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Khamashta Munther A - - 2006
Women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) face significant risks when embarking on a pregnancy, but attending a multidisciplinary clinic staffed by an experienced team can improve pregnancy outcome for women and their babies. Pregnancy in SLE should be planned and a management strategy should be agreed in full consultation with ...
Hammoudeh Mohammed - - 2006
It is well known that rheumatoid arthritis improves in the majority of patients during pregnancy and that aggravation of disease symptoms occurs within the first 6 months postpartum. We report a female patient who had 4 postpartum episodes of transient polyarthritis typical of rheumatoid arthritis with positive serum rheumatoid factor ...
Petri Michelle - - 2006
APS pregnancy losses are one of the most common treatable causes of recurrent pregnancy loss. Clinical trials have helped in delineating the dangers of prednisone use in pregnancy, and suggest that heparin and aspirin regimens are preferred. However, the clinical trials suffer from the lack of uniform definition of antiphospholipid ...
Jønsson Viggo - - 2006
To examine whether pregnancy influences the development of autoimmunity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we studied 591 consecutive CLL patients (202 post-menopausal women and 389 men). The mean observation time for all patients was 3.8 years, corresponding to approximately 2200 person-years of follow-up. Autoimmune manifestations were analyzed in 194 women ...
Andrade R M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of pregnancy on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) outcome. METHODS: SLE patients, age >or=16 yrs, disease duration <or=5 yrs at enrolment in LUMINA, a multiethnic cohort (Hispanics, African-Americans and Caucasians), were studied. The first pregnancy after SLE diagnosis was examined. A good pregnancy outcome was a ...
Gómez-Puerta José A - - 2006
It is well known that antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is associated with recurrent pregnancies losses, but is also associated with other obstetric features such as preeclampsia, uteroplacental insufficiency and preterm birth. Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state than can be complicated by thrombosis, especially in those patients with an underlying thrombophilic disorder. ...
Abdalla Abdalla H - - 2006
Little is known regarding the association of primary antiphospholipid syndrome APLS and proliferative glomerulonephritis GN. We describe a biopsy-documented case with primary APLS and proliferative GN with no evidence of thrombotic microangiopathy TMA, and in the absence of other manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus SLE. She presented initially with left ...
Tincani Angela - - 2006
In women who suffer from rheumatic diseases (RDs) the risk of repeated fetal loss, intrauterine growth restriction, and preterm birth remains higher than in the general population. Antiphospholipid antibodies are frequently observed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). They are associated with recurrent pregnancy losses that may occur at ...
Wong Chiong-Hee - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the maternal and fetal outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 10 years, 24 pregnancies in 17 females with SLE in a single center were enrolled. Fetal and maternal outcomes were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean patient age was ...
Francis Julia - - 2006
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), characterized by circulating antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies, is a major cause of early pregnancy failure and placental insufficiency. In this study, we examined whether impaired endometrial differentiation before conception contributes to the high incidence of pregnancy complications in APS. Timed secretory endometrial biopsies were obtained from a cohort ...
Jauniaux Eric - - 2006
Recurrent miscarriage (RM; > or =3 consecutive early pregnancy losses) affects around 1% of fertile couples. Parental chromosomal anomalies, maternal thrombophilic disorders and structural uterine anomalies have been directly associated with recurrent miscarriage; however, in the vast majority of cases the pathophysiology remains unknown. We have updated the ESHRE Special ...
Wu Xiao-Xuan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether levels of annexin A5 (AnxA5), AnxA5 anticoagulant activity and binding, and anti-AnxA5 antibodies might be altered in women with previous histories of recurrent spontaneous pregnancy losses (RSPL) when tested during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety pregnant women with histories of 3 or more RSPL (cases) and 150 ...
Sailer Thomas - - 2006
The presence of lupus anticoagulant (LA) predisposes to fetal loss and to venous and arterial thrombosis; however, a subgroup of women is unaffected by pregnancy loss. Currently, no predictive markers are available for the identification of women positive for LA at increased risk for pregnancy loss. It was the aim ...
May-Wewers Julie - - 2006
C(w) is a low-frequency antigen in the Rh blood group system with a prevalence of approximately 2% in whites. Although anti-C(w) is not an uncommon antibody in pregnancy (0.1% incidence), clinically significant hemolytic disease of the newborn is highly unusual. We report the case of an infant with severe hyperbilirubinemia ...
Escobar Maria C - - 2007
Congenital heart block (CHB) is the main complication of neonatal lupus (NL) and is strongly associated with the presence of anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies. The recurrence of CHB in subsequent pregnancies in mothers with these antibodies is uncommon, occurring in approximately 15% of cases. We describe here a case of ...
Kump Leila I - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine patterns of exacerbations of recurrent non-infectious uveitis during pregnancy and puerperium. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The medical records of 32 women with a history of chronic non-infectious uveitis, who were pregnant during their follow-up at the Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Service of the Massachusetts Eye and ...
Chen Chih Yao - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We present a case of fetal complete atrioventricular block, diagnosed by the M mode of two-dimensional ultrasound, that was complicated with polyhydramnios and bilateral hydrocele. CASE REPORT: The fetus was delivered at 38 weeks' gestation by caesarean section. Postpartum autoimmune survey disclosed positive anti-Ro antibodies (SS-A) for both the ...
Yang Ming-Jie - - 2006
When systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is first suspected during pregnancy, though rare, the diagnostic criteria are not different from those for nonpregnant women. The pregnancy outcome is good if treatment with adequate immunosuppressive agents starts as soon as the diagnosis is made. There are 4 cases in this report who ...
Bertrand G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia results from maternal immunization against fetal platelet alloantigens (HPAs), and the major risk is intracranial hemorrhage. The severity of thrombocytopenia increases in subsequent pregnancies, and antenatal therapy has been developed. Until now, the fetal status can only be assessed by fetal blood sampling, which carries a ...
Jakez-Ocampo Juan - - 2007
A 39-year-old woman developed systemic lupus erythematosus with nephropathy after a holiday in Jamaica. She was prescribed with prednisone, azathioprine and aspirin. As she was obsessed with aesthetic procedures, she decided not to take the prescription. Instead, she took her bodybuilding trainer's advice of one intramuscular injection of stanozolol for ...
Schramm Christoph - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may influence pregnancy outcome and pregnancy may affect AIH. We aimed at analyzing the disease course in pregnant AIH patients and at identifying disease-related risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: AIH patients with at least one pregnancy were identified at four liver units. ...
Wu Serena - - 2006
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease manifested by a thrombotic or obstetrical event in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. Obstetrical APS was initially described in the 1950s. Obstetrical features presently include recurrent pre-embryonic and embryonic miscarriage, fetal demise, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, and possibly placental abruption. Since the first ...
Kahwa E K - - 2006
A prevalence survey of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) was done among 924 primiparae. aCL were measured in serum by the standardised anticardiolipin enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and beta(2)-glycoprotein 1 assays to determine the seroprevalence of both beta(2) glycoprotein 1 dependent aCL and beta(2)-glycoprotein 1 independent aCL in Jamaican primiparae, to ...
Clowse Megan E B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify early risk factors for pregnancy loss in lupus pregnancies. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of all pregnancies seen in the first trimester in lupus patients followed from 1987 to 2002 at the Hopkins Lupus Center. At each visit, vital signs, a complete blood count, a urinalysis, ...
Qin Qiu-Ping - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) concentrations are increased in the circulation of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and are associated with future adverse cardiac events. PAPP-A in ACS differs from PAPP-A in pregnancy in that PAPP-A in ACS is not complexed with the proform of eosinophil major basic protein ...
Strandberg L - - 2006
Congenital heart block occurs in fetuses of Ro/SSA and La/SSB positive women. To investigate the stability of maternal autoantibody levels during pregnancy, we followed Ro52, Ro60 and La autoantibody IgG level variation and Ro52 subclass profiles longitudinally in selected congenital heart block risk pregnancies. Serum samples were obtained from 12 ...
Rand Jacob H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether levels of annexin A5, evidence for resistance to annexin A5 activity, and levels anti-annexin A5 antibodies might be altered in women with a history of recurrent spontaneous pregnancy losses. STUDY DESIGN: These annexin A5 parameters were assayed in 70 nonpregnant women with a history of > ...
Alijotas-Reig Jaume - - 2006
PROBLEM: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is associated with thrombosis and poor pregnancy outcome in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Patients with aPL have a high risk of foetal loss. However, with low-dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid; ASA) in combination with subcutaneous heparin, the chances of full-term delivery increase. Nevertheless, ASA treatment ...
Tincani A - - 2006
Autoimmune diseases (AD) occur frequently in women during their childbearing years and may influence pregnancy outcome and neonatal health. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can experience a disease flare-up during pregnancy with potential negative effects on the product of conceptus, especially if the disease is active. Recurrent pregnancy loss ...
Micheloud D - - 2006
We report one case of pregnancy-onset severe diffuse proliferative nephritis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), who was successfully treated with a combination of anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, plasmapheresis and high-dose intravenous gammaglobulin. No flares were observed either in clinical symptoms or in laboratory examinations during pregnancy or ...
Ulander V M - - 2006
The presence of antiphospholipid antibodies is associated with thromboembolic events, thrombocytopenia and numerous pregnancy complications such as recurrent miscarriage, preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome. This condition is known as the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). We describe a rare case of recurrent liver necrosis postpartum in two consecutive pregnancies of woman with systemic ...
Kawakami Tamihiro - - 2006
Microscopic polyangiitis is a systemic small vessel vasculitis, which often has cutaneous and musculoskeletal features. Microscopic polyangiitis is a member of the family of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic auto-antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides and is strongly associated with anti-myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA. Titres of MPO-ANCA may reflect disease activity and play a pathogenic role. Patients with ...
Boreham Muriel K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe levator ani (LA) anatomy in postterm nulliparas using 3-dimensional (3-D) magnetic resonance (MR). STUDY DESIGN: Nulliparas (n = 84) with uncomplicated, postterm pregnancies underwent an MR (4 mm slices, 0 gap) of the uterus and pelvis. LA volume and morphometry were ...
Carp Howard J A - - 2005
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has been used to prevent pregnancy loss, in unexplained recurrent miscarriage, and in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). When used on an unselected population with recurrent miscarriage, IVIg has not been shown to improve the live birth rate. However, when patients are selected for poor prognosis or autoimmune phenomena, ...
Daskalakis G - - 2005
We report a rare case of acute severe thrombocytopenia and leukopenia, which first presented at 37 weeks' gestation. Based on clinical as well as on laboratory findings the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus was made. The patient was successfully managed with an emergency transfusion of 6 units of platelets and ...
Joffe Gary M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypercoaguable states such as the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome may be associated with thromboses in any vascular bed. CASE: This case report demonstrates clinical manifestations of Budd-Chiari syndrome during pregnancy, diagnostic dilemmas, and suggestions for prevention of serious thromboembolic complications. CONCLUSION: Patients with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and previous thromboses in ...
Tokunaga Yukihiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is an essential enzyme for activation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and its derivatives. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is a rate-limiting enzyme for degradation of 5-FU. In colorectal cancer (CRC), several studies have evaluated the relationship between TP, DPD, and clinicopathological features. However, the results may not be definitive ...
Madu Anthony Emeka - - 2005
Clinical suspicion and biochemical evidence of isoimmunisation in pregnancy have from contemporary times led to clinical curiousity and intervention at various stages of pregnancy for the sake of the fetus. Some of these interventions only found unnecessary after the causative antibodies have been properly identified and characterised. Hundreds of these ...
Guclu Serkan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum is a serious health problem for the fetus and the mother. Effective treatment regimens are obscure in patients with severe symptoms. Our aim was to use mirtazapine in hyperemesis gravidarum patients who failed to respond to conventional anti-emetic drugs. CASES: Three pregnant women who had severe hyperemesis ...
Dhar J Patricia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pregnancy outcomes before and after diagnosis of lupus. STUDY DESIGN: Successive selection criterion applied to 148 lupus and 78,905 non-lupus pregnancies, generated 3 groups: lupus group, 84 pregnancies (not-yet-diagnosed group, 15 women; already-diagnosed group, 69 women), and control group, 51,000 pregnancies. ...
Chang Yao-Lung - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We determined the perinatal outcomes of fetuses with isolated congenital second degree atrioventricular block detected in utero and born to mothers seronegative for anti-SSA/Ro-SSB/La antibodies. METHODS: Isolated second degree atrioventricular block was defined as second degree atrioventricular block detected in utero without the accompanying structural cardiac anomaly, tachyarrhythmia, non-conducted ...
Yang Chung-Han - - 2005
Congenital heart block (CHB) that is a manifestation of neonatal lupus syndrome (NLS) carries a poor prognosis. The treatment response of established heart block in NLS is usually unsatisfactory. Preventive treatment during pregnancy, however, before the critical period of cardiac development, can prevent the development of CHB. A Taiwanese woman ...
Stevens Anne M - - 2005
Maternal-fetal cell transfer during pregnancy can lead to long-lasting microchimerism, which raises the question of whether microchimerism sometimes contributes to autoimmune disease later in life. In an experimental model, transfusion of parental lymphocytes homozygous for major histocompatibility complex alleles results in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We identified male patients with ...
Clark Christine A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there has been a statistically significant change in pregnancy loss and preterm delivery rates in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We analyzed the pregnancy outcomes of our SLE patients over the past 3 years and reviewed the literature over the past 40 years. We ...
Samarkos M - - 2006
The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of IgA anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein 1 antibodies (abeta(2)-GP1) in a large number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) and to examine possible associations between the clinical manifestations of the APS and the ...
Griffiths Jill - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a condition with potential hazard during pregnancy for both mother and fetus if platelet concentrations fall below a critical level. This report describes the use of laparoscopic splenectomy following unsuccessful medical management. CASE: A 35-year-old primigravid woman with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) developed ITP ...
Fritz Melinda - - 2005
Interferon alfa-2a is a cytokine produced by recombinant DNA techniques and has antiproliferative, antiviral and immunomodulating effects. A number of case reports in the past have suggested relative safety of alpha-interferons during pregnancy with little or no effect on the fetus. A 15-year-old adolescent became pregnant while receiving alpha-interferon for ...
Weber Shanasey L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few cases of antibodies to the Cromer (a) antigen have been described during pregnancy. Interestingly, the anti-Cr(a) titers decreased during pregnancy, and although the newborns were Cr(a)+, the direct antiglobulin tests (DATs) were negative and hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) was not observed. Cromer antigens reside on the ...
Velayuthaprabhu S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a major reproductive complication in women, which is characterized by recurrent fetal loss, thrombosis, and thrombocytopenia in association with anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL). AIMS: To analyze the prevalence of aCL and antiphosphatidylserine antibodies (aPS) in relation to pregnancy failures in women with the history of recurrent ...
Dörner T - - 2005
Protein Z (PZ) is a vitamin K-dependent plasma protein that serves as a cofactor for the inactivation of factor Xa. A number of investigators found low PZ levels in patients with haemorrhagic as well as thromboembolic diseases, although there is no clear evidence of a pathogenic link between PZ deficiency ...
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