Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2090
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Holman N N Health Intelligence, Yorkshire and Humber Public Health Observatory, University of York, York, - - 2011
To develop and evaluate a standardized data set for measuring pregnancy outcomes in women with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and to compare recent outcomes with those of the 2002-2003 Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health. Existing regional, national and international data sets were compared for content, consistency ...
Waters Thaddeus P - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes remains difficult to predict accurately. The majority of those suffering preterm premature rupture of the membrane lack risk factors that might lead to preventative treatments. Its management is centered on an evaluation of the risks and benefits of attempted pregnancy prolongation compared with expeditious ...
Toriello Helga V - - 2011
It now recognized that the use of folate fortification and/or supplementation before initiation of pregnancy can impact the risk of the fetus developing a neural tube defect. This document serves to update the policy statement issued by the American College of Medical Genetics and published in 2005.
Sela Hen Y - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is more prevalent in twin gestations and is major contributor to preterm birth. The management of PPROM in twin pregnancies does not differ significantly from that of singletons. In general, antenatal steroids, latency antibiotics, magnesium sulpfate for neuroprotection, and tocolysis are all potential interventions ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2011
Objective. The aim of this study was the analysis of the umbilical cord serum sP-selectin levels in pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia with and without intrauterine growth restriction and in normotensive pregnancies. Patients and methods.  The study was carried out on 18 patients with singleton pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia with ...
Giraldo-Isaza Maria A - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 38% of women with cerclage in place. Controversy exists on what to do with the cerclage in this clinical scenario. The objective was to review the literature addressing retention versus removal of cerclage after PPROM and present management recommendations. Retention of cerclage ...
Vendittelli Françoise F AUDIPOG (Association of Health Workers Using an Electronic File in Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology), Medical University RTH Laennec, Lyon, France. - - 2011
Evaluation of elective cesarean section for twin delivery as a standard of care. Historical cohort in a national database (2 597 twin pregnancies). France. Twins with first child in cephalic presentation. Decision analysis. All neonatal complications, i.e. death, whether intrapartum or in the delivery room or the immediate postpartum period, ...
Nwaru B I - - 2011
Background/Objectives:The potential immune functions related to the damages induced by oxygen-free radicals suggest that antioxidants may have a role in the development of allergies. The objective was to investigate the association between maternal intake of antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in 5-year-old children.Subjects/Methods:This study ...
Pan Min - - 2011
Objectives. To study the perinatal outcome among monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow of the umbilical artery (UA-AREDF) at 16-20 weeks of gestation. Methods. This was a retrospective study of 84 MCDA twin pregnancies, which were followed up since first trimester in a single obstetric unit. Pregnancies ...
Morales-Suárez-Varela María - - 2011
Aims: To explore the relation between employment status, type of unemployment and pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A cohort study of 7,282 pregnancies of unemployed women and 56,014 pregnancies among women in paid jobs was performed within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Pregnancy outcomes were ascertained and information about lifestyle, occupational, medical, ...
Subramanian Chithra - - 2011
The incidence of metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis is approximately 5%. Resistance during pregnancy has not been reported. Untreated trichomoniasis in pregnancy can cause preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes, and low birth weight. We report a case of metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis in pregnancy, successfully treated with a high dose of tinidazole.
Kang So-Yeon - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report on the surgical management of a cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) by transvaginal hysterotomy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old woman, with previous cesarean delivery, presenting with vaginal bleeding, was transfered to our hospital at 5 weeks 4 days of gestation. Transvaginal ultrasonography confirmed ...
Sørensen Anne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the differences in oxygenation between the left and right side of the fetal liver during varying oxygenation levels. METHODS: Eight ewes carrying singleton fetuses at gestation 125 days (term 145 days) were included in the study. During anesthesia the ewes were ...
Schaefer D L - - 2011
From 2002 to 2007, 101 camelid abortions and stillbirths were submitted to the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory at Oregon State University (84 alpacas [Vicugna pacos], 13 llamas [Lama glama], 4 unknown). For most cases (n = 67), a cause was not determined by routine testing. Eighty-five submissions included placenta for microscopic ...
Biederman Joseph - - 2012
Exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy may be a significant risk factor for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) independently of family history of ADHD. The main aim of this study was to examine whether the clinical profile of ADHD differs between children with and without exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy. This ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2011
Background: Pregnancy represents a semiallograft, subject to similar immune responses as allogeneic organ transplants. Tolerance of pregnancy appears best with maximal class II HLA heterogeneity between mother and father, while compatibilities are associated with increased pregnancy loss and maternal autoimmunity. Tolerance abnormalities often involve skin reactions. Abnormalities in tolerance of ...
Sanz Yolanda - - 2011
The interplay between both heredity and environmental factors seems to affect every stage of development from conception to the early postnatal period with potential long-term effects on child and adult health. During pregnancy, immune and metabolic functions of the fetus are dependent on the mother; moreover, the refinement of these ...
Desoye Gernot - - 2011
The placenta is positioned between the maternal and fetal circulation and hence plays a key role in transporting maternal nutrients to the developing fetus. Fetal growth changes in the 2 most frequent pregnancy pathologies, gestational diabetes mellitus and fetal growth restriction, are predominantly characterized by an exaggerated and restricted fat ...
Purohit Ramkrishna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case report of diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis who had successful pregnancy twice following conservative management. DESIGN: Retrospective report. SETTING: Private general hospital. PATIENT(S): A nulliparous woman 25 years of age presented with menorrhagia and infertility. She had innumerable small fibroids of 4-42 mm size throughout the myometrium. ...
Kwok L-W - - 2011
Disease activity 6 months before pregnancy of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes is not well studied. The aim of the study was to identify predictors of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant SLE patients, based on patients' background characteristics, clinical and ...
Tsuji Yuta - - 2011
SummarySomatic cell nuclear-transferred (SCNT) oocytes have a high potential for development in vitro, but a large proportion of embryos that are transferred to recipients is aborted before parturition. The precise mechanism for the high abortion rate is unknown, but abnormal placenta formation is frequently observed in SCNT-cloned pregnancies. The present ...
Kronborg Camilla - - 2011
Objective. Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy complication causing both fetal and maternal distress. Proteinuria is a diagnostic criterion frequently determined by albuminuria. We determined the protein excretion pattern of alternative proteins IgG, transferrin, α1-microglobulin and β2-microglobulin in urines collected prospectively during preeclamptic and healthy pregnancies. Design. A prospective cohort study ...
Meltzer Helle Margrete - - 2011
There has been a thrilling development , as well as profound changes, in our understanding of the effect of fetal nutrition on the development and health of the child. The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) is an ongoing nationwide population-based pregnancy cohort study that between 1999 and 2008 ...
Miyake Yoshihiro Y Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan. - - 2011
Maternal diet during pregnancy might influence the development of childhood allergic disorders.   This prospective study examined the relationship between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in the offspring aged 16-24 months. Subjects were 763 mother-child pairs. Data on maternal intake during pregnancy were ...
Deffieux Xavier - - 2011
Aim:  To report pregnancy outcome following prophylactic transvaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage using a polypropylene sling in a population of high-risk pregnant women. Materials and Methods:  A retrospective study with a continuous series of 57 women presenting with prior failure of McDonald cerclage (n = 47) and/or absent portio-vaginalis of the cervix (n = 10). Results:  ...
Lacroix Isabelle - - 2011
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to investigate the effects of exposure to buprenorphine compared with methadone during pregnancy, a prospective multicenter study was conducted in collaboration with maternity hospitals, maintenance therapy centers, and general practitioners involved in addiction care. Ninety pregnant women exposed to buprenorphine and 45 to metadone were ...
Tiwari Priyadarshini - - 2011
A case of primary ovarian twin pregnancy is presented. A 30-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 2, was admitted to Medical College Hospital, Jabalpur, for postdated pregnancy with intrauterine fetal demise. Ultrasonography showed a break in the continuity of the uterus suggestive of a ruptured uterus. On laparotomy, twin ovarian pregnancy ...
Tomai Xuan-Hong - - 2011
Aims:  The purpose of this study was to define the most suitable cut-off point for fetal nuchal translucency thickness in a screening program for aneuploidy and trisomy 21 in the south of Vietnam. Material & Methods:  Two thousand and five hundred cases of singleton pregnancies were followed prospectively from the ...
Salvig Jannie Dalby - - 2011
Background. Preterm delivery remains a substantial health care problem complicating 5-10% of pregnancies and is the major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in the developed world. No effective methods to prevent preterm delivery have been identified to date. Objectiv. To review systematically the evidence from randomized controlled trials with ...
Bonneau Noémie - - 2011
The developing fetus is protected from external environmental influences by maternal tissues. However, these structures have a limited elasticity, such that the fetus must grow in a confined space, constraining its size at the end of pregnancy. Can these constraints modify the morphology of the fetal skeleton? The intensity of ...
Gilet Anthony G - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to determine fetal dose during four different stages of pregnancy for both pulmonary CT angiogram and abdominal and pelvic CT examination on 4-, 16-, and 64-MDCT scanners measured in an anthropomorphic phantom simulating a pregnant patient. Pulmonary angiograms and abdominal and pelvic studies were ...
Pantha Sandesh - - 2011
Pelvic organ prolapse is common in rural women in Nepal. Pregnancy in a woman with pelvic organ prolapse is uncommon and rarely continues beyond the second trimester. If it proceeds after that, the uterus usually ascends with progression of pregnancy and becomes abdominal, leaving little trace of prolapse. Pregnancy continuing ...
Baschat A A - - 2011
Placental dysfunction leading to fetal growth restriction (FGR) is an important risk factor for neurodevelopmental delay. Recent observations clarify that FGR evolves prenatally from a preclinical phase of abnormal nutrient and endocrine milieu to a clinical phase that differs in characteristics in preterm and term pregnancies. Relating childhood neurodevelopment to ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2011
Lee B-E, Ha M, Park H, Kim Y, Hong Y-C, Kim YJ, Ha E-H. Psychosocial work stress during pregnancy and birthweight. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2011; 25: 246-254. Although there is a growing interest in the health effects of psychosocial work stress, studies on the relationships between job stress and ...
Bottomley C - - 2011
To define the incidence and outcome of intrauterine pregnancy of uncertain viability (PUV) and to develop and assess the performance of a model and a scoring system to predict ongoing viability. Of 1881 consecutive women undergoing transvaginal ultrasonography, a cohort of 493 women with an empty gestational sac < 20 ...
De Galasso L - - 2011
We report the case of a patient with acute renal failure and nephrotic syndrome during the second trimester of an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy. Despite pregnancy, percutaneous renal biopsy was performed to evaluate the etiology, showing Type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Two therapeutic options were considered: pregnancy termination, suggested by the gynecologists, ...
Balashov Dmitry N - - 2011
We report a rare case of ovarian function recovery and pregnancy after hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) in the acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patient in third complete remission received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with busulphan-based conditioning regimen. Successful engraftment of the donor cells and full donor's chimerism was achieved without the ...
Kuriya Bindee - - 2011
To characterize therapies prescribed during pregnancy to women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We conducted a cohort study of women with RA with pregnancies using health care utilization data from 2002-2008. We examined the distribution of RA drugs by therapeutic classes, including nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)/coxibs, glucocorticoids, nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs ...
Oye-Adeniran B A - - 2011
Summary Estimates of maternal mortality are crucial to inform the planning of reproductive health programmes and guide advocacy. The aim of this study was to obtain a population-based estimate of maternal mortality in Lagos State, Nigeria. The sisterhood method was used in 2008 to carry out the survey using a ...
Nawfal A Karim - - 2011
Pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn is a rare and potentially lethal condition. The highest risk of rupture is reported to be during the late first and second trimester. The risk of rupture correlates with the thickness of the myometrium surrounding the fetal pole. In 2005, a 20-year-old woman was ...
Kärkkäinen Henna - - 2011
Objective. To document the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) during pregnancy compared to three months after delivery in singleton and twin pregnancies. Design. Descriptive study with a follow-up design. Setting. University hospital in Eastern Finland. Population. 43 childbearing women; 32 with singleton and 11 with twin pregnancies. Methods. Ambulatory blood ...
Negro Roberto - - 2011
To evaluate the peer-reviewed literature on iodine deficiency and hypothyroxinemia in pregnancy. We review published studies on isolated hypothyroxinemia in pregnancy, methodology of free thyroxine (T4) assays, impact of iodine deficiency on free T4 levels, and status of ongoing prospective randomized trials of isolated hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy. Hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy ...
Brutus Laurent - - 2011
To determine the role of pregnancy on Trypanosoma cruzi parasitemia, a matched cohort study was carried out in a rural Bolivian community comparing parasite rates in gravidae, puerperae, and non-pregnant infected women. A selection of 67 chronically infected women, who delivered between March 2004 and May 2005, were initially evaluated ...
Pier Danielle B - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to correlate 2-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) measurements of lateral ventricular width and 3-dimensional measurements of lateral ventricular and supratentorial parenchymal volumes to postnatal outcomes in fetuses with ventriculomegaly. A total of 307 fetuses (mean gestational age, 26.0 weeks; range, 15.7-39.4 weeks) had MR volumetry ...
Wang Chunfang - - 2011
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-associated liver disease of unknown etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the change in maternal and fetal adrenal function in clinical and experimental ICP. The maternal and fetal serum levels of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) were determined in 14 ...
Ciurzyński Michał - - 2011
A serious complication of heparin treatment, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is rarely observed in pregnant women. Drug therapy during pregnancy should always be chosen to minimize fetal risk. The management of HIT in pregnancy represents a medical challenge. Unlike heparins, the anticoagulants used in patients with HIT do cross the placenta, ...
Atis Alev - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels and preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome at last trimester and to investigate if the severity of preeclampsia would be associated with PAPP-A levels. METHODS: Four groups were constructed; mild-preeclampsia group consisted of 19 women, severe-preeclampsia group 17, HELLP group 5 ...
Hussein Sarwen Z - - 2011
Objective. To study pregnancy and fetal outcome in women with primary SS (pSS) compared with women in the general population. Methods. In a nested case-control setting, variables related to pregnancy and fetal outcomes were compared. Cases (n = 16) were identified through registry linkage (Malmö pSS registry and a database entailing information ...
Ferrazzi E - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess and compare uterine artery (UtA) blood flow volume in pregnant patients with an abnormal uterine Doppler pulsatility index (PI) who delivered fetuses with an appropriate weight for gestational age (AGA) or with intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR). We prospectively recruited singleton pregnancies with ...
Fink R J - - 2011
Remifentanil undergoes extensive placental transfer and has been used to provide fetal immobilization and anaesthesia for in utero fetal endoscopic interventions. We report three cases of the ex utero intrapartum treatment performed under neuraxial anaesthesia where the maternal administration of remifentanil was used to provide fetal immobilization and analgesia. Fetal ...
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