Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2078
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Chang Yao-Lung - - 2011
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship among umbilical venous volume flow, birthweight and placental share in monochorionic twins with or without selective growth restriction. Having excluded cases complicated with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and one co-twin suffering intrauterine fetal death, a total of 51 monochorionic twin pregnancies were divided ...
Palmara Vittorio - - 2011
This report presents the uncommon case of a 154-day delayed delivery in a spontaneous twin pregnancy associated with uterine atony. After abortion of the first fetus at 16 weeks, a healthy male was born at 38 weeks. Postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony, which was successfully treated with prostaglandins, occurred.
Fogerty Annemarie E - - 2011
This review summarizes the currently available data concerning risk, diagnosis, and management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnant women. While the actual incidence of VTE in pregnancy remains low, the hypercoagulable state and increased risk requires clinicians to be aware of the specific aspects of presentation, diagnosis, and treatment in ...
Bryant Amy G - - 2011
: To compare the safety and effectiveness of dilation and evacuation (D&E) and labor-induction abortion performed for fetal anomalies or fetal death in the second trimester. : We performed a retrospective cohort study of second-trimester abortions performed for fetal indications. We compared the frequency of complications and effectiveness of abortions ...
Battinelli E M - - 2011
Thrombophilic conditions are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) during pregnancy. Thrombophilic disorders are either acquired, as in antiphospholipid syndrome, or inherited, as in factor V Leiden. Both are associated with VTE but acquired disorders can also increase the risk of arterial events. However, there is ...
Gelson Emily - - 2011
: To estimate the effect of maternal heart disease on fetal growth and neonatal outcomes. : A retrospective cohort study of all women with congenital and acquired heart disease admitted at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital between 1994 and 2010 was performed. The women who delivered immediately before and immediately after ...
Kovo Michal - - 2011
Abstract Aim: The association between infection and inflammatory response in preterm labor (PTL) is well established. Our aim was to elucidate the roles of utero-placental perfusion and fetal component, in PTL. Methods: Histopathologic findings in placentas from pregnancies complicated by preterm birth with or without premature rupture of membranes (ROM) ...
Kamal Mostafa - - 2011
This paper examines the prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of unintended pregnancy among rural women in Bangladesh. The study used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were performed using the data set. Overall, 30.0% of the most recent births were unplanned. Both ...
Stockinger Diane E - - 2011
Dystocia (difficult labor) is an important component of the management of nonhuman primates and results in significant fetal and maternal morbidity and increased use of veterinary resources. Dystocias can arise from abnormalities of the maternal pelvis or fetus or uncoordinated uterine activity. Although risk factors for stillbirths have been established ...
Adams Scott V - - 2011
Hypospadias and cryptorchidism, two relatively common male genital anomalies, may be caused by altered maternal hormone levels, blood glucose levels, or nutritional deficiencies. Maternal obesity, which increases risk of diabetes and could influence hormone levels, may, therefore, be associated with risk of hypospadias and cryptorchidism. The purpose of this study ...
Matsuda H - - 2011
We report a case of severe fetal anemia associated with maternal anti-M antibody that was treated by direct injection of pooled human immunoglobulin into the fetal abdominal cavity. Four treatments at a dosage of 2 g per-kg estimated fetal body weight were performed, and no side effects were observed. A ...
Karakash Scarlett D - - 2011
Little consensus exists on the definition of gestational diabetes (GDM), how the condition should be diagnosed, and if interventions for mild maternal hyperglycemia are of any benefit to the mother or fetus. Today, after several large multicenter clinical trials, we are closer than ever to a national and international consensus. ...
Kröger Cornelia - - 2011
The mammalian placenta represents the interface between maternal and embryonic tissues and provides nutrients and gas exchange during embryo growth. Recently, keratin intermediate filament proteins were found to regulate embryo growth upstream of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway through glucose transporter relocalization and to contribute to yolk sac vasculogenesis ...
Scott N M - - 2011
The mechanisms that contribute to adverse outcomes for the neonate in pregnancies complicated by asthma may be mediated via changes in placental immune function. This study was designed to determine whether the presence of maternal asthma during pregnancy alters the placental pro-inflammatory immune response in vitro. A prospective cohort study ...
Wang Bo - - 2011
Rudimentary uterine horn is an uncommon abnormality of the female reproductive tract. Torsion of rudimentary uterine horn in pregnancy is even rarer. A case of successful excision of distorted rudimentary uterine horn in the second trimester, which caused severe abdominal pain, is described. A congenital absence of the right kidney ...
Hadar Eran - - 2011
Objective. Stillbirth accounts for approximately 50% of all perinatal deaths. We aimed to characterize the relationship between fetal gender and stillbirths. Methods. A retrospective cohort study of all stillbirths cases in a tertiary medical center, between 1995 and 2007. Patient's medical charts were reviewed for demographic information, medical data, and assumed etiology ...
Kahl Philip - - 2011
PURPOSE: In order to further define the challenges, minimally invasive fetal surgery will have to overcome human fetuses with gastroschisis. The purpose of this study was to compare macroscopic and histopathologic characteristics of experimental laparoschisis in sheep fetuses with actual cases of gastroschisis from a postmortem series of human fetuses. ...
Bolat Filiz - - 2011
Virilization caused by ovarian tumors with functioning stroma during pregnancy is extremely rare and has been reported to be due to different types of ovarian tumors. In mucinous cystadenomas with maternal virilization during pregnancy, the stromal cells responsible for hormone secretion resemble lutein or Leydig cells and have been referred ...
Liou Jui-Der - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence, prenatal diagnostic rate, and postnatal outcomes of fetal orofacial cleft at a tertiary referral center in Taiwan. METHODS: The demographic data, maternal and fetal characteristics, and postnatal outcomes for fetuses with cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P) born between January 1998 and December 2008 at ...
Kwon Ji Young - - 2011
Angular pregnancy is the rare condition in which the gestational sac is implanted in the lateral angle of the uterine cavity. There have been several reports on angular pregnancies; however, due to a lack of clinical understanding, angular pregnancy does not appear to be recognized as a clinical entity and ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe the neonatal characteristics and outcomes of infants who were born during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. A prospective cohort of pregnant women with influenza-like illness (ILI) was enrolled between the months of June 2009 and March 2010. Neonatal characteristics, complications, and outcomes ...
Matito A - - 2011
Background: The impact of pregnancy on mast cell (MC)-related symptoms and newborn outcome in women with mastocytosis is not well described. We report a series of 30 women who had 45 pregnancies. Methods: Patients completed a specific questionnaire concerning MC mediator release symptoms graded according to their frequency to detect ...
Payne Janet M - - 2011
Aim:  The study aims to provide paediatricians in Western Australia (WA) with educational resources (http://www.ichr.uwa.edu.au/alcoholandpregnancy) about the prevention of prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, and assess changes in their knowledge, attitudes and practice about fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and alcohol consumption in pregnancy. Methods:  Following our 2004 ...
Jaeggi Edgar T - - 2011
We prospectively examined the prevalence and outcome of untreated fetal atrioventricular (AV) prolongation in the presence of maternal anti-Ro antibodies. It has been suggested that antibody-mediated congenital complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) may be preventable if detected and treated early when low-grade block is present. With this rationale in mind, dexamethasone ...
Vijgen Sylvia Mc - - 2011
Objective. To assess the cost-effectiveness of addition of ST-analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) (STAN(®) ) to cardiotocography (CTG) for fetal surveillance during labor compared to CTG only. Design. Cost-effectiveness analysis based on a randomized clinical trial on ST- analysis of the fetal ECG. Setting. Obstetric departments of three academic ...
Su Yi-Ming - - 2011
PURPOSE.: To describe the sonographic (US) appearance of fetal anal canal and rectum and establish nomograms of their normal measurements. METHODS.: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of 524 healthy women (mean age, 27 years; range, 21-37 years) with normal singleton pregnancy between 18 and 40 weeks of gestational age ...
Sepulveda Waldo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the sonographic findings, prenatal courses, and management options in four cases of monoamniotic twin pregnancy complicated by a discordant, lethal open cranial vault defect. METHODS: Cases were collected from two Latin American fetal medicine referral centers after the sonographic detection of a monoamniotic twin pregnancy in which ...
Maymon Ron - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the Down syndrome detection rate for nuchal translucency (NT) screening in twins when fetus-specific risk allows for between-fetus NT correlation. METHODS: The between-fetus correlation coefficient of log NT, in multiples of the median (MoM), was estimated from a series of 977 unaffected twins scanned at a single ...
Kovo M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between different placental lesions and non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) pattern and fetal acidosis in labor. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas from 213 women who underwent cesarean section because of NRFHR with or without fetal acidosis (pH < 7.2) were classified by histopathologic findings: consistent with maternal circulation abnormalities ...
McMahon C A - - 2011
BACKGROUND It is increasingly common for women in high-income countries to delay childbearing. We aimed to describe the context of pregnancy for first-time mothers of different ages and examine relationships among maternal age at first birth, mode of conception and psychosocial wellbeing in pregnancy. METHODS Using stratified sampling, we recruited ...
Amador-Licona Norma - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To know the relationship between daytime sleepiness and quality of life during pregnancy according to the weight gain and baseline weight. METHODS: We studied 216 pregnant women (108 obese and 108 non-obese). At first and third trimester of pregnancy they completed the 12-item short-form health survey (SF-12) and the ...
Sahinoglu Zeki - - 2011
The prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic eventration, pulmonary extralobar sequestration and intrathoracic ectopic kidney in a single fetus is not reported yet according to the pubmed. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration is an abnormal elevation of the diaphragm. Differential diagnosis from hernia is essential for the perinatal management. Extralobar sequestrations are usually ...
Tauman Riva - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Snoring is common among pregnant women and early reports suggest that it may bear a risk to the fetus. Increased fetal erythropoiesis manifested by elevated circulating nucleated red blood cells (nRBCs) has been found in complicated pregnancies involving fetal hypoxia. Both erythropoietin (EPO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mediate ...
Dapuzzo Lisa - - 2011
Pregnancy outcomes and adverse outcomes in infertility trials are reported to varying extents; for example, 35% of clinical trials reported no information on pregnancy loss, only 43% reported adverse events during the preconception treatment period, and only 7% reported any serious adverse events. Incomplete reporting limits the value of these ...
Lynch Mary Ellen - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of smoking in pregnancy on parenting stress. Maternal psychological symptoms and socioeconomic status (SES) were evaluated as potential mediating factors between prenatal cigarette use and later parenting stress. The sample included 218 mothers who were recruited at the hospital after ...
Huang Shih-Yin - - 2011
Objective. Mincheva-Nilsson et al. (2006) suggested a novel mechanism for fetal evasion from maternal immune attack in that the engagement and down-regulation of the maternal natural killer cell receptor NKG2D by soluble MHC class I chain-related proteins (sMIC) A and B derived from placenta. Following this report, we aimed to ...
Vendittelli Françoise - - 2011
Objective. Evaluation of elective cesarean section for twin delivery as a standard of care. Design. Historical cohort in a national database (2 597 twin pregnancies). Setting. France. Population or sample. Twins with first child in cephalic presentation. Methods. Decision analysis. Main outcome measures. All neonatal complications, i.e. death, whether intrapartum or ...
Anderson Ulrik Dolberg - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and α(1)-microglobulin (A1M) in maternal serum as first-trimester biomarkers for preeclampsia (PE). STUDY DESIGN: The design was a case-control study. We included 96 patients in the first trimester of pregnancy (60 with PE and 36 controls). Venous serum ...
Vallet J L - - 2011
A substantial loss of embryos occurs between Days 30 and 40 of pregnancy in the pig under crowded intrauterine conditions, but it is not clear whether this loss affects the growth of adjacent conceptuses. Birth intervals are known to increase with decreasing litter size, but the factors responsible are unknown. ...
Wei Sun - - 2011
Constriction of the fetal ductus arteriosus in utero can be caused by pharmacological agents or can occur spontaneously. The spontaneous constriction and closure of the ductus arteriosus have been reported sporadically in the previous literature, either completely obliterated or constricted ductus arteriosus causing narrowing. This cardiac defect was characterized by ...
Kehl Sven - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of fetal abdominal circumference (AC) measurement as predictor of perinatal complications in term newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 324 consecutive term pregnancies within a 6-month period between February and August 2009. Inclusion criteria were a singleton pregnancy with at least 37 weeks of ...
Roseboom T J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Placental growth responds to maternal influences including diet. We have examined placental size, shape and efficiency among babies born around the time of the 5-month wartime famine in Holland 1944-1945. METHODS: We examined the birth records of 2414 term singleton babies born in Amsterdam during 1943-1947. The records included ...
Estarlich Marisa - - 2011
A growing body of research suggests that prenatal exposure to air pollution may be harmful to fetal development. We assessed the association between exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in four areas within the Spanish Children's Health and Environment (INMA) mother and child cohort study. ...
Lassala Arantzatzu - - 2011
The frequency of multiple fetuses has increased in human pregnancies due to assisted reproductive technologies. This translates into a greater proportion of premature and low-birth weight infants in the United States and worldwide. In addition, improvements in sheep breeding have resulted in new breeds with increased litter size but reduced ...
Albouy-Llaty M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: In small-for-gestational-age neonates, parental and fetal characteristics can be used to distinguish between constitutionally small size and growth restriction, which is associated with higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Relationships between parental and fetal characteristics and fetal ultrasound measurements have been little investigated. The aim of this study was ...
Stanek J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is used to secure fetal airway, cannulate for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or resect a tumor during partial delivery in a modified cesarean section. This is a retrospective study of placental pathology from EXIT procedures. METHODS: Placental reports and glass slides from 36 ...
Gaillard Romy - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of maternal prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with SBP and DBP in different trimesters of pregnancy and the risks of pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia in a population-based prospective cohort study among 6902 mothers. METHODS: Information about maternal weight just before pregnancy was obtained by ...
Mastricci Anna Lucia - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study is to identify potential biomarkers for fetal trisomy 21 from previous publications using proteomic techniques and examine the potential value of such biomarkers in early screening for this aneuploidy. Methods: This was a case-control study of 25 pregnancies with fetal trisomy 21 and 50 ...
Williams Paula J - - 2011
Hypertension is the most frequent medical complication occurring during pregnancy. In this chapter, we aim to address the genetic contribution to these disorders, with specific focus on pre-eclampsia. The pathogenic mechanisms underlying pre-eclampsia remain to be elucidated; however, immune maladaptation, inadequate placental development and trophoblast invasion, placental ischaemia, oxidative stress ...
Lutter William J - - 2011
Several recent studies have demonstrated the usefulness of fetal magnetocardiogram (fMCG) actography, a relatively new method of detecting fetal movement that can be performed in conjunction with fMCG assessment of fetal heart rate and rhythm. In this study, we formulate indices of fetal activity that incorporate information from all channels ...
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