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Xia Chunmei - - 2012
The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of antioxidant supplementation on the quality of flow cytometrically-sorted boar spermatozoa. The effects of ascorbic acid-2-glucoside (AA-2G) on the sex-sorting process were evaluated using a variety of concentrations. The effects of different antioxidants (AA-2G, l-glutathione, and vitamin E) on the ...
Hızlı Deniz - - 2012
AIM: The present study aimed to compare Troponin T (Tp T) levels of infants born with meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) to those with clear amniotic fluid. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study SUBJECTS: Thirty-five women who had delivery complicated by MSAF between 37 and 41weeks of gestation were defined as the ...
Daponte Alexandros - - 2012
BACKROUND: A case control study to evaluate whether a single serum measurement of Angiopoietin-1 (ANG-1) and Angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) at 6-8weeks gestation can differentiate failed pregnancies, whether ectopic pregnancies (EP) or missed abortions (MA), from healthy intrauterine pregnancies (IUP). INTERVENTION(S): Serum and tissue mRNA determination of ANG-1 and ANG-2 levels by ...
Rahman Mahbubur M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA. - - 2013
The study was conducted to examine the hypotheses that adolescent and young adult women who perceived they are susceptible to pregnancy when birth control is not used are less likely to practice unsafe sex, discontinue oral contraception (OC) and become pregnant during a 12-month follow-up period. We conducted secondary analyses ...
Zeng Xiangfang - - 2012
Our previous study has demonstrated that dietary arginine supplementation during early pregnancy enhanced embryo implantation in rats. However, the mechanism was not clear. The objective of this study was to determine the mechanism that arginine enhanced embryo implantation during early pregnancy. Rats were fed the basal diets supplemented with 1.3% ...
Kamath Mohan S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of GnRH antagonists in women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and intrauterine insemination cycles (COS/IUI). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Recruited women were randomized into two groups: GnRH antagonist and control group. The primary outcomes were incidence of premature LH surge and clinical pregnancy rates. RESULTS: ...
Bar Jacob - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the placental histopathological findings between pregnancies complicated by early (<34weeks' gestation) and late (≥34weeks' gestation) intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) and pregnancies with live births. MATERIAL & METHODS: Placentas of patients with unexplained IUFD between 22-42weeks of gestation were analyzed for maternal vascular supply lesions that include those ...
Macías-Cruz U - - 2013
In summers with severe hot environmental temperatures, thermoregulation is expected to be critical during the last third of gestation of hair ewes, and this effect can be overstated by suboptimal feeding conditions. Twenty-four multiparous hair sheep ewes with approximately 100d of pregnancy were randomly assigned to two treatments to evaluate ...
Dotan Iris - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are concerns about the effect of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) on fertility, pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, but no long-term data on the health of offspring born to IBD mothers. The aims were to assess the short- and long-term effects of maternal IBD on the morbidity and development of ...
Asuquo B - - 2012
We conducted a case-control study at three main inner-city hospitals in Birmingham, UK between 2004 and 2006, to determine the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with tuberculosis (TB) (n = 24), compared with healthy pregnant controls (n = 72). The incidence of TB was 62/100,000 pregnancies, with 54.2% cases ...
Wikström Shemer E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To apply stereology for the detection of possibly morphological abnormalities in placentas of women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study of placentas from untreated and UDCA-treated ICP, respectively, and normal pregnancies, examined for morphological differences by systematic random sampling generated by computerized stereology methodology. ...
Khalil A - - 2012
Objective: To examine aortic systolic blood pressure (SBP(Ao)), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (adjusted to a heart rate of 75 beats per minute, AIx-75) at 11-13 weeks' gestation in pregnancies delivering small for gestational age (SGA) neonates with and without preeclampsia (PE). Methods: At 11+0 to 13+6 weeks' ...
Huang Jianyan J Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9112, - - 2013
To investigate the expressional changes of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase subunits in the lacrimal glands (LG) of term pregnant rabbits. LG were obtained from term pregnant rabbits and age-matched female control rabbits for laser capture microdissection (LCM), real time RT-PCR, western blot, and immunofluorescence. The mRNA and proteins of α1, α2, β1, β2, ...
Suvisaari Jaana M - - 2012
Background:Obstetric complications have predicted future development of schizophrenia in previous studies, but they are also more common in mothers with schizophrenia. The aims of this study were to compare the occurrence of obstetric complications in children of mothers with schizophrenia spectrum psychoses and control children, and to investigate whether obstetric ...
Chen Yu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentration of syncytiotrophoblast-derived microparticles (STBMs) in the maternal circulation and the rate of syncytiotrophoblast apoptosis in the placenta of patients with early-onset and late-onset severe pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted that enrolled 15 women with early-onset severe pre-eclampsia, 15 women with late-onset severe ...
Inamdar Dattaprasad B - - 2012
To evaluate whether three daily doses of GnRH agonist (Inj. Lupride 1 mg SC) administered 6 days after oocyte retrieval increases ongoing pregnancy rates following embryo transfer (ET) in cycles stimulated with the long GnRH agonist protocol. Prospective randomized controlled study in a tertiary care center. Four hundred and twenty ...
Saunders Rhiana D - - 2012
PROBLEM: Increasing evidence supports the involvement of complex antibody-mediated immunologic events at the decidua-trophoblast interface. Our objective is to define the humoral immune responses of pregnant women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) compared with gestation-age-matched and non-pregnant controls in terms of trophoblast-derived antigenic targets and IgG subclasses. ...
Agha-Hosseini Marzieh - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of vaginal progesterone as luteal phase support on pregnancy rates in controlled ovarian stimulation and intrauterine insemination cycles in couples with unexplained or mild male factor infertility. STUDY DESIGN: 290 Patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in a prospective randomized controlled trial. All ...
Eshkoli Tamar - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To examine the effect of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) on sFlt (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase)-1 in the fetal and maternal compartments of normotensive and preeclamptic placentas. Methods: Cotyledons of term normotensive and preeclamptic placentas were dually perfused for six hours, with control medium and MgSO(4) (6-7 mg %) in ...
Kaur Harpreet - - 2012
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common endocrine disorder of reproductive age women. Many controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) strategies have been offered for the treatment of patients with PCOS undergoing in vitro fertilization, but the optimal protocol is still a controversy. There is no compelling evidence for the advantage of one ...
Tay S H - - 2012
Maternal nutrition during pregnancy can affect kidney development in the foetus, which may lead to adverse consequences in the mature kidney. It was expected that high-salt intake by pregnant ewes would lead to a reduction in foetal glomerular number but that the ovine kidney would adapt to maintain homoeostasis, in ...
Heude B - - 2012
To study the relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy with pregnancy and birth outcomes, with a focus on gestational diabetes and hypertension and their role in the association with fetal growth. We studied 1,884 mothers and offspring from the Eden mother-child cohort. Weight before ...
Shintaku Kyohei - - 2012
The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in full-term pregnant women leads to fetal or neonatal toxicity, such as constriction of the ductus arteriosus (DA) and persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn. The aim of this study was to predict quantitatively the fetal toxicity of three NSAIDs (antipyrine, salicylic acid ...
Maguire Marcy - - 2012
Congenital generalized lipodystrophy is a rare disorder characterized by scant adipose tissue, profound leptin deficiency, and severe insulin resistance, resulting in multiple metabolic derangements, including hyperandrogenism, anovulation, and impaired fecundity. A young woman with congenital generalized lipodystrophy receiving leptin therapy experienced menarche, conceived spontaneously, and delivered a liveborn male neonate. ...
Wik Hilde Skuterud - - 2012
To evaluate the long-term consequences of pregnancy-related venous thrombosis (VT) by the assessment of generic quality-of-life (QOL), well-being, general health and daily-life functioning. We also wanted to evaluate the impact of the frequently occurring complication post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) after that of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Population-based cross-sectional, case-control study. 18 ...
Tency Inge - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) during pregnancy and parturition. Aberrant ECM degradation by MMPs or an imbalance between MMPs and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of preterm labor, however few studies have investigated MMPs or TIMPs in maternal ...
Bezircioglu I - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the vaginal insertion of dinoprostone in terms of achieving cervical ripening, shortening the length of labor, and lowering the cesarean delivery rate for term pregnancies complicated with premature rupture of membranes. A prospective, randomized, controlled trial enrolled 100 women with term pregnancies complicated ...
Yildiz G - - 2012
We investigated the effect of uterine artery blood flow on recurrent pregnancy loss. One hundred and twelve patients admitted to our clinic were included in the prospective study. The study group consisted of 28 cases with a history of three miscarriages before the 20th gestational week, and the control group ...
Page Robin L - - 2012
Although research has documented factors associated with maternal smoking, we need a more in-depth understanding of the risk factors associated with changes in smoking behaviors during the postpartum period. We investigate smoking patterns during pregnancy and 1 year postpartum as a function of relevant psychosocial factors. We use data on ...
Walsh Jennifer M - - 2012
To determine if a low glycaemic index diet in pregnancy could reduce the incidence of macrosomia in an at risk group. Randomised controlled trial. Maternity hospital in Dublin, Ireland. 800 women without diabetes, all in their second pregnancy between January 2007 to January 2011, having previously delivered an infant weighing ...
Kutluer Gülşen G Department of Perinatology and Family Planning, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Resource and Education Hospital, Ankara, - - 2012
The aims of this study were to assess the relationship between early miscarriages and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and to determine the serum levels of first-trimester maternal alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) as markers of angiogenesis and predictors of abortion and intrauterine fetal loss. The present ...
Robert-Gangneux Florence - - 2011
Systemic infections, such as toxoplasmosis, acquired during pregnancy can lead to placental infection and have profound effects on the mother-to-child relationship and the success of pregnancy. Placental permeability to Toxoplasma gondii is a main parameter that determines parasite transmission to the foetus, and the use of antibiotics to decrease placental ...
Sharma Monika - - 2011
To determine the efficacy of 400 mcg sublingual misoprost as an adjunct to suction evacuation in first trimester pregnancy termination. During the study period of January2006-June 2007, two hundred twenty-one pregnant women wanting first trimester pregnancy termination were randomised into two groups. In the study group of one hundred twenty-one women, ...
Oi Shizuo - - 2011
Hydrocephalus does not indicate a single clinical entity, but includes a variety of clinicopathological conditions caused by excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) based on the disturbed circulation. Recent progress in prenatal neuroimagings such as MRI and ultrasound echoencephalography on fetus enables to understand clinicopathological conditions of CSF circulation disorder in conjunction ...
Urassa David P - - 2011
The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of an antihelminthic drug, given at booking and at term to antenatal care visits, on the prevalence of anaemia at term and 4 months post-partum in Rufiji district, Tanzania, the area with high prevalence of intestinal parasites. A cluster randomised ...
Magee Laura A - - 2011
The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity in both well and under-resourced settings. Maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications of the HDP are concentrated among, but not limited to, women with pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is a systemic disorder of endothelial cell dysfunction and as ...
Christensen Anna L - - 2011
Perinatal depression is a prevalent and detrimental condition. Determining modifiable factors associated with it would identify opportunities for prevention. This paper: 1) identifies depressive symptom trajectories and heterogeneity in those trajectories during pregnancy through the first-year postpartum, and 2) examines the association between unintended pregnancy and depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms ...
Tariq Shema S Department of Public Health, City University London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Increasing numbers of women in resource-rich settings are prescribed zidovudine (ZDV)-sparing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in pregnancy. We compare ZDV-sparing with ZDV-containing HAART in relation to maternal viral load at delivery, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, and congenital abnormality. This is an analysis of data from the National Study ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2011
Epidemiological research has demonstrated that suicidal ideation is a relatively frequent complication of pregnancy in both developed and developing countries. Hence, the aims of this study are: to assess whether or not pregnancy may be considered a period highly susceptible to suicidal acts; to recognize potential contributing factors to suicidal ...
Holman N N Health Intelligence, Yorkshire and Humber Public Health Observatory, University of York, York, - - 2011
To develop and evaluate a standardized data set for measuring pregnancy outcomes in women with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and to compare recent outcomes with those of the 2002-2003 Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health. Existing regional, national and international data sets were compared for content, consistency ...
Waters Thaddeus P - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes remains difficult to predict accurately. The majority of those suffering preterm premature rupture of the membrane lack risk factors that might lead to preventative treatments. Its management is centered on an evaluation of the risks and benefits of attempted pregnancy prolongation compared with expeditious ...
Toriello Helga V - - 2011
It now recognized that the use of folate fortification and/or supplementation before initiation of pregnancy can impact the risk of the fetus developing a neural tube defect. This document serves to update the policy statement issued by the American College of Medical Genetics and published in 2005.
Sela Hen Y - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is more prevalent in twin gestations and is major contributor to preterm birth. The management of PPROM in twin pregnancies does not differ significantly from that of singletons. In general, antenatal steroids, latency antibiotics, magnesium sulpfate for neuroprotection, and tocolysis are all potential interventions ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2011
Objective. The aim of this study was the analysis of the umbilical cord serum sP-selectin levels in pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia with and without intrauterine growth restriction and in normotensive pregnancies. Patients and methods.  The study was carried out on 18 patients with singleton pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia with ...
Giraldo-Isaza Maria A - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 38% of women with cerclage in place. Controversy exists on what to do with the cerclage in this clinical scenario. The objective was to review the literature addressing retention versus removal of cerclage after PPROM and present management recommendations. Retention of cerclage ...
Nwaru B I - - 2011
Background/Objectives:The potential immune functions related to the damages induced by oxygen-free radicals suggest that antioxidants may have a role in the development of allergies. The objective was to investigate the association between maternal intake of antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in 5-year-old children.Subjects/Methods:This study ...
Pan Min - - 2011
Objectives. To study the perinatal outcome among monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow of the umbilical artery (UA-AREDF) at 16-20 weeks of gestation. Methods. This was a retrospective study of 84 MCDA twin pregnancies, which were followed up since first trimester in a single obstetric unit. Pregnancies ...
Morales-Suárez-Varela María - - 2011
Aims: To explore the relation between employment status, type of unemployment and pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A cohort study of 7,282 pregnancies of unemployed women and 56,014 pregnancies among women in paid jobs was performed within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Pregnancy outcomes were ascertained and information about lifestyle, occupational, medical, ...
Subramanian Chithra - - 2011
The incidence of metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis is approximately 5%. Resistance during pregnancy has not been reported. Untreated trichomoniasis in pregnancy can cause preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes, and low birth weight. We report a case of metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis in pregnancy, successfully treated with a high dose of tinidazole.
Kang So-Yeon - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report on the surgical management of a cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) by transvaginal hysterotomy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old woman, with previous cesarean delivery, presenting with vaginal bleeding, was transfered to our hospital at 5 weeks 4 days of gestation. Transvaginal ultrasonography confirmed ...
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