual mode of delivery in high-order multiple pregnancy (> or =3). Excessive uterine distension increases the risk of bleeding and the need for transfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate if prophylactic use of prostaglandins at cesarean section for high-order multiple pregnancies ...
Poissonnier Marie Helene - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal outcome in severe red-cell fetomaternal alloimmunization. METHODS: Retrospective series of 32 affected fetuses treated with intravenous fetal exchange transfusion (IFET) before 22 weeks of gestation. The main outcome measures were the degree of fetal anemia, fetal transfusions and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: The first IFET was ...
Bussel James B - - 2003
Rh disease has largely disappeared as a result of prophylaxis with anti-D. However, the cases that remain are more complicated with a combination of novel challenges with regard to in utero management with transfusion and its effects on the course of the neonate, both early and late. Thrombocytopenia in the ...
Dunbar Alston E AE - - 2003
We present a case of fetal Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) associated with hydrops fetalis and review the current literature focusing on the pathophysiology and presentation of DBA. We conclude that DBA should be considered as a possible etiology for fetal anemia even in the absence of a family history of anemia.
Lau M S - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of idiopathic chronic fetomaternal haemorrhage (FMH) that developed in the late trimester. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The patient presented with decreased fetal movement at 38 weeks gestation. Antenatal follow-up was uneventful with normal serial ultrasound performed at 22 and 35 weeks. Prior to delivery, the cardiotocography (CTG) ...
Hirose Shinjiro - - 2003
A great deal has been learned regarding the natural history and pathophysiology of fetal SCT. The logic behind fetal intervention for SCT and hydrops appears to be correct, and open and minimal access techniques of fetal intervention have been shown to be feasible. The development of fetal intervention for SCT ...
Parra J - - 2003
We present two cases of fetal chylothorax and hydrops diagnosed at 20 weeks' gestation, both of which underwent successful intrauterine treatment. In Case 1, a transient, near total resolution began 2 weeks after an iatrogenic hemothorax following a second thoracocentesis performed at 24 + 6 weeks. Because of pleural fluid ...
Chou Min M - - 2003
Six patients with early sonographic diagnosis of invasive placenta previa increta/percreta before fetal viability were offered hysterectomy to terminate the pregnancy with prophylactic internal iliac artery embolization (IIAE). The mean gestational age at treatment was 19.7 weeks (range, 14-23). Among these six patients undergoing hysterectomy, the mean estimated blood loss ...
Morine M - - 2003
We present a case of twin-twin transfusion syndrome associated with transient hydrops fetalis observed in the donor after therapeutic amnioreduction at 22 weeks of gestation. After the amnioreduction, the bladder of the donor could be visualized and the donor subsequently began to make amniotic fluid, with spontaneous regression of hydrops ...
Grootenboer-Mignot Sabine - - 2003
Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS) is a rare congenital hemolytic anemia mapping to 16q23-q24. We showed recently that it is part of a pleiotropic syndrome likely to display pseudohyperkalemia and/or different forms of fetal and placental fluid collections. Here, we report a woman with DHS. She had two consecutive pregnancies associated ...
Radunovic N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine transfusions for rhesus alloimmunization leads to alterations in circulating T-cell populations. Given that elevations in circulating beta2-microglobulin are a marker of T-cell-mediated organ transplant rejection, we evaluated the effect of intrauterine transfusion on fetal beta2-microglobulin levels. METHODS: Umbilical venous samples were obtained immediately prior to initial transfusion in ...
Suzuki Mitsuya - - 2003
We performed electronystagmography with caloric stimulation and studied vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) associated with changes in the Tullio phenomenon and the fistula sign during the clinical course of a patient with endolymphatic hydrops. The Tullio phenomenon and the fistula sign disappeared in association with a reduction in the caloric ...
Salomon L J - - 2003
Although it is established that bronchopulmonary sequestration complicated by fetal hydrops carries a high risk of perinatal mortality, prenatal management remains controversial. Therapeutic options include immediate delivery, medical therapy based on an inotropic regimen, alcohol ablation of the vascular pedicle, open fetal surgery, or thoracoamniotic shunting of fetal pleural effusions. ...
Cappell Mitchell S - - 2003
The frequency, symptoms, and complication rate of PUD seem to decrease during pregnancy. Yet clinicians often have to treat dyspepsia or pyrosis of undetermined origin during pregnancy because the frequency of pyrosis significantly increases during pregnancy, and clinicians reluctantly perform EGD during pregnancy for pyrosis to differentiate reliably between GERD ...
Ranasinghe E - - 2003
The Ce antigen is expressed on red cells of individuals with Rh haplotypes, R1 or CDe and r' or Cde. However, anti-Ce is rare, and only two cases of severe haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) caused by this antibody have been described (Malde et al., 2000; Wagner et al., ...
Campbell-Lee S A - - 2003
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) results from maternal immunization against fetal platelet antigens and can occur during the first pregnancy. The most common complications of NAIT are neonatal thrombocytopenia, intracerebral hemorrhage, and fetal death. Most cases of NAIT in Caucasians are caused by anti-HPA-1a (PlA1). Anti-HPA-5b (Bra) accounts for only 4.3 ...
Beke Artúr - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted a retrospective study of obstetric and genetic data, obstetric problems, and pregnancy outcome by investigating 149 pregnancies of patients who received genetic counselling because of hemophilia A or B over a 20-year period. METHODS: In cases with a heterozygous mother, fetal sex was determined. In 23 ...
Al-Khan Anthony - - 2003
The development of an acute parvovirus B-19 infection during pregnancy can cause pregnancy complications ranging from early pregnancy loss to nonimmune hydrops. There is no treatment, but preventive measures can be used to decrease perinatal mortality. The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical suspicion and serology. If the ...
Sase Masakatsu - - 2002
Fetal pleural effusions can sometimes be detected before birth with ultrasonography. Intervention may be warranted when there is a condition that results in hydroplastic lung and/or fetal hydrops. A 22-week-old fetus with a severe pleural effusion and hydrops was successfully treated by long-term pleural drainage with a double basket catheter ...
Collinet P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Repeated plasmapheresis was used to prevent fetal death from severe anti-Kell alloimmunization until intrauterine transfusions were feasible. CASE: Repeated maternal plasma exchanges (N = 40) beginning at 7 weeks' gestation were used to treat severe anti-Kell alloimmunization. Ultrasound examination at 19 weeks' gestation revealed diffuse hydrops in this fetus ...
Bakas Panagiotis - - 2004
We present a case of a nulliparous woman who underwent oxytocin contraction test because of abnormal cardiotocograph. She delivered a severely anemic neonate due to severe fetomaternal hemorrhage. Fetal ultrasonography and Doppler studies of the umbilical arteries may not be helpful, while its worthy to perform flow cytometry for detection ...
Norbeck Oscar - - 2002
Adverse pregnancy outcome due to human parvovirus B19 (hereafter referred to as "parvovirus B19") has been characterized, in numerous reports, as an event that occurs during the first and second trimesters and is strongly associated with symptoms of fetal hydrops. Recent findings have indicated that parvovirus B19-associated intrauterine fetal death ...
Khadra M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In the Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths (CEMD) Report, the very high risk of mortality in women who refuse blood transfusions is highlighted. The objectives were to establish current knowledge about, and views of transfusion in our pregnant population and to establish the level of compliance with the set ...
Zatik János - - 2002
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is characterised by oculocutaneous albinism and haemorrhagic diathesis. The bleeding tendency that is associated with this autosomal recessive disease is caused by storage-pool deficiency and has been reported to be controllable by prophylactic administration of 1-desamino 8D-arginine (desmopressin, DDAVP). The DDAVP prophylaxis at the first delivery of our ...
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