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Founds Sandra A SA 1School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine circulating maternal follistatin-like 3 (FSTL-3) by gestational age and obesity in pregnancy and preeclampsia. FSTL-3 was quantified in maternal plasma collected in each trimester from prepregnancy body mass index-determined groups: 15 lean and 24 obese controls and 20 obese women who developed ...
Nooij Linda S - - 2014
Objective: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy remain a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Blood pressure control is essential for maternal and neonatal outcome. Therefore, we analyzed the potency and side effects of two treatment options (nicardipine compared to labetalol) in order to gain insight in improved treatment of severe ...
Mansour Ghada M GM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain shams university, Cairo, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To obtain three dimensional power Doppler (3DPD) indices of placenta in pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia compared to normal pregnancies and correlated to umbilical artery Doppler and albuminuria. Methods: A case-control study, was conducted at Ain Shams university maternity hospital. Evaluation of placental vascular indices, vascularization index (VI), flow ...
Eadie Mervyn J MJ University of Queensland, Honorary Consultant Neurologist, School of Medicine and Biomedical Science , 4th Floor, Ladhope Chambers, 131 Wickham Terrace, 4000 Brisbane , Australia +61 7 38311704 ; +61 7 33719886 ; M.Eadie@ - - 2014
Introduction: The management of epilepsy during pregnancy involves achieving the best compromise between the sometimes competing aims of maintaining the well-being of the prospective mother and that of her foetus. Recently available knowledge helps achieve this by providing a better understanding of the hazards that intrauterine exposure to antiepileptic drugs ...
Zainul Rashid M R MR Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
Abstract Background: Gestational hypertension (GH) remains one of the main causes of high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide with the highest incidence among primigravidae of about 10%-15%. However, it was noted that the incidence of GH in primigravidae who conceived following assisted reproductive technique (ART) or intrauterine insemination ...
Aye C Y L CY Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effect of syntocinon augmentation on the fetal cardiotocogram (CTG) using computerised analysis. We hypothesised that syntocinon will have no direct effects on the fetal heart rate if used correctly. A retrospective, nested case-control study. Intrapartum CTG records from the digital archive at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, ...
Warby Ann-Christin - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine whether certain rheumatic diseases will affect the fetal thymus diameter when compared to uncomplicated singleton pregnancies. Additionally, we created a reference chart for fetal thymus size in healthy singleton pregnancies from 19 to 37 weeks of gestation. Methods: Sonographic fetal thymus size was retrospectively evaluated in ...
Hönger Gideon G Transplantation Immunology and Nephrology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Non-HLA antibodies against the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1 R) and the C-terminal fragment of perlecan (i.e., LG3) are associated with the development of renal allograft rejection. It is currently unknown how humans develop anti-AT1 R or anti-LG3 antibodies. The aim of this study was to investigate whether pregnancy-as ...
Jaakkola Johanna J Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Turku, Finland; Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, - - 2014
As pregnancy may trigger overweight in women, new means for its prevention are being sought. The aim here was to investigate the effect of individual dietary counselling during and after pregnancy on post-partum weight and waist circumference up to 4 years post-partum. A cohort of women (n = 256) were randomized to ...
Gould Jacqueline F JF Women's and Children's Health Research Institute, Adelaide, Australia (JFG and MM); the Disciplines of Paediatrics (JFG and MM) and Public Health (LGS), the University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, Australia (MM); and the Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span Studies and Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS - - 2014
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) accumulates in the hippocampus and frontal lobes of the fetal brain during the last trimester of pregnancy. These areas of the brain contribute to attention and working memory and inhibitory control (WMIC). We evaluated the effect of maternal omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in pregnancy ...
Hashish N M NM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Assisted Reproduction Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, - - 2014
Follicular fluid of mature oocytes is rich in growth factors and cytokines that may exert paracrine and autocrine effects on implantation. The aim of this study was to investigate if flushing the endometrial cavity with follicular fluid after oocyte retrieval improved pregnancy rates in subfertile women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection ...
Votava-Smith Jodie K JK Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, New York, NY, - - 2014
We compared the proportion of conception with and without in vitro fertilization (IVF) in fetuses with and without congenital heart disease (CHD). This was a retrospective review of fetal echocardiograms at Columbia University from 2007 to 2010, to identify the mode of conception. Echocardiography was performed on 2828 fetuses, and ...
Blais Lucie L Faculty of Pharmacy, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To assess the associations of maternal asthma severity and control with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), gestational diabetes, and cesarean delivery. Methods: A cohort of 41,660 pregnancies from women with and without asthma who delivered between 1990 and 2002 was constructed by linking Québec's administrative databases. Maternal asthma was defined ...
Feuermann Yonatan Y Laboratory of Genetics and Physiology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Development of mammary alveolar epithelium during pregnancy is controlled by prolactin, through the transcription factors STAT5A/B that activate specific sets of target genes. Here we asked whether some of STAT5's functions are mediated by microRNAs. The miR-21 promoter sequence contains a bona-fide STAT5 binding site and miR-21 levels increased in ...
Sklavos Martha M MM Human Papillomavirus Immunology Laboratory, Leidos Biomedical Research, Incorporated, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Building 469, Room 111, 1050 Boyles Street, Frederick, MD 21702, - - 2014
Background. A delayed time to pregnancy was recently reported for women who had a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) to remove cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or 3. The objective of the current study was to determine if treatment of CIN with LEEP is associated with decreased levels of ...
Grieger Jessica A - - 2014
Asthma is the most prevalent chronic disease to complicate pregnancies worldwide, affecting around 12% of pregnant women in Australia. Oxidative stress and inflammation manifest during pregnancy; however asthma in pregnancies further intensifies oxidative stress. Consumption of antioxidant-rich foods has been shown to be beneficial for asthma control in non-pregnant asthmatic ...
Eszes Noémi N Department of Pulmonology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, - - 2014
Uncontrolled asthma is a risk factor for pregnancy-related complications. Hyaluronic acid (HA), a potential peripheral blood marker of tissue fibrosis in various diseases, promotes eosinophil survival and plays a role in asthmatic airway inflammation as well as in physiological processes necessary to maintain normal pregnancy; however the level of circulating ...
Deveer Rüya R Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in many metabolic and physiologic processes. Antioxidative mechanisms remove these harmful species. Our aim was to assess whether serum total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant status altered during first trimester pregnancies with vaginal bleeding. In this cross-sectional study, A group of pregnant women at ...
Sharief L T LT Institute of Women's Health, University College London, London, UK; Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Haemophilia centre and Thrombosis Unit, Royal Free Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2013
Pregnancy is associated with significant haemostatic changes, with a progressive rise in most clotting factors. There is limited data on the changes of factor XIII (FXIII) level during pregnancy. This study assesses changes in FXIII activity during normal pregnancy and establish FXIII reference range during each trimester of pregnancy and ...
Ebert Thomas T University of Leipzig, Department of Endocrinology and Nephrology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; Leipzig University Medical Center, IFB AdiposityDiseases, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Irisin has recently been introduced as a novel an exercise-inducible myokine which improves glucose metabolism in mice. However, regulation of circulating irisin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and in the peripartal period has not been assessed so far. Circulating irisin was quantified in 74 GDM patients and in 74 healthy, ...
Alfsen G Cecilie - - 2013
The lack of access to contraceptives and poor control over their own pregnancies represented a major problem for women 100 years ago. An unwanted pregnancy could lead to social exclusion and loss of paid work, and clandestine births and infanticide thus posed a social problem. A review of the archives ...
Thorson J F JF Animal Reproduction Laboratory, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Beeville, Texas, USA; Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, - - 2013
Onset of the winter anovulatory period in mares is associated with a marked diminution in adenohypophyseal synthesis and release of LH. Native GnRH, unlike its synthetic agonists, stimulates the synthesis and secretion of LH in mares without pituitary refractoriness. Herein we tested the hypotheses that (1) the average Julian day ...
Azar M - - 2013
Type 1 diabetes is increasingly common, thus affecting more women of childbearing potential. Inadequate glycemic control complicates pregnancy and can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Fetal consequences include congenital malformations, recurrent miscarriages, growth anomalies and stillbirth. Maternal consequences include worsening of diabetes vascular complications, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and increased likelihood ...
Beasley Anitra - - 2013
Although most women desire to control the size and spacing of their family, the rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States remains high, with approximately half of all pregnancies being unintended. Reducing unintended pregnancy is a national public health goal, and the increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) ...
Sankar K Devi KD Department of Anatomy, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Placental morphology and cellular arrangement are altered in maternal diseases such as preeclampsia (PE) in which oxygen delivery from the mother to the fetus is greatly disturbed, ultimately resulting in cellular oxidative stress. The present study was conducted at the Department of Anatomy and included 112 placentas (56 each from ...
Razi Mohammad Hossein MH Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2013
Background: Routine use of assisted hatching (AH) following ICSI is a controversial issue in the literature. There are rare studies regarding the effect of laser assisted hatching (LAH) on live birth rate. Objective: Our main goal was to evaluate the effect of LAH on delivery rate as well as congenital ...
Tavana Zohreh Z Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2013
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy multisystem disorder of unknown etiology. It is a significant cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Due to the significant role of magnesium in physiological regulation of blood pressure, this study was conducted to measure the level of magnesium in pre-eclampsia and control groups since ...
Spencer Kevin - - 2013
Two recent studies have suggested that maternal serum AFP levels are increased in the first trimester of pregnancies in which the fetus has an open spina bifida. This is contrary to previously published studies. This study assesses further whether maternal serum AFP is elevated in the first trimester in cases ...
Dossenbach-Glaninger Astrid - - 2013
We have already described a significantly elevated overall risk for recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) in women carrying the coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) Val34Leu and/or the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G polymorphism assuming that these polymorphisms contribute synergistically to RPL because of impaired hypofibrinolysis. Recent studies on FXIII indicate that the ...
Parry Aaron R AR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology West Virginia University-Charleston Division, Charleston Area Medical Center, 25302, - - 2013
Serum anti-endometrial antibodies (AEA) have been studied as a marker for endometriosis and implantation failure. We sought to determine if the presence of AEA in the serum of pregnant patients is associated with first trimester pregnancy loss including complete abortion. This is a prospective pilot case control study of 30 ...
Charlton Francesca - - 2013
It has been widely thought that the effects of hypertension in pregnancy reversed after delivery and hypertension values returned to their pre-pregnancy level as it was seen as a disease of short duration in otherwise healthy young women. However, recent studies have demonstrated that the principal underlying abnormality, endothelial dysfunction, ...
Thomas Viju V - - 2013
Approximately 1% of all couples trying to conceive will suffer from recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Nutritional deficiencies have been postulated as a possible cause of RPL and in particular, selenium deficiency has been associated with reproductive failure in animal studies and more recently, in some human studies. This study was ...
Hashemipour Sima - - 2013
To determine whether treatment of low serum vitamin D in pregnant women improves fetal growth indices. In this open-label randomized clinical trial, 130 Iranian pregnant women (24-26 weeks of gestation) with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency [25(OH)D <30ng/ml] were divided at random into an intervention group and a control group. ...
Di Carlo Costantino - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of a personal dietary intervention on gestational weight gain control with a general intervention promoting healthy eating. Prospective, controlled study including 154 low-risk pregnant women randomly allocated to two groups: 77 receiving a personalized diet plan and a close follow-up by a dietician (intervention group), 77 ...
Sen Emine - - 2013
<p><bold>Purpose:</bold> To evaluate the variation in biomechanical properties and central corneal thickness (CCT) for each trimester during pregnancy and to compare the values with those in nonpregnant women.</p><p><bold>Methods:</bold> We prospectively studied the eyes of 32 pregnant and 34 age-matched non-pregnant women. The parameters included corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor ...
Liu Mei-Chun - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a professional support (PS) intervention (including individualized health education and supportive phone calls) in reducing the severity of nausea and vomiting (NV) and improving the quality of life (QOL) of women in early pregnancy. An experimental pretest/posttest design with ...
Calvert S J - - 2013
Syncytial nuclear aggregates (SNAs) are increased in pregnancy complications and include 'true' syncytial knots and inter-villous bridges. Apparent nuclear overlay caused by sectioning artefacts are frequently counted from single sections. Haematoxylin and eosin stained serial sections were assessed for frequency of SNA subtypes in placentas from normal, preeclamptic and fetal ...
Celik Ebru - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether serum folic receptor α levels are changed in women whose previous pregnancies were complicated with neural tube defects (NTDs). Methods: This was a case-control study that included 41 women as the control group who had previously had at least one healthy pregnancy and 37 women ...
Olson-Chen Courtney - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Shortened cervical length is an important predictor of preterm birth, though the etiology of cervical length variation has not been fully elucidated. Our objective was to evaluate the potential association between peripheral C-reactive protein (CRP), a first trimester peripheral marker of inflammation, and second trimester decreased cervical length. ...
Pósfai Eva - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Hydroxyethylrutosidea (HER), a flavonoid derivate drug, used frequently in pregnant women for the treatment of vascular diseases. The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the teratogenic potential of oral HER treatment in the population-based Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities. Methods: Comparative analysis of exposure ...
Yu Jun - - 2013
In order to assess the number and function of macrophages in the placenta of pregnancy complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) as well as those of normal pregnancies, placenta samples were collected from 15 GDM patients (GDM group) and 10 normal pregnant women (control group). The expression levels of macrophage ...
Malek-Mellouli Monia - - 2013
Background:Micronutrients or trace elements are minerals essential for growth and development of the body human. aims: To analyze changes in normal pregnancy and during preeclampsia, serum iron and its main proteins: ferritin and soluble transferrin receptors . methods : This is a prospective study of case- control study of 56 ...
Nahar L - - 2013
A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in Gynae and Obstetrics & Pathology department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) to see the placental changes in normal pregnant & pregnancy induced hypertensive (PIH) mother. Total 80 placentas were collected, 40 from normal pregnant mothers having no hypertension and 40 ...
Selvaraj Priya P Department of Research, Fertility Research Centre, GG Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
The aim of the following study is to compare pregnancy rates between the use of non-temperature and temperature controlled centrifugation on semen preparation technique in intrauterine insemination. The retrospective study was conducted on 671 patients of idiopathic infertility who underwent homologous artificial insemination at Fertility Research Center from the period ...
Mori Toshitaka - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distinct pathogenic mechanisms underlying chronic hypertension in pregnancy and preeclampsia in terms of oxidative stress and vascular reactivity. A total of 17 women with uncomplicated pregnancies, 30 women with preeclampsia and 17 women with chronic hypertension were evaluated. We measured serum ...
De Carolis Sara - - 2013
Firstly, to investigate the pregnancy outcome of women with Primary Sjogren's Syndrome (pSS) in a case-control study; secondly, to perform a review of the literature in order to clarify if the pregnancy outcome is affected by pSS and influenced by the disease clinical onset. Method of Study Thirty-four pregnancies with ...
Lee Vivian Chi-Yan - - 2013
What is the effect of letrozole on the expression of steroid receptors in the placentae in cases of termination of pregnancies? The expression of estrogen receptor-α (ERα) and progesterone receptor (PR) transcripts, as well as ERα protein, in placentae was suppressed by letrozole pretreatment in second trimester termination of pregnancy. ...
Dillon Katherine E - - 2013
Future fertility is an important concern for many cancer survivors. Cancer therapies have been shown to adversely impact reproductive function. However, it is difficult to predict the extent to which reproductive dysfunction will occur. The purpose of this study was to compare measures of ovarian reserve (MOR) and pregnancy rates ...
Engels Theresa - - 2013
Objectives: The utility of angiogenic and antiangiogenic biomarkers as diagnostic tools in preeclampsia (PE) has been shown in previous studies. Our study's aim was to evaluate the use of automated measurement of sFlt1, PlGF and their ratio (sFlt1/PlGF) in differential diagnosis of hypertensive pregnancy disorders. Patients/Methods: Sixty-four patients with PE/HELLP, ...
Csáky-Szunyogh Melinda - - 2013
Congenital heart defect (CHD) cases have been evaluated together as a group in some previous epidemiological studies. However, different CHD entities have different etiologies, and the underlying causes are unclear in the vast majority of patients. Thus the aim of this study was to analyze the possible association of different ...
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