Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2089
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Odibo Anthony O - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Customized growth charts derived using maternal demographic characteristics alone have been shown to improve the prediction of pregnancy complications compared to population growth curves. We sought to estimate the impact of adding ultrasound biometric parameters to the customized chart for the prediction of IUFD. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study ...
Bramham Kate K Maternal and Fetal Research Unit, King's College London, London, - - 2011
The objective of this study was to assess pregnancy outcome in women with a history of refractory antiphospholipid antibody-associated pregnancy loss(es) who were treated with early low-dose prednisolone in addition to aspirin and heparin. Eighteen women with antiphospholipid antibodies who had refractory pregnancy loss(es) were given prednisolone (10 mg) from ...
De Leo V - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the safety of metformin administration during pregnancy in a group of PCOS patients by assessing its effect on the prevalence of gestational complications and neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Our prospective, single centre study included 98 pregnant women with PCOS treated with metformin throughout pregnancy and 110 ...
Julian Colleen G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: Maternal physiologic responses to pregnancy promoting fetal oxygen and nutrient delivery are important determinants of reproductive success. Incomplete physiologic compensation for reduced oxygen availability at high altitude (≥2,500 m) compromises fetal growth. Populations of highland (e.g., Andeans, Tibetans) compared with lowland origin groups (e.g., Europeans, Han Chinese) are protected ...
Santos Maria Inês - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is an important health issue. Prevention programs are usually aimed at the prevention of repeat pregnancy, ignoring the adolescents at risk of becoming pregnant for the first time. OBJECTIVES: To analyse if socio-economic status, family type and mother's age at first pregnancy are risk factors for adolescent ...
Andreu-Vázquez C - - 2011
Embryo reduction may prevent the negative effects of twinning in dairy cattle; however, the technique may carry an additional risk of pregnancy loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on pregnancy maintenance of embryo reduction by manual amnion rupture in unilateral and bilateral twin pregnant cows. ...
Mulder Eduard J H - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) utilized by pregnant women influence fetal neurobehavioral development. In this observational study we investigated developmental milestones of fetal behavior during the pregnancy of women with psychiatric disorders who took SSRIs throughout gestation (medicated group; n=96) ...
Kato Sousuke - - 2011
Interstitial pregnancy, which is a rare form of tubal ectopic pregnancy, can grow larger than those within the fallopian tube because the surrounding myometrium is more expandable than the tube; many cases are advanced and treated with surgical resection or a large amount of methotrexate (MTX). This report presents a ...
Quintino Marisa Pascale - - 2011
Aim:  Assess possible adverse effects of the chronic use of indinavir during pregnancy in a rat model. Methods:  40 pregnant EOM-1 albino rats were randomly allocated into four groups of 10 animals each: a control (Ctr) group (without any handling) and three experimental groups (Exp 1, Exp 2 e Exp ...
Shiozaki Arihiro - - 2011
The male antigen (HY), the elevated level of fetal antigen in twin pregnancies, and the increased number of MHC mismatches in dizygotic twin pregnancies might affect immunological tolerance during pregnancy. Using the Perinatal Database of the Japanese Society for Obstetrics and Gynecology, we studied the occurrence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) ...
Chuang Cynthia H - - 2011
To describe smoking, heavy drinking, and folic acid supplementation in preconception women and determine if the likelihood of healthy preconception behaviors differs by whether and when women intend future pregnancy. Analysis was based on 35,351 nonpregnant women who participated in the 2004 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System who were of ...
Moore Lorna G - - 2011
High-altitude studies offer insight into the evolutionary processes and physiological mechanisms affecting the early phases of the human lifespan. Chronic hypoxia slows fetal growth and reduces the pregnancy-associated rise in uterine artery (UA) blood flow. Multigenerational vs. shorter-term high-altitude residents are protected from the altitude-associated reductions in UA flow and ...
Aslani S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) polymorphism rs1007888 with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and its association with postpartum metabolic syndrome. In a case-control study, 147 GDM and 169 healthy pregnant patients were recruited. Blood sample was taken 2 times from ...
Bonnin Alexandre - - 2011
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) is thought to regulate neurodevelopmental processes through maternal-fetal interactions that have long-term mental health implications. It is thought that beyond fetal 5-HT neurons there are significant maternal contributions to fetal 5-HT during pregnancy but this has not been tested empirically. To examine putative central and peripheral ...
Nelson Olagbuji Biodun - - 2011
Objective. To determine the outcome of labor induction with intravaginal misoprostol among women with perception of persistent decrease in fetal movements at term. Method. The study group comprising 107 women who had induction of labor at term for primary complaint of decreased fetal movements (DFM) were compared with equal number of women ...
Lam Christopher T - - 2011
Since the 1980s, attempts at experimental fetal cardiac bypass for the purpose of correcting severe congenital heart defects in the womb have been hampered by deterioration of placental function. This placental pathophysiology in turn affects transplacental transport of nutrients and gas exchange. To date, the effects of bypass on fetal ...
Kotlabova Katerina - - 2011
The goal of this study was to identify placental specific microRNAs present in maternal plasma that differentiate between women with normal pregnancies and nonpregnant individuals. The selection of appropriate pregnancy-associated microRNAs with diagnostic potential was based on the following criteria: (1) detection rate of 100% in full-term placentas, (2) detection ...
McPherson Elizabeth - - 2011
Second trimester maternal serum screening can identify high risk pregnancies and fetuses at risk for birth defects (in addition to those in the standard interpretation). The purpose of this study was to quantify such risks to improve counseling. We compared outcomes of 692 pregnancies that had abnormal levels of at ...
Hopkins Sarah A - - 2011
There is now a large body of evidence demonstrating the influence of the in utero environment on postnatal growth. Regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy elicits maternal and fetal adaptations that appear specific to the period of gestation in which training is initiated and maintained. This review considers the evidence for ...
Harada Kanako - - 2011
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive fetal surgery is expected to improve therapeutic outcomes, and surgical robots are expected to aid the dexterous manipulation of fragile fetal tissues. Although robots are currently used for surgery on soft tissues, practical information concerning the viscoelastic characteristics of fetal tissues is lacking. Hence, the mechanical properties ...
Liu Juntao - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The impact of pregnancy on lupus activity has been controversial especially in Chinese women. Research looking at predictive factors in this population are sparse. The aim of this study was therefore twofold: to determine the frequencies of abnormal pregnancy outcomes in a Chinese cohort and to identify clinical and ...
Furness D L F - - 2011
In healthy pregnancy reactive oxygen species and antioxidants remain in balance and DNA damage is repaired effectively. However, pregnancy is an inflammatory state exhibiting increased susceptibility to oxidative stress such that this balance can be easily disrupted. Increased DNA damage has been shown to be involved in many pathological states ...
Kawthalkar Anjali S - - 2011
Pregnancy in the rudimentary horn is a very rare condition. In these cases, rupture of the rudimentary horn in the second trimester with fetal death and catastrophic intraperitoneal hemorrhage is the commonly reported outcome. Silent rupture of the rudimentary horn and continuation of pregnancy as a secondary abdominal pregnancy is ...
Isojima Sakiko - - 2011
An alloimmunized pregnancy induces anemia in the fetus and can ultimately lead to fetal hydrops and intrauterine fetal death. A woman with a severe Rho-incompatible pregnancy had experienced frequent pregnancies with fetomaternal transfusion without receiving RhIg and had high anti-D antibody titers present from early pregnancy. We succeeded in long-term ...
Cayrac Mélanie - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results and risks of a protocol for second- and third-trimester termination of pregnancy after prior caesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study, conducted in a level 3 (university hospital) maternity unit between January 2001 and September 2008. 67 women with a history of caesarean ...
Winger Edward E - - 2011
This study compares the birth defect rate in women using preconception TNF-α inhibitor (Adalimumab) during an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle to a similar population of women not using these immunologic therapies. One hundred subfertile women aged ≤38years experienced ongoing pregnancies of which 36 resulted in twin pregnancies (136 babies). ...
Behrendt Nicholas - - 2011
Objective. To determine the influence of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational age on the accuracy of image acquisition, first trimester fetal gender determination, and correct assignment. Methods. Women presenting for first trimester aneuploidy risk assessment at 11(0) to 13(6) weeks were prospectively enrolled. A mid-sagittal view of the fetus including ...
Muhlhausler Beverly S - - 2011
It is now well established that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with an increased risk of a range of adult onset diseases, including cardiovascular disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Infants from twin pregnancies are generally born smaller than singletons; it therefore has been suggested that twins represent a ...
Vitner Dana - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness, outcome, and pain intensity of the vaginal administration of misoprostol for the induction of abortion between 13 and 24 gestational weeks. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted at our tertiary medical center from January 2006 to December 2009 on 122 ...
Fraites Melanie J P - - 2011
Few studies have investigated the long-term effects of atrazine (ATR) following in utero exposure. We evaluated the effects of gestational exposure of Sprague Dawley dams to ATR (0, 1, 5, 20, or 100mg/kg-d) on the reproductive development of male offspring. We also quantified the distribution of ATR and its chlorinated ...
O'Sullivan E P - - 2011
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: New diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have recently been published. We wished to evaluate what impact these new criteria would have on GDM prevalence and outcomes in a predominantly European population. METHODS: The Atlantic Diabetes In Pregnancy (DIP) programme performed screening for GDM in 5,500 women with ...
Hata Toshiyuki - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the frequencies of various forms of inter-twin contact between monochorionic diamniotic (MD) and dichorionic diamniotic (DD) twins using four-dimensional (4D) sonography late in the first trimester of pregnancy. Methods. Six MD and eight DD pregnancies were studied for 30 min with transabdominal 4D sonography at 10-11 and ...
Ramlau-Hansen Cecilia Høst - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between maternal shift work during pregnancy and measures of semen quantity and quality and level of reproductive hormones in young, adult men. METHODS: From a Danish pregnancy cohort established in 1984-1987, 347 sons aged 18-21 years were selected in ...
Amoah Christian - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of hyperreactio luteinalis diagnosed in pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old primigravida presenting with painful multicystic ovarian enlargement and subsequent virilizing features. INTERVENTION(S): Conservative management. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Successful pregnancy resulting in the live birth of a female infant with no ...
Mancill Semira S - - 2011
Case Description-3 sets of monozygotic twins resulting from transfers of single embryos to recipient mares were examined. Clinical Findings-In all 3 recipient mares with twin pregnancies, only 1 embryonic vesicle was detected before day 25 of gestation. In 1 recipient mare, 2 apparent adjacent vesicles, each containing an embryo with ...
Chen Zhengqiong - - 2011
Pregnancy in the diabetic woman has long been associated with an increased risk of cognitive deficit in the offspring, which might be associated with the poor intrauterine environment for the developing fetal brain. Leptin, as an important hormone regulating the intrauterine and early extrauterine life growth and development, greatly elevated ...
Mortarino M - - 2011
Summary.  Free foetal DNA in maternal blood during early pregnancy is an ideal source of foetal genetic material for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of free foetal DNA analysis at early gestational age as pretest for the detection of specific Y-chromosome sequences ...
Hadnott Tracy N - - 2011
To assess fetal and maternal outcomes of pregnancies in women with Turner syndrome (TS). Retrospective case series. Clinical research center. 276 adults with cytogenetically proven TS participating in an intramural natural history protocol. None. Menstrual and obstetric histories, 50-cell karyotypes, and cardiovascular evaluation including aortic diameter measurements. Our cohort included ...
Tuovinen Soile S Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, - - 2012
Hypertensive disorders may affect the fetal developmental milieu and thus hint at mechanisms by which prenatal adversity associates with poorer intellectual ability in subsequent life. We tested if hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are associated with intellectual ability in the offspring in young adulthood and if any potential associations between hypertensive ...
Ferrazzani Sergio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy account for increased perinatal morbidity and mortality when compared to uneventful gestations. AIMS: To analyze perinatal outcome of pregnancies complicated by different kinds of hypertension to uncomplicated pregnancies in a series of Italian women and to compare our data with series from other countries. STUDY ...
Gustafson Kathleen M - - 2011
Breathing movements are one of the earliest fetal motor behaviors to emerge and are a hallmark of fetal well-being. Fetal respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) has been documented but efforts to quantify the influence of breathing on heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) are difficult due to the episodic ...
Mehta Ushma J UJ Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2011
Maternal obesity has been associated with lower initiation of breastfeeding, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well studied. In this study, we examined associations among prepregnancy obesity, psychological factors during pregnancy, and breastfeeding initiation. Data came from the postpartum component of the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition ...
Wedi E - - 2011
A first case of spontaneous opening of congenitally fused labia (CFL phenotype) in a captive common marmoset followed by pregnancy and birth is presented here. The occurrence of this phenotype has been previously published in captive marmosets, but so far the etiology is unknown.
Huang Y H - - 2011
Background: Impetigo herpetiformis (IH) is a rare skin disorder that occurs during pregnancy. It was previously associated with high maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity, but now has a better prognosis. Case Report: We report a case of a pregnant woman with IH who presented with generalized erythematous pustular eruptions ...
Sedrak Mona - - 2011
Aim: This study evaluates the use of cell-free fetal DNA in the plasma of RhD-negative women for noninvasive early detection of fetal RhD status and gender. Method: Ninety RhD-negative pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Amplification by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of RhD gene sequences and SRY gene ...
Sasamoto Naoko - - 2011
Although recently published case reports suggest the significance of Jr(a) alloimmunization in the obstetric setting, the involved mechanism still remains unclear. Here we report a case of severe fetal and neonatal anemia associated with anti-Jr(a) alloimmunization, which was successfully managed using Doppler assessment of peak systolic velocity of the fetal ...
Conroy Andrea L - - 2011
Malaria infection is a significant risk factor for low birth weight outcomes in pregnancy. Despite efforts to define the molecular mechanisms that cause low birth weight as a result of intrauterine growth restriction, the roles of inflammation and mononuclear cells in the process are incompletely understood. Data from adverse pregnancy ...
Miguelez Javier - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Genetic sonogram following first trimester combined screening appears to substantially increase detection rates for Down syndrome but it relies on the unproved assumption of independence between these tests. In this study we have investigated the relation of first trimester nuchal translucency to a series of second-trimester soft markers in ...
He M - - 2011
From December 2009 to April 2010, six patients with caesarean scar pregnancies (CSPs) underwent the transvaginal removal of ectopic pregnancy tissue and repair of a uterine defect. Transvaginal surgery was performed uneventfully in all cases. The operating time ranged from 45 to 80 minutes. Blood loss ranged from 50 to ...
Handal Marte - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe the use of prescribed opioid analgesics for noncancer pain and the degree of possible concurrent co-medication with benzodiazepines to women in Norway before, during, and after pregnancy. METHODS: This was a population-based cohort study based on linkage of two nationwide registries: ...
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