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Ehrenthal Deborah B - - 2013
: To examine the independent contribution of risk factors developing during pregnancy to subsequent risk of obesity in young children. : We conducted a historical cohort study using data from electronic medical records of mothers and their 3,302 singleton offspring born between 2004 and 2007 at a community-based obstetric facility ...
Turner Kathy - - 2013
The role of stress in reproduction, particularly during treatment for infertility, has been of considerable interest; however, few studies have objectively measured stress and anxiety over the course of the IVF cycle or compared the experience of first-time and repeat patients. This prospective cohort pilot study enrolled 44 women undergoing ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine if the additional burden of low percentage motility reduces the chance that sperm with low hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test scores will achieve a pregnancy following in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injections (ICSI). Couples undergoing IVF-embryo transfer (ET) and ICSI for low HOS tests (< 50%) were ...
Alati Rosa - - 2013
The impact of low-to-moderate levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on child cognitive outcomes has been of recent concern. This study has tested the hypothesis that low-to-moderate maternal alcohol use in pregnancy is associated with lower school test scores at age 11 in the offspring via intrauterine mechanisms. We used ...
Tubman A - - 2013
To determine the confounding effect, if any, of poor motility of sperm that are already compromised by an abnormal hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test on pregnancy outcome following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Clinical and live-delivered pregnancy and implantation rates were retrospectively evaluated in first cycles ...
Nicoli Alessia A Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pediatrics, A,O, Arcispedale S, Maria Nuova, IRCCS, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Viale Risorgimento 80, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy. - - 2013
The current systematic review was aimed to assess the effectiveness of the zygote morphology evaluation in fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. All available studies reporting on zygote morphology and clinical and/or biological outcomes were analyzed. Forty studies were included in the final analysis. Fourteen ...
Taga Shigeki S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Fukuyama Medical Center, 720-0825 Okinogamicho, Fukuyama City, Hiroshima Prefecture 4-14-17, - - 2013
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) rarely complicates with pregnancy. A 30-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 3, presenting with placentomegaly, was referred to our department at 18 weeks of gestation. An ultrasonography revealed a normal fetus with a large multicystic placenta, measuring 125 × 42 × 80 mm. The border between the lesion ...
Tan Pınar P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, - - 2013
Information about fertility desire and psychological sequelae after high-risk pregnancies are scarce in the literature. The aim of the present study is to investigate the psychological effects of high-risk pregnancies. The patients who had a history of severe preeclampsia, eclampsia or major hemorrhage during the peripartum period were enrolled as ...
Overby Nina C - - 2012
Aiming at preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy, 10 specific dietary recommendations are given to pregnant women in the intervention arm of the Norwegian Fit for Delivery (FFD) study. This paper presents the rationale and test-retest reliability of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a dietary score measuring adherence to ...
Gürsoy Mervi - - 2012
Background: Estrogen regulates the cellular functions of several tissues that may disturb the host response against bacteria. The present aim was to evaluate the contribution of estrogen on the severity of gingival inflammation during pregnancy. Methods: Salivary estrogen levels from 30 pregnant and 24 non-pregnant women were related to their ...
Kim Yeni Y Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, National Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Seoul National Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the developmental effects of prenatal exposure to Pb and Cd on infant cognitive development at 6 months of age. Between 2006 and 2010, the blood levels of Pb and Cd were measured in 884 mothers during their early and late pregnancy. The mental (MDI) and ...
Machtinger Ronit - - 2012
Success rates with IVF have improved remarkably since the procedure was first established for clinical use with the first successful birth in 1978. The main goals today are to perform single-embryo transfer in order to prevent multiple pregnancies and achieve higher overall pregnancy rates. However, the ability to identify the ...
Araújo E R - - 2012
The relevance of the uterine secretions during early embryonic development is due to its role as the only source of nutrients for embryo prior to implantation. Probing of the uterine secretions during early pregnancy without compromising gestation would be an important tool for the identification of fertility markers. Manipulations of ...
Khajehpour M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Unintended pregnancy may have negative impacts on maternal health. However, no comprehensive studies have been undertaken on the health of women with intended and unintended pregnancies. This study aimed to compare the health status of women with intended and unintended pregnancies in Iran. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study. METHODS: Two ...
Merhi Zaher O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Male adiposity is detrimental for achieving clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) following assisted reproductive technologies (ART). The hypothesis that the association of male adiposity with decreased success following ART is mediated by worse embryo quality was tested. DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective study including 344 infertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization ...
Hoopmann Markus - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether reduced conus distance (CD) measurement may be a marker for impaired growth of the fetal trunk in fetuses with certain types of skeletal dysplasia. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four normal cases and 24 pregnancies with skeletal dysplasia were included. The fetuses with skeletal dysplasia were subdivided into ...
Bottomley Cecilia - - 2013
What is the performance of a simple scoring system to predict whether women will have an ongoing viable intrauterine pregnancy beyond the first trimester? A simple scoring system using demographic and initial ultrasound variables accurately predicts pregnancy viability beyond the first trimester with an area under the curve (AUC) in ...
Li Jianghong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that maternal antenatal exposure to life stress events is associated with lower achievement in literacy and numeracy at age 10 years, with sex differences in this link. STUDY DESIGN: The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort Study recruited 2900 women at 18 weeks' pregnancy, and 2868 children ...
Whitehouse Andrew J O - - 2012
We tested whether maternal vitamin D insufficiency during pregnancy is related to the autism phenotype. Serum 25(OH)-vitamin D concentrations of 929 women were measured at 18 weeks' pregnancy. The mothers of the three children with a clinical diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder had 25(OH)-vitamin D concentrations above the population mean. The ...
Barnhart Kurt T KT Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2013
To assess a scoring system to triage women with a pregnancy of unknown location. Validation of prediction rule. Multicenter study. Women with a pregnancy of unknown location. None. Scores assigned to factors identified at clinical presentation, total score calculated to assess risk of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in women with a ...
New Maria I - - 2012
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia causes genital ambiguity in females affected with the severe form of the disease; yet the abnormality is preventable with prenatal dexamethasone treatment that must be given to the mother before the ninth week of gestation. In the period from 1978 to March 2011 we have made prenatal ...
Honemeyer Ulrich - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of Kurjak's Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET), a new test for fetal neurodevelopment. Methods: One hundred seventeen prenatal neurological tests were performed by the KANET scoring system between 28 and 38 weeks of gestation in 24 low-risk (24 ...
Yamamoto Nomura Roseli Mieko - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To study the effect of fetal anemia on fetal cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in pregnancies complicated by RhD alloimmunization. Method: twenty pregnant women complicated by RhD alloimmunization who underwent intrauterine transfusion (IUT) for treatment of fetal anemia were studied. Immediately before IUT, fetal blood were obtained for Hemoglobin ...
Morales Eva - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) [25(OH)D(3)] concentration in pregnancy is associated with neuropsychological development in infants.METHODS:The Spanish population-based cohort study INfancia y Medio Ambiente Project recruited pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy between November 2003 and February 2008. Completed data on 1820 mother-infant pairs were used. Maternal ...
Newham James J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We review intervention trials that have used the State-Trait Anxiety inventory (STAI) as a measure of maternal anxiety in pregnancy in order to provide ranges in scores before and after participation in complementary therapy-based interventions to highlight the expected ranges of scores in pregnancy and determine whether anxiety in ...
Lingeswaran Anand A Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Indira Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, 225, Vazhudavur Road, Kathirkamam, Puducherry, 605009 - - 2012
Maternal-fetal attachment has not been formally studied among pregnant Indian women using Cranley's 24-item maternal-fetal attachment scale. The purpose of this study was to validate the Cranley's 24-item maternal-fetal attachment scale (MFAS-24). Consecutive pregnant Indian women of all trimesters were studied in Pondicherry, India. The mean, standard deviation (SD), Cronbach's ...
Sharma Bindu B Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Zenana Hospital, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, 302012 Rajasthan India ; 12, Hardutt Rai Chamaria Road, Near Howrah A.C. Market, Shree Shyam Gardens, Flat-9D, 9th Floor, Howrah, 711107 West Bengal - - 2012
To study the association between antenatal umbilical coiling index (aUCI) and perinatal outcome. 600 primigravidas with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies had an ultrasonography between 18 and 22 weeks of gestation for aUCI by colour Doppler. The aUCI was calculated as the reciprocal of the distance between a pair of coils. It was ...
Wu H - - 2012
Arrhythmias during pregnancy are not an infrequent problem and present a difficult therapeutic challenge to physicians. Anti-arrhythmic medication is used with some trepidation given concerns for the unborn foetus. Catheter ablation is typically avoided due to concerns regarding foetal exposure to radiation and delayed until the post-partum period. With the ...
Pieper P G - - 2012
In pregnant women with heart disease, complications can arise due to the haemodynamic burden of pregnancy and to hypercoagulation. Most problems can be managed medically, but sometimes cardiac surgery or percutaneous intervention is unavoidable. Cardiac surgery has similar maternal mortality to that outside pregnancy, but foetal mortality and morbidity are ...
Dasgupta Ellora - - 2012
To compare the safety and effectiveness of vaginal misoprostol with combined vaginal misoprostol and estradiol for induction of labor in unfavorable cervix. A prospective study was carried out from Jan 2008 to Jul 2008 on total of 90 women with unfavorable cervix (Bishop's score was <5) and gestation >36 weeks with ...
Bernad E S - - 2012
Nuchal umbilical cord (NUC) is a possible complication of pregnancy which can be associated with adverse perinatal outcome. A retrospective study was done at the County Emergency Hospital Timisoara, Romania, between January 2009 and December 2010 and included cases with NUC at the time of delivery. Outcome variable related to ...
Orbán Levente L - - 2012
The present study explores two hypotheses: a) women during early pregnancy should experience increased color discrimination ability, and b) women during early pregnancy should experience shifts in subjective preference away from images of foods that appear either unripe or spoiled. Both of these hypotheses derive from an adaptive view of ...
Hutchison B Lynne - - 2012
Sleep disturbances in late pregnancy are common. This study aimed to survey sleep problems in third trimester pregnant women and to compare sleep in the pre-pregnancy period with the third trimester. Third-trimester women (n=650) were sent a postal survey containing questions relating to sleep experience, including perceived sleep quality, sleep ...
Obatake Masayuki - - 2011
A 28-year-old female developed liver dysfunction at the 13th gestation week of her second pregnancy. A postpartum radiological examination revealed a stone in the Roux-en Y (RY) limb. She underwent surgical removal of the gallstone in the RY limb. Bile congestion during pregnancy led to the development of a gallstone.
Chen Xiang-Sheng - - 2011
Evaluation of: Hawkes S, Matin N, Broutet N, Low N. Effectiveness of interventions to improve screening for syphilis in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect. Dis. 11(9), 684-691 (2011). Untreated maternal syphilis continues to be an important risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes in many developing countries, resulting ...
Ardakani Zohreh Behjati - - 2011
In recent years, the high likelihood of the implantation of transferred embryos has led to an increase in the number of multiple pregnancies and consequently an increased risk of complications in fetuses and mothers. Since the aim of infertility treatment is the birth of a healthy child while preserving the ...
Hawkes Sarah S Institute of Global Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2011
About 2·1 million pregnant women have active syphilis every year. Without screening and treatment, 69% of these women will have an adverse outcome of pregnancy. The objectives of this study were to review the literature systematically to determine the effectiveness of screening interventions to prevent congenital syphilis and other adverse ...
Demirci Oya - - 2011
Aims:  The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, indications, risk factors, complications, and maternal morbidity and mortality associated with obstetric hysterectomy performed at the Zeynep Kamil Gynecologic and Pediatric Training and Research Hospital between January 2000 and January 2008. Material & Methods:  A retrospective study of patients ...
Kapila Piyush - - 2011
Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in second trimester of pregnancy is a very rare but lethal condition which demands prompt diagnosis and management for the survival of both mother and fetus. A 21-year old primigravida woman was presented at 29 weeks of pregnancy with acute abdominal pain and hypovolumic shock. In a District ...
Ganesan Chitra - - 2011
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a rare but serious complication of pregnancy. Although prerenal and ischemic causes of AKI are most common, renal insufficiency can complicate several other pregnancy-specific conditions. In particular, severe preeclampsia/HELLP syndrome, acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) are all frequently complicated ...
Kakogawa Jun - - 2011
Syphilis remains a serious cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. In this paper, we describe a case of congenital syphilis that was fully supported by abnormal fetal heart rate patterns and placental histopathological evidence. A 24-year-old para 4 woman, who did not attend antenatal care, was admitted to our ...
Kanayama Naohiro - - 2011
To clarify the cause of maternal deaths, an autopsy is essential. However, there has been no systemic analysis of maternal death in Japan based on autopsy cases. Maternal death reports were retrieved from a large amount of registered autopsy data on maternal death in the series of 'Annual of pathological ...
Yinon Y - - 2010
To determine perinatal outcome in pregnancies with early severe red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization. This was a retrospective analysis of 30 patients requiring their first intrauterine transfusion (IUT) at < 22 weeks of gestation. Timing of the first IUT was based on evaluation of either the middle cerebral artery peak ...
Randenberg Andrea L - - 2010
Hydrops fetalis is a condition in which there is an excess of total body fluid, primarily within the fetal interstitial spaces. Etymologically, hydrops fetalis is a Latin term meaning "edema of the fetus." In addition to generalized edema, the fetus has at least one of the following: ascites, pericardial effusion, ...
Fishman Shira G - - 2011
Acute parvovirus B19 infection (API) in pregnancy has been associated with fetal anemia and hydrops fetalis. Direct myocardial damage from API in a fetus and an infant has been described. This report presents a case of fetal second-degree heart block and cardiomyopathy secondary to API. A 19-year-old G4P1112 (gravida 4 ...
Niemann Tilo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To give a comprehensive overview of fetal doses reported in the literature when imaging the pregnant woman with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: A comprehensive literature search in the PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases yielded a total of 1,687 papers that were included in the analysis and have been ...
Kim Hyungsuk H Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2010
Jr(a) is a high-frequency antigen found in all ethnic groups. However, the clinical significance of the anti-Jr(a) antibody has remained controversial. Most studies have reported mild hemolytic disease of the newborn and fetus (HDNF) in Jr(a)-positive patients. Recently, fatal cases of HDNF have also been reported. We report the first ...
Cabral Antônio Carlos Viera - - 2010
To assess the accuracy of the combined use of the cardiofemoral index (CFI) and the middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV), converted to multiples of the median (MoM), as noninvasive means to detect severe fetal anemia. We measured CFI and MCA-PSV MoM in 37 fetuses just before their first ...
Grubbs Randall - - 2010
This paper reports the clinical and metabolic findings in two sibling sisters born with fetal hydrops and eventually found to have deficient S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AHCY) activity due to compound heterozygosity for two novel mutations, c.145C>T; p.Arg49Cys and c.257A>G; p.Asp86Gly. Clinically, the major abnormalities in addition to fetal hydrops (very likely ...
Ngô C - - 2010
To describe pregnancy outcomes for pregnant women with sickle cell disease (SCD) receiving prophylactic transfusions. This retrospective case-control study compared pregnancy outcomes among women with SCD receiving prophylactic transfusions and women without any hemoglobinopathy, matched for ethnicity, parity, age and hospital. The study included two groups of pregnancies: 128 in ...
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