Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2090
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Handal Marte - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe the use of prescribed opioid analgesics for noncancer pain and the degree of possible concurrent co-medication with benzodiazepines to women in Norway before, during, and after pregnancy. METHODS: This was a population-based cohort study based on linkage of two nationwide registries: ...
Jin Li-Ping - - 2011
Citation Jin L-P, Fan D-X, Zhang T, Guo P-F, Li D-J. The costimulatory signal upregulation is associated with Th1 bias at the maternal-fetal interface in human miscarriage. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; Problem  To evaluate whether the association of the costimulatory signal regulation with T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) ...
Nielsen Henriette Svarre - - 2011
BACKGROUND Approximately half recurrent miscarriage (RM) cases remain unexplained after standard investigations. Secondary RM (SRM) is, in contrast to primary RM, preceded by a birth, which increases the transfer of fetal cells into the maternal circulation. Mothers of boys are often immunized against male-specific minor histocompatibility (H-Y) antigens, and H-Y ...
Chatzi Leda - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe dietary patterns in a cohort of pregnant women, and investigate whether dietary patterns during pregnancy are related to postpartum depression (PPD). DESIGN: The study uses data from the prospective mother-child cohort 'Rhea' study. Pregnant women completed an FFQ in mid-pregnancy and the Edinburg Postpartum Depression ...
Hviid Anders - - 2011
The association between the risk of orofacial clefts in infants and the use of corticosteroids during pregnancy is unclear from the available evidence. We conducted a nationwide cohort study of all live births in Denmark over a 12-year period. We collected data on all live births in Denmark from Jan. ...
Ferianec Vladimír - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Clinical case of extremely elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme detected in the 3rd trimester of gestation, the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, delivery and puerperium are presented. The paper also offers a review of the currently available bibliographical data of the issue. METHODS AND RESULTS: The case presents ...
Figueiredo Bárbara - - 2011
To investigate high-anxiety and depression in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum, 260 Portuguese couples (N = 520) filled in the State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) at the first, second, and third pregnancy trimesters, childbirth, and 3-months postpartum. Rates for high-anxiety (STAI-S ≥ 45) in women ...
Esenlik Elçin - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the developments, morphometric features and shapes of the maxillary and mandibular arches during the prenatal period in a large series of fetal material. Methods: The study was carried out on 225 human fetuses aged between 8-40 weeks of gestation. The ...
Olivarez Sofia A SA Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas, - - 2011
We employed accepted, validated symptom-based screening measures to discern attributable risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to adverse pregnancy outcomes, taking into account potential maternal confounders. Commonly employed OSA screening measures (Berlin and Epworth scales) were performed in the second and third trimesters; maternal and neonatal outcome data were thereafter ...
Refuerzo Jerrie S JS Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 77030, USA. - - 2011
The objective of the study was to examine whether the size of silicon nanovectors (SNVs) inhibits their entrance into the fetal circulation. Pregnant rats were intravenously administered with SNVs or saline. The SNVs were spherical particles with 3 escalating diameters: 519 nm, 834 nm, and 1000 nm. The maternal and ...
Murji Ally - - 2011
Objective. Elevated maternal levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) present a unique situation where both mother and fetus produce hemoglobin with equivalent oxygen affinities. We aimed to determine pregnancy outcomes in women with persistently elevated HbF. Methods. In this retrospective cohort study, women with HbF levels exceeding 10% were identified by searching a ...
Keelan Jeffrey A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the maternal-fetal pharmacokinetics of intraamniotic (IA), intravenous (IV), or intramuscular (IM) administration of erythromycin or azithromycin in a pregnant sheep model. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant ewes of 115-121 days' gestation received a single maternal IV infusion (5 mg/kg over 60 min), a ...
Vanderwielen Beth - - 2011
Stillbirth accounts for about 26,000 deaths annually in the US. In most previous studies, discrete causes are identified in less than half of all stillbirths. In order to identify causes and non-causal but potentially contributing abnormalities, we analyzed 416 of the most recent (2004-2010) Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program (WiSSP) cases ...
Daouk Manal El - - 2011
Objective. To determine whether first-trimester crown-rump length (CRL) is associated with birthweight extremes at term. Methods. Included in this study were all term, small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) neonates with no other obstetric complications and no abnormal outcomes of pregnancy. CRL at 12.0 to 12.6 weeks ...
Bijlenga Denise - - 2011
Pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) beyond 36 weeks of gestation are at increased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Optimal treatment in IUGR at term is highly debated. Results from the multicenter DIGITAT (Disproportionate Intrauterine Growth Intervention Trial At Term) trial show that induction of labor and expectant monitoring ...
Nappi Rossella E - - 2011
Among primary headaches, migraine is the form more sensitive to the ovarian hormonal milieu. Migraine without aura (MO) benefits from the hyperestrogenic state of pregnancy and the lack of hormonal fluctuations, while migraine with aura (MA) presents distinctive features. Indeed, a very strong improvement of MO has been documented across ...
Hua Yimin - - 2011
Objective: Intrauterine balloon aortic valvuloplasty (IUBAV) has been used to correct critical aortic valve stenosis. Evaluation of the intervention-related risk is necessary. The purpose of this study was to establish an experimental goat model for ultrasound-guided IUBAV intervention and investigate the immediate and long-term effects of IUBAV on the fetus, ...
Khatri P - - 2011
The bovine placenta produces considerable amounts of pregnancy-associated estrogens, predominantly estrone sulfate, which does not interact with classical nuclear estrogen receptors. Thus, bovine placental estrogens may rather act as local regulatory factors than as hormones in a classical sense. To obtain information on the local availability of free estrogens in ...
Hartmann Katherine E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To summarize the state of research in maternal-fetal surgery regarding the surgical repair of abnormalities in fetuses in the womb. DATA SOURCES:: We searched MEDLINE from 1980 to 2010 for studies of maternal-fetal surgery for the following conditions: twin-twin transfusion syndrome, obstructive uropathy, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, myelomeningocele, thoracic lesions, ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain S100B assessment in maternal blood has been proposed as a useful tool for early perinatal brain damage detection. Among potential confounding factors the possibility of a protein gradient between maternal and fetal bloodstreams under patho-physiological conditions is consistent. The present study investigates in healthy and small gestational age ...
Sieroszewski Piotr - - 2011
Objectives. The presence of the uterine leiomyomas may change the concentrations of the screening serum markers and so after the risk calculation of the fetal chromosomal abnormalities. Purpose. To estimate the influence of the uterine leiomyomas on the first and second trimester serum markers concentrations. Material and methods. The studied group consisted of ...
Dandolu Vani - - 2011
Objective. To examine the incidence, risk factors, and complications associated with Obstetrical Hysterectomy at a single University Hospital. Study design. This was a retrospective study of all cases of Obstetrical Hysterectomy performed between January 1993 and December 2005 at Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The current procedural terminology (CPT) codes were used ...
Burns Lucy - - 2011
Background:  To date, no studies have used population-level data to investigate whether maternal location of residence (metropolitan vs. regional/remote populations) is associated with alcohol use in pregnancy. This information has important implications for appropriate service provision. Methods:  Information on all live births in New South Wales Australia was linked to ...
Kaymak Oktay - - 2011
Aim:  To assess maternal and perinatal complications associated with mild gestational hyperglycemia (MGH). Material and Methods:  This retrospective study was conducted in the perinatology division of Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Hospital between January and June 2009. Four hundred and eighty one patients with MGH and 212 patients with pre-gestational diabetes ...
Siddiq S - - 2011
Summary.  Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which usually manifests as severe mucocutaneous bleeding and is caused by deficiency of the platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa. Pregnancy in women with GT presents particular challenges as there is increased risk of both maternal and foetal bleeding. To improve understanding and ...
Turan Ozhan M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study if the duration of individual Doppler abnormalities is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in fetal growth restriction (FGR) due to placental dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of patients with FGR (abdominal circumference > 5(th) percentile and umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI) ...
Ivry Tsipy - - 2011
Through narrative interviews with 20 pregnant ultra-orthodox [Haredi] Jewish women in Israel conducted between 2007 and 2009, we examine the implications for such women of prenatal testing, and of pregnancy as a gendered route of piety. We found that pregnancy signified both a divine mission and possible reproductive misfortunes. Bearing ...
Tan Thiam Chye - - 2011
Aim:  Desire for children is a pertinent national health concern for Singapore due to the falling pregnancy rate. There is an urgent need to conduct a pregnancy survey for our local population to look into our local women's desire for pregnancy and family size, as well as their knowledge of ...
Yamashita Kohei - - 2011
The increasing use of nanomaterials has raised concerns about their potential risks to human health. Recent studies have shown that nanoparticles can cross the placenta barrier in pregnant mice and cause neurotoxicity in their offspring, but a more detailed understanding of the effects of nanoparticles on pregnant animals remains elusive. ...
Magann Everett F - - 2011
The predictive accuracy of a borderline amniotic fluid index (AFI) for an adverse pregnancy outcome is uncertain. Pregnancy outcomes of a borderline versus normal AFI suggest an increased risk of meconium-stained fluid, intrauterine growth restriction, cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate, low Apgar scores, and neonatal intensive care ...
Lee Alfred Ian - - 2011
Alloimmunity in pregnancy is the basis for two of the major complications of pregnancy in transfusion medicine: hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), and fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). Use of Rh(D) immune globulin has dramatically reduced the incidence of HDFN in Rh(D)-mismatched pregnancies. Treatment of HDFN ...
Ulker Kahraman - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the maternal left lateral decubitus position and rest on the fetal urine production rate. Methods- Fifty-four pregnant women with a normal amniotic fluid volume who had a singleton pregnancy between 26 and 40 weeks' gestation were included in ...
Syed Shazia - - 2011
Intravaginal Misoprostol is being used with excellent results for second trimester pregnancy termination, worldwide. However, there are many case reports of serious complications of uterine rupture in such cases, both in previously scarred as well as in unscarred uterus. In this report, we describe a case of uterine rupture in ...
Schiessl B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Prenatal 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound allows volumetry of the fetal brain, liver and measurement of myocardial mass (MM). We studied the reliability of this method in an interdisciplinary approach, defined the relation of the values throughout gestation, and evaluated the results in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: In ...
Abadi Uri - - 2011
Treatment of pregnant women with chemotherapy may pose a risk to the fetus, raising therapeutic, ethical, moral, and social dilemmas. Publications on this issue are limited to retrospective series and case reports, thus further complicating decision making. Diagnosis and staging are usually performed as in nonpregnant women, but procedures that ...
Allanson Emma - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fetal structural abnormalities, particularly limb reduction defects, have been reported after early hypoxic injury, such as chorionic villus sampling (CVS) before 66 day's gestation. CASE: We present a case of uterine curettage in early pregnancy associated with the subsequent prenatal diagnosis of fetal oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: This ...
Traeger-Synodinos Joanne - - 2011
Disorders of hemoglobin synthesis have been used as a prototype for the development of most approaches for prenatal diagnosis (PND). PND for hemoglobinopathies based on molecular analysis of trophoblast or amniocyte DNA has accumulated approximately 30 years of experience. Disadvantages with conventional PND include 'invasive' fetal sampling and the need ...
Fatima P - - 2011
Four pregnancies were exposed to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) during early pregnancy and the patients were followed up to find out the outcome of their pregnancies. In three patients long-acting GnRHa (triptorelin acetate 3.75 mg) once monthly was used for severe pelvic endometriosis as part of preparation for undergoing assisted ...
Pels Salley G - - 2011
Microangiopathic disorders present with thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and multiorgan damage. In pregnancy, these disorders present a challenge both diagnostically and therapeutically, with widely overlapping clinical scenarios and disparate treatments. Although rare, a clear understanding of these diseases is important because devastating maternal and fetal outcomes may ensue if there is ...
Lau Christopher - - 2011
The obesity epidemic, including a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity among pregnant women, represents a critical public health problem in the United States and throughout the world. Over the past two decades, it has been increasingly recognized that the risk of adult health disorders, particularly metabolic syndrome, can ...
Harrison Claire N - - 2011
This article reviews pregnancy outcome in women diagnosed with a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), and discusses possible risk markers and the pathogenesis of poor pregnancy outcome. An outline of the key factors regarding the diagnosis and management of MPN in women of reproductive potential is followed by a description of the ...
Kamyabi Zahra - - 2011
To determine whether maternal serum leptin level is different or not in ectopic and normal pregnancy. In this cross sectional study, we included 47 women with normal pregnancy (group A), and 47 women with ectopic pregnancy (group B) attending the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Afzalipour Medical Centre, Kerman, Iran ...
John Anitha S - - 2011
Cardiac surgery during pregnancy carries significant maternal and fetal risk and is typically considered after failure of medical therapy. We sought to determine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy. Twenty-one pregnant patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery were identified from the Mayo Clinic surgical database (1976 to 2009). ...
Roy-Matton Naomé - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to ascertain the contribution of perceived maternal stress and other components of a psychosocial profile to the occurrence of complications of pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of pregnant women in a tertiary perinatal centre in Eastern Townships, Quebec. Psychosocial profile ...
Sethna Farah - - 2011
: To estimate the prevalence, associated anomalies, progression, and clinical outcome in fetuses diagnosed with mild to moderate ventriculomegaly at 18-24 weeks of pregnancy. : This was a prospective population-based study from the North of England. Data were extracted from the U.K. Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey for cases identified during ...
Evans Tim J - - 2011
During equine gestation, ergopeptine alkaloid exposure is not uncommon, and pregnant mares are particularly sensitive to the endocrine disruptive effects of these compounds on lactogenesis and steroidogenesis. Agalactia, prolonged gestation, abortion, dystocia, and placental and fetal abnormalities are all clinical manifestations of changes in the endocrine milieu induced by the ...
Morgan Margery - - 2011
morgan m., de jong-van den berg l.t.w.& jordan s. (2011) Journal of Nursing Management 19, 305-310 Drug safety in pregnancy - monitoring congenital anomalies Aim  This paper outlines research into the causes of congenital anomalies, and introduces a pan-European study. The potential roles of nurses and midwives in this area are ...
Reed Sarah J - - 2011
Communities have different norms and expectations regarding pregnancy and parenting and these norms affect individual reproductive behaviour. Using grounded theory, this paper examines sexual and gender norms that have implications for pregnancy, mothering and parenting within a community of young Black lesbians. In this community, pregnancy and parenting experiences affect ...
Mazumder U - - 2011
Obesity in pregnancy remains a significant health problem that result in physiological, emotional, social and economic consequences on woman, their families and society. Obesity is considered one of the nutritional problems complicating pregnancy in our country. This study was conducted in antenatal clinic at out patient department of Obstetrics & ...
Kim Y - - 2011
Currently available fetal intervention techniques rely on invasive procedures that carry inherent risks. A non-invasive technique for fetal intervention could potentially reduce the risk of fetal and obstetric complications. Pulsed cavitational ultrasound therapy (histotripsy) is an ablation technique that mechanically fractionates tissue at the focal region using extracorporeal ultrasound. In ...
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