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Donaldson A - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: In fetuses, adrenal steroids have been implicated in organ maturation and in some species in initiation of labour. The fetal adrenal gland differs from the adult in its complement of steroid metabolizing enzymes. This study sought to examine the changes in peripheral cortisol, progesterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) in ...
Vergote G - - 1991
When different bloodstains are encountered at the scene of crime, it is possible to discriminate those from a pregnant woman from others. Human chorionic gonadotrophin, human placental lactogen, total oestriol and progesterone in the stains may be determined with radioimmunoassay techniques using commercial kits. Only 1 cm2 of bloodstain is ...
Cummings A M - - 1991
Validated protocols for evaluating maternally mediated mechanisms of early pregnancy failure in rodents are needed for use in the risk assessment process. To supplement previous efforts in the validation of a panel of protocols assembled for this purpose, bromoergocryptine (BEC) was used as a model compound because it is known ...
Contreras G - - 1991
It has been demonstrated that during pregnancy expiratory reserve volume (ERV) decreases and minute ventilation (VE) increases initially and then stabilizes. In order to determine the role of thoracoabdominal mechanics, control of breathing, and inspiratory muscle function in these alterations, we studied inspiratory pressures, lung volumes, thoracic configuration, and respiratory ...
Wilson L M - - 1991
Family physicians have an important role in the diagnosis and management of twin pregnancies. Optimal antepartum management begins with early detection. Provision of patient education about the risks of the pregnancy is important. Intrapartum management is dependent on gestation age, placentation, fetal presentation, and fetal well-being. Anticipatory guidance and ongoing ...
Carroll J C - - 1991
Caring for a family during pregnancy and birth is an ideal opportunity for family physicians to assess family functioning and help the family adjust to the birth of a new child. Stress and support systems can influence the course of pregnancy, including obstetric and perinatal outcomes. A family-centered approach can ...
Venkatesh B - - 1991
Fertilization and gestation are intrafollicular in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata), and ovulation occurs at the end of gestation prior to parturition. In this study, the effects in vivo of the ovarian steroids, progesterone, 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17 alpha,20 beta-P), cortisol and estradiol-17 beta, the antiprogestin RU 486, and aromatase inhibitor, ...
Barkley M - - 1991
Mice selected for large litters were used to study the relationship between fetal number and maternal progesterone and testosterone concentration. Experimental adjustment of conceptus number demonstrated that the presence of one fetus was sufficient to elevate maternal progesterone concentration above that found in females from which all conceptuses were removed. ...
Wasser S K - - 1991
A rapid method was developed for extracting and assaying oestradiol and progesterone in faeces (n = 242) of female yellow baboons, free-living in Tanzania. Dose response studies generated slopes of 1.02 (r2 = 0.99) for oestradiol and 1.09 (r2 = 0.99) for progesterone, suggesting that this method accurately measured these ...
Anthony F W - - 1991
The circulating levels of placental protein 14 (PP14) and progesterone were measured in three pregnancies resulting from the transfer of cryopreserved embryos. Two of these women had suppressed ovarian activity as a result of pituitary down-regulation with the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (buserelin) prior to treatment with exogenous oestradiol and ...
Mehrotra P K - - 1991
Administration of compound 85/83 during the peri- and post-implantation period intercepted pregnancy in hamster and guinea pig by parenteral route and in hamster by oral route also. The m.e.d. for hamster and guinea pig was 10 and 20 mg/kg, respectively; lower doses were less effective. Restricting the administration to early ...
Guilbert E - - 1991
In 1987, there were 36 694 known pregnancies in Canada among women aged 15 to 19. Although the Canadian teenage pregnancy rate decreased from 1980 to 1987, it remains three times higher than that of the industrialized country with the lowest rate. Health professionals, social workers, and educators can have ...
Cohen-Tannoudji J - - 1991
The effects of pregnancy or progesterone dominance on the beta-adrenergic responsiveness of the uterus were studied in myometrial membranes from mid- and late-pregnant rats (day 15 and on the 16th h of day 22 of pregnancy respectively) or 24 h after administration of progesterone. Levels of the high (RH)- and ...
Check J H - - 1991
The progestagen-associated endometrial protein (PEP) level rises from the early to the late luteal phase. A study was performed in infertile women where late luteal phase endometrial biopsies and serum PEP levels were obtained. The objective of the study was to evaluate the correlation between the PEP levels and the ...
Biswas A - - 1991
The urinary excretion pattern of 2-hydroxyestrone, estradiol, estrone, and progesterone was examined in rats during early, mid, and late pregnancy. Progesterone increased from early to mid pregnancy and declined significantly 2 to 3 days prior to parturition, corresponding to changes observed in blood levels by others. 2-Hydroxyestrone, the major estrogen ...
Kinsella R A RA - - 1991
Progesterone (P), a major hormone of pregnancy, was selected for study under the conditions of an intact utero-placental-fetal unit. A preparation of the canine gravid uterus, near term, is described and shown to permit observation of the metabolic relationships of the steroid hormone P between maternal and fetal organisms. [1,2-3H] ...
Smith K E - - 1991
Post mitochondrial supernatants (S-12 extracts) were prepared from Phycomyces blakesleeanus by grinding washed and frozen mycelial cakes in fine sand and extracting the paste produced with buffer containing Tris-HCl pH 7.8 (0.1 M), EDTA (0.01 M), dithiothreitol (5 mM) and glycerol (10% v/v). The S-12 extracts, obtained in this way, ...
Bygdeman M - - 1991
It is generally believed that progesterone and PGF2 alpha are of major importance in the regulation of uterine contractility. The results summarized herein indicate that progesterone withdrawal is essential for the changes in uterine contractility normally observed during the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle and that the inactivity of ...
Kawaguchi K - - 1991
Immunohistochemical distribution of oestrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), and the cell proliferation-associated antigen Ki-67 was investigated in leiomyomas and the myometrium during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. In the myometrium, ER expression was observed in the proliferative phase, but was suppressed in the secretory phase and during pregnancy. In ...
Hammer J G - - 1991
There has been much research studying the effect of homotypic embryonic neural tissue transplantation in the central nervous system of rats and cats, with promising results. The benefits of transplantation are dependent upon the appropriate aged donor. Therefore, it is critical that the exact age of the embryonic tissue be ...
Hassiakos D - - 1991
Maternal serum estradiol and progesterone levels during the early 6th to 15th weeks of gestation, were measured by radioimmunoassay in 140 pregnancies following induction of ovulation with gonadotropins or clomiphene citrate. The levels were compared with those observed in 79 spontaneous pregnancies. Significantly higher levels were observed in gonadotropin and ...
Guillette L J LJ - - 1991
Female Sceloporous jarrovi in late pregnancy given an ip injection of progesterone (50 ng/g body wt) or indomethacin (4 micrograms/g body wt) exhibited no change in the length of pregnancy when compared to saline-treated controls. In contrast, pregnant females given subcutaneous implants (constant release pellets) containing progesterone or indomethacin exhibited ...
Kleemann D O - - 1991
To investigate if exogenous progesterone improves embryo survival, 209 multiparous Booroola Merino x South Australian Merino ewes, heterozygous for the F gene (F+) were allocated to seven treatment groups and inseminated at a synchronized oestrus. Six groups received progesterone from controlled internal drug release G dispensers on the following days ...
Cathey T M - - 1991
Although a direct interdependence exists between the ovarian steroids, estrogen and progesterone, the exact role of these two hormones during pregnancy, especially late pregnancy, is not completely understood. Investigations have been conducted to determine whether the circulating levels of progesterone and estrogen or changes in the ratio of progesterone/estrogen in ...
Tamada H - - 1990
Volume-pressure curves of the uterine ampullae, taken on day 17 of pregnancy from intact pregnant and ovariectomized, vehicle- or estradiol and/or progesterone-treated pregnant rats, during infusion of Ca-free Tyrode's solution containing EGTA at a constant rate were determined, and the effects of the steroids on the Vz value, which was ...
Gupta M - - 1990
Milk progesterone levels were studied in 17 buffaloes between post-insemination and 30 days thereafter. Six animals were confirmed pregnant. Seven of 10 animals took greater than 24 days to return to oestrus and the pattern of change of progesterone levels indicated a steady increase from 1 ng/ml on day 2 ...
Szekeres-Bartho J - - 1990
Earlier we showed that because of the presence of functional progesterone receptors, lymphocytes of healthy pregnant women produced an immunomodulatory protein in the presence of progesterone, whereas those of nonpregnant persons did not. Progesterone-treated murine pregnancy lymphocytes release a similar factor. The present study reveals the biologic significance of this ...
Kogosowski A - - 1990
Most ovum donation (OD) programs involve cycle synchronization between recipient and donor for normally cycling recipients and a complex estrogen-progesterone replacement regimen for recipients with ovarian failure. In 1987, Serhal and Craft (1) suggested the use of a fixed-dose estrogen-progesterone regimen for recipients who were normally ovulatory and to those ...
Chryssikopoulos A - - 1990
We evaluated the real incidence of the luteal phase defect (LPD) syndrome in 149 women who previously had been diagnosed by four independent researchers as having it, by the use of a combination of 3 criteria: basal body temperature (BBt), the histological appearance of the endometrium (EB) and the serum ...
Puri C P - - 1990
The effects of a progesterone antagonist, lilopristone (ZK 98.734), on induction of menstruation, inhibition of implantation or pregnancy, and termination of early and mid-pregnancy were studied in bonnet monkeys. In the regularly menstruating animals, administration of lilopristone (25 mg/day, s.c.) during the mid-luteal phase (Days 20-22 of the menstrual cycle) ...
Shelton K - - 1990
Heifers slaughtered on Day 18/19 of pregnancy had significantly higher (P less than 0.001) concentrations of PGE-2 (measured as its methyl oxime) in uterine flushings than did animals slaughtered on Days 6 or 12 of pregnancy, or on Days 6 or 12 of the oestrous cycle. In addition, concentrations were ...
Nakajima S T - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to characterize the levels of progesterone and hCG and the variability of those levels over 24 h in early pregnancy. Venous blood sampling was performed every 30 min during the first trimester of a subsequently normal pregnancy in 19 women. The variability in each ...
Restall B J - - 1990
Pregnancy status was determined in two groups of native Thai goats, mated in either October (n = 116) or March (n = 37), by assay of the progesterone level in four plasma samples taken at 7 day intervals after the completion of mating. The progesterone level (P) in each sample ...
Wu W X - - 1990
This study investigated the regulatory effect of progesterone on decidual prolactin (dPRL) production during early human pregnancy (6-7 weeks). Patients (n = 7) were treated with the antiprogestin-mifepristone (RU 486; 600 mg single oral dose) for 24-36 h before termination of pregnancy by curettage. Tissue was also obtained from patients ...
Hahlin M - - 1990
Serum progesterone and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) were analysed using a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay in an unselected group made up of 158 women with clinical suspicions of abnormal early gestation. Only cases in which endovaginal sonography had failed to localize the pregnancy were included. A single HCG determination had no diagnostic ...
Bourgain C - - 1990
In 43 patients without ovaries, endometrial biopsies at day 21 of 75 substituted cycles were studied by light and electron microscopy. The morphology of the endometrium was compared after oral, vaginal or intramuscular administration of progesterone, and correlated with the serum levels of 17-beta oestradiol and progesterone and the pregnancies ...
Bygdeman M - - 1990
There are a number of compounds in clinical use for termination of pregnancy. Treatment with all of them will result in increased uterine contractility. PGF2 alpha and PGE2 as well as different prostaglandin analogues all have a direct stimulatory effect on the myometrium, while other compounds such as hypertonic saline ...
Thilander G - - 1990
In vitro binding and exchange methods were used to determine the levels of oestradiol (E) and progesterone (P) receptors in cytosolic and nuclear fractions of cells obtained from the porcine myometrium and cervix during pregnancy and parturition. The concentration of oestradiol cytosolic receptors (ERc) in non-placental and placental myometrium and ...
Szekeres-Bartho J - - 1990
This study investigated whether the suppressive effect of progesterone on pregnancy lymphocytes is mediated by specific progesterone receptors. The effects of a competitive progesterone antagonist (RU486) and a specific glucocorticoid receptor blocker (RU43044) were tested on the release of a blocking factor by progesterone-treated pregnancy lymphocytes. RU 486 tested at ...
Steer P J - - 1990
Current evidence suggests that oestrogens, progesterone, relaxin, the prostaglandins, and oxytocin are all hormones concerned to a major degree with the onset and maintenance of parturition. Oestrogens, relaxin, and the prostaglandins are particularly involved with cervical ripening, while prostaglandins, progesterone and oxytocin are more involved in regulating myometrial contractility. Catecholamines ...
Szekeres-Bartho J - - 1990
An anti-abortive effect of a progesterone-induced blocking factor has been shown in the CBA/J x DBA/2 abortion system. I.p. injections of pregnant mice on days 7.5, 9.5, and 11.5 of gestation with dialyzed supernatants from progesterone-treated murine pregnancy spleen cells (but not from control ones) significantly (P less than 0.01) ...
Humblot P - - 1990
The 34 French Alpine dairy goats originated from a single flock and were artificially inseminated 44 h after synchronization of oestrus. They were bled daily at the jugular vein from 15 to 27 days after AI. An early pregnancy diagnosis by RIA of progesterone concentration was performed 21 days after ...
Varma D R - - 1990
The contribution of maternal hormonal changes and pulmonary damage on the fetal toxicity of methyl isocyanate (MIC) was studied in mice and rats. Exposure to MIC decreased maternal plasma progesterone levels in mice that lost but not in mice that retained pregnancy. Fetal toxicity of MIC was not related to ...
Barkley M - - 1990
Mice with major differences in embryo survival and progesterone secretion were used to study the relative roles of maternal and embryonic genotype in the control of progesterone production at midpregnancy. Reciprocal transfer of embryos from strains with high (Line S1) or low (Line G) embryo survival resulted in progesterone concentrations ...
Wang L - - 1990
Levels of reproductive steroids and gonadotrophins were analysed retrospectively during the peri-implantation period following non-conceptional and conceptional natural cycles and in cycles associated with ovarian hyperstimulation for in-vitro fertilization or gamete intra-Fallopian transfer. In cycles not associated with conception, the luteal phase of hyperstimulated cycles (n = 100) was characterized ...
Hill N C - - 1990
A double-blind, placebo-controlled study has assessed the maternal and fetal endocrine effects of the maternal administration of the anti-progestin mifepristone in mid-pregnancy. There were six women in each group. Four hours after oral administration of 600 mg mifepristone, the drug was detected in both maternal and fetal circulations and in ...
Vitaioli L - - 1990
Sulphatides have been studied by histochemical and biochemical procedures in the oviduct of the frog in different experimental conditions. In ovariectomized or hypophysectomized animals, compared to sham-operated, an increase in sulphatides was observed. The progesterone treatment did not significantly modify this lipid fraction in ovariectomized frogs, while in hypophysectomized frogs ...
Heikinheimo O - - 1990
RU 486 is the first steroidal antiprogesterone in clinical use. It acts by binding to progesterone receptor, thus blocking the effects of progesterone at the uterine level, and provoking endometrial necrosis and shedding. RU 486 can, therefore, be used to interrupt early human pregnancy. In pregnancies of up to 7-8 ...
Furudate S - - 1990
Attempts were made to examine progesterone levels during pregnancy block, first initiated by pheromones and then by the injection of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG). The proximity of a strange male inhibits the usual increase in progesterone levels, resulting in no activation of the corpora lutea, from the estrous cycle ...
Hudson R - - 1990
The effect of daily injections of estradiol benzoate (1 or 10 micrograms) and of progesterone (10 mg) on chin marking activity, sexual receptivity, and emission of nipple-search pheromone in ovariectomized rabbits was investigated. Both estradiol treatments resulted in a significant increase in all three measures over baseline and control group ...
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