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Results 1751 - 1800 of 2087
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MacNiven E - - 1990
It is established that diverse psychological stressors administered in the first trimester of pregnancy can cause the pregnancy to fail. The physiological mediators of this phenomenon are unknown. In Experiment 1, two strains of female mice were inseminated and randomly assigned to either first trimester physical restraint, restraint plus progesterone, ...
Mione M C - - 1990
Using histochemical, immunohistochemical and biochemical techniques, noradrenaline-, neuropeptide Y-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-, substance P- and calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerve fibres were studied in the uterine artery of virgin, progesterone-treated and pregnant guinea-pigs. Morphological changes following hormone treatment or in pregnancy were also evaluated in a quantitative study on semithin sections ...
Steingold K A - - 1990
Bioavailability of the progesterone antagonist RU 486 was examined in vivo by measurement of first-pass uptake by hepatic and uterine tissues in rats. Presence of human pregnancy serum or alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid) in injection vehicles diminished uptake of this steroid, which suggests limited bioavailability. These data indicate that elevated ...
Aiumlamai S - - 1990
Flunixin meglumine (FM) was injected in 2 oophorectomized cows to follow changes in basal levels of the main circulating prostaglandin (PG)F2 alpha metabolite, 15-ketodihydro-PGF2 alpha. A rapid decrease in the levels was seen after FM and the effect was lasting for about 6 h. Thus, to obtain a full effect ...
Polan M L - - 1990
Interleukin-1 (IL-1), an immune monokine secreted by activated macrophages and monocytes, appears to be intimately involved in endocrine phenomena. It is well established that IL-1 mediates a number of immune and inflammatory responses. In addition, the production of IL-1 appears to be modulated by the gonadal estradiol and progesterone, leading ...
Fleming S A - - 1990
Nubian does (n = 12) were bred by artificial insemination after induction of estrus with medroxyprogesterone acetate impregnated vaginal sponges and pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin injections during the anestrous season. Pregnancy status was predicted from serum samples collected 21 days following the last breeding and analyzed using 1) a commercial ...
Permezel M - - 1990
RU 486 (Mifepristone) represents a major development in the field of hormone antagonists as the first effective antiprogestogen. A number of therapeutic roles for the drug are envisaged. It is already being used extensively around the world for the procurement of first trimester abortion--particularly in combination with prostaglandins. It also ...
Gintzler A R - - 1990
Increases in pain thresholds have been observed during gestation in a variety of laboratory animals and humans. The specific events that occur during pregnancy that are responsible for this increase in maternal pain threshold are not known. In order to investigate whether or not the changes in the peripheral concentration ...
Struckmann J R - - 1990
The venous muscle pump function was quantitatively assessed through pregnancy weeks 16, 30, 38 and 3 months (week 53) following delivery, in 24 pregnant women who completed a normal pregnancy. A statistically significant increase was found in the mean venous reflux (P less than 0.01), which was restored to initial ...
Devroey P - - 1990
After oocyte donation 18 pregnancies were established in 17 patients with the absence of ovaries. Eight patients were delivered of nine healthy infants including one set of twins, six pregnancies were progressing normally, and four pregnancies were aborted. Four pregnancies were established after transfer of frozen-thawed embryos. In the simulated ...
Giri S N - - 1990
The effects of Escherichia coli endotoxin infusions (1.0 or 2.5 micrograms kg-1 over 6 h) on pregnancy were investigated in cows in the first, second and third trimester of gestation. Endotoxin increased the plasma levels of prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxane B2 and cortisol, and decreased progesterone. The severity of the clinical ...
Murer-Orlando M L - - 1990
Prenatal diagnosis of genetic disorders associated with specific biochemical, chromosomal, or molecular characteristics can be achieved from amniotie fluid (AF) or placenta (chorionic villus: CV) samples. Chorion material is usually obtained by sampling the placenta at the implantation site, during the first trimester (i. e., 9-12 wk), using either the ...
Shemesh M - - 1990
In late pregnancy the secretory activity of the corpus luteum of the cow is markedly diminished. This reduced secretion is due to a decline in the number of viable luteal cells as well as reduction in the secretory activity and responsiveness of the cells to trophic agents. The principal extra-ovarian ...
Haning R V RV - - 1989
The serum human chorionic gonadotropin concentration for the 43 female-bearing gestations was significantly higher (geometric mean 15,603 mIU/ml; 95% confidence interval 12,337 to 19,733) than that for 26 male-bearing pregnancies (geometric mean 8902 mIU/ml; 95% confidence interval 6288 to 12,596), p = 0.0087. The mean gestational age was 32 +/- ...
Sircar S - - 1989
Lindane (gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane) was orally given to pregnant Swiss female mice at various stages of pregnancy. During early pregnancy (1-4 days of gestation), the insecticide caused total absence of any implantation site, while given during mid pregnancy (6-12 days of gestation), lindane caused total resorption of fetuses. Lindane administration during late ...
Bryant H E - - 1989
Most pregnant women are now employed during pregnancy, and almost all pregnant women do physical work of some kind. The author reviews the four major considerations in the provision of good prenatal advice for the working woman: the woman and her health status, the pregnancy itself, the job, and the ...
Padayachi T - - 1989
The binding characteristics of oestrogen and progesterone in intrauterine tissue were studied in the non-pregnant state and throughout pregnancy using sucrose density gradient centrifugation and titration analyses. High affinity receptors for these steroids which were present in high concentrations in tissue from non-pregnant patients and patients in early pregnancy, decreased ...
Mukherjee A - - 1989
A number of 2,6-dimethyl-3,5-bis(methoxycarbonyl)-4-substituted-1,4- dihydropyridines were synthesized and evaluated for pregnancy-interceptive activity in mated hamsters. Out of 24 compounds, 12, 15, 21, 22, 28, and 34 caused a marked reduction in the number of implantations when administered on days 3-8 postcoitum. In an in vitro competition assay, none of the ...
Pulkkinen M O - - 1989
We analyzed 22 human oviducts by the suction electrode method for electrical activity (preceding and reflecting the mechanical activity), as related to serum progesterone levels. Eleven patients had high progesterone levels (greater than or equal to 20 nmol/L), but the other 11 patients had low levels. When the serum progesterone ...
Juniper E F - - 1989
In the myometrium and gut, smooth muscle becomes less contractile during pregnancy, probably because of the effect of progesterone and estrogen. It is not known whether these hormones cause similar changes in airway smooth muscle, and therefore, this study examined airway responsiveness during the large hormonal changes of pregnancy and ...
Wilson M E - - 1989
Effects of estradiol benzoate and prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) on concentrations of progesterone and estrogen in serum and the percentage of live births were determined in 21 gilts treated with exogenous progesterone in late gestation. All gilts received progesterone (25mg s.c. four times daily) from Days 108 through 113 of gestation. ...
Ashworth C J - - 1989
Plasma progesterone concentration and embryo survival were determined during successive pregnancies in ewes throughout one breeding season. The probability of an embryo surviving was associated with the progesterone concentration on the days around ovulation, with the timing of the increase from periovulatory to luteal values, and with the rate at ...
Westlin-van Aarde L M - - 1989
The anatomy and histology of pouched mouse ovaries were studied during the oestrous cycle, pregnancy and lactation along with the relationship between the ovarian structures and circulating concentrations of progesterone. The structure of the ovaries resembled that of most rodents. Follicular development indicated that ovulation takes place on the night ...
Stovall T G - - 1989
Retrospective data on patients with documented ectopic pregnancies have demonstrated the potential usefulness of serum progesterone in decreasing the time to diagnosis. We report a prospective trial utilizing serum progesterone in the emergency department of a large city-county hospital. Sixty-seven ectopic pregnancies were document in the 582 patients screened; 54 ...
Hung T T - - 1989
In order to study the feasibility and efficacy of using natural 17 beta-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) to induce endometrial changes, a group of patients with history of premature ovarian failure and bilateral oophorectomy, also interested in the embryo transfer program with donor ovum, were given transdermal E2 (Estraderm, Ciba ...
de Villiers D J - - 1989
Mean plasma progesterone concentrations measured in pregnant and non-pregnant elephants did not differ significantly from each other because of considerable variation, particularly for stage of pregnancy. Maximum progesterone values were recorded during pregnancy (5-8 months) and declined towards term (22 months). The numbers of corpora lutea or total luteal tissue ...
Jansson L - - 1989
The effects of 17 beta-oestradiol and progesterone on the development of type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and the anti-type II collagen (CII) autoantibody response were investigated. Treatment with physiological doses of 17 beta-oestradiol, inducing serum levels below the estradiol peak at the end of pregnancy, abrogated the development of arthritis ...
Yoshida M - - 1989
Retroplacental serum (RPS) obtained from pregnant women at term deliveries was studied for regulatory effects on T-lymphocyte proliferation and for pregnancy-associated substances and compared with peripheral serum (PS) of the same donor. Proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin and alloantigens in RPS was lower than that in PS. RPS contained higher levels ...
Daya S - - 1989
Progesterone appears to be necessary to support an early pregnancy, and it has been used for this purpose for several decades. Its potential role in women with recurrent miscarriage due to luteal phase deficiency has been suggested, but its efficacy has not yet been demonstrated. Three controlled trials of progesterone ...
Azziz R - - 1989
Adenomyosis frequently involves gravid and nongravid uteri, remaining asymptomatic in up to one half of all cases. The symptoms of adenomyosis, particularly menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea, correlated with the depth of myometrial involvement, and consequently with the patient's age. Adenomyosis is most frequent in parous women in their middle to late ...
Baulieu E E - - 1989
The steroidal derivative RU 486 (17 beta-hydroxy-11 beta-(4-dimethyl-aminophenyl)-17 alpha-(prop-1-ynyl) ester-4, 9-dien-3-one) is the first potent antiprogestin to be used clinically. RU 486 blocks the action of progesterone by a reversible inhibition of the action of progesterone on its own receptors. This reversibility allows endocrine functions to return quickly to normal ...
Mukasa-Mugerwa E - - 1989
Plasma progesterone concentrations were determined weekly during gestation averaging 283 +/- 2 d in Ethiopian zebu (Bos indicus) cows. Mean progesterone levels increased from 0.2 +/- 0.1 ng/ml at oestrus (service) to 3.1 +/- 1.6 ng/ml on d 7 and 8.1 +/- 2.1 ng/ml on d 21. Progesterone levels remained ...
van der Weyden G C - - 1989
During late pregnancy (greater than 50 days) the pattern of uterine electrical activity is characterized by episodes of activity lasting 3-10 min and recurring at a low frequency (maximum 2.5/h). During the last 7 days before delivery there is a progressive qualitative change in activity which is correlated with the ...
Saad A H - - 1989
The thymus gland of the adult viviparous lizard, Chalcides ocellatus (Reptilia, Sauria, Scincidae) undergoes conspicuous morphological changes in relation to gestational period. During pregnancy, the thymus is depleted of thymocytes and undergoes changes coming to consist primarily of numerous degenerative cysts. Thymic involution occurs early during pregnancy (starting at phase ...
Mwenda J M - - 1989
Studies into human pregnancy have many practical applications such as in fertility regulation. Such studies cannot be done in women for ethical reasons and a suitable animal model has to be identified. Though guinea-pig is known to secrete a CG-like protein, the precise function of this material during early pregnancy ...
Dang D C - - 1989
Total progesterone (P4) and estradiol (E2) were determined in plasma from 10 pregnant cynomolgus macaques, Macaca fascicularis. A non-invasive blood collection technique utilizing a squeeze-cage and a catheter fixed momentarily in the brachial or saphenous vein allowed a 10-min serial blood sampling (SBS) for 3 h in the morning, the ...
Archawaranon M - - 1988
In three experiments, we investigated whether testosterone itself or its metabolites activate aggression and dominance in white-throated sparrows Zonotrichia albicollis. Groups of five to six sparrows, each treated with a different steroid implanted subcutaneously, were observed in outdoor aviaries during late winter to determine the birds' rates of aggression (supplantations ...
Braverman D Z - - 1988
Pregnancy-induced cholecystoparesis and prolonged intestinal transit are well known, but their duration after delivery and any relation to the rapid decline of serum progesterone have not been studied in the early postpartum period. We studied gallbladder and small intestinal motor function in 10 women during the third trimester of pregnancy ...
Garrett J E - - 1988
Fifty-one cyclic beef cows were mated with fertile bulls. At 36 h after the start of oestrus, cows were assigned to receive sesame oil (controls) or progesterone (100 mg) on Days 1, 2, 3 and 4 of pregnancy. Peripheral plasma concentration of progesterone was measured until slaughter on Days 5 ...
Ballem P J - - 1988
Hematologic complications are relatively common in pregnancy. Furthermore, many chronic hematologic disorders require special surveillance and intervention in pregnancy. In this brief review, the author discusses common nutritional anemias in pregnancy. She reviews the disorders of hemoglobin synthesis and the need for early genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis, as well ...
de la Llosa-Hermier M P - - 1988
Experiments were performed in order to determine whether progesterone secretion in the ovine placenta can be short-term regulated. There was an increase in progesterone content per unit weight in ovine fetal cotyledons as gestation progressed: 17.0 +/- 4.7 ng/100 mg of wet tissue in ewes between 40 and 54 days ...
Rouiller V - - 1988
Female gonads of fetal and neonatal rats were cultured for 24 h in medium 199 supplemented with dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dcAMP), cycloheximide, spironolactone (an inhibitor of 17 alpha-hydroxylase) or hydroxylated cholesterol derivatives. Radioimmunoassays of pregnenolone (P5) and progesterone (P4) were performed in the media. In control medium, progesterone production developed ...
Li T C - - 1988
The administration of RU38486 (RU486) in the luteal phase may induce menstruation, but it may not be associated with shedding of the functional layer of the endometrium. This provides an explanation why, in some cases of successful menstrual induction by RU486, pregnancy continues undisturbed. The ability of RU486 to interrupt ...
Ulmann A - - 1988
Table 2 summarizes the proven and potential uses of anti-progesterones in obstetrics and gynaecology. In addition to their role in the induction of menstruation and the interruption of first-trimester pregnancy, anti-progesterones can definitely accelerate cervical ripening and promote the termination of second-trimester pregnancy, especially in combination with exogenous prostaglandins. Furthermore, ...
Biringer A - - 1988
Over the past 20 years, traditional elements of antenatal care have been supplemented by complex biochemical and biophysical investigations. With his/her knowledge of the patient and awareness of the principles of screening, the family physician is ideally placed to assess potential problems in pregnancy. This article reviews the rationale for ...
Cameron I T - - 1988
The development of anti-progesterones has provided a probe to examine the role of progesterone both in the normal cycle and in pregnancy. The most widely used of these agents, mifepristone, appears to act both directly at the endometrial progesterone receptor, and centrally by reducing circulating gonadotrophin concentrations. In addition, ovarian ...
Iwanicki S - - 1988
Although post-term pregnancy is associated with an increased incidence of fetal distress, oligohydramnios, fetal macrosomia, fetal dysmaturity, and perinatal mortality, as many as 80% of post-term fetuses appear completely normal. The authors of this article discuss the three sub-groups of post-term pregnancies, and deal with the diagnosis and antepartum and ...
Nieder G L - - 1988
Instillation of oil into progesterone-primed, oestrogen-sensitized uteri of mice resulted in secretion patterns which were similar, but not identical, to those found on Day 5 of pregnancy. Stimulus-dependent responses common to pregnancy and the experimental decidual cell reaction included an early but transient increase in a 40,000 Mr basic protein ...
Biringer A - - 1988
Although pregnancy is a time of health, the physiologic changes of pregnancy often bring discomfort. The family physician is ideally placed to normalize the pregnant woman's experience and to suggest remedies. This article examines several of the commonly experienced discomforts of pregnancy, places them in the context of maternal physiology, ...
Bell C - - 1988
1. The uterus is supplied by numerous noradrenergic sympathetic nerve fibres, which supply the intramural vasculature and also, in some species at least, the myometrium. 2. Pregnancy is associated with progressive loss of catecholamine from these nerves. Although some direct mechanical damage due to stretching of the uterine wall contributes ...
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