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Mandel M - - 1994
In the last 4 years, 24 cases of neuroblastoma were treated in the Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Unit at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, 8 of whom were under 1 year of age. Four of them were the product of a pregnancy-induced or preserved by gonadotropins, clomiphene citrate, or progestational hormones. These ...
White S - - 1994
alpha (1-2)-Fucosyltransferase (alpha (1-2)-FT) activity in the uterine luminal epithelium was investigated during the estrous cycle, during early pregnancy, and in ovariectomized mice treated with ovarian steroids. Phenyl-beta-D-galactoside was used as a specific acceptor for alpha (1-2)-FT activity. Enzyme activity fell dramatically throughout the pre- and peri-implantation period (Days 1-6 ...
Hoffmann B - - 1994
Concentrations of progesterone and estradiol-17 beta were determined throughout pregnancy in 6 to 10 bitches (exp. 1); in experiment 2 peripartal changes of estradiol-17 beta, estrone, progesterone, cortisol, prolactin and growth hormone were determined in 5 bitches; in experiment 3 total unconjugated oestrogens were determined by radioimmunoassay and radioreceptorassay in ...
Heap R B - - 1994
The evolution of specific nuclear transcriptional regulators has endowed tissues of the reproductive system with responsiveness to small hydrophobic compounds such as steroids. Steroids are widely distributed in Nature and their distribution in prokaryotes and eukaryotes has given rise to the concept that their hormonal role came about by target ...
Szilágyi A - - 1993
Local actions of placental neurohormones and sex steroids have been proposed to play a role in the regulation of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) release from the human placenta. Accordingly, we utilized an in vitro perifusion system and cultures of placental explants to investigate short- and long-term effects of progesterone and ...
Leiberman J R - - 1993
Changes in the level of estrogen and progesterone receptors in the uterine artery of the rat were studied during pregnancy in order to evaluate the estrogen dependency of this artery. The weight of the uterine artery and its content of estrogen and progesterone receptors were measured. The steroid receptor content ...
Medina V M - - 1993
Pregnancy and parturition are associated with opioid-mediated elevations in maternal pain thresholds. This analgesia is subserved by a spinal cord dynorphin/kappa-opiate receptor system. During gestation, elevated pain thresholds are paralleled by a significant increase in the content of dynorphin (1-17 and 1-8) in the lumbar spinal cord. An additional increment ...
Hasty L A - - 1993
PROBLEM: Recent investigations have demonstrated the presence of complement components in human endometrium in a cycle-specific manner. Luteal phase endometrium has been shown to synthesize complement C3 de novo, whereas proliferative endometrium produces little or no C3. Likewise factor B, which is critical to the activation of the alternative pathway ...
Har-Shai Y - - 1993
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is an uncommon skin tumor with a high potential for local recurrence if not adequately excised. There are only two reports in the literature describing dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans that enlarged considerably during pregnancy. On the other hand, the new development or enlargement of dermatofibromas in pregnancy is well documented. ...
Wu W X - - 1993
The distribution of oestrogen and progesterone receptors within the decidualized stroma of the uterus was examined in early and term human pregnancy and the results related to the effect of oestradiol and progesterone on prolactin production by decidua in vitro. In early pregnancy progesterone receptors were present in the nucleus ...
Subramanian M - - 1993
Lipid peroxidation, as assessed by the formation of thiobarbituric acid substances on incubation with ascorbate-Fe2+, NADPH-ADP-Fe3+ and cumene hydroperoxide in brain homogenate and mitochondria, was significantly decreased during gestation and restored to respective control levels post partum. The decrease observed with the brain homogenate on Day 10 of pregnancy was ...
Rutanen E M - - 1993
We describe two women who suffer from recurrent fever up to 40 C in association with progesterone action and who have continuously elevated serum levels of immunoreactive tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). In patient 1, recurrent fever began at age 17 yr and has now continued for ...
Cowan B D - - 1993
The incidence of ectopic pregnancy in the United States is increasing annually and is approaching epidemic proportions. Serum progesterone measurements show promise for the early detection of abnormal gestational development. Unfortunately, examination of serum progesterone levels does not allow discrimination between an ectopic pregnancy and an intrauterine abortion. Additionally, discriminatory ...
Chapple R S - - 1993
Duration of oestrous cycle and gestation, and characteristics of postpartum oestrus of chital hinds are described. Mean duration of the oestrus cycle of chital hinds was 19.3 +/- 1.3 days, with a range of 17-21 days. Serum progesterone profiles are shown, with minimum progesterone concentrations near oestrus less than 2.7 ...
Grosskinsky C M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To enhance the laboratory diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy by determining levels of hCG, progesterone, estradiol (E2), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). METHODS: Serum samples and medical records were retrospectively analyzed from 100 gynecologic patients for whom quantitative hCG determination had been ordered. Clinical data and levels of hCG, progesterone, E2, and ...
Stern J J - - 1993
The objective was to assess the usefulness of serum progesterone concentrations in the differentiation of intra-uterine (viable and non-viable) and extra-uterine pregnancies. Progesterone concentrations were prospectively measured at 4, 5 and 6 weeks gestation in 338 pregnancies which resulted in 242 viable births, 81 abortions and 15 ectopic pregnancies. Progesterone ...
Lower A M - - 1993
Women with ectopic pregnancy (n = 14) and early embryonic arrest ('blighted ovum') (n = 9) were studied 16 days after conception, at a time when they were asymptomatic and serum concentrations of beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) were in the normal range and increasing at an apparently normal rate. Serum ...
Stock A E - - 1993
In cattle, the development of ovarian follicles 5 mm or larger occurs in either two or three consecutive follicular waves per estrous cycle. When the luteal phase is artificially lengthened with an intravaginal progesterone-releasing device (CIDR) that maintains subluteal levels (i.e. levels of progesterone that are below normal luteal levels, ...
Johnson M R - - 1993
The endocrine function of the corpus luteum and placenta and the inter-relationships between ovarian steroids and the placental proteins in pregnancies achieved following ovarian stimulation, in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) have been investigated. The serum concentrations of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG), Schwangerschaft protein-1 (SP-1), pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), ...
Bygdeman M - - 1993
RU 486 is a 19-norsteroid which has a specific high affinity binding to the progesterone and glucocorticoid receptor. It is generally accepted that RU 486 acts as a pure progesterone antagonist almost without agonistic activity. RU 486 acts mainly directly on the target organ, such as the endometrium, but also ...
Dawson-Basoa M B - - 1993
It has been demonstrated in rats as well as in humans, that pregnancy and parturition are associated with an opioid-mediated maternal analgesia. This analgesia has been shown to involve a spinal cord dynorphin/kappa-opioid system. In the present study, simulation of the pregnancy blood profile of 17-beta-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) ...
Ghione S - - 1993
Elevated levels of endogenous digoxin-like immunoreactivity have been reported in the body fluids of premature and full-term infants as well as in term pregnancy, in the amniotic fluid, and in human milk. Several lines of evidence suggest that these factors could also have biological properties in common with digitalis: i.e., ...
Onclin K - - 1993
The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the effects of cabergoline (1.65 micrograms kg-1 injected subcutaneously for 5 days) on plasma progesterone concentrations in the pregnant bitch; (2) to assess its clinical value in terminating pregnancy in the bitch, and (3) to evaluate its side effects. Cabergoline, given ...
Tovanabutra S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate serial changes in the plasma concentration of inhibin in both the very early days of pregnancy following implantation and in late pregnancy. The timing of the changes in inhibin concentration relative to changes in the concentrations of other hormones of pregnancy ...
Baird D T - - 1993
Antigestogens are compounds which inhibit the synthesis of progesterone or antagonise its biological action. The progesterone antagonist mifepristone (RU 486) binds with high affinity to progesterone receptors throughout the body, blocking the action of endogenous progesterone. In the last 10 years it has been demonstrated that mifepristone, in combination with ...
Verstegen J P - - 1993
The regulation of progesterone secretion and release by the corpus luteum and/or by the placenta in cats during pregnancy has been poorly studied and the relative roles of the corpus luteum and the placenta in the release of progesterone into the plasma is not well defined. It is generally assumed ...
Harris B - - 1993
Participants were 120 primiparous women who had vaginal delivery of a non-handicapped child. Saliva was collected twice daily through parturition to day 35 post-partum. In the prepartum, a highly significant circadian rhythm was seen in cortisol, with a lower-amplitude rhythm in progesterone (AM/PM = 1.12). Evening samples showed a rise ...
Murphy D - - 1993
There is great variation in the survival rate of microinjected eggs introduced into pseudopregnant recipient female mice. If the survival rate is low, then the few eggs that do develop tend to be "overnourished" and grow into larger fetuses compared to the embryos of a normal-sized litter. Under such circumstances, ...
Scarpellini F - - 1993
Several studies have focused their attention on the possible interferences of the endocrine with the immunity system; these interrelations have been summoned to explain some aspects of the implantation. It has already been demonstrated that progesterone could play an immunosuppressive role, allowing the implantation of allotransplantation. However, the individual plasmatic ...
Kilarski W M - - 1993
The concept that the progesterone-estrogen ratio determines gap junction abundance in myometrium has developed from studies in laboratory animals. In the humans, however, gap junctions form in abundance at term despite a high progesterone-estrogen ratio. We have therefore examined the relationship between contractile activity, progesterone and estrogen levels and gap ...
Smitz J - - 1993
A prospective randomized study was conducted to evaluate the use of adding oestradiol valerate 6 mg per os daily to intravaginal micronized progesterone (600 mg daily) as luteal supplements. The study comprised 378 infertile women superovulated with a gonadotrophin releasing-hormone agonist (GnRHa) and human menopausal gonadotrophins (HMG) for in-vitro fertilization ...
Everson G T - - 1992
The gallbladder and gut should be viewed as hormonally responsive organs the normal physiology of which may be altered by the hormones of pregnancy. The gallbladder enlarges and empties sluggishly in response to meals during pregnancy. Small bowel transit is slowed, and the resting pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter ...
Baron T H - - 1992
Heartburn during pregnancy occurs in approximately two thirds of all pregnancies. The origin is multifactorial, but the predominant factor is a decrease in LES pressure resulting from female sex hormones, especially progesterone. Mechanical factors play a small role. Serious reflux complications during pregnancy are rare outside the obstetric setting. Therapy ...
Garde S V - - 1992
Immunoreactive 10.5 KDa moiety of inhibin and hFSH was present in the baboon endometrium during menstrual cycle, early pregnancy and in castrated animals treated with steroid hormones, estrogen and/or progesterone. Endometrial differences during the menstrual cycle altered the intensity of immunostaining of inhibin and FSH. Maximum staining was observed in ...
Lelaidier C - - 1992
In women having inactive ovaries, controlled preparation of the endometrium has been achieved with exogenous oestradiol and progesterone. We report on the feasibility and practicality of using a similar regimen for timing transfers of cryopreserved embryos in women whose ovaries have not been suppressed. A total of 91 women having ...
Segal S - - 1992
Luteal phase supplementation with natural progesterone appears to increase the pregnancy rate in in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The objective of this investigation was to examine the effect of intravaginal progesterone on endometrial thickness and hormonal parameters 7-9 days after embryo transfer. IVF patients receiving progesterone supplementation (Prog +, n = 64), ...
Gangnerau M N - - 1992
1. The effect of 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor 17 beta-N,N-diethylcarbamoyl-4-methyl-4-aza-5 alpha-androstan-3-one (4-MA) on the fetal rat steroidogenesis was examined. 18- and 20-day-old fetal ovaries were incubated in the presence of dcAMP (1 mM) and spironolactone (10 mM) and progesterone production was assessed with and without 4-MA (0.01-50 microM). 2. High concentrations ...
Polson D W - - 1992
To determine whether luteal phase support with vaginal progesterone could improve pregnancy rates in our IVF/GIFT programme, we performed a prospective randomised controlled study. After stimulation with clomiphene citrate/human menopausal gonadotrophin, 123 women received no luteal support and 122 received progesterone pessaries 100 mg b.d. from 48 hours prior to ...
Williams R S - - 1992
Previous reports suggest that serum progesterone value may be useful in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. These studies have based discriminatory thresholds on a limited number of patients without using statistical correction for biologic variability in an infinitely large population. This study was designed to determine the ability of a ...
Whyte A - - 1992
Post-coital administration of a mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) against progesterone (DB3; IgG1) prevents pregnancy in several species. Our previous studies in mice have shown that passively transferred DB3 specifically targets the uterus before the expected time of implantation, probably through progesterone-binding sites. DB3 and two other anti-progesterone mAbs, i.e. 11/34 ...
Smitz J - - 1992
A luteal phase defect has been demonstrated in cycles stimulated using a protocol including a gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa). We have conducted a randomized prospective study of luteal and early pregnancy supplementation in 262 women selected for in-vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intra-Fallopian transfer (GIFT) or zygote intra-Fallopian transfer (ZIFT). ...
Peterson C M - - 1992
A rapid, solid-phase, nonextraction progesterone kit (n = 36) was compared with an established extraction method, liquid phase tritium radioimmunoassay for progesterone (n = 79). Logistic regression of the rapid method over the extraction method gave a correlation coefficient of r = 0.968. Logistic regression gave a discriminatory zone (abnormal ...
Saleem M A - - 1992
It has been recognised that steroids can exert a profound influence over immunological reactivity. The present study analyzes the role of steroid hormones--estrogen, progesterone and cortisol--and their involvement in immunoregulation during pregnancy. As is known, the endogenous levels of all the three hormones increase during pregnancy. When the steroid levels ...
Källén B A - - 1992
Mothers of boys with hypospadias and control mothers were interviewed in eight malformation monitoring programs around the world. Hormone therapy was used quite frequently in five but rarely in three of the programs. The odds ratio for hypospadias after hormone therapy during pregnancy was 2.8 (95% confidence limits 1.2, 6.9) ...
Barañao R I - - 1992
We have studied some functional characteristics of murine peritoneal macrophages (MOp) related to hormonal changes produced during pregnancy. Maximal expression of Ia antigen and release of interleukin 1 (IL1) were observed during the first week of pregnancy (implantation), when the highest peak of estradiol was produced. Both Ia antigen expression ...
Switzer P J - - 1992
First-trimester ultrasound examination is of value to establish dates or assess fetal viability in cases of bleeding but provides limited information on the well-being of the fetus. At between 16 and 20 weeks' gestation, examination of fetal anatomy allows many abnormalities to be detected. Third-trimester ultrasound examination is predominantly for ...
Choe J K - - 1992
The corpus luteum function was evaluated in patients with surgically confirmed ectopic pregnancy (EP) in a multicenter study. In addition, the minimal threshold of serum progesterone (P) concentration required for salvaging intrauterine pregnancies (IUP) was also examined. Results show that single P or 17-OHP measurements are not diagnostic for EP, ...
Parr R A - - 1992
A series of studies was undertaken to determine the relationship between level of feed intake during early pregnancy, concentrations of peripheral progesterone and embryo survival in sheep. Ewes fed twice maintenance (2M) rations after joining had a pregnancy rate of 48%. Ewes fed 2M rations and given exogenous progesterone between ...
Chwalisz K - - 1991
The progesterone antagonist onapristone was used in guinea pigs during late pregnancy (43 +/- 2 days after coitus) and before term (day 61 after coitus) to investigate the role of progesterone on uterine reactivity to exogenous oxytocin, concentration of oxytocin receptors, and gap junctions in the myometrium. Onapristone priming increased ...
Wilson L L - - 1991
Daily (9 AM and 6 PM) blood samples were obtained from the inferior vena cava during the last trimester of pregnancy in a tethered baboon model. In addition, three 24-hour (hourly blood sampling) studies were performed at days 143 to 147, 158 to 162, and 172 to 177 of pregnancy. ...
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