Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 794
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Kwon J Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancy-associated aplastic anemia treated with supportive care. METHODS: From January 1995 to December 2004, 14 women newly diagnosed as having pregnancy-associated aplastic anemia were recruited for the study. RESULTS: Diagnosis was made during the second or third trimester for 11 (78%) of ...
Nardozza Luciano Marcondes Machado - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Compare the results of amniocentesis and those of middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity to detect anemic fetuses in Rh alloimmunized pregnancies. METHOD: Descriptive observational study involving 99 consecutive Rh-negative pregnancies: 74 alloimmunized patients submitted to amniotic fluid spectrophotometry (group 1) and 25 alloimmunized cases managed with Doppler ultrasonography ...
Berkowitz Richard L - - 2006
In alloimmune thrombocytopenia maternal immunoglobulin G anti-platelet alloantibodies cross the placenta and cause fetal thrombocytopenia. The diagnosis requires laboratory demonstration of incompatibility between a maternal and paternal platelet alloantigen, and detection of maternal antibody to the discordant paternal alloantigen. This disorder should be treated in utero because of its propensity ...
Nassar Anwar H - - 2006
Little is known about the outcome of pregnancy in women with beta-thalassemia intermedia (TI). Over 10 years, maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with TI followed at a single thalassemia center were reviewed. Nine spontaneous pregnancies in five women with TI were studied. Six pregnancies resulted in live newborns; two ...
Wataganara Tuangsit - - 2006
Traditionally, when fetal hydrops are found along with certain markers indicating fetal anemia, fetal blood sampling would be performed through cordocentesis to confirm the diagnosis. This procedure, however comes with an inherent risk of losing the whole pregnancy. When anemia was verified, treatment options were limited and the prognosis was ...
Scheier Matthias - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the detection of fetal anemia and false-positive rates by fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) and the estimated daily decrease of hemoglobin (Hb) in red blood cell alloimmunized pregnancies that had previous fetal transfusions. STUDY DESIGN: We examined the relation between ...
Hsieh Tsung-Ying - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Holoprosencephaly is a kind of brain anomaly characterized by inadequate cleavage of the prosencephalon during early embryogenesis. In addition, holoprosencephaly associated with cystic hygroma and hydrops fetalis has never been reported. In this article, we report a rare case of holoprosencephaly associated with cystic hygroma and hydrops fetalis diagnosed ...
Kashani Shabnam - - 2006
The Lutheran b blood antigen is a high prevalence antigen occurring in 99.8% of Caucasians. Consequently, antibody formation against Lutheran b is very rare. While this antibody can cause hemolytic reactions in adults, there is limited clinical information on its effects on the fetus and newborn. As a high prevalence ...
Kooper Angelique J A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: At least 20 inborn errors of metabolism may cause hydrops fetalis. Most of these are lysosomal storage diseases. The study proposes a diagnostic flowchart for prenatal diagnosis of non-immune hydrops fetalis. METHODS: This study contains a series of 75 non-immune hydrops fetalis pregnancies. Mucopolysaccharides, oligosaccharides, neuraminic acid and 21 ...
Chan Lin Wai - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides up-to-date information on the diagnosis and management of fetal anaemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Exciting advances in the field of red blood cell isoimmunization are phasing out the need for invasive procedures. Rhesus blood group genotyping using fetal DNA in maternal plasma has been introduced into ...
Pasman Suzanne A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of fetal hydrops is still unclear. One factor that is believed to contribute to hydrops is hypoalbuminemia. Our research question was whether hypoalbuminemia in immune hydrops is causative or a secondary effect. STUDY DESIGN: Between 1987 and 2005, fetal blood samples were taken at the first fetal ...
Kitano Yoshihiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fetal extralobar pulmonary sequestration (EPS) is sometimes complicated by massive pleural effusion (PE) leading to fetal hydrops. The underlying mechanisms as well as the origin of the fluid are not well understood. This study was performed to find a histological hallmark of an EPS with massive PE. We hypothesized ...
Escribano D - - 2006
Placental chorioangiomas are benign tumors of the placenta. Large chorioangiomas may cause severe complications such as fetal anemia, hydrops and fetal death. We report the use of sonographic findings and peak systolic velocity in the middle cerebral artery in the diagnosis and management of fetal anemia without the occurrence of ...
Eichbaum M - - 2006
Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) is a rare complication in pregnancy that may cause hydrops or can even be life-threatening for the fetus. We report on the case of a 19-year-old gravida I, para 0, who presented to our clinic at 32 weeks of gestation due to decreased fetal movements. The ...
Tiker Filiz - - 2006
Hydrops fetalis associated with ABO incompatibility is an extremely rare condition. We report twin infants both afflicted with significant ABO hemolytic disease but showing different degrees of clinical severity, in which fatal hydrops developed in one of the twins. Hemolysis due to ABO incompatibility is usually difficult to diagnose. All ...
Kanhai Humphrey H H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report on a less invasive treatment strategy in alloimmune fetal and neonatal thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) at high risk for either in utero or neonatal intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: In 7 pregnancies, with a history of ICH in the older sibling, weekly intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy to the mother (1 ...
Sy Edgar D - - 2006
With recent advances in technology, fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma is being diagnosed increasingly during the early prenatal period by ultrasound examination. In addition, early detection of tumor related complications such as polyhydramnios, congestive heart failure, hydrops, hemorrhage, urinary tract or bowel obstruction can be followed closely in utero. Active prenatal management ...
Takeda Akihiro - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of surgical laparoscopy with intraoperative autologous blood transfusion for ectopic pregnancy with massive hemoperitoneum. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). SETTING: Department of gynecology at a general hospital. PATIENTS: Seventeen consecutive patients with ectopic pregnancy with massive hemoperitoneum. INTERVENTION: Laparoscopic ...
Rubod Chrystèle - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage is an uncommon cause of chronic fetal anemia. Without treatment, hydrops fetalis can occur and progress toward death. In some cases, an early diagnosis can improve the management. CASE: A patient was found to have a fetus with non-immune hydrops related to massive and early fetomaternal ...
Eder A F - - 2006
Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) results from maternal IgG antibodies that cross the placenta to the fetal circulation during gestation and cause RBC destruction and complications before birth (HDF), or anemia and hyperbilirubinemia after birth (HDN), or both. In its most severe form,HDF produces hydrops fetalis, which ...
Somerset David A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Maternal red cell alloimmunization is a potential cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The outcome of severe disease has been transformed by the use of in-utero and particularly, fetal intravascular transfusion. In the majority of instances this is performed by cordocentesis. However, this cohort study represents the experience in ...
Imbar Tal - - 2006
The in utero course of the anemic fetus has improved dramatically, owing to early diagnosis and cordocentesis transfusion. In utero invasive procedures such as amnio- and cordocentesis have become important modalities in the evaluation and treatment of anemic fetuses. However, they carry risks for both the mother and fetus. A ...
Ogasa Maki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypereosinophilia commonly reflects an allergic, infectious, or neoplastic disease, and is a rare complication during pregnancy. CASE: A 27-year-old pregnant woman was referred to our hospital due to dyspnea at 10 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound examination showed the presence of pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, and ascites. Fluid transfusion, diuretic administration, ...
Ishihara Yuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although Jr(a) hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) is generally considered to be mild, we encountered a case of anti-Jr(a) alloimmunization hydrops fetalis due to extremely severe fetal anemia that required aggressive intrauterine treatment. CASE REPORT: A Japanese woman developed hydrops fetalis at the 29th week of gestation. Blood ...
SobiƂo-Jarek L - - 2006
Pregnancy is a rare finding in females with CRF. It is well known that in these cases pregnancy worsens the renal function and accelerates the beginning of dialysis therapy. Pregnancies in uremic females are complicated by a worsening of anemia as well as hypertension, fluid imbalance, electrolyte difficulties, malnutrition, polyhydramnios ...
Trevett Thomas N TN - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn caused by anti-G antibodies is rare, and in most previously reported cases, leads to a mild anemia. The RhG antigen is usually found in association with both RhD and RhC. We report a case of a twin pregnancy affected by both anti-G ...
Daniel-Spiegel Etty - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To report a rare case of primary congenital lymphedema (PCL) presenting as hydrops fetalis. METHODS: The patient presented at 33(+4) weeks' gestation with polyhydramnios, massive bilateral hydrothorax, skin edema, scalp edema and minimal ascites. In utero thoracocentesis was performed and delivery was induced. Follow-up at 12 months of age ...
Byers Benjamin D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies complicated by Rh isoimmunization have decreased significantly since the widespread use of Rh immune globulin. Uncommon red blood cell antigens have therefore become more clinically evident. We report a case of anti-Cw immunization that resulted in severe fetal anemia that required multiple transfusions. CASE: A 28-year-old multigravida presented ...
Abe Kanako - - 2005
We report a fetus at 33 weeks of gestation with supraventricular tachycardia, which was successfully managed by transplacental administration of an antiarrhythmic agent. Fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) revealed supraventricular tachycardia of the long RP' tachycardia type. Transplacental administration of sotalol, instead of digoxin, was selected as the first-line drug, and it ...
Matijevic Ratko - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current problem of alloimmunization in a tertiary referral center in Croatia. The results obtained were compared to data published worldwide. METHODS: Retrospective case analysis included women with Rhesus (Rh) alloimmunization treated in our department from January 1997 to January 2003. Data of interest included the incidence, ...
Thung Stephen F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the cost effectiveness of empiric intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) with that of fetal blood sampling-indicated treatment for the antepartum care of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. STUDY DESIGN: We developed a decision analysis model to compare the cost effectiveness of 2 strategies ...
Robyr R - - 2005
Feto-fetal transfusion syndrome contributes heavily to high rates of perinatal mortality and morbidity in monochorionic multiple pregnancies. Its prenatal management has been controversial for at least 25 years. We review the recent literature in order to present the basis for a pragmatic reappraisal of the management of this condition. Laser ...
Mesogitis Spiros - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management of hydropic fetuses, due to rhesus isoimmunization, with fetal intrauterine intravascular transfusions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 18 rhesus-negative pregnant women presenting at our hospital with fetal hydrops during a 7-year period. All cases were managed with serial intrauterine intravascular transfusions ...
Ramirez Mildred M - - 2005
Parvovirus B19 is a common infection in children occurring in winter and spring months that can affect pregnant women and their unborn fetuses. Adverse fetal sequelae may include red blood cell aplasia due to bone marrow suppression, anemia, myocarditis, nonimmune hydrops, and fetal death. Fortunately, several noninvasive testing schemes are ...
Honda Tetsuro - - 2005
Cervicoisthmic pregnancy has a high risk of abortion or preterm delivery, and only 11 cases of live birth have been reported since 1980. In addition, almost all cases require blood transfusion and hysterectomy because of profuse bleeding after delivery of the placenta. A 39-year-old nulliparous woman who became pregnant after ...
Nardozza L M M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal results of Rh-alloimmunized pregnancies managed with spectrophotometric amniotic fluid analysis or fetal middle cerebral artery Doppler ultrasonographic velocimetry. METHOD: A descriptive observational study involving 291 consecutive Rh-negative pregnancies. Group 1 consisted of 74 isoimmunized women managed with amniotic fluid spectrophotometry; group 2 of 25 isoimmunized women ...
Marton T - - 2005
A case of prenatally diagnosed human parvovirus B19 (HPVB19) infection is reported. The neonate died after intrauterine therapy and premature delivery. The fetus was diagnosed with oedema, cardiomegaly, poor myocardial contractility and a pericardial effusion at 24/40 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound using colour flow Doppler showed a midcerebral artery peak systolic ...
Chen Ming - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience of using OK-432 in treating fetal cystic hygroma and chylothorax complicated with nonimmune hydrops fetalis. METHODS: OK-432 (Picibanil) was injected into the fetal pleural cavity or fetal cystic hygroma. RESULTS: Patient 1: A 23-year-old, gravida 2, para 1, was found to have a recurrent fetal ...
Ryan M J - - 2005
The appropriate and timely administration of Anti-D immunoglobulin to Rhesus (D) negative women who have delivered Rhesus (D) positive babies is a vital part of obstetric care. Anti-D has an especially high profile in Ireland because of the tragic inadvertent transmission of Hepatitis C to Irish women in past decades. ...
Winichagoon Pranee - - 2005
Hemoglobin (Hb) Bart's hydrops fetalis, the most severe thalassemic disease, occurs from homozygosity of alpha-thalassemia 1. Deletion of all 4 alpha-globin genes (- -/- -) in this condition results in the absence of alpha-globin chains, and the physiologic dysfunction of Hb Bart's (gamma4) leads to lethality, either in utero or ...
Dziegiel Morten H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) can lead to life-threatening anemia. Quantification based on flow cytometry with anti-hemoglobin F (HbF) is applicable in all cases but underestimation of large fetal bleeds has been reported. A large FMH from an ABO-compatible fetus allows an estimation of the life span of fetal red ...
Kollamparambil Tanoj Gopalam - - 2005
C(w) is a low frequency red cell antigen that belongs to the Rh blood groups system. While not uncommon, anti-C(w) is rarely associated with clinically significant haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN). When it does occur, it is often subclinical or of mild to moderate clinical severity. In the majority ...
Singh Soraisham Amuchou - - 2005
Feto-maternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is a serious fetal disorder resulting from platelet antigen incompatibility between the mother and the fetus. Intracranial bleeding is the most serious complication of alloimmune thrombocytopenia and can result in severe disability and death in utero. The authors report a case of intracerebral hemorrhage in utero resulting ...
Curtis Brian R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We report four cases of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NATP) in pregnancies achieved with in vitro fertilization. STUDY DESIGN: Three cases used surrogate carriers, and the fourth a donor egg. Sera from gestational carriers were tested for platelet antibodies by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Platelet antigen genotyping of ...
Win N - - 2005
Thrombocytopenia is common in pregnancy and is diverse in etiology. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) may affect both mother and the newborn. Gestational (incidental) thrombocytopenia in an otherwise fit woman, at term is the most frequent type of thrombocytopenia and poses no clinical consequences for mother or infant. We report six ...
Joy Saju D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: There is limited information published about anti-E alloimmunization. We review our experience at The Ohio State University to determine appropriate management strategies. METHODS: We reviewed records from June 1959 to April 2004 to identify pregnancies managed for anti-E alloimmunization. Information collected included antibody titers, DeltaOD450 values, Liley zones, middle ...
Vucelic D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Kidd antibodies are very heterogeneous and difficult to detect. They have been frequently implicated in delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions (DHTRs). CASE REPORT: A 64 year old female (6 pregnancies, 2 deliveries, 4 abortions) with none red cell (RBC) transfusions in the history was admitted to hospital due to pneumonia ...
Merchant Aziz M - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Mediastinal teratomas are rare congenital germ cell tumors that prenatally can compress mediastinal structures and cause hydrops. Two possible presentations of massive fetal mediastinal teratoma include hydrops leading to fetal demise, or fetal esophageal and airway compression causing late-gestation polyhydramnios and preterm labor. The authors present 2 cases of ...
Van Kamp Inge L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the true procedure-related complication rate of intrauterine transfusion therapy. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study of 254 fetuses treated with 740 intrauterine blood transfusions for red-cell alloimmunization in a single center in the years 1988 to 2001. Our database was searched for ...
Mirghani Hisham H - - 2004
The incidence of perinatal death resulting from rhesus Rh isoimmunization has dropped dramatically since the introduction of Rh immunoglobulin. However, Rh sensitization continues to be one of the leading causes of fetal anemia. Our patient is a 38-year-old woman; she gives a history of 2 uneventful pregnancies followed by 5 ...
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