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Al Arfaj A S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the pregnancy outcomes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the effect of SLE flare and treatment on pregnancy outcomes. We performed a retrospective evaluation of all pregnancies occurring in patients with SLE during the 27-year period from 1980 to 2006. ...
Oron Galia - - 2011
Anti-β2 glycoprotein 1 (a-β2GP1) was added to the criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in 2005. However, its clinical significance with respect to complications of pregnancy is not well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of laboratory findings of a-β2GP1 with events of thromboembolism or obstetric ...
Atanasova Milena Atanasova - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate anti-fibrillin-1 autoantibody in patients with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and during normal pregnancy. Anti-fibrillin-1 IgG and IgM antibodies were measured by a home made ELISA in serum samples of 48 medically and obstetrically normal pregnant women, classified to three ...
Honig Arnd - - 2010
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a multisystemic disorder of coagulation-causing thrombosis in the arterial and venous system as well as pregnancy-related complications such as miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery and pre-eclampsia. The disease is characterized by the autoimmune production of antibodies against phospholipid, a substance found in the cell membrane. We here ...
Straub Heather L - - 2010
Cervical and prolapsed submucosal leiomyomas are rarely seen in pregnancy. Depending on the size threshold used to diagnose a leiomyoma, the prevalence of uterine leiomyomas in pregnancy is approximately 3% to 10%. The prevalence of clinically evident cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy is less than 1%. Contrary to prior thought, the ...
Smyth Andrew - - 2010
Studies of the impact of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its pregnancy complications have yielded conflicting results. Major limitations of these studies relate to their small numbers of patients and retrospective designs. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review of pregnancy outcomes in women with ...
Alsuwaida Abdulkareem - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is one of the common autoimmune disorders that affect women during their childbearing years. Disease activity frequently increases during pregnancy and the postpartum period, representing a challenge for both the patient and the treating physician(s). We report a case of successful management of lupus nephritis flare ...
Aggarwal Neelam - - 2011
To evaluate pregnancy outcome in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A total of 71 pregnancies in 35 women with SLE were evaluated for maternal and perinatal outcomes in a tertiary centre of Northern India. Thirty-five pregnancies were evaluated prospectively while details of previous 36 pregnancies in the same women ...
Kumar Monisha A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report 3 patients who developed anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis during pregnancy. DESIGN: Case reports. SETTING: University hospitals. Patients Three young women developed at 14, 8, and 17 weeks of gestation acute change of behavior, prominent psychiatric symptoms, progressive decrease of consciousness, seizures, dyskinesias, and autonomic dysfunction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Abou-Nassar Karim - - 2010
The occurrence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in the setting systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is rare. In women of childbearing age, TTP is associated with high rates of recurrence in pregnancy. Furthermore, both TTP and SLE are associated with a significant risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. We describe the case ...
Obayashi Shintaro - - 2010
The prevalence of antiphosphatidylethanolamine antibodies (aPEs) is higher in recurrent pregnancy loss patients than that in women with normal pregnancy. We conducted a cohort study to examine the predictive value of aPE for recurrent pregnancy loss and to determine its clinical significance. We examined plasma protein dependent (P+) and independent ...
Izmirly Peter M - - 2010
Based on the potential involvement of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling in the pathogenesis of neonatal lupus (NL), it was hypothesised that fetal exposure to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), a TLR inhibitor, might reduce the risk of anti-SSA/Ro/SSB/La antibody-associated cardiac manifestations of NL (cardiac-NL). Cardiac-NL children (N=50) and controls (N=151) were drawn from ...
Manuck Tracy - - 2010
Antiphospholipid antibodies are associated with a spectrum of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia and small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses. We sought to assess anticardiolipin and anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2-GPI) IgG and IgM antibody prevalence and the relationship of these antibodies to pregnancy complications in women with the Factor V Leiden (FVL) ...
Xie Qibing - - 2012
We described a 30-year-old pregnant woman developing antinuclear antibodies (ANA)-negative systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) accompanied with arthritis, malar rash, lymphopenia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, pericardial and pleural effusion, proteinuria and seizures. All serum autoantibodies except anti-Ro antibody were negative. An artificially induced abortion was performed to prevent SLE deterioration. Steroid and ...
Carvalheiras Graziela - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is mainly a disease of fertile women and the coexistence of pregnancy is by no means a rare event. How SLE and its treatment affects pregnancy outcome is still a matter of debate. Assessment of the reciprocal clinical impact of SLE and pregnancy was investigated in ...
Meroni P L - - 2010
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are associated with recurrent miscarriages and pregnancy complications, however their pathogenic mechanisms are still matter of research. Thrombotic events at the placental level cannot explain all of the clinical manifestations. It has been suggested that aPL may be responsible for a local acute inflammatory response mediated by ...
Cuadrado M J - - 2010
The presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) has been closely related to the development of thrombosis and complications in pregnancy. However, not all patients with aPL will develop those clinical features. The exact pathogenic mechanisms leading to thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity are poorly understood. Currently, biomarkers which enable one to predict ...
Ambr?sio Paula - - 2010
This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies in women diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) followed in a tertiary fetal-maternal center. Data were collected from clinical charts between January 1993 and December 2007, with a total of 136 pregnancies (107 patients). Mean maternal age was 29 ...
Pisoni C N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Congenital heart block (CHB) is presumed to be caused by transplacental passage of maternal immunoglobulin against Ro and La ribonucleoproteins. The recurrence rate in subsequent pregnancies following the birth of a child with CHB is approximately 19%. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) ...
Tudosa Rodica - - 2010
Thyroid pathology worsens during pregnancy. Hypothyroidism can be pre-existent or may begin during pregnancy period. Most of the patients who presented hypothyroidism during pregnancy have a history of thyroid disease for which they have undergone treatment (medical, surgical or radioisotopes). Hypothyroidism is difficult to be diagnosed during pregnancy as the ...
Izmirly Peter M - - 2010
Cutaneous disease associated with placental transport of maternal anti-SSA/Ro or anti-SSB/La antibodies is transient, and children often appear to be otherwise healthy. However, the impact of this manifestation of neonatal lupus (NL) on the risk of cardiac disease occurring in a future pregnancy is critical for family counseling and for ...
Teh C L - - 2011
We performed a cross-sessional study of all systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnancies during a 4-year period (2006-2009) to describe the clinical features, maternal and foetal outcomes in our centre. There were 48 pregnancies in 44 women with SLE. Our patients have a mean age of 30.0 years (SD 6.36) and a ...
Bettelheim D - - 2010
Prophylactic anti-D is a very safe and effective therapy for the suppression of anti-D immunization and thus prevention of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn. However, migration from countries with low health standards and substantial cuts in public health expenses have increased the incidence of anti-D immunization in many ...
Gladman Dafna D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of lupus nephritis on pregnancy with respect to fetal outcome, maternal complications, and lupus activity. METHODS: All pregnancies seen between 1970 and 2003 in the Lupus Clinic were evaluated for the 3 outcomes. Renal disease was defined as the presence of nephrotic syndrome, dialysis, renal ...
Fakhouri Fadi - - 2010
In contrast to pregnancy-associated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, the pathogenesis and presentation of pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (P-aHUS) remain ill-defined. We conducted a retrospective study to assess the presentation and outcomes of patients presenting with P-aHUS and the prevalence of alternative C3 convertase dysregulation. P-aHUS occurred in 21 of the ...
El Mourabet Marwa - - 2010
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis) is highest during the peak reproductive years, hence the increased concern with the safety of IBD drugs during pregnancy. Over the past 11 years, anti-TNF-alpha antibody therapy has emerged as a treatment approach for refractory IBD patients who have ...
Chauleur C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A clinical subtype of purely obstetrical antiphospholipid antibody (aPL-Ab) syndrome (APS) requires three or more unexplained consecutive embryonic losses before the 10th week of gestation associated with persistently positive lupus anticoagulant (LAC), and/or anticardiolipin IgG or IgM, and/or anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (abeta2GpI) IgG or IgM. Although this diagnostic classification of ...
Knight L J - - 2010
Radical vaginal trachelectomy now affords a fertility-sparing procedure for the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer in young women. Subsequent obstetric management within this group of women remains a challenge to the obstetrician, with risks of premature labour a continuing probability throughout pregnancy. Here we describe four cases of successful pregnancy ...
Linz W J - - 2010
Anti-Vel is an uncommon antibody to a high-prevalence antigen. Its clinical significance and management in the prenatal setting are not well characterized. We present a case that demonstrates the utility of serial prenatal anti-Vel quantitative serologic monitoring with 2-ME serum treatment during pregnancy. The patient is a 23-year-old Hispanic woman ...
Madazli R - - 2010
We present a retrospective study of 42 consecutive cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and pregnancy followed and delivered during the period 2002-2007 in our department. The mean patient age was 28.6 years and the nulliparity rate was 45.2%. Disease flare up occurred in 9.5% of patients. Lupus anticoagulants, anticardiolipin ...
Friedman Alexander - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) is a multisystemic autoimmune connective tissue disorder that presents with a wide range of clinical manifestations including renal involvement. Routine prenatal care includes assessment of renal function. A 29-year-old nullipara presented at 17 weeks with fever, vomiting, and costovertebral angle tenderness 1 week after being treated ...
Martinez-Zamora Maria Angeles - - 2009
PROBLEM: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) pregnancies are associated with thrombotic obstetric complications, despite treatment. This study evaluated Thrombin Activatable Fibrinolysis Inhibitor (TAFI) levels, TAFI gene polymorphisms and Clot Lysis Time (CLT) in pregnant patients with APS in relation to pregnancy outcome and thrombosis. METHOD OF STUDY: Group 1 consisted of 67 ...
Ng C T - - 2009
We report a case of successful pregnancy after rituximab in a patient with a history of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) failures and positive anti-cardiolipin antibody (ACA). Following a course of rituximab, her ACA became negative and she successfully conceived with IVF treatment. This is the first case in literature describing ...
Hradecky Libor - - 2009
PROBLEM: The present work was undertaken to investigate the occurence of autoantibodies to eight various phospholipids in time of urgent termination of the pregnancy (sectio caesarea) in patients in reproductive age with severe preeclamptic symptoms. METHOD OF STUDY: Autoantibodies against annexin V, ph-serine, ph-ethanolamine, ph-inositol, ph-DL-glycerol, cardiolipin, beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2-GPI), ...
Puig Llu?s - - 2010
Published experiences of TNF-alpha inhibition during pregnancy consist of a limited number of case reports, series and ongoing registry data in patients with arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. A 28-year-old woman - with psoriasis vulgaris since she was 8 years of age and generalized pustular psoriasis during her first pregnancy ...
Hensley Jennifer G - - 2009
RhD alloimmunization remains a threat to 1% of the 10% of RhD-negative women in the United States who are giving birth to RhD-positive fetuses despite routine antenatal and postpartum administration of Rh(o)D immune globulin (RhIG). This report examines the clinical course of an RhD-negative woman who developed a high anti-D ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The clinical relevance of antibodies anti-protein C and anti-protein S in pregnancy remains controversial. We evaluate whether, in the absence of thrombophilic diseases, maternal plasma levels of antibodies (IgM and IgG) change during pregnancy and in preeclampsia (PE), with and without superimposed fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: A retrospective ...
Mevorach Dror - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the results of two recent prospective studies that may indicate how to monitor, diagnose, and treat fetuses with neonatal lupus manifesting with heart involvement and to summarize additional research reports regarding the pathophysiology and outcomes of this rare condition. RECENT FINDINGS: The PR Interval and ...
Abrahams Vikki M - - 2009
Women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are at high risk for recurrent spontaneous miscarriage and late pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia and preterm labor. Recent clinical and experimental observations suggest that the pathophysiology of pregnancy failure in patients with APS may involve inflammation at the maternal-fetal interface ...
Pellkofer H L - - 2009
In neuromyelitis optica (NMO), the monoclonal B-cell antibody rituximab is a therapeutic option. Little is known about the course of NMO and the safety of rituximab during pregnancy. In this study, we report the clinical course of a patient with NMO after application of rituximab 1 week before inadvertent conception. ...
Chou An-Kuo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in pregnancy is characterized by the presence of maternal autoantibodies in association with recurrent fetal loss and severe obstetric complications such as prematurity, intrauterine growth retardation, or placental insufficiency. This study aimed to assess the perinatal outcomes in neonates born to mothers with APS. METHODS: The ...
Ruiz-Irastorza Guillermo - - 2009
Pregnancy still constitutes a major challenge for women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Coordinated medical/obstetric care is essential to maximise the chance of success. Pregnancy should be planned in advance, following a pre-conceptional visit in which the specific risk for complications can be assessed. Previous complicated pregnancies, renal disease, irreversible damage, ...
Serrano Fatima - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may suffer from recurrent miscarriage, fetal death, fetal growth restriction (FGR), pre-eclampsia, placental abruption, premature delivery and thrombosis. Treatment with aspirin and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) combined with close maternal-fetal surveillance can change these outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal and perinatal outcome in ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2009
Objectives. The clinical relevance of antibodies anti-protein C and anti-protein S in pregnancy remains controversial. We evaluate whether, in the absence of thrombophilic diseases, maternal plasma levels of antibodies (IgM and IgG) change during pregnancy and in preeclampsia (PE), with and without superimposed fetal growth restriction (FGR). Methods. A retrospective ...
Girardi Guillermina - - 2009
Miscarriages in patients with antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies have been attributed to thrombosis of placental vessels. However, we have shown that inflammation plays a crucial role in fetal injury. We identified tissue factor (TF), the major cellular activator of the coagulation cascade, as a key mediator in inflammation and fetal injury ...
Ebersole Jeffrey L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies reported on the obstetric, periodontal, and microbiologic outcomes of women participating in the Obstetrics and Periodontal Therapy (OPT) Study. This article describes the systemic antibody responses to selected periodontal bacteria in the same patients. METHODS: Serum samples, obtained from pregnant women at baseline (13 to 16 ...
Spyropoulou Areti C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Antiphosholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by a combination of thrombotic events, pregnancy morbidity and antiphospholipid antibodies. The objective of this report is to sensitize mental health professionals to the psychiatric manifestations of APS during pregnancy. To our knowledge, this is the first report on this ...
Bortolati Maria - - 2009
Conventional treatment of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) pregnancies with aspirin and/or heparin is sometimes unable to counteract maternal and/or fetal complications. In this article we report the cases of two patients who were unresponsive to conventional treatment for APS during their first pregnancy, and who were treated in the following pregnancy ...
Borahay Mostafa A - - 2009
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare multisystem disease with a wide array of presentation and is a diagnostic challenge during pregnancy. A 20-year-old gravida 1 at 39 weeks' gestation was referred to our hospital for elevated blood pressure, headache, and history of seizure. She was admitted with the impression ...
de Man Y A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether changes in levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) are associated with the spontaneous improvement of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during pregnancy and with the subsequent flare post partum. METHODS: Disease activity scores from the Pregnancy-induced Amelioration of Rheumatoid Arthritis (PARA) study of 118 ...
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