Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 902
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Kiss Emese - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder which may be affected by hormonal changes, such as those of pregnancy. Women with SLE have increased adverse pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the gynecologic and immunologic case history of 140 women with SLE and the outcome of ...
Tanaka Hirohiko - - 2002
PROBLEM: There are few reports on the association between autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and antiphospholipid syndrome; only five reports were found on a MEDLINE search between 1966 and 2001. Therefore, the etiology and the optimal treatment of them are not clear. METHOD OF STUDY: We encountered a case of AIH complicated ...
Gladman Gordon - - 2002
The objectives of this study are to assess the incidence of congenital complete heart block (CCHB) in pregnant women who are anti-Ro and/or La positive. Between January, 1988 and July 1997, 118 pregnancies in 105 women were assessed by fetal echo at 18, 24, and 32 weeks' gestation. Of these ...
Kumar K S D - - 2002
AIM: The present study was aimed to define the incidence of antiphospholipid antibodies of different types lupus anticoagulant (LAC), venereal disease research laboratory test (VDRL) and Beta2-glycoprotein I dependent anticardiolipin antibodies Beta2 I aCL) in our cohort of population experiencing recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) from Andhra Pradesh, South India. SETTING ...
Dittrich Elisabeth - - 2002
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, familial hyperlipidemia or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can exacerbate having devastating consequences for both mother and fetus. Immunoadsorption is established for removal of pathogenic proteins lipoproteins or autoantibodies, but this procedure has only rarely been used in pregnancy. METHODS: We evaluated retrospectively 126 extracorporeal treatments during six ...
Sinha Jayashree - - 2002
We describe a 22-year-old woman who developed extensive and fatal bone marrow necrosis along with involvement of liver, lung, and central nervous system during pregnancy in the background of very high titers of antiphospholipid and anti-beta2 glycoprotein antibodies. This case illustrates a rarely recognized, potentially fatal complication of aPL in ...
Donohoe S - - 2002
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and recurrent miscarriage. We assessed levels of coagulation activation markers and aPL during normal pregnancy and in women with the antiphospholipid syndrome (aPS). Fluctuations in aPL levels were observed in all patients with aPS. No particular pattern of antibody ...
Stone S - - 2002
The association of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) with a poor obstetric history and/or thrombotic event is typical of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). We report four cases of poor pregnancy outcome where a diagnostic label of APS resulted in delayed recognition of other causes of pregnancy loss. Pregnancy outcomes in these women ...
Brucato A - - 2002
Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies are associated with neonatal lupus but are also considered a possible cause for unexplained pregnancy loss and adverse pregnancy outcome. In a large multicentres cohort study we have prospectively followed 100 anti-Ro/SSA positive women (53 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)) during their 122 pregnancies and 107 anti-Ro/SSA negative women ...
Diejomaoh M F E - - 2002
The aims of this study were to determine the aetiological factors and the pattern of recurrent pregnancy loss in Kuwait. Ninety consecutive patients attending the special recurrent miscarriage clinic were studied prospectively. A comprehensive history of all previous miscarriages and pregnancies, past medical and gynaecological events were established. A physical ...
Hoppe B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Autoimmunization against RBCs is generally believed to occur very rarely during pregnancy and to represent a high risk for those affected. The occurrence of benign RBC autoantibodies in pregnancy is reported. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The incidence of autoantibodies to RBCs in unselected pregnant and nonpregnant women were compared ...
Wilson R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether IgG subclass patterns differed between nonpregnant women, healthy pregnant women, and pregnant women with a history of recurrent miscarriage. DESIGN: Controlled clinical study. SETTING: An academic setting. PATIENT(S): Group 1 was comprised of 10 nonpregnant women, group 2 of 10 healthy pregnant women, group 3 of ...
Ulcová-Gallová Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies with six different antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in sera from patients with certain adverse pregnancy conditions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: aPL levels were examined in pregnant women with anti-phospholipid syndrome (26), pre-eclampsia (32), autoimmune disease (12), or diabetes mellitus (23) and in a group ...
Jacob-Meisel M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Anticardiolipin auto-antibodies are known to be inflicted in recurrent pregnancy losses and other adverse outcomes of pregnancy. However, their role in extrauterine pregnancies is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association between anticardiolipin antibodies and extrauterine pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: About 30 patients with ectopic pregnancies confirmed histologically and 40 ...
Tower C L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This study examines the effect of intrauterine haematomas (IUH) discovered during early pregnancy ultrasound scanning in patients with recurrent miscarriage. Previous studies of IUHs have reported conflicting findings, and none studied women with recurrent miscarriage. METHODS: A total of 341 women with a viable pregnancy was included. Women with ...
Julkunen H - - 2001
Family planning and pregnancy are important and usually problematic issues for a young woman with lupus nephritis. Moderate renal insufficiency and previous use of alkylating cytotoxic drugs are associated with decreased fertility. Oral contraceptives containing synthetic estrogens are contraindicated in women with active lupus nephritis, uncontrolled hypertension, history of thromboembolic ...
Margni R A - - 2001
PROBLEM: In recent years, the central role of cytokines in the immune response has been widely studied. It is considered that a T helper (Th)1-type cytokine profile is associated with the rejection phenomenon, whereas a Th2-type cytokine profile is associated with immunological tolerance. In pregnancy, the enhanced Th2/Th1 ratio seems ...
Fischer T - - 2001
We present a 24-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy who was with a typical HELLP syndrome at the 18th week of pregnancy. One fetus was dead, while the other was severely growth retarded. Our patient had agonistic autoantibodies directed at the angiotensin AT(1)-receptor. Termination of the pregnancy proved necessary. This ...
Bhatla N - - 2001
A 24 years female of advanced chronic renal failure due to lupus nephritis presented with pregnancy of eight weeks duration she continued the pregnancy against medical advice. At 29 weeks gestation further deterioration of renal function prompted weekly dialysis and hospitalisation for intensive maternal and fetal monitoring. At 35 weeks ...
Soliman M - - 2001
A total of 70 women with complicated pregnancy and 20 ones with normal pregnancy were selected. They were all RH positive and free from syphilis, brucellosis and malignany. Both groups were subjected to detection of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies levels by the indirect haemagglutination tests (IHAT-IgG) and by ELISA (IgG and IgM). ...
Wong J P - - 2001
We report a case of complete fetal heart block in a 35-year-old Chinese woman known to be positive for anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies. She had fetal hydrops leading to intrauterine death in her first pregnancy Prophylactic intravenous immunoglobulin, given at 14 and 18 weeks' gestation, as well as oral dexamethasone, ...
Leaños-Miranda A - - 2001
A woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with marked increases in circulating 150-kDa PRL was studied from before conception, throughout pregnancy, and after pregnancy. The clinical features of the patient included idiopathic hyperprolactinemia without clinical symptoms such as amenorrhea and galactorrhea before pregnancy. No clinical lupus activity was present during ...
Evelyn C M - - 2001
Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet (HELLP) syndrome is often associated with preeclampsia or hypertension in pregnancy. Pregnancy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may be complicated by development of a lupus flare with thrombocytopenia, hypertension and renal insufficiency, which may be difficult to distinguish from preeclampsia. We ...
Huong D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and fetal outcome in women with past or present histologically proven systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis. METHOD: Retrospective study of 32 pregnancies in 22 women with past or present histologically proven SLE nephritis in a single French centre. RESULTS: Pregnancy (25 planned and 7 not planned) ...
Vials J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: to review the literature on antiphospholipid antibodies and their significance to midwifery practice. METHOD: databases using the keywords anticardiolipin antibodies, antiphospholipid antibodies, lupus antibodies, antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosis, pregnancy loss, pre-eclampsia were searched, 548 articles were generated and 52 were used in the review. FINDINGS: anticardiolipin antibodies are ...
Rennie I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To audit the implementation of national guidelines on the investigation and management of RhD disease in Tayside. SETTING: Tayside region. DESIGN: An eight month retrospective audit. RESULTS: Two hundred and eighty eight completed pregnancies in RhD negative women were observed from a total of 1879 deliveries. Of these, 120 ...
Ronkainen M S - - 2001
To evaluate whether pregnancy has any effect on insulin antibody levels and to test the concordance between a conventional radioimmunoassay and a new microassay for the detection of insulin antibodies, insulin antibodies were analysed in 104 mothers in early pregnancy and at delivery and in their newborn infants. Thirty-eight of ...
Inagaki J - - 2001
PROBLEM: The present study assesses the clinical significance of anti-laminin-1 auto-antibodies (auto-Abs) in recurrent miscarriages. METHOD OF STUDY: A total of 207 recurrent aborters with a history of two or more consecutive first-trimester miscarriages were tested for the presence of anti-laminin-1 Abs, beta2-glycoprotein I-dependent anticardiolipin Abs, lupus anticoagulants, anti-DNA Abs, ...
Yasmeen S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine pregnancy outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). STUDY DESIGN: Data from the California Health Information for Policy Project, which links records from birth certificates and hospital discharge records of mothers and newborns who delivered in all civilian hospitals in ...
Jablonowska B - - 2001
PROBLEM: To study whether the occurrence of mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) blocking antibodies is associated with pregnancy outcome in women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and the in vivo effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment on MLC blocking effect. METHOD OF STUDY: Blood samples from 41 RSA patients were ...
Gardulf A - - 2001
The use of slow or rapid, subcutaneous, IgG (SCIG) infusions in pregnant women with primary antibody deficiencies has been described earlier, though only in single-case reports. In this study, we have evaluated the effect of rapid, SCIG infusions during 11 pregnancies in nine women [six women with common variable immunodeficiency ...
Vaquero E - - 2001
PROBLEM: To compare the use of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) with prednisone plus low-dose aspirin (LDA) in treating pregnant women with a history of recurrent fetal loss having the antiphospholipid antibody (aPL), in terms of live-birth rate and maternal and perinatal morbidity. METHOD: A prospective, two-centers trial study included 82 recurrent ...
Mok C C - - 2001
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that predominantly affects women of reproductive age. Pregnancy and its outcome is a major concern to most SLE patients. Queries regarding the risk of disease flares during pregnancy, chance of fetal loss, and the safety of various drugs are often raised. With ...
Masamoto H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the natural history of serum antiphospholipid antibodies (lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibodies) in pregnant women treated with heparin, and to identify a possible association between changes in antibody status and outcomes of subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: Thirty-six women with antiphospholipid antibodies who had three or more repeated miscarriages ...
Takeshita Y - - 2001
The case was a 29 year old female who has suffered from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) since 15 years of age. The activity of SLE was low, and she took prednisolone orally. Her first pregnancy failed after 14 weeks. In the second pregnancy, she had thrombocytopenia, prolonged activated partial thromboplastin ...
Maymon R - - 2001
Maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) levels were measured during the second and the third trimesters of pregnancy in patients with either systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). All results were expressed in multiples of the gestation-specific normal medians (MoM). The median MoM level in 17 samples ...
Borden M B - - 2001
The 4-aminoquinoline radical containing antimalarial drugs are also used in the management of various connective tissue diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis. These agents are particularly useful for the management of inflammatory polyarthritis and skin disease. By raising the pH in intracellular compartments, these drugs interfere with ...
Wilson W A - - 2001
An international workshop on classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) was held on 16 September 2000 in Tours, France, following the Ninth International APS Symposium. The workshop addressed issues that were not resolved by the previous (1998) international workshop on the classification criteria. Participants at the workshop agreed that no ...
Kart Köseoglu H - - 2001
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) flare is common, and renal involvement is one of the most serious problems during pregnancy. Aggressive immunosuppressive therapy should be considered for patients with diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis. These individuals are at high risk for progression to end-stage renal disease. Immunosuppressive drugs can cause significant toxic ...
Eskild A - - 2000
In this study the impact of pregnancy duration on the measured level of HSV-2 antibodies was assessed. The study population comprised 35,940 pregnant women in Norway, in 1992-4, followed during pregnancy. A random sample of 960 women was selected. A mean of 2.6 serum samples from each woman were analysed ...
Matsubayashi H - - 2000
PROBLEM: There is no reliable laboratory test available to diagnose immunologically mediated miscarriages. We investigated the clinical significance of maternal anti-paternal leukocyte antibodies by flow cytometry after alloimmunization. METHOD OF STUDY: The flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM) was performed in 158 patients with a history of three or more unexplained first-trimester ...
Ahaded A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Severe cases of HDN occur after the immunization of the mother with K (KEL1) antigen. To date, the only means of evaluating the concentration of anti-K in maternal serum is by titration with an indirect antiglobulin test (IAT). A more accurate estimation of the serum anti-K concentration is needed. ...
Bentham R H - - 2000
Cooling water samples from 31 cooling tower systems were cultured for Legionella over a 16-week summer period. The selected systems were known to be colonized by Legionella. Mean Legionella counts and standard deviations were calculated and time series correlograms prepared for each system. The standard deviations of Legionella counts in ...
Georgiou P E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The reciprocal relationship between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and pregnancy was investigated in a controlled study. METHOD: The outcome of 47 pregnant SLE patients with 59 pregnancies was compared with that of 57 healthy control women and 59 pregnancies. The results were also compared with those of 59 non-pregnant ...
Wilson W A - - 2000
Ethnic and geographic studies have contributed to knowledge of the clinical epidemiology of APS. In general, these studies support the associations of aPL with thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity, with some exceptions. Further investigation is needed to determine whether the exceptions represent interethnic variation in the clinical associations of aPL and ...
Rand J H - - 2000
The mechanism(s) for thrombosis and pregnancy losses in the anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome have not yet been established. Annexin-V is an anionic phospholipid-binding protein with potent anticoagulant activity. The protein has been shown to be necessary for the maintenance of placental integrity and may play a thromboregulatory role at the maternal-fetal ...
Rai R - - 2000
The obstetric management of women with antiphospholipid (aPL) syndrome remains controversial. Despite recent advances, the controversies have been fueled by our limited understanding of the multi-factorial causes of aPL-associated pregnancy loss and the lack of data from randomized studies. We have escaped from the narrow confines of the concept of ...
Mendonca L L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether immunoglobulins with affinity for the vascular endothelium displayed any distinguishing behavior during normal and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnancy. We also attempted to verify whether isotype expression of anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) would have any predictive value for pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Sera from 38 pregnant patients ...
Rand J H - - 2000
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is an autoimmune condition in which venous or arterial thrombosis and recurrent pregnancy losses occur in patients having serologic evidence of antibodies against anionic phospholipid-protein complexes. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of this syndrome have not yet been established. Annexin-V, an anionic phospholipid-binding protein with potent anticoagulant activity, ...
Narayan S - - 2000
Lupus Anticoagulant, first discovered in patients of SLE, is now known to be associated with a wide spectrum of diseases. The presence of LA is associated with adverse fetal outcome in an obstetric population. In the present series the incidence of LA was found to be 16.6% and 80% of ...
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