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Soufizadeh Nasrin - - 2013
The main purpose of physiologic delivery is to rely on mother's body for childbirth. In physiologic delivery method pregnant women attend delivery preparation classes and they learn how to overcome fear and pain. This study compares delivery outcomes among women who participated in physiologic delivery with those who had undergone ...
Jukic Anne Marie Z AM Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Durham, NC 27709, USA. - - 2013
In rodents, physical activity during pregnancy has been associated with improved learning and memory in the offspring. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (born in 1991-92) to investigate maternal physical activity during pregnancy and offspring language development. At 18 weeks of gestation, women reported ...
Traisrisilp Kuntharee - - 2013
Objective: To construct reference ranges of fetal ductus arteriosus (DA) derived by volume datasets of cardio-spatiotemporal image correlation (cardio-STIC). Methods: Cardio-STIC volume datasets were acquired from low-risk singleton pregnancies with a reliable gestational age from 14 to 40 weeks. In offline analysis with 4D View version 9, fetal DA was ...
Kelly Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether light drinking in pregnancy is linked to unfavourable developmental outcomes in children. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort. SETTING: UK. POPULATION: Ten thousand five hundred and thirty-four 7-year-olds. METHODS: Quasi-experimental using propensity score matching (PSM) to compare children born to light (up to 2 units per week) and non-drinkers. ...
Casas Maribel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity may be associated with impaired infant neuropsychological development; however, there are few studies and it is unclear if reported associations are due to intrauterine mechanisms. METHODS: We assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity were associated with cognitive and psychomotor development scores (mean 100 ± 15) ...
Saha Sumona - - 2013
To improve multi-disciplinary care in pregnancy, a gastrointesintal (GI) disorders in pregnancy clinic was created. Patient and referring provider satisfaction with this service was assessed. The first 100 patients and their referring providers were surveyed. Survey scores >3 on a 5-point Likert scale were considered favorable. Descriptive statistics were calculated ...
Mitra J K - - 2013
Hypotension during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia remains a frequent scenario in obstetric practice. A number of factors play a role in altering the incidence and severity of hypotension. Counteracting aortocaval compression does not significantly prevent hypotension in most singleton pregnancies. Intravenous crystalloid pre-hydration is not very efficient. Thus, the ...
Walker Melissa G MG Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine whether a web-based education strategy could improve maternal knowledge of placental complications of pregnancy and reduce maternal anxiety in high risk-pregnancies. Prospective study in the Placenta Clinic at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario. Maternal demographics and Internet usage were recorded at the ...
Steenweg-de Graaff Jolien - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Maternal nutritional factors during pregnancy have been linked to foetal brain development and subsequent offspring behaviour. Less is known about associations between maternal dietary patterns and offspring behaviour. METHODS: Within a population-based cohort, we assessed maternal diet using a food frequency questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were derived ...
Uzun Işıl - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To find an effective way to predict cesarean section (CS) before induction of labor. Methods: Nulliparous women at ≥41 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled in study. Bishop score, cervical length, posterior cervical angle, quantification of the cervical stromal echogenity by tissue histograms and opening of the internal cervical ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To establish the unbiased relation between maternal weight gain in pregnancy and perinatal health, a classification for maternal weight gain is needed that is uncorrelated with gestational age. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to create a weight-gain-for-gestational-age percentile and z score chart to describe the mean, SD, ...
Tomassetti C - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Can the ability of the endometriosis fertility index (EFI) to predict non-assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnancy after endometriosis surgery be confirmed by an external validation study? SUMMARY ANSWER: The significant relationship between the EFI score and the time to non-ART pregnancy observed in our study represents an external ...
Minamiguchi Sachiko - - 2013
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) are related to premature delivery and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and share histological findings of the placenta. Association with complement dysregulation has been reported in pregnancy for both disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of C4d immunohistochemistry ...
Tenyi Tamas - - 2013
We report on a case of a patient with schizophrenia who was taking 700 mg extended release quetiapine fumarate during her entire pregnancy to prevent relapse. At week 41 she gave birth to a healthy boy. The newborn's weight was 3410 gramms, his height was 49 cm, his Apgar score ...
Strøm-Roum Ellen M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of maternal diabetes mellitus with placental weight, birthweight and placental to birthweight ratio. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: Medical Birth Registry of Norway. POPULATION: All singleton births in Norway during 1999-2008 (n= 536 997). METHODS: We compared the distribution of placental weight z-scores and placental to ...
Jensen Hans Mørch - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Use of antidepressants during pregnancy has been associated with a low Apgar score in infants but a contribution from the underlying depressive disorder might influence this association. AIMS: To estimate the effects of maternal depression and use of antidepressants during pregnancy on low Apgar scores (<7) 5 min after ...
Rondó P H C - - 2013
Background/objective:To assess the relationship between maternal stress and distress in pregnancy and 5-8 years postpartum and child nutritional status.Subjects/methods:Longitudinal cohort study carried out in Jundiai city, Southeast Brazil, involving 409 women followed throughout pregnancy to 5-8 years postpartum, and respective children. Measures of stress and distress were obtained three times ...
Gage Suzanne H SH Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2013
An association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with offspring cognition has been postulated. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a United Kingdom prospective cohort (1990 through the present) with a median of 10 maternal weight measurements in pregnancy. These were used to allocate participants ...
Taal H Rob - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy might lead to higher fetal cortisol exposure, which subsequently leads to fetal cardiovascular developmental adaptations and cardiovascular dysfunction in later life. AIMS: We examined whether maternal and paternal psychological distress was associated with the cardiovascular outcome measurements in school age children. STUDY DESIGN AND ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2013
Context:Relatively little is known in euthyroid populations about the changes in maternal thyroid hormones during pregnancy, the nature of the relationship to cord thyroid hormone levels, and subsequent infant neurodevelopment.Objectives:The aim of the study was to describe the relationship between maternal and cord thyroid hormone parameters and to describe their ...
Abele Harald - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) is larger in second and third trimester fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities than in euploid fetuses. METHODS: Retrospective study utilizing stored 2D images of second and third trimester fetuses between 18 and 40 week' gestation from the Department of prenatal medicine at ...
Julvez Jordi - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The fetus depends on maternal thyroid hormones during pregnancy for normal brain development. Little is known about the effects of subclinical hypothyroidism and mild hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy on neurodevelopment of the child. METHODS:: We evaluated a population-based birth cohort in Spain. A total of 1761 children and their mothers ...
Emmatty Rishi - - 2013
Gingival changes in pregnancy have been attributed to changes in the subgingival biofilm related to hormonal variations. To evaluate the subgingival plaque microflora in pregnant and nonpregnant women to determine if pregnancy induces any alterations in the subgingival plaque and to associate these changes with changes in periodontal status. Thirty ...
Kurjak Asim - - 2013
Abstract Aims: The primary aim of this study was to compare circulatory changes in the fetal brain under certain pathological conditions with alterations in fetal behavior. Patients and methods: A prospective longitudinal cohort study on fetal behavior of fetuses from singleton pregnancies between the 28th and 38th gestational week in ...
Ehrenthal Deborah B - - 2013
: To examine the independent contribution of risk factors developing during pregnancy to subsequent risk of obesity in young children. : We conducted a historical cohort study using data from electronic medical records of mothers and their 3,302 singleton offspring born between 2004 and 2007 at a community-based obstetric facility ...
Turner Kathy - - 2013
The role of stress in reproduction, particularly during treatment for infertility, has been of considerable interest; however, few studies have objectively measured stress and anxiety over the course of the IVF cycle or compared the experience of first-time and repeat patients. This prospective cohort pilot study enrolled 44 women undergoing ...
Check J H - - 2013
To determine if the additional burden of low percentage motility reduces the chance that sperm with low hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test scores will achieve a pregnancy following in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injections (ICSI). Couples undergoing IVF-embryo transfer (ET) and ICSI for low HOS tests (< 50%) were ...
Alati Rosa - - 2013
The impact of low-to-moderate levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on child cognitive outcomes has been of recent concern. This study has tested the hypothesis that low-to-moderate maternal alcohol use in pregnancy is associated with lower school test scores at age 11 in the offspring via intrauterine mechanisms. We used ...
Tubman A - - 2013
To determine the confounding effect, if any, of poor motility of sperm that are already compromised by an abnormal hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test on pregnancy outcome following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Clinical and live-delivered pregnancy and implantation rates were retrospectively evaluated in first cycles ...
Nicoli Alessia A Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pediatrics, A,O, Arcispedale S, Maria Nuova, IRCCS, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Viale Risorgimento 80, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy. - - 2013
The current systematic review was aimed to assess the effectiveness of the zygote morphology evaluation in fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. All available studies reporting on zygote morphology and clinical and/or biological outcomes were analyzed. Forty studies were included in the final analysis. Fourteen ...
Taga Shigeki S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Fukuyama Medical Center, 720-0825 Okinogamicho, Fukuyama City, Hiroshima Prefecture 4-14-17, - - 2013
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) rarely complicates with pregnancy. A 30-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 3, presenting with placentomegaly, was referred to our department at 18 weeks of gestation. An ultrasonography revealed a normal fetus with a large multicystic placenta, measuring 125 × 42 × 80 mm. The border between the lesion ...
Tan Pınar P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, - - 2013
Information about fertility desire and psychological sequelae after high-risk pregnancies are scarce in the literature. The aim of the present study is to investigate the psychological effects of high-risk pregnancies. The patients who had a history of severe preeclampsia, eclampsia or major hemorrhage during the peripartum period were enrolled as ...
Overby Nina C - - 2012
Aiming at preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy, 10 specific dietary recommendations are given to pregnant women in the intervention arm of the Norwegian Fit for Delivery (FFD) study. This paper presents the rationale and test-retest reliability of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a dietary score measuring adherence to ...
Gürsoy Mervi - - 2012
Background: Estrogen regulates the cellular functions of several tissues that may disturb the host response against bacteria. The present aim was to evaluate the contribution of estrogen on the severity of gingival inflammation during pregnancy. Methods: Salivary estrogen levels from 30 pregnant and 24 non-pregnant women were related to their ...
Kim Yeni Y Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, National Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Seoul National Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
This study aimed to explore the developmental effects of prenatal exposure to Pb and Cd on infant cognitive development at 6 months of age. Between 2006 and 2010, the blood levels of Pb and Cd were measured in 884 mothers during their early and late pregnancy. The mental (MDI) and ...
Machtinger Ronit - - 2012
Success rates with IVF have improved remarkably since the procedure was first established for clinical use with the first successful birth in 1978. The main goals today are to perform single-embryo transfer in order to prevent multiple pregnancies and achieve higher overall pregnancy rates. However, the ability to identify the ...
Athanasiadis Apostolos P - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To assess and compare fetal behavior and neurodevelopment (KANET) between low and high risk pregnancies. Methods: Prospective, comparative, cohort study. 152 consecutive pregnant women presenting for routine 2(nd) trimester and 3(rd) trimester scan had four dimensional ultrasound examinations (4D US) in order to assess fetal behavior and neurodevelopment. ...
Araújo E R - - 2012
The relevance of the uterine secretions during early embryonic development is due to its role as the only source of nutrients for embryo prior to implantation. Probing of the uterine secretions during early pregnancy without compromising gestation would be an important tool for the identification of fertility markers. Manipulations of ...
Khajehpour M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Unintended pregnancy may have negative impacts on maternal health. However, no comprehensive studies have been undertaken on the health of women with intended and unintended pregnancies. This study aimed to compare the health status of women with intended and unintended pregnancies in Iran. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study. METHODS: Two ...
Merhi Zaher O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Male adiposity is detrimental for achieving clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) following assisted reproductive technologies (ART). The hypothesis that the association of male adiposity with decreased success following ART is mediated by worse embryo quality was tested. DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective study including 344 infertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization ...
Hoopmann Markus - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether reduced conus distance (CD) measurement may be a marker for impaired growth of the fetal trunk in fetuses with certain types of skeletal dysplasia. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four normal cases and 24 pregnancies with skeletal dysplasia were included. The fetuses with skeletal dysplasia were subdivided into ...
Bottomley Cecilia - - 2013
What is the performance of a simple scoring system to predict whether women will have an ongoing viable intrauterine pregnancy beyond the first trimester? A simple scoring system using demographic and initial ultrasound variables accurately predicts pregnancy viability beyond the first trimester with an area under the curve (AUC) in ...
Li Jianghong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that maternal antenatal exposure to life stress events is associated with lower achievement in literacy and numeracy at age 10 years, with sex differences in this link. STUDY DESIGN: The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort Study recruited 2900 women at 18 weeks' pregnancy, and 2868 children ...
Whitehouse Andrew J O - - 2012
We tested whether maternal vitamin D insufficiency during pregnancy is related to the autism phenotype. Serum 25(OH)-vitamin D concentrations of 929 women were measured at 18 weeks' pregnancy. The mothers of the three children with a clinical diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder had 25(OH)-vitamin D concentrations above the population mean. The ...
Barnhart Kurt T KT Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2013
To assess a scoring system to triage women with a pregnancy of unknown location. Validation of prediction rule. Multicenter study. Women with a pregnancy of unknown location. None. Scores assigned to factors identified at clinical presentation, total score calculated to assess risk of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in women with a ...
New Maria I - - 2012
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia causes genital ambiguity in females affected with the severe form of the disease; yet the abnormality is preventable with prenatal dexamethasone treatment that must be given to the mother before the ninth week of gestation. In the period from 1978 to March 2011 we have made prenatal ...
Honemeyer Ulrich - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of Kurjak's Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET), a new test for fetal neurodevelopment. Methods: One hundred seventeen prenatal neurological tests were performed by the KANET scoring system between 28 and 38 weeks of gestation in 24 low-risk (24 ...
Yamamoto Nomura Roseli Mieko - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To study the effect of fetal anemia on fetal cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in pregnancies complicated by RhD alloimmunization. Method: twenty pregnant women complicated by RhD alloimmunization who underwent intrauterine transfusion (IUT) for treatment of fetal anemia were studied. Immediately before IUT, fetal blood were obtained for Hemoglobin ...
Morales Eva - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) [25(OH)D(3)] concentration in pregnancy is associated with neuropsychological development in infants.METHODS:The Spanish population-based cohort study INfancia y Medio Ambiente Project recruited pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy between November 2003 and February 2008. Completed data on 1820 mother-infant pairs were used. Maternal ...
Newham James J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We review intervention trials that have used the State-Trait Anxiety inventory (STAI) as a measure of maternal anxiety in pregnancy in order to provide ranges in scores before and after participation in complementary therapy-based interventions to highlight the expected ranges of scores in pregnancy and determine whether anxiety in ...
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