Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2090
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Galvão K N - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphism at position +735 in the interleukin-8 receptor-α (CXCR1) gene (CXCR1c.735) and disease incidence, milk production, reproductive performance, and survival in Holstein cows. Three-hundred fifty Holstein cows were enrolled. No association was found between CXCR1c.735 genotype and retained fetal ...
Creanga Andreea A - - 2011
: To estimate trends in ectopic pregnancy mortality and examine characteristics of recently hospitalized women who died as a result of ectopic pregnancy in the United States. : We used 1980-2007 national birth and death certificate data to calculate ectopic pregnancy mortality ratios (deaths per 100,000 live births) overall and ...
Cetinkaya Murat - - 2011
Objective:  There are a few studies that describe the oral findings in newborn children in various populations but none conducted for a Turkish population. Hence, this study determined the prevalence of intraoral findings in a group of newborns and examined the correlation among these findings with the mother's systemic and ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe neurodevelopmental outcome at the age of 4.5 years in 216 children, born after expectant management of severe early-onset hypertensive complications of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective follow-up study until age 4.5 years from maternal admission onward. Developmental outcome measurements ...
Mason Mary V - - 2011
Examine the effect of a prenatal program on birth outcomes, specifically birth weight, in a managed Medicaid pregnant population, and identify the potential barriers to obtaining the risk screening information required for successful interventions. Retrospective propensity-adjusted cohort comparison. Retrospective propensity-adjusted comparison of pregnant women in a managed Medicaid plan enrolled ...
Franco Christopher - - 2011
: To estimate the relative importance of positive maternal thrombophilia testing compared with additional pathological evidence of abnormal placentation with placental infarction. : We performed a retrospective cohort study over a 10-year period in 180 singleton high-risk pregnancies (delivery at 22-34 6/7 weeks of gestation) that had histologic evidence of ...
von Dadelszen P - - 2011
Sildenafil citrate therapy for severe early-onset intrauterine growth restriction. BJOG 2011;118:624-628. Currently, there is no effective therapy for severe early-onset intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Sildenafil citrate vasodilates the myometrial arteries isolated from women with IUGR-complicated pregnancies. Women were offered Sildenafil (25 mg three times daily until delivery) if their pregnancy ...
Bockenstedt Paula L - - 2011
Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is most frequently a benign process that does not require intervention. However, 35% of cases of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy are related to disease processes that may have serious bleeding consequences at delivery or for which thrombocytopenia may be an indicator of a more severe systemic disorder requiring ...
Sant'ana Adriana Campos Passanezi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical treatment of periodontal disease during the second trimester of gestation on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Pregnant patients during the 1st and 2nd trimesters at antenatal care in a Public Health Center were divided into 2 groups: NIG - "no ...
Naru Tahira - - 2011
hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rare condition during pregnancy; however, it can carry significant risks to both mother and foetus during and after the pregnancy. The definitive treatment is parathyroidectomy undertaken preferably in the second or early third trimester. A case of asymptomatic PHPT diagnosed and treated by parathyroidectomy in the third ...
Sullivan Shannon D - - 2011
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), including pre-existing hypertension, gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia, further complicate already high-risk pregnancies in women with diabetes mellitus (DM). Women with both pre-existing and gestational diabetes are at increased risk for HDP, leading to higher maternal and fetal morbidity. Further, particularly in diabetic women and women ...
Chang Yao-Lung - - 2011
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship among umbilical venous volume flow, birthweight and placental share in monochorionic twins with or without selective growth restriction. Having excluded cases complicated with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and one co-twin suffering intrauterine fetal death, a total of 51 monochorionic twin pregnancies were divided ...
Palmara Vittorio - - 2011
This report presents the uncommon case of a 154-day delayed delivery in a spontaneous twin pregnancy associated with uterine atony. After abortion of the first fetus at 16 weeks, a healthy male was born at 38 weeks. Postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony, which was successfully treated with prostaglandins, occurred.
Fogerty Annemarie E - - 2011
This review summarizes the currently available data concerning risk, diagnosis, and management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnant women. While the actual incidence of VTE in pregnancy remains low, the hypercoagulable state and increased risk requires clinicians to be aware of the specific aspects of presentation, diagnosis, and treatment in ...
Bryant Amy G - - 2011
: To compare the safety and effectiveness of dilation and evacuation (D&E) and labor-induction abortion performed for fetal anomalies or fetal death in the second trimester. : We performed a retrospective cohort study of second-trimester abortions performed for fetal indications. We compared the frequency of complications and effectiveness of abortions ...
Battinelli E M - - 2011
Thrombophilic conditions are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) during pregnancy. Thrombophilic disorders are either acquired, as in antiphospholipid syndrome, or inherited, as in factor V Leiden. Both are associated with VTE but acquired disorders can also increase the risk of arterial events. However, there is ...
Gelson Emily - - 2011
: To estimate the effect of maternal heart disease on fetal growth and neonatal outcomes. : A retrospective cohort study of all women with congenital and acquired heart disease admitted at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital between 1994 and 2010 was performed. The women who delivered immediately before and immediately after ...
Kovo Michal - - 2011
Abstract Aim: The association between infection and inflammatory response in preterm labor (PTL) is well established. Our aim was to elucidate the roles of utero-placental perfusion and fetal component, in PTL. Methods: Histopathologic findings in placentas from pregnancies complicated by preterm birth with or without premature rupture of membranes (ROM) ...
Kamal Mostafa - - 2011
This paper examines the prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of unintended pregnancy among rural women in Bangladesh. The study used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were performed using the data set. Overall, 30.0% of the most recent births were unplanned. Both ...
Stockinger Diane E - - 2011
Dystocia (difficult labor) is an important component of the management of nonhuman primates and results in significant fetal and maternal morbidity and increased use of veterinary resources. Dystocias can arise from abnormalities of the maternal pelvis or fetus or uncoordinated uterine activity. Although risk factors for stillbirths have been established ...
Matsuda H - - 2011
We report a case of severe fetal anemia associated with maternal anti-M antibody that was treated by direct injection of pooled human immunoglobulin into the fetal abdominal cavity. Four treatments at a dosage of 2 g per-kg estimated fetal body weight were performed, and no side effects were observed. A ...
Kröger Cornelia - - 2011
The mammalian placenta represents the interface between maternal and embryonic tissues and provides nutrients and gas exchange during embryo growth. Recently, keratin intermediate filament proteins were found to regulate embryo growth upstream of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway through glucose transporter relocalization and to contribute to yolk sac vasculogenesis ...
Sezer Selda Demircan SD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey. - - 2011
This study was conducted for the purpose of assessing, in the light of results of other research carried out in the present researchers' clinic and in Turkey, the status of twin pregnancies in Turkey, the incidence of twin births, perinatal and mortality rates associated with twin pregnancies, and the problems ...
Friedman Ruth Khalili RK Laboratório de Pesquisa em DST/Aids, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil 4, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. ruthkf@fi - - 2011
To assess incidence and predictors of first pregnancy among women with HIV/AIDS. Prospective cohort study was conducted in Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil, between 1996 and 2003. This study comprised 225 women with HIV/AIDS followed up until their first pregnancy or first censored event (hysterectomy, tubal ligation, menopause, 50 years ...
Adams Scott V SV Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. - - 2011
Hypospadias and cryptorchidism, two relatively common male genital anomalies, may be caused by altered maternal hormone levels, blood glucose levels, or nutritional deficiencies. Maternal obesity, which increases risk of diabetes and could influence hormone levels, may, therefore, be associated with risk of hypospadias and cryptorchidism. The purpose of this study ...
Karakash Scarlett D SD Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Women's Health, Diabetes Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, - - 2011
Little consensus exists on the definition of gestational diabetes (GDM), how the condition should be diagnosed, and if interventions for mild maternal hyperglycemia are of any benefit to the mother or fetus. Today, after several large multicenter clinical trials, we are closer than ever to a national and international consensus. ...
Scott N M - - 2011
The mechanisms that contribute to adverse outcomes for the neonate in pregnancies complicated by asthma may be mediated via changes in placental immune function. This study was designed to determine whether the presence of maternal asthma during pregnancy alters the placental pro-inflammatory immune response in vitro. A prospective cohort study ...
Wang Bo - - 2011
Rudimentary uterine horn is an uncommon abnormality of the female reproductive tract. Torsion of rudimentary uterine horn in pregnancy is even rarer. A case of successful excision of distorted rudimentary uterine horn in the second trimester, which caused severe abdominal pain, is described. A congenital absence of the right kidney ...
Hadar Eran - - 2011
Objective. Stillbirth accounts for approximately 50% of all perinatal deaths. We aimed to characterize the relationship between fetal gender and stillbirths. Methods. A retrospective cohort study of all stillbirths cases in a tertiary medical center, between 1995 and 2007. Patient's medical charts were reviewed for demographic information, medical data, and assumed etiology ...
Kahl Philip - - 2011
PURPOSE: In order to further define the challenges, minimally invasive fetal surgery will have to overcome human fetuses with gastroschisis. The purpose of this study was to compare macroscopic and histopathologic characteristics of experimental laparoschisis in sheep fetuses with actual cases of gastroschisis from a postmortem series of human fetuses. ...
Bolat Filiz - - 2011
Virilization caused by ovarian tumors with functioning stroma during pregnancy is extremely rare and has been reported to be due to different types of ovarian tumors. In mucinous cystadenomas with maternal virilization during pregnancy, the stromal cells responsible for hormone secretion resemble lutein or Leydig cells and have been referred ...
Liou Jui-Der - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence, prenatal diagnostic rate, and postnatal outcomes of fetal orofacial cleft at a tertiary referral center in Taiwan. METHODS: The demographic data, maternal and fetal characteristics, and postnatal outcomes for fetuses with cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P) born between January 1998 and December 2008 at ...
Kwon Ji Young - - 2011
Angular pregnancy is the rare condition in which the gestational sac is implanted in the lateral angle of the uterine cavity. There have been several reports on angular pregnancies; however, due to a lack of clinical understanding, angular pregnancy does not appear to be recognized as a clinical entity and ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector H Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Women & Infants Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe the neonatal characteristics and outcomes of infants who were born during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. A prospective cohort of pregnant women with influenza-like illness (ILI) was enrolled between the months of June 2009 and March 2010. Neonatal characteristics, complications, and outcomes ...
Matito A - - 2011
Background: The impact of pregnancy on mast cell (MC)-related symptoms and newborn outcome in women with mastocytosis is not well described. We report a series of 30 women who had 45 pregnancies. Methods: Patients completed a specific questionnaire concerning MC mediator release symptoms graded according to their frequency to detect ...
Payne Janet M - - 2011
Aim:  The study aims to provide paediatricians in Western Australia (WA) with educational resources (http://www.ichr.uwa.edu.au/alcoholandpregnancy) about the prevention of prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, and assess changes in their knowledge, attitudes and practice about fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and alcohol consumption in pregnancy. Methods:  Following our 2004 ...
Jaeggi Edgar T - - 2011
We prospectively examined the prevalence and outcome of untreated fetal atrioventricular (AV) prolongation in the presence of maternal anti-Ro antibodies. It has been suggested that antibody-mediated congenital complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) may be preventable if detected and treated early when low-grade block is present. With this rationale in mind, dexamethasone ...
Vijgen Sylvia Mc - - 2011
Objective. To assess the cost-effectiveness of addition of ST-analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) (STAN(®) ) to cardiotocography (CTG) for fetal surveillance during labor compared to CTG only. Design. Cost-effectiveness analysis based on a randomized clinical trial on ST- analysis of the fetal ECG. Setting. Obstetric departments of three academic ...
Su Yi-Ming - - 2011
PURPOSE.: To describe the sonographic (US) appearance of fetal anal canal and rectum and establish nomograms of their normal measurements. METHODS.: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of 524 healthy women (mean age, 27 years; range, 21-37 years) with normal singleton pregnancy between 18 and 40 weeks of gestational age ...
Sepulveda Waldo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the sonographic findings, prenatal courses, and management options in four cases of monoamniotic twin pregnancy complicated by a discordant, lethal open cranial vault defect. METHODS: Cases were collected from two Latin American fetal medicine referral centers after the sonographic detection of a monoamniotic twin pregnancy in which ...
Maymon Ron - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the Down syndrome detection rate for nuchal translucency (NT) screening in twins when fetus-specific risk allows for between-fetus NT correlation. METHODS: The between-fetus correlation coefficient of log NT, in multiples of the median (MoM), was estimated from a series of 977 unaffected twins scanned at a single ...
Kovo M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between different placental lesions and non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) pattern and fetal acidosis in labor. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas from 213 women who underwent cesarean section because of NRFHR with or without fetal acidosis (pH < 7.2) were classified by histopathologic findings: consistent with maternal circulation abnormalities ...
McMahon C A - - 2011
BACKGROUND It is increasingly common for women in high-income countries to delay childbearing. We aimed to describe the context of pregnancy for first-time mothers of different ages and examine relationships among maternal age at first birth, mode of conception and psychosocial wellbeing in pregnancy. METHODS Using stratified sampling, we recruited ...
Amador-Licona Norma - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To know the relationship between daytime sleepiness and quality of life during pregnancy according to the weight gain and baseline weight. METHODS: We studied 216 pregnant women (108 obese and 108 non-obese). At first and third trimester of pregnancy they completed the 12-item short-form health survey (SF-12) and the ...
Sahinoglu Zeki - - 2011
The prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic eventration, pulmonary extralobar sequestration and intrathoracic ectopic kidney in a single fetus is not reported yet according to the pubmed. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration is an abnormal elevation of the diaphragm. Differential diagnosis from hernia is essential for the perinatal management. Extralobar sequestrations are usually ...
Tauman Riva - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Snoring is common among pregnant women and early reports suggest that it may bear a risk to the fetus. Increased fetal erythropoiesis manifested by elevated circulating nucleated red blood cells (nRBCs) has been found in complicated pregnancies involving fetal hypoxia. Both erythropoietin (EPO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mediate ...
Lynch Mary Ellen - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of smoking in pregnancy on parenting stress. Maternal psychological symptoms and socioeconomic status (SES) were evaluated as potential mediating factors between prenatal cigarette use and later parenting stress. The sample included 218 mothers who were recruited at the hospital after ...
Dapuzzo Lisa L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, - - 2011
Pregnancy outcomes and adverse outcomes in infertility trials are reported to varying extents; for example, 35% of clinical trials reported no information on pregnancy loss, only 43% reported adverse events during the preconception treatment period, and only 7% reported any serious adverse events. Incomplete reporting limits the value of these ...
Huang Shih-Yin - - 2011
Objective. Mincheva-Nilsson et al. (2006) suggested a novel mechanism for fetal evasion from maternal immune attack in that the engagement and down-regulation of the maternal natural killer cell receptor NKG2D by soluble MHC class I chain-related proteins (sMIC) A and B derived from placenta. Following this report, we aimed to ...
Anderson Ulrik Dolberg - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and α(1)-microglobulin (A1M) in maternal serum as first-trimester biomarkers for preeclampsia (PE). STUDY DESIGN: The design was a case-control study. We included 96 patients in the first trimester of pregnancy (60 with PE and 36 controls). Venous serum ...
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