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Results 401 - 450 of 2089
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Wei Sun - - 2011
Constriction of the fetal ductus arteriosus in utero can be caused by pharmacological agents or can occur spontaneously. The spontaneous constriction and closure of the ductus arteriosus have been reported sporadically in the previous literature, either completely obliterated or constricted ductus arteriosus causing narrowing. This cardiac defect was characterized by ...
Kehl Sven - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of fetal abdominal circumference (AC) measurement as predictor of perinatal complications in term newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 324 consecutive term pregnancies within a 6-month period between February and August 2009. Inclusion criteria were a singleton pregnancy with at least 37 weeks of ...
Roseboom T J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Placental growth responds to maternal influences including diet. We have examined placental size, shape and efficiency among babies born around the time of the 5-month wartime famine in Holland 1944-1945. METHODS: We examined the birth records of 2414 term singleton babies born in Amsterdam during 1943-1947. The records included ...
Estarlich Marisa - - 2011
A growing body of research suggests that prenatal exposure to air pollution may be harmful to fetal development. We assessed the association between exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in four areas within the Spanish Children's Health and Environment (INMA) mother and child cohort study. ...
Lassala Arantzatzu - - 2011
The frequency of multiple fetuses has increased in human pregnancies due to assisted reproductive technologies. This translates into a greater proportion of premature and low-birth weight infants in the United States and worldwide. In addition, improvements in sheep breeding have resulted in new breeds with increased litter size but reduced ...
Albouy-Llaty M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: In small-for-gestational-age neonates, parental and fetal characteristics can be used to distinguish between constitutionally small size and growth restriction, which is associated with higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Relationships between parental and fetal characteristics and fetal ultrasound measurements have been little investigated. The aim of this study was ...
Stanek J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is used to secure fetal airway, cannulate for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or resect a tumor during partial delivery in a modified cesarean section. This is a retrospective study of placental pathology from EXIT procedures. METHODS: Placental reports and glass slides from 36 ...
Gaillard Romy - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of maternal prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with SBP and DBP in different trimesters of pregnancy and the risks of pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia in a population-based prospective cohort study among 6902 mothers. METHODS: Information about maternal weight just before pregnancy was obtained by ...
Mastricci Anna Lucia - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study is to identify potential biomarkers for fetal trisomy 21 from previous publications using proteomic techniques and examine the potential value of such biomarkers in early screening for this aneuploidy. Methods: This was a case-control study of 25 pregnancies with fetal trisomy 21 and 50 ...
Williams Paula J - - 2011
Hypertension is the most frequent medical complication occurring during pregnancy. In this chapter, we aim to address the genetic contribution to these disorders, with specific focus on pre-eclampsia. The pathogenic mechanisms underlying pre-eclampsia remain to be elucidated; however, immune maladaptation, inadequate placental development and trophoblast invasion, placental ischaemia, oxidative stress ...
Abarientos Crispin - - 2011
The antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is widely used to treat various rheumatic diseases. Many autoimmune diseases occur in women of child-bearing age who may become pregnant while on therapy, which raises concerns regarding the teratogenicity of HCQ and its effect on the outcome of the pregnancy. There is a lack ...
Lutter William J WJ Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2011
Several recent studies have demonstrated the usefulness of fetal magnetocardiogram (fMCG) actography, a relatively new method of detecting fetal movement that can be performed in conjunction with fMCG assessment of fetal heart rate and rhythm. In this study, we formulate indices of fetal activity that incorporate information from all channels ...
Baldo Guilherme - - 2011
We analyzed placental tissue in one fetus with MPS II (iduronate sulphatase deficiency) and another with MPS VI (arylsulfatase B deficiency). Both were diagnosed prenatally, but families decided to continue pregnancies and placentas were collected at birth. We were able to demonstrate early storage of GAGs in both diseases by ...
Nyberg M K - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Based on the hypothesis that fetal breathing movements (FBM) enhance sections of the circulation to meet the needs of gas transport, we studied the effects on the fetal inferior vena cava (IVC), which transports blood with the lowest oxygen saturation in the fetal body. METHODS: One-hundred and ten women ...
Hellebust Henriette - - 2011
Objective. To study the association between maternal weight gain in pregnancy and fetal abdominal circumference in the second trimester. Design. Prospective cross-sectional study. Setting. Low-risk antenatal clinic. Population. Six hundred and fifty women with low-risk pregnancy. Methods. Women with a regular menstrual period (28 ± 4days) and certain information on the last ...
Fajardo-Expósito M A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of first trimester fetal head and trunk volume (FHTV) in predicting growth disturbance in twin pregnancy. METHODS: We studied 46 twin pairs from 11 and 14 weeks to delivery. There were 35 dichorionic (76%) and 11 monochorionic (24%) pregnancies. FHTV was assessed by VOCALTM. An ...
Adama van Scheltema P N - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To document fetal stress hormone and Doppler changes after intrauterine transfusions (IUTs) in either the intrahepatic portion of the umbilical vein (IHV) or the placental cord insertion (PCI). METHOD: Pregnant women scheduled for IUT for fetal anemia (N = 25) were included prospectively. Cortisol, β-endorphin and noradrenalin concentrations in ...
Nitsos Ilias - - 2011
Objective: To determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on fetal responses to umbilical cord occlusion (UCO). Study Design: In pregnant sheep, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline (SAL) was infused intra-amniotically for 4 weeks from 80 days of gestation (d). At 110 d, fetuses were instrumented for UCOs (5 × 2-minutes, 30-minute ...
Iwami Nanako - - 2011
A diagnosis of cervical cancer during pregnancy poses difficult management and ethical problems. Survival of the patient is the foremost concern, but fetal viability and well-being must also be addressed. Radical trachelectomy (RT) has recently begun to be performed as a possible treatment modality for early stage invasive uterine cervical ...
Park Hyun Soo - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: To examine if the fetal main pulmonary artery diastolic forward flows (MPADFs) are detected consistently, if the waves from fetal MPADFs coincide with those from atrial contractions, and the reproducibility of the cardiac cycle measurements using this technique. Methods: Two examiners performed a fetal pulsed Doppler echocardiography of ...
Fukushima Kotaro - - 2011
BackgroundAbnormal activation and/or dysfunction of the maternal vascular endothelium have been implicated as a cause of the placental ischemia and oxidative damage associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH).MethodsTo clarify the relationship between systemic oxidative stress and placental damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), we immunostained placentas from 27 PIH pregnancies ...
Papoutsis Dimitrios - - 2011
We present an extremely rare case of partial molar pregnancy with a chromosomically and phenotypically normal embryo and review of the literature. A 31-year-old nulliparous was referred to us at 30 weeks of gestation due to absence of fetal movements and subsequent ultrasound examination revealed intrauterine demise. Prenatal amniocentesis due ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2011
Fetal interventions have been proposed for treatment of severe lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO), as this condition is associated with high rates of perinatal mortality and postnatal renal impairment. The rationale for in utero treatment for those cases is based on the possibility of relieving the obstruction, improving the amniotic ...
McCormack David - - 2011
Background. In addition to physical health risks, it has been postulated that hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - severe and persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy - can adversely affect maternal mental health and maternal-fetal attachment. Methods. A prospective case-control design was used to compare psychological distress, social functioning and maternal-fetal attachment in 32 ...
Abou-Nassar Karim - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The association between antiphospholipid antibodies (APLA) and placenta mediated pregnancy complications (pre-eclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), late fetal loss and placental abruption) remains controversial. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of published case-control, cohort and cross sectional studies (MEDLINE (1975 to 2009), EMBASE 16 (1980 to 2009) and all ...
Van Lieshout R J - - 2011
Maternal obesity in pregnancy is associated with a number of adverse outcomes for mother and her offspring both perinatally and later in life. This includes recent evidence that suggests that obesity in pregnancy may be associated with central nervous system problems in the foetus and newborn. Here, we systematically review ...
Cammack Alison L - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine associations between chronic preconception psychosocial and socioeconomic stress with bacterial vaginosis (BV) during pregnancy. Using univariate and multivariate logistic regression, childhood abuse and neglect, chronic discrimination, childhood socioeconomic status, potential confounders, and BV were assessed at 14-16 and 19-22 weeks' gestation in ...
Yoneda Satoshi - - 2011
Aim:  To examine whether delivery time for preterm labor can be predicted by clinical and biochemical markers at admission. Methods:  It has previously been reported that interleukin (IL)-8 and glucose in the amniotic fluid, fetal fibronectin (fFN) in vaginal secretions and the preterm labor index (PLI) are independent risk factors ...
Calvo-Garcia Maria A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Prenatal US detection of cloacal malformations is challenging and rarely confirms this diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To define the prenatal MRI findings in cloacal malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with cloacal malformations who had pre- and post-natal assessment at our institution. Fetal MRI was obtained ...
Pongsatha Saipin - - 2011
Objective:  To compare the efficacy and adverse effects of 400 µg intravaginal misoprostol for second-trimester pregnancy termination in live fetuses between two groups: one in which misoprostol was moistened with normal saline solution (NSS) and the other in which misoprostol was moistened with acetic acid. Materials and Methods:  A total of ...
Dawson Paul A - - 2011
Sulfate (SO(4)(2-)) is an important nutrient for human growth and development, and is obtained from the diet and the intra-cellular metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids, including methionine and cysteine. During pregnancy, fetal tissues have a limited capacity to produce sulfate, and rely on sulfate obtained from the maternal circulation. Sulfate ...
Rathore Asmita M - - 2011
Aims:  To evaluate fetal scalp stimulation test (FSST) as an adjunct to intermittent auscultation in diagnosis of intrapartum fetal acidosis and associate result of FSST with cord blood pH and immediate neonatal outcome. Material & Methods:  This study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in India. Digital FSST was performed ...
Geipel Annegret - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current literature on first-trimester screening with respect to specific issues for assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) singleton and twin pregnancies. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of different first-trimester sonographic and biochemical markers have been validated in first-trimester screening for trisomy 21. Among sonographic markers, measurement of ...
Shields Beverley M - - 2011
Thyroid function is known to play an important role in fetal neurological development, but its role in regulating fetal growth is not well established. Overt maternal and fetal thyroid disorders are associated with reduced birth weight. We hypothesized that, even in the absence of overt thyroid dysfunction, maternal and fetal ...
Bliddal Sofie - - 2011
Maternal overtreatment with antithyroid drugs can induce fetal goitrous hypothyroidism. This condition can have a critical effect on pregnancy outcome, as well as on fetal growth and neurological development. The purpose of this Review is to clarify if and how fetal goitrous hypothyroidism can be prevented, and how to react ...
Patel Jatin - - 2011
Thyroid hormones (THs) play an essential role in ensuring normal fetal development, particularly that of the central nervous system. Before 16weeks gestation, the fetus relies solely on transplacental delivery of maternal T(4), and clinical studies suggest that even mild maternal thyroid hormone deficiency adversely affects the intellectual function of offspring. ...
Cruz-Martinez R - - 2011
To evaluate the incidence and clinical outcome of inadvertent septostomy after fetoscopic laser therapy for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and, particularly, to explore its association with the risk of developing pseudoamniotic band syndrome (PABS). In a cohort of 414 consecutive monochorionic twin pregnancies with confirmed TTTS treated with laser, the ...
Beneventi Fausta - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare routine first trimester biochemical and ultrasound markers in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes with those of a control group. METHODS: First trimester data including the screening test for Down syndrome were retrieved from a computer data base. Clinical data were recorded at delivery. A multivariate quantile regression ...
Thompson Mark - - 2011
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is conducting an observational study of 300-500 women infected with influenza during pregnancy. Women are being recruited from members of the Kaiser Permanente health plan in 2 metropolitan areas before and during the 2010 through 2011 influenza season either following routine prenatal ...
Smee Nancy - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study examined predictors of repeat pregnancy among women from the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) program in Zimbabwe. METHODS: The study was conducted at urban antenatal clinics in Chitungwiza, a high HIV prevalence urban town on the outskirts of Harare, Zimbabwe. Using a cross-sectional design, 79 ...
Fisher Stephanie L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of bilateral ruptured heterotopic pregnancies presenting as persistent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in a quadruplet pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital and clinic. PATIENT(S): An infertile patient who conceived using gonadotropin therapy. INTERVENTION(S): Culdocentesis with resultant aspiration of sanguinous fluid prompted laparoscopic exploration and bilateral ...
Kuwata Tomoyuki - - 2011
We highlight the merit of fetal movement count to identify a fetus with neuromuscular disorder: nemaline myopathy. A 38-year-old 1-para woman not in a consanguineous marriage had decreased fetal movement. This, together with increased amniotic fluid volume, led us to perform detailed ultrasound examinations, which revealed stretch contracture of the ...
Romero Stephanie T - - 2011
Cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR), a primary cesarean without medical indication for a singleton, term pregnancy, has been identified by physicians as one factor in the increasing rate of cesarean delivery despite nationwide efforts to the contrary. The purpose of this project was to better understand women's preferences and ...
Kisat Mehreen - - 2011
A 35-year-old female with twin gestation diagnosed with severe mitral stenosis and pulmonary hypertension was successfully treated with open heart surgery for mitral valve replacement (MVR). She gave birth to twins with good Apgar scores at 33 weeks of gestation by cesarean section. Cardiac surgery in singleton pregnancy has been reported ...
Perry Deborah F - - 2011
Although maternal attachment is an important predictor of infant attachment security and other developmental outcomes, little is known about the formation of maternal attachment in the first few months of the infant's life, particularly among ethnic minority mothers. The current study examined the predictors of postpartum maternal attachment in a ...
Beta Jarek - - 2011
Objective: To examine the potential value of maternal serum level of α-fetoprotein (AFP) in the first trimester of pregnancy in the prediction of spontaneous early preterm delivery. Methods: Maternal serum concentration of AFP at 11-13 weeks' gestation was measured in a case-control study of singleton pregnancies delivering phenotypically normal neonates, ...
Dias Tiran - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Correct labelling of twins is needed for consistency in applying and interpreting longitudinal scan and prenatal screening/diagnostic results. The aim of this study is to describe a standard method of twin labelling in the first trimester of pregnancy and to assess the robustness of such a technique in predicting ...
Ideguchi Haruko - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is mainly a disease of fertile women and the coexistence of pregnancy is by no means a rare event. How SLE and its treatment affect pregnancy outcomes is still a matter of debate. We performed a retrospective analysis of 41 SLE patients (55 pregnancies) who were ...
Weissmann-Brenner Alina A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, Israel. - - 2011
To evaluate the correlation between sonographic measurements of nuchal translucency (NT) and neonatal birth weight in non-diabetic population. A retrospective analysis was performed on all singleton term pregnancies delivered at our hospital between 2004 and 2008. Data collected included maternal age, parity, NT measurement, results of glucose challenge test, birth ...
Ren Yunyun - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess fetal cardiac structure and function in normal pregnancy and in the presence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) using echocardiography measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied fetal cardiac structure and function in 169 uncomplicated singleton pregnancies and in 92 complicated by GDM. Maternal glycemic control was deemed adequate ...
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