Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2092
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Franco Christopher - - 2011
: To estimate the relative importance of positive maternal thrombophilia testing compared with additional pathological evidence of abnormal placentation with placental infarction. : We performed a retrospective cohort study over a 10-year period in 180 singleton high-risk pregnancies (delivery at 22-34 6/7 weeks of gestation) that had histologic evidence of ...
Creanga Andreea A - - 2011
: To estimate trends in ectopic pregnancy mortality and examine characteristics of recently hospitalized women who died as a result of ectopic pregnancy in the United States. : We used 1980-2007 national birth and death certificate data to calculate ectopic pregnancy mortality ratios (deaths per 100,000 live births) overall and ...
John Anitha S - - 2011
Cardiac surgery during pregnancy carries significant maternal and fetal risk and is typically considered after failure of medical therapy. We sought to determine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy. Twenty-one pregnant patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery were identified from the Mayo Clinic surgical database (1976 to 2009). ...
Roy-Matton Naomé - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to ascertain the contribution of perceived maternal stress and other components of a psychosocial profile to the occurrence of complications of pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of pregnant women in a tertiary perinatal centre in Eastern Townships, Quebec. Psychosocial profile ...
Cetinkaya Murat - - 2011
Objective:  There are a few studies that describe the oral findings in newborn children in various populations but none conducted for a Turkish population. Hence, this study determined the prevalence of intraoral findings in a group of newborns and examined the correlation among these findings with the mother's systemic and ...
Syed Shazia - - 2011
Intravaginal Misoprostol is being used with excellent results for second trimester pregnancy termination, worldwide. However, there are many case reports of serious complications of uterine rupture in such cases, both in previously scarred as well as in unscarred uterus. In this report, we describe a case of uterine rupture in ...
Schiessl B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Prenatal 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound allows volumetry of the fetal brain, liver and measurement of myocardial mass (MM). We studied the reliability of this method in an interdisciplinary approach, defined the relation of the values throughout gestation, and evaluated the results in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: In ...
Mason Mary V - - 2011
Examine the effect of a prenatal program on birth outcomes, specifically birth weight, in a managed Medicaid pregnant population, and identify the potential barriers to obtaining the risk screening information required for successful interventions. Retrospective propensity-adjusted cohort comparison. Retrospective propensity-adjusted comparison of pregnant women in a managed Medicaid plan enrolled ...
Sethna Farah - - 2011
: To estimate the prevalence, associated anomalies, progression, and clinical outcome in fetuses diagnosed with mild to moderate ventriculomegaly at 18-24 weeks of pregnancy. : This was a prospective population-based study from the North of England. Data were extracted from the U.K. Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey for cases identified during ...
Abadi Uri - - 2011
Treatment of pregnant women with chemotherapy may pose a risk to the fetus, raising therapeutic, ethical, moral, and social dilemmas. Publications on this issue are limited to retrospective series and case reports, thus further complicating decision making. Diagnosis and staging are usually performed as in nonpregnant women, but procedures that ...
Matsuda H - - 2011
We report a case of severe fetal anemia associated with maternal anti-M antibody that was treated by direct injection of pooled human immunoglobulin into the fetal abdominal cavity. Four treatments at a dosage of 2 g per-kg estimated fetal body weight were performed, and no side effects were observed. A ...
Naru Tahira - - 2011
hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rare condition during pregnancy; however, it can carry significant risks to both mother and foetus during and after the pregnancy. The definitive treatment is parathyroidectomy undertaken preferably in the second or early third trimester. A case of asymptomatic PHPT diagnosed and treated by parathyroidectomy in the third ...
Traeger-Synodinos Joanne - - 2011
Disorders of hemoglobin synthesis have been used as a prototype for the development of most approaches for prenatal diagnosis (PND). PND for hemoglobinopathies based on molecular analysis of trophoblast or amniocyte DNA has accumulated approximately 30 years of experience. Disadvantages with conventional PND include 'invasive' fetal sampling and the need ...
Chang Yao-Lung - - 2011
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship among umbilical venous volume flow, birthweight and placental share in monochorionic twins with or without selective growth restriction. Having excluded cases complicated with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and one co-twin suffering intrauterine fetal death, a total of 51 monochorionic twin pregnancies were divided ...
Fogerty Annemarie E - - 2011
This review summarizes the currently available data concerning risk, diagnosis, and management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnant women. While the actual incidence of VTE in pregnancy remains low, the hypercoagulable state and increased risk requires clinicians to be aware of the specific aspects of presentation, diagnosis, and treatment in ...
Lau Christopher - - 2011
The obesity epidemic, including a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity among pregnant women, represents a critical public health problem in the United States and throughout the world. Over the past two decades, it has been increasingly recognized that the risk of adult health disorders, particularly metabolic syndrome, can ...
Morgan Margery - - 2011
morgan m., de jong-van den berg l.t.w.& jordan s. (2011) Journal of Nursing Management 19, 305-310 Drug safety in pregnancy - monitoring congenital anomalies Aim  This paper outlines research into the causes of congenital anomalies, and introduces a pan-European study. The potential roles of nurses and midwives in this area are ...
Reed Sarah J - - 2011
Communities have different norms and expectations regarding pregnancy and parenting and these norms affect individual reproductive behaviour. Using grounded theory, this paper examines sexual and gender norms that have implications for pregnancy, mothering and parenting within a community of young Black lesbians. In this community, pregnancy and parenting experiences affect ...
Friedman Ruth Khalili RK Laboratório de Pesquisa em DST/Aids, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil 4, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. ruthkf@fi - - 2011
To assess incidence and predictors of first pregnancy among women with HIV/AIDS. Prospective cohort study was conducted in Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil, between 1996 and 2003. This study comprised 225 women with HIV/AIDS followed up until their first pregnancy or first censored event (hysterectomy, tubal ligation, menopause, 50 years ...
Lee Alfred Ian - - 2011
Alloimmunity in pregnancy is the basis for two of the major complications of pregnancy in transfusion medicine: hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), and fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). Use of Rh(D) immune globulin has dramatically reduced the incidence of HDFN in Rh(D)-mismatched pregnancies. Treatment of HDFN ...
Ulker Kahraman - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the maternal left lateral decubitus position and rest on the fetal urine production rate. Methods- Fifty-four pregnant women with a normal amniotic fluid volume who had a singleton pregnancy between 26 and 40 weeks' gestation were included in ...
Mazumder U - - 2011
Obesity in pregnancy remains a significant health problem that result in physiological, emotional, social and economic consequences on woman, their families and society. Obesity is considered one of the nutritional problems complicating pregnancy in our country. This study was conducted in antenatal clinic at out patient department of Obstetrics & ...
von Dadelszen P - - 2011
Sildenafil citrate therapy for severe early-onset intrauterine growth restriction. BJOG 2011;118:624-628. Currently, there is no effective therapy for severe early-onset intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Sildenafil citrate vasodilates the myometrial arteries isolated from women with IUGR-complicated pregnancies. Women were offered Sildenafil (25 mg three times daily until delivery) if their pregnancy ...
Bockenstedt Paula L - - 2011
Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is most frequently a benign process that does not require intervention. However, 35% of cases of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy are related to disease processes that may have serious bleeding consequences at delivery or for which thrombocytopenia may be an indicator of a more severe systemic disorder requiring ...
Sullivan Shannon D - - 2011
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), including pre-existing hypertension, gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia, further complicate already high-risk pregnancies in women with diabetes mellitus (DM). Women with both pre-existing and gestational diabetes are at increased risk for HDP, leading to higher maternal and fetal morbidity. Further, particularly in diabetic women and women ...
Evans Tim J - - 2011
During equine gestation, ergopeptine alkaloid exposure is not uncommon, and pregnant mares are particularly sensitive to the endocrine disruptive effects of these compounds on lactogenesis and steroidogenesis. Agalactia, prolonged gestation, abortion, dystocia, and placental and fetal abnormalities are all clinical manifestations of changes in the endocrine milieu induced by the ...
Pels Salley G - - 2011
Microangiopathic disorders present with thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and multiorgan damage. In pregnancy, these disorders present a challenge both diagnostically and therapeutically, with widely overlapping clinical scenarios and disparate treatments. Although rare, a clear understanding of these diseases is important because devastating maternal and fetal outcomes may ensue if there is ...
Magann Everett F - - 2011
The predictive accuracy of a borderline amniotic fluid index (AFI) for an adverse pregnancy outcome is uncertain. Pregnancy outcomes of a borderline versus normal AFI suggest an increased risk of meconium-stained fluid, intrauterine growth restriction, cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate, low Apgar scores, and neonatal intensive care ...
Hadar Eran - - 2011
Objective. Stillbirth accounts for approximately 50% of all perinatal deaths. We aimed to characterize the relationship between fetal gender and stillbirths. Methods. A retrospective cohort study of all stillbirths cases in a tertiary medical center, between 1995 and 2007. Patient's medical charts were reviewed for demographic information, medical data, and assumed etiology ...
Scott N M - - 2011
The mechanisms that contribute to adverse outcomes for the neonate in pregnancies complicated by asthma may be mediated via changes in placental immune function. This study was designed to determine whether the presence of maternal asthma during pregnancy alters the placental pro-inflammatory immune response in vitro. A prospective cohort study ...
Kwon Ji Young - - 2011
Angular pregnancy is the rare condition in which the gestational sac is implanted in the lateral angle of the uterine cavity. There have been several reports on angular pregnancies; however, due to a lack of clinical understanding, angular pregnancy does not appear to be recognized as a clinical entity and ...
Bolat Filiz - - 2011
Virilization caused by ovarian tumors with functioning stroma during pregnancy is extremely rare and has been reported to be due to different types of ovarian tumors. In mucinous cystadenomas with maternal virilization during pregnancy, the stromal cells responsible for hormone secretion resemble lutein or Leydig cells and have been referred ...
Liou Jui-Der - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence, prenatal diagnostic rate, and postnatal outcomes of fetal orofacial cleft at a tertiary referral center in Taiwan. METHODS: The demographic data, maternal and fetal characteristics, and postnatal outcomes for fetuses with cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P) born between January 1998 and December 2008 at ...
Wang Bo - - 2011
Rudimentary uterine horn is an uncommon abnormality of the female reproductive tract. Torsion of rudimentary uterine horn in pregnancy is even rarer. A case of successful excision of distorted rudimentary uterine horn in the second trimester, which caused severe abdominal pain, is described. A congenital absence of the right kidney ...
Kahl Philip - - 2011
PURPOSE: In order to further define the challenges, minimally invasive fetal surgery will have to overcome human fetuses with gastroschisis. The purpose of this study was to compare macroscopic and histopathologic characteristics of experimental laparoschisis in sheep fetuses with actual cases of gastroschisis from a postmortem series of human fetuses. ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector H Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Women & Infants Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe the neonatal characteristics and outcomes of infants who were born during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. A prospective cohort of pregnant women with influenza-like illness (ILI) was enrolled between the months of June 2009 and March 2010. Neonatal characteristics, complications, and outcomes ...
Payne Janet M - - 2011
Aim:  The study aims to provide paediatricians in Western Australia (WA) with educational resources (http://www.ichr.uwa.edu.au/alcoholandpregnancy) about the prevention of prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, and assess changes in their knowledge, attitudes and practice about fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and alcohol consumption in pregnancy. Methods:  Following our 2004 ...
Matito A - - 2011
Background: The impact of pregnancy on mast cell (MC)-related symptoms and newborn outcome in women with mastocytosis is not well described. We report a series of 30 women who had 45 pregnancies. Methods: Patients completed a specific questionnaire concerning MC mediator release symptoms graded according to their frequency to detect ...
Su Yi-Ming - - 2011
PURPOSE.: To describe the sonographic (US) appearance of fetal anal canal and rectum and establish nomograms of their normal measurements. METHODS.: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of 524 healthy women (mean age, 27 years; range, 21-37 years) with normal singleton pregnancy between 18 and 40 weeks of gestational age ...
Jaeggi Edgar T - - 2011
We prospectively examined the prevalence and outcome of untreated fetal atrioventricular (AV) prolongation in the presence of maternal anti-Ro antibodies. It has been suggested that antibody-mediated congenital complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) may be preventable if detected and treated early when low-grade block is present. With this rationale in mind, dexamethasone ...
Vijgen Sylvia Mc - - 2011
Objective. To assess the cost-effectiveness of addition of ST-analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) (STAN(®) ) to cardiotocography (CTG) for fetal surveillance during labor compared to CTG only. Design. Cost-effectiveness analysis based on a randomized clinical trial on ST- analysis of the fetal ECG. Setting. Obstetric departments of three academic ...
Sepulveda Waldo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the sonographic findings, prenatal courses, and management options in four cases of monoamniotic twin pregnancy complicated by a discordant, lethal open cranial vault defect. METHODS: Cases were collected from two Latin American fetal medicine referral centers after the sonographic detection of a monoamniotic twin pregnancy in which ...
Maymon Ron - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the Down syndrome detection rate for nuchal translucency (NT) screening in twins when fetus-specific risk allows for between-fetus NT correlation. METHODS: The between-fetus correlation coefficient of log NT, in multiples of the median (MoM), was estimated from a series of 977 unaffected twins scanned at a single ...
Kovo M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between different placental lesions and non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) pattern and fetal acidosis in labor. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas from 213 women who underwent cesarean section because of NRFHR with or without fetal acidosis (pH < 7.2) were classified by histopathologic findings: consistent with maternal circulation abnormalities ...
McMahon C A - - 2011
BACKGROUND It is increasingly common for women in high-income countries to delay childbearing. We aimed to describe the context of pregnancy for first-time mothers of different ages and examine relationships among maternal age at first birth, mode of conception and psychosocial wellbeing in pregnancy. METHODS Using stratified sampling, we recruited ...
Amador-Licona Norma - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To know the relationship between daytime sleepiness and quality of life during pregnancy according to the weight gain and baseline weight. METHODS: We studied 216 pregnant women (108 obese and 108 non-obese). At first and third trimester of pregnancy they completed the 12-item short-form health survey (SF-12) and the ...
Lynch Mary Ellen - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of smoking in pregnancy on parenting stress. Maternal psychological symptoms and socioeconomic status (SES) were evaluated as potential mediating factors between prenatal cigarette use and later parenting stress. The sample included 218 mothers who were recruited at the hospital after ...
Sahinoglu Zeki - - 2011
The prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic eventration, pulmonary extralobar sequestration and intrathoracic ectopic kidney in a single fetus is not reported yet according to the pubmed. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration is an abnormal elevation of the diaphragm. Differential diagnosis from hernia is essential for the perinatal management. Extralobar sequestrations are usually ...
Dapuzzo Lisa L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, - - 2011
Pregnancy outcomes and adverse outcomes in infertility trials are reported to varying extents; for example, 35% of clinical trials reported no information on pregnancy loss, only 43% reported adverse events during the preconception treatment period, and only 7% reported any serious adverse events. Incomplete reporting limits the value of these ...
Tauman Riva - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Snoring is common among pregnant women and early reports suggest that it may bear a risk to the fetus. Increased fetal erythropoiesis manifested by elevated circulating nucleated red blood cells (nRBCs) has been found in complicated pregnancies involving fetal hypoxia. Both erythropoietin (EPO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mediate ...
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