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Downey Andrew A a University College Dublin, School of Medicine and Medical - - 2014
Abstract The length of the umbilical cord is an important data item, and little is known about the effects of time and fixation on measurement. Such a change has implications for the diagnosis of both a long and a short cord. This study was conducted to examine the effects of ...
Payne Matthew S MS School of Women's and Infants' Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western - - 2014
Background:Preventing preterm birth and subsequent adverse neonatal sequelae is among the greatest clinical challenges of our time. Recent studies suggest a role for Candida spp. in preterm birth and fetal injury, as a result of their colonization of either the vagina and/or the amniotic cavity. We hypothesised that intraamniotic C. ...
Ocegueda-Pacheco Cynthia C 1 Hospital de la Mujer y su Familia , Monterrey, Mexico - - 2014
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is one of the most catastrophic complications that can occur during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period, frequently complicated by profound shock and cardiovascular collapse as well as severe respiratory distress. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is now commonly used to improve neurological outcomes after various types ...
Banović Vladimir V Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Hospital Center Zagreb, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the incidence of fetal brain injury by fetal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancies complicated with preterm labor (PL), preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM), and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and to compare fetal brain MRI with prenatal surveillance methods, and with immediate and long-term neurodevelopmental ...
García-Párraga Daniel D Veterinary Services, Biology Department, Parques Reunidos Valencia, Oceanogràfic, Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, Valencia, - - 2014
Three successive umbilical cord accidents (UCAs) were diagnosed in the same female bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus during consecutive gestations. In 2 of these, transabdominal ultrasonographic examination revealed coiling of the UC around the peduncle of the foetus. All 3 foetuses were male, died in utero during the last third of ...
Koren Gideon G University of Toronto, Department of Pediatrics, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
While perceived safe in pregnancy, several recent studies raise concerns about both fetal and maternal safety of ondansetron. Until more data are available, it should not be a first-line medication for morning sickness.
Stein Roland Gregor RG Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Würzburg University Hospital, Würzburg, - - 2014
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) occurs in 3-5% of all pregnancies. GDM increases both maternal and fetal risks, causes fetal macrosomia, and hence increases the rates of caesarean sections and delivery complications such as shoulder dystocia. An early predictive marker and consequent early treatment could be beneficial, so amniotic fluid ...
White Wendy M WM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
Studies have shown that podocyturia, i.e., urinary loss of viable podocytes (glomerular epithelial cells), is associated with proteinuria in preeclampsia. We postulated that urinary podocyte loss may persist after preeclamptic pregnancies, thus resulting in renal injury. This may lead to future chronic renal injury. In addition, we compared the postpartum ...
Guven Suleyman - - 2013
To investigate the effect of endometrial injury on the clinical pregnancy rate in normoresponders undergoing long agonist protocol intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with single embryo transfer. Prospective case-control study. One hundred and eighteen women (age <35 years, normoresponders with Grade I or II embryos for transfer) were included. Women ...
Vladutiu Catherine J - - 2013
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of serious trauma during pregnancy, but little is known about their relationships with pregnancy outcomes. To estimate the association between motor vehicle crashes and adverse pregnancy outcomes. A retrospective cohort study of 878,546 pregnant women, aged 16-46 years, who delivered a singleton infant ...
Parsanezhad Mohammad Ebrahim ME Infertility Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Background: Unexplained infertility is still a challenging issue as to its causes, appropriate management and treatment. Evidence implicates early embryopathy or implantation failure as likely causes. Objective: This study aims to investigate the effect of local endometrial injury on pregnancy rate in selected unexplained infertile patients. Materials and Methods: This ...
Lee Kachiu C - - 2013
Safety of cosmetic procedures in pregnant women has not been extensively studied. Maternal and fetal health risks are important to consider in any procedure performed. With the increasing popularity of cosmetic procedures, dermatologic surgeons will be faced with scenarios necessitating knowledge regarding the safety of such procedures during pregnancy. Furthermore, ...
Matsushita Hiroshi - - 2013
The effects of airbag deployment in motor vehicle accidents (MVA) on the fetus are poorly understood. A 22-year-old woman at 24 weeks of gestation collided with a telephone pole while driving. She was restrained and an airbag deployed. Although she had no major injuries, she experienced decreased fetal movements. Fetal ...
Stutterd C - - 2013
We present the case of a consanguineous couple (first cousins) who underwent termination of pregnancy at 35 weeks gestation due to severe brain abnormality in the fetus. The pregnancy was conceived naturally and the second trimester obstetric ultrasound scan was normal. A growth scan at 34 weeks gestation was suggestive of a ...
Njoku Omoke I OI Department of Surgery, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, - - 2013
Trauma is an important health concern during pregnancy in developing nations though it is under-reported. The aim of this study was to determine the patterns of presentation and feto- maternal outcomes of trauma during pregnancy in a Nigerian setting. A hospital-based retrospective analysis of database of entire patient population who ...
Gyamlani Geeta - - 2013
Kidney disease and pregnancy may exist in two general settings: acute kidney injury that develops during pregnancy, and chronic kidney disease that predates conception. In the first trimester of pregnancy, acute kidney injury is most often the result of hyperemesis gravidarum, ectopic pregnancy, or miscarriage. In the second and third ...
Tocce Kristina - - 2013
Induction of fetal demise via transabdominal injection has been used to facilitate second-trimester abortion but requires a second procedure and has associated risks. The method of amniotomy, cord transection and documentation of fetal asystole immediately prior to dilation and evacuation (D&E) is an alternative approach; however, characteristics of this method ...
Awwad Johnny - - 2013
Objectives Data on fetal effects following accidental electric shock during pregnancy are scarce. We report on a case of accidental maternal electric shock associated with benign fetal arrhythmia in a woman at 28 weeks' gestation. Study Design Case report. Results Although electrocution involving low-voltage, low-frequency current has been associated with ...
Camune Barbara D - - 2013
About 12 000 women of childbearing age sustain spinal cord injuries each year in the United States. Around 2000 of these women become pregnant in a given year, yet few providers are aware of the interprofessional team approach needed to achieve a successful pregnancy with healthy outcomes for both mother ...
Mahabob Nazargi - - 2013
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a kind of inflammatory hyperplasia seen in the oral cavity. This term is a misnomer because the lesion is unrelated to infection. In reality it arises in response to various stimuli such as low-grade local irritation, traumatic injury or hormonal factors. It predominantly occurs in the ...
Nastri Carolina Oliveira - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of endometrial injury on reproductive outcomes, pain and ultrasound markers of endometrial receptivity, when performed during oral contraceptive pills (OCP) pre-treatment, in unselected women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques (ART) METHODS: Women undergoing ART were randomly allocated to perform either endometrial injury with a pipelle de ...
Hirst Jonathan J - - 2013
Neuroactive steroid concentrations are remarkably high in the fetal brain during late gestation. These concentrations are maintained by placental progesterone synthesis and the interaction of enzymes in the placenta and fetal brain. 5α-Pregnane-3α-ol-20-one (allopregnanolone) is a key neuroactive steroid during fetal life, although other 3α-hydroxy- pregnanes may make an additional ...
Amorosa Louis F - - 2013
Pelvic fractures in pregnant women are usually high-energy injuries associated with risk of mortality to both mother and fetus. The mother's life always takes priority in the acute setting as it offers the best chance of survival to both the mother and the fetus. Indications for operative intervention of acute ...
Acharya Anjali - - 2013
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PR-AKI) causes significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Management of PR-AKI warrants a thorough understanding of the physiologic adaptations in the kidney and the urinary tract. Categorization of etiologies of PR-AKI is similar to that of acute kidney injury (AKI) in the nonpregnant population. The ...
Klein Autumn - - 2013
Neuropathies during pregnancy and the postpartum period are common and are usually due to compression around pregnancy and childbirth. The most common peripheral neuropathies are Bell's palsy, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and lower extremity neuropathies. Although most neuropathies are usually reversible, associated disabilities or morbidities can limit functioning and require ...
Brookfield Kathleen F - - 2013
PURPOSE: Trauma during pregnancy is among leading causes of non-pregnancy-related maternal death (MD). This study describes risk factors for MD from trauma during pregnancy in a large urban population. METHODS: We queried an urban Level One Trauma Center registry for the medical records of pregnant women suffering trauma from 1990 ...
Brown Steffen - - 2013
Traumatic injuries in pregnancy are both common and burdensome. Optimal management includes proper triage, maternal resuscitation, fetal monitoring, and diagnostic imaging.
Chapman Abbie C - - 2013
Hemorrhage during parturition can lower blood pressure beyond the lower limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation that can cause ischemic brain injury. However, the impact of pregnancy on the lower limit of CBF autoregulation is unknown. We measured myogenic vasodilation, a major contributor of CBF autoregulation, in isolated posterior ...
Neuman Gal - - 2013
Minor traumatic injuries are common in pregnancy, often subsequently requiring painful diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Pregnant women who are experiencing significant pain, distress, or fear may benefit from procedural sedation in the emergency department. In this review we examine the fetal safety of specific drugs used for procedural sedation.
Tutschek B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Several ultrasound methods including intrapartum translabial ultrasound (ITU) head station, angle of progression (AOP), head-perineum distance (HPD) and head-symphysis distance (HSD) have been suggested to assess fetal head station during labor. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the ultrasound parameters and to compare them ...
Costantine Maged M - - 2013
Preeclampsia complicates approximately 3-5% of pregnancies and remains one of the major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity. It shares pathogenic similarities with adult cardiovascular disease as well as many risk factors. Attempts at prevention of preeclampsia using various supplements and classes of medications have failed or had limited success, ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector - - 2013
We reviewed recent data on the prevalence, risk factors, complications and management of trauma during pregnancy. Using the terms "trauma" and "pregnancy" along with specified mechanisms of injury, we queried the Pubmed database for studies reported from January 1 (st), 1990 to May 1 (st), 2012. Studies with the largest ...
Sterling Lynn - - 2013
Objective: Women with spinal cord lesions present special challenges during pregnancy. We studied their pregnancy outcomes with regard to medical, obstetrical, and social concerns. Methods: We reviewed the records of pregnant women with spinal cord injury who attended our institution between 1999 and 2009. Results: Thirty-two women with a total ...
Mehta Suchita - - 2013
Background. Alport's syndrome is an X-linked hereditary disorder affecting the glomerular basement membrane associated with ocular and hearing defects. In women, the disease is much less severe compared to that in men. However, women with Alport's syndrome can have an accelerated form of their disease during pregnancy with worsening of ...
Gutierrez Silvia S Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, - - 2013
Physical injury, including surgery, can result in chronic pain; yet chronic pain following childbirth, including cesarean delivery in women, is rare. The mechanisms involved in this protection by pregnancy or delivery have not been explored. We examined the effect of pregnancy and delivery on hypersensitivity to mechanical stimuli of the ...
Patel Ml M Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) remain one of the largest single causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, accounting for 16.1% of maternal deaths in developed countries. The aim of the study was to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and to examine the correlation ...
Canda Mehmet Tunç MT Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Kent Hospital, 8229/1 Sok. No. 56, Cigli, 35580 Izmir, - - 2013
Velamentous and furcate cord insertion with concomitant placenta accreta is a very rare and life-threatening event of pregnancy for both the mother and the fetus. Obstetricians should be cautious about umbilical cord insertion and placental adherence abnormalities in pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technologies (ART) particularly in women with Müllerian ...
Engel S - - 2012
Study design:Case report.Setting:Prince of Wales Spinal Cord Injuries Unit, Sydney, Australia.Methods:Interrogation of our unit database identified only two women who became spinal cord injured while pregnant; their medical records were reviewed and an unstructured follow-up telephone interview conducted 6 years after discharge. Case 1: CC sustained a fracture dislocation with ...
Baburamani Ana A - - 2012
Background:Fetal hypoxia contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of permanent perinatal brain injury. We hypothesized that hypoxia-induced cerebral angiogenesis and microvascular changes would occur in fetal sheep subjected to a severe hypoxic insult produced by occluding the umbilical cord (UCO) for 10 mins.Methods:At 124-126 days gestation singleton fetal sheep underwent surgery ...
Sadro Claudia - - 2012
The pregnant trauma patient requires imaging tests to diagnose maternal injuries and diagnostic tests to evaluate the viability of her pregnancy. This article will discuss abdominal trauma in pregnancy and the specific role of diagnostic imaging. Radiation concerns in pregnancy will be addressed. Trauma is the leading cause of nonobstetric ...
Einav Sharon - - 2013
Approximately 1% to 4% of pregnant women are evaluated in emergency/delivery room because of traumatic injury, yet there are few educational strategies targeted toward prevention/management of maternal trauma. Use of illicit drugs and alcohol, domestic abuse, and depression contribute to maternal trauma; thus a high index of suspicion should be ...
Raja Ali S - - 2012
The treatment of pregnant patients with traumatic injuries requires knowledge of the fundamentals of general trauma management as well as the specific anatomic and physiologic changes brought about by pregnancy. This article provides a review of the spectrum of trauma prevention and treatment in pregnant women, from counseling strategies that ...
Kuypers Elke - - 2012
Chorioamnionitis and fetal sepsis can induce a fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) which is closely related to the development of white matter injury in the fetal brain. Large epidemiological studies support the link between FIRS and fetal brain injury with a clear association between the presence of in utero inflammation ...
Hirsch Irvin H - - 2012
Over the past 3 decades significant therapeutic inroads have allowed spinal cord injured men to achieve biologic paternity. Prior to the introduction of electroejaculation in the mid-1980's, men with spinal cord injury were considered "hopelessly infertile". With the application of semen retrieval techniques such as electroejaculation (used to achieve the ...
Leduc Bernard E - - 2012
The majority of men with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are infertile due to ejaculatory dysfunction and poor semen quality. The goal of this retrospective study is to present the outcomes of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in a group of couples with SCI male partners. A review was conducted of ...
Balkawade Nilesh Unmesh - - 2012
To study the correlation of umbilical cord length with fetal parameters like Apgar score, sex, weight, and length, and its effect on labor outcome. Prospective study of 1,000 cases. Government Hospital. Examination of umbilical cord was done for any loop around neck, trunk, etc; no. of loops of cord and ...
Chan Joanna Sue Yee - - 2012
Abstract Umbilical cord complications (CC) such as true knots (TK), velamentous insertion (VEL), entanglement (CE), excessive cord length (ELUC), or excessive coiling (ETUC) can lead to decreased umbilical blood flow and have been associated with adverse fetal outcome and demise (IUFD). Few large series exist correlating CC with specific pathologic ...
Potdar Neelam - - 2012
Mechanical endometrial injury (biopsy/scratch or hysteroscopy) in the cycle preceding ovarian stimulation for IVF has been proposed to improve implantation in women with unexplained recurrent implantation failure (RIF). This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the efficacy of endometrial injury versus no intervention in women with RIF ...
Cheng Han-Tsung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Serious injury during pregnancy is known to cause adverse maternal outcomes. However, the significance of minor injuries in adverse maternal outcomes requires clarification because most injuries sustained during pregnancy are minor ones. METHODS: Two population-based databases (inpatient and ambulatory care) were used to identify pregnant women who had severe ...
Shekhar Shashank S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Govt. Medical College Tanda, Set No 27, Block E, Type IV, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh 176001 - - 2013
To compare maternal and neonatal effects of assisted vaginal delivery by forceps and vacuum extraction. A prospective randomized study. One hundred eligible women requiring assisted vaginal delivery in the second stage of labor were randomized to deliver by forceps or vacuum extraction. All of those allocated to forceps delivery actually ...
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