Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2092
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Miguelez Javier - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Genetic sonogram following first trimester combined screening appears to substantially increase detection rates for Down syndrome but it relies on the unproved assumption of independence between these tests. In this study we have investigated the relation of first trimester nuchal translucency to a series of second-trimester soft markers in ...
He M - - 2011
From December 2009 to April 2010, six patients with caesarean scar pregnancies (CSPs) underwent the transvaginal removal of ectopic pregnancy tissue and repair of a uterine defect. Transvaginal surgery was performed uneventfully in all cases. The operating time ranged from 45 to 80 minutes. Blood loss ranged from 50 to ...
Sasamoto Naoko - - 2011
Although recently published case reports suggest the significance of Jr(a) alloimmunization in the obstetric setting, the involved mechanism still remains unclear. Here we report a case of severe fetal and neonatal anemia associated with anti-Jr(a) alloimmunization, which was successfully managed using Doppler assessment of peak systolic velocity of the fetal ...
Chatzi Leda - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe dietary patterns in a cohort of pregnant women, and investigate whether dietary patterns during pregnancy are related to postpartum depression (PPD). DESIGN: The study uses data from the prospective mother-child cohort 'Rhea' study. Pregnant women completed an FFQ in mid-pregnancy and the Edinburg Postpartum Depression ...
Hviid Anders - - 2011
The association between the risk of orofacial clefts in infants and the use of corticosteroids during pregnancy is unclear from the available evidence. We conducted a nationwide cohort study of all live births in Denmark over a 12-year period. We collected data on all live births in Denmark from Jan. ...
Nielsen Henriette Svarre - - 2011
BACKGROUND Approximately half recurrent miscarriage (RM) cases remain unexplained after standard investigations. Secondary RM (SRM) is, in contrast to primary RM, preceded by a birth, which increases the transfer of fetal cells into the maternal circulation. Mothers of boys are often immunized against male-specific minor histocompatibility (H-Y) antigens, and H-Y ...
Jin Li-Ping - - 2011
Citation Jin L-P, Fan D-X, Zhang T, Guo P-F, Li D-J. The costimulatory signal upregulation is associated with Th1 bias at the maternal-fetal interface in human miscarriage. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; Problem  To evaluate whether the association of the costimulatory signal regulation with T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) ...
Ferianec Vladimír - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Clinical case of extremely elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme detected in the 3rd trimester of gestation, the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, delivery and puerperium are presented. The paper also offers a review of the currently available bibliographical data of the issue. METHODS AND RESULTS: The case presents ...
Figueiredo Bárbara - - 2011
To investigate high-anxiety and depression in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum, 260 Portuguese couples (N = 520) filled in the State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) at the first, second, and third pregnancy trimesters, childbirth, and 3-months postpartum. Rates for high-anxiety (STAI-S ≥ 45) in women ...
Esenlik Elçin - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the developments, morphometric features and shapes of the maxillary and mandibular arches during the prenatal period in a large series of fetal material. Methods: The study was carried out on 225 human fetuses aged between 8-40 weeks of gestation. The ...
Refuerzo Jerrie S JS Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 77030, USA. - - 2011
The objective of the study was to examine whether the size of silicon nanovectors (SNVs) inhibits their entrance into the fetal circulation. Pregnant rats were intravenously administered with SNVs or saline. The SNVs were spherical particles with 3 escalating diameters: 519 nm, 834 nm, and 1000 nm. The maternal and ...
Olivarez Sofia A SA Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas, - - 2011
We employed accepted, validated symptom-based screening measures to discern attributable risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to adverse pregnancy outcomes, taking into account potential maternal confounders. Commonly employed OSA screening measures (Berlin and Epworth scales) were performed in the second and third trimesters; maternal and neonatal outcome data were thereafter ...
Keelan Jeffrey A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the maternal-fetal pharmacokinetics of intraamniotic (IA), intravenous (IV), or intramuscular (IM) administration of erythromycin or azithromycin in a pregnant sheep model. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant ewes of 115-121 days' gestation received a single maternal IV infusion (5 mg/kg over 60 min), a ...
Murji Ally - - 2011
Objective. Elevated maternal levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) present a unique situation where both mother and fetus produce hemoglobin with equivalent oxygen affinities. We aimed to determine pregnancy outcomes in women with persistently elevated HbF. Methods. In this retrospective cohort study, women with HbF levels exceeding 10% were identified by searching a ...
Vanderwielen Beth - - 2011
Stillbirth accounts for about 26,000 deaths annually in the US. In most previous studies, discrete causes are identified in less than half of all stillbirths. In order to identify causes and non-causal but potentially contributing abnormalities, we analyzed 416 of the most recent (2004-2010) Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program (WiSSP) cases ...
Bijlenga Denise - - 2011
Pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) beyond 36 weeks of gestation are at increased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Optimal treatment in IUGR at term is highly debated. Results from the multicenter DIGITAT (Disproportionate Intrauterine Growth Intervention Trial At Term) trial show that induction of labor and expectant monitoring ...
Daouk Manal El - - 2011
Objective. To determine whether first-trimester crown-rump length (CRL) is associated with birthweight extremes at term. Methods. Included in this study were all term, small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) neonates with no other obstetric complications and no abnormal outcomes of pregnancy. CRL at 12.0 to 12.6 weeks ...
Nappi Rossella E - - 2011
Among primary headaches, migraine is the form more sensitive to the ovarian hormonal milieu. Migraine without aura (MO) benefits from the hyperestrogenic state of pregnancy and the lack of hormonal fluctuations, while migraine with aura (MA) presents distinctive features. Indeed, a very strong improvement of MO has been documented across ...
Khatri P - - 2011
The bovine placenta produces considerable amounts of pregnancy-associated estrogens, predominantly estrone sulfate, which does not interact with classical nuclear estrogen receptors. Thus, bovine placental estrogens may rather act as local regulatory factors than as hormones in a classical sense. To obtain information on the local availability of free estrogens in ...
Hua Yimin - - 2011
Objective: Intrauterine balloon aortic valvuloplasty (IUBAV) has been used to correct critical aortic valve stenosis. Evaluation of the intervention-related risk is necessary. The purpose of this study was to establish an experimental goat model for ultrasound-guided IUBAV intervention and investigate the immediate and long-term effects of IUBAV on the fetus, ...
Hartmann Katherine E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To summarize the state of research in maternal-fetal surgery regarding the surgical repair of abnormalities in fetuses in the womb. DATA SOURCES:: We searched MEDLINE from 1980 to 2010 for studies of maternal-fetal surgery for the following conditions: twin-twin transfusion syndrome, obstructive uropathy, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, myelomeningocele, thoracic lesions, ...
Kaymak Oktay - - 2011
Aim:  To assess maternal and perinatal complications associated with mild gestational hyperglycemia (MGH). Material and Methods:  This retrospective study was conducted in the perinatology division of Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Hospital between January and June 2009. Four hundred and eighty one patients with MGH and 212 patients with pre-gestational diabetes ...
Dandolu Vani - - 2011
Objective. To examine the incidence, risk factors, and complications associated with Obstetrical Hysterectomy at a single University Hospital. Study design. This was a retrospective study of all cases of Obstetrical Hysterectomy performed between January 1993 and December 2005 at Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The current procedural terminology (CPT) codes were used ...
Burns Lucy - - 2011
Background:  To date, no studies have used population-level data to investigate whether maternal location of residence (metropolitan vs. regional/remote populations) is associated with alcohol use in pregnancy. This information has important implications for appropriate service provision. Methods:  Information on all live births in New South Wales Australia was linked to ...
Siddiq S - - 2011
Summary.  Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which usually manifests as severe mucocutaneous bleeding and is caused by deficiency of the platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa. Pregnancy in women with GT presents particular challenges as there is increased risk of both maternal and foetal bleeding. To improve understanding and ...
Tan Thiam Chye - - 2011
Aim:  Desire for children is a pertinent national health concern for Singapore due to the falling pregnancy rate. There is an urgent need to conduct a pregnancy survey for our local population to look into our local women's desire for pregnancy and family size, as well as their knowledge of ...
Sieroszewski Piotr - - 2011
Objectives. The presence of the uterine leiomyomas may change the concentrations of the screening serum markers and so after the risk calculation of the fetal chromosomal abnormalities. Purpose. To estimate the influence of the uterine leiomyomas on the first and second trimester serum markers concentrations. Material and methods. The studied group consisted of ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain S100B assessment in maternal blood has been proposed as a useful tool for early perinatal brain damage detection. Among potential confounding factors the possibility of a protein gradient between maternal and fetal bloodstreams under patho-physiological conditions is consistent. The present study investigates in healthy and small gestational age ...
Turan Ozhan M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study if the duration of individual Doppler abnormalities is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in fetal growth restriction (FGR) due to placental dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of patients with FGR (abdominal circumference > 5(th) percentile and umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI) ...
Ivry Tsipy - - 2011
Through narrative interviews with 20 pregnant ultra-orthodox [Haredi] Jewish women in Israel conducted between 2007 and 2009, we examine the implications for such women of prenatal testing, and of pregnancy as a gendered route of piety. We found that pregnancy signified both a divine mission and possible reproductive misfortunes. Bearing ...
Yamashita Kohei - - 2011
The increasing use of nanomaterials has raised concerns about their potential risks to human health. Recent studies have shown that nanoparticles can cross the placenta barrier in pregnant mice and cause neurotoxicity in their offspring, but a more detailed understanding of the effects of nanoparticles on pregnant animals remains elusive. ...
Galvão K N - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphism at position +735 in the interleukin-8 receptor-α (CXCR1) gene (CXCR1c.735) and disease incidence, milk production, reproductive performance, and survival in Holstein cows. Three-hundred fifty Holstein cows were enrolled. No association was found between CXCR1c.735 genotype and retained fetal ...
Gelson Emily - - 2011
: To estimate the effect of maternal heart disease on fetal growth and neonatal outcomes. : A retrospective cohort study of all women with congenital and acquired heart disease admitted at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital between 1994 and 2010 was performed. The women who delivered immediately before and immediately after ...
Stockinger Diane E - - 2011
Dystocia (difficult labor) is an important component of the management of nonhuman primates and results in significant fetal and maternal morbidity and increased use of veterinary resources. Dystocias can arise from abnormalities of the maternal pelvis or fetus or uncoordinated uterine activity. Although risk factors for stillbirths have been established ...
Sant'ana Adriana Campos Passanezi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical treatment of periodontal disease during the second trimester of gestation on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Pregnant patients during the 1st and 2nd trimesters at antenatal care in a Public Health Center were divided into 2 groups: NIG - "no ...
Kim Y - - 2011
Currently available fetal intervention techniques rely on invasive procedures that carry inherent risks. A non-invasive technique for fetal intervention could potentially reduce the risk of fetal and obstetric complications. Pulsed cavitational ultrasound therapy (histotripsy) is an ablation technique that mechanically fractionates tissue at the focal region using extracorporeal ultrasound. In ...
Harrison Claire N - - 2011
This article reviews pregnancy outcome in women diagnosed with a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), and discusses possible risk markers and the pathogenesis of poor pregnancy outcome. An outline of the key factors regarding the diagnosis and management of MPN in women of reproductive potential is followed by a description of the ...
Kamyabi Zahra - - 2011
To determine whether maternal serum leptin level is different or not in ectopic and normal pregnancy. In this cross sectional study, we included 47 women with normal pregnancy (group A), and 47 women with ectopic pregnancy (group B) attending the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Afzalipour Medical Centre, Kerman, Iran ...
Bryant Amy G - - 2011
: To compare the safety and effectiveness of dilation and evacuation (D&E) and labor-induction abortion performed for fetal anomalies or fetal death in the second trimester. : We performed a retrospective cohort study of second-trimester abortions performed for fetal indications. We compared the frequency of complications and effectiveness of abortions ...
Kröger Cornelia - - 2011
The mammalian placenta represents the interface between maternal and embryonic tissues and provides nutrients and gas exchange during embryo growth. Recently, keratin intermediate filament proteins were found to regulate embryo growth upstream of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway through glucose transporter relocalization and to contribute to yolk sac vasculogenesis ...
Battinelli E M - - 2011
Thrombophilic conditions are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) during pregnancy. Thrombophilic disorders are either acquired, as in antiphospholipid syndrome, or inherited, as in factor V Leiden. Both are associated with VTE but acquired disorders can also increase the risk of arterial events. However, there is ...
Adams Scott V SV Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. - - 2011
Hypospadias and cryptorchidism, two relatively common male genital anomalies, may be caused by altered maternal hormone levels, blood glucose levels, or nutritional deficiencies. Maternal obesity, which increases risk of diabetes and could influence hormone levels, may, therefore, be associated with risk of hypospadias and cryptorchidism. The purpose of this study ...
Allanson Emma - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fetal structural abnormalities, particularly limb reduction defects, have been reported after early hypoxic injury, such as chorionic villus sampling (CVS) before 66 day's gestation. CASE: We present a case of uterine curettage in early pregnancy associated with the subsequent prenatal diagnosis of fetal oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: This ...
Kovo Michal - - 2011
Abstract Aim: The association between infection and inflammatory response in preterm labor (PTL) is well established. Our aim was to elucidate the roles of utero-placental perfusion and fetal component, in PTL. Methods: Histopathologic findings in placentas from pregnancies complicated by preterm birth with or without premature rupture of membranes (ROM) ...
Kamal Mostafa - - 2011
This paper examines the prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of unintended pregnancy among rural women in Bangladesh. The study used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were performed using the data set. Overall, 30.0% of the most recent births were unplanned. Both ...
Palmara Vittorio - - 2011
This report presents the uncommon case of a 154-day delayed delivery in a spontaneous twin pregnancy associated with uterine atony. After abortion of the first fetus at 16 weeks, a healthy male was born at 38 weeks. Postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony, which was successfully treated with prostaglandins, occurred.
Sezer Selda Demircan SD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey. - - 2011
This study was conducted for the purpose of assessing, in the light of results of other research carried out in the present researchers' clinic and in Turkey, the status of twin pregnancies in Turkey, the incidence of twin births, perinatal and mortality rates associated with twin pregnancies, and the problems ...
Fatima P - - 2011
Four pregnancies were exposed to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) during early pregnancy and the patients were followed up to find out the outcome of their pregnancies. In three patients long-acting GnRHa (triptorelin acetate 3.75 mg) once monthly was used for severe pelvic endometriosis as part of preparation for undergoing assisted ...
Karakash Scarlett D SD Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Women's Health, Diabetes Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, - - 2011
Little consensus exists on the definition of gestational diabetes (GDM), how the condition should be diagnosed, and if interventions for mild maternal hyperglycemia are of any benefit to the mother or fetus. Today, after several large multicenter clinical trials, we are closer than ever to a national and international consensus. ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe neurodevelopmental outcome at the age of 4.5 years in 216 children, born after expectant management of severe early-onset hypertensive complications of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective follow-up study until age 4.5 years from maternal admission onward. Developmental outcome measurements ...
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