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Moore R K - - 2000
Plasma concentrations of free, glucuronidated, and sulfated steroids were measured in grass rockfish (Sebastes rastrelliger) at identified stages of ovarian development and pregnancy using radioimmunoassays validated for the detection of individual steroids or compounds with a particular configuration. Changes in reproductive status were most clearly reflected in concentrations of free ...
Albrecht E D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the role of estrogen in pregnancy maintenance in baboons by suppressing estrogen synthesis through administration of a highly specific nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor, CGS 20267. STUDY DESIGN: CGS 20267 was administered subcutaneously at maximal dosages of 2.0 mg/d to pregnant baboons (n ...
Costea D M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To observe absolute and relative levels of progesterone, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) in in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies after withdrawal of luteal support. METHOD: Single blood samples were obtained from 41 pregnant women following IVF treatment and 43 normal pregnant women at various weeks gestation ...
Galea L A - - 2000
The present experiments investigated the effects of pregnancy on performance in the Morris water maze and on hippocampal volume. In the first study, pregnant rats (in between the first and second trimester) outperformed nonpregnant rats on the Morris water maze on 1 day of testing. In the second study, rats ...
Feyles V - - 2000
Endometrial calcifications occur sporadically and are associated with infertility. Previous uterine trauma during instrumentation and/or uterine infection are likely involved in their pathogenesis. The association between endometrial calcifications and recurrent pregnancy loss has been very infrequently reported. A 28-year-old woman with a history of two consecutive first trimester pregnancy losses ...
Check J H - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine if a woman over age 45 with elevated serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in the early follicular phase could still successfully conceive. METHODS: Female partner was treated with guaifenesin to improve cervical mucus quality and vaginal progesterone in the luteal phase. Careful monitoring of follicular maturation ...
Gustavsson I - - 2000
Sex steroids influence the growth of mammalian uterine tissues and the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun have been implicated in the cascade of cellular events induced by the cyclic influence of oestrogen and progesterone. To investigate the role of these proto-oncogenes for fibroid growth their mRNA expression was measured in myometrium ...
Baird D T - - 2000
Progesterone is essential to the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Compounds that inhibit the synthesis of progesterone, or antagonize progesterone action, have multiple effects including the induction of abortion, labor induction, contraception, and cervical ripening. They also may be used in the treatment of endometriosis, fibromyomata, meningiomas, Cushing syndrome, and ...
Buemi M - - 2000
We evaluated bcl-2 protein levels in whole blood, and intraerythrocytic products of lipoperoxidation, in 65 healthy pregnant primiparous women at the end of the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. During pregnancy we found a progressive increase in concentrations of bcl-2 and intraerythrocytic products of lipoperoxidation. Moreover, a positive ...
Bodley V - - 1999
A case report is presented on the experience of a mother diagnosed with insufficient glandular tissue at 3 months postpartum with her first child who then went on to breastfeed her second child (fifth pregnancy) without supplementation of any kind. The mother had difficulty becoming pregnant and maintaining a pregnancy. ...
Jobanputra K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether once-daily dosing of Crinone 8% (90-mg progesterone vaginal gel; Serono Laboratories, Inc., Norwell, MA) is sufficient for normal endometrial development and pregnancy support. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Eighty-six women who required complete progesterone replacement for a donor egg cycle. INTERVENTION(S): Crinone ...
Parlette L E - - 1999
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSPs) are uncommon skin tumors that have a high incidence of local recurrence even with wide surgical margin, but DFSPs rarely metastasize. Previous reports have suggested that DFSPs may enlarge more rapidly during pregnancy. We report 3 additional cases of DFSPs that showed accelerated growth during pregnancy. Immunohistochemical ...
Damario M A MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1999
To evaluate the outcome of IVF-ET after the use of Crinone 8% (Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Inc., Philadelphia, PA) vaginal progesterone gel and to compare these results with those seen in our program with the use of IM progesterone-in-oil. Retrospective cohort study. A tertiary referral reproductive medicine unit. Patients <40 years of ...
Liu C Q - - 1999
The effects of mifepristone on production of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and uterine receptivity in rabbits was studied. In ovariectomized rabbits, LIF protein was at an undetectable level in control (score = 0), and upregulated by progesterone alone (score = 4). Estrogen had no additive effect, and may even have ...
Chantilis S J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of intravaginal Crinone 8% (Columbia Research Laboratories, Miami. FL) versus IM progesterone for luteal phase support after IVF-ET. DESIGN: Prospective open trial with comparison to historical controls. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Two hundred six women undergoing IVF-ET. INTERVENTION(S): One hundred patients received Crinone ...
Telleria C M - - 1999
In this study, we investigated whether progesterone exerts a local action regulating the function of the corpus luteum of pregnancy in rats. The luteal activities of the enzymes 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD), involved in progesterone biosynthesis, and 20alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20alpha-HSD), that catabolizes progesterone and reduces progesterone secretion by the corpus luteum, ...
Tibbetts T A - - 1999
Thymocyte development is reported to be inhibited by pregnancy, although the impact of this effect on fertility is unknown. We demonstrate, using progesterone receptor null mutant mice, that the inhibitory effects of pregnancy hormones on T cell development require the presence of functional progesterone receptor (PR). A combination of hysterectomy, ...
Pepe G J - - 1999
By using the baboon as an in vivo model for the study of the endocrinology of human pregnancy, studies in the authors' laboratories have shown that the primate placenta is an estrogen target tissue and that estrogen, via interaction with the estrogen receptor, regulates functional differentiation of the syncytiotrophoblast, which ...
Kapke C A - - 1999
Assays of reproductive hormone metabolites require validation in each animal species. For validation of methodology in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), fecal samples were collected from females that had been injected by blowgun with estradiol, progesterone, or a control substance. Analysis by radioimmunoassay revealed that estradiol and pregnanediol were more abundant ...
Sadick N S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Postsclerotherapy neoangiogenesis telangiectatic matting (TM) occurs in up to 24% of individuals treated by sclerotherapy. Although the etiology is unknown, obstructive flow factors, angiogenic factors, estrogen, inflammatory, and endogenous factors have all been postulated to play a role in its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to ...
Ikeda M - - 1999
We present a case of an unexpected pregnancy and an ultimately successful obstetric outcome. The patient underwent abdominal myomectomy under spinal anaesthesia for a uterine leiomyoma with menorrhagia and infertility. Later, she was found to have been in the 7th gestational day at the time of surgery. The blastocyst survived ...
Dahl J F - - 1999
Perineal swelling during pregnancy in captive common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) was studied to examine if the swelling pattern is consistent with known fluctuations in estrogens and progesterone and to test associations between reduced swelling and pathological outcome. Analyses of swelling during 107 pregnancies with a variety of outcomes revealed that ...
Vallet J L - - 1999
A RIA was developed for porcine intrauterine folate binding protein (FBP). Displacement of [125I]FBP caused by increasing dilutions of uterine flushings collected from either d-15 pregnant or nonpregnant gilts or media from culture of endometrial tissue from d-15 pregnant or nonpregnant gilts was parallel to the displacement caused by the ...
Benassayag C - - 1999
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are important in pregnancy, fetal development and parturition. We measured free fatty acids (FFA), albumin and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the maternal and fetal circulations of women undergoing elective Caesarean section at term. We also studied the impact of PUFAs on estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) ...
Sallam H N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for the midluteal plasma progesterone concentration. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Infertility clinic at an academic medical center. PATIENT(S): One hundred ninety-two infertile women who became pregnant after induction of ovulation with hMG. INTERVENTION(S): The plasma progesterone level was measured during the midluteal phase of the ...
al-Ramahi M - - 1999
Our purpose was to determine whether serum progesterone predicts pregnancy outcome after superovulation. One hundred twenty-three consecutively pregnant patients were divided into three groups: group I, 55 patients following superovulation for assisted reproductive technologies; group II, 23 patients after correction of oligoovulation; and group III, 45 patients who conceived spontaneously. ...
Doldi N - - 1999
Our study compared 84 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with 84 control patients who had normal ovaries and who were matched for the main determinants of success in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer. Serum concentrations of oestradiol and progesterone on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) injection ...
Raggi L A - - 1999
Plasma progesterone concentration during pregnancy and the early postpartum period was measured by radioimmunoassay in five alpacas (Lama pacos), of the Huacaya breed, whose pregnancy length had a mean of 344.8 +/- 4.4 days. Concentration of progesterone increased (P < 0.001) from low premating values (0.11 +/- 0.06 nmol/l) to ...
Shiraishi K - - 1999
We report a case of clitoral hypertrophy of unknown origin. A 3-year-old girl showed clitoral hypertrophy at birth. Biochemical analysis of peripheral blood and endocrinological examinations were normal. Other virilizing symptoms were not recognized. Clitoroplasty was carried out, and the clitoris has not enlarged 20 months after the operation. Her ...
Ropstad E - - 1999
The study aimed to compare plasma progesterone concentrations, rectal ultrasonography and plasma concentrations of pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB) used for pregnancy diagnosis in reindeer. A total of 1,595 blood plasma samples were collected between 1991 and 1996 from 3 semidomestic reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herds on the Norwegian mainland (Magerøy, ...
Deng Y - - 1998
In virgin female rats, atrial distension (an index of blood volume expansion) causes an increase in c-fos expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the lateral hypothalamus. During pregnancy, this response is markedly attenuated. We tested the effects of 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3alpha-OH-DHP) on activation of central pathways following stimulation of the atrial ...
Schammel D P - - 1998
Endometrial adenocarcinoma associated with pregnancy is a rare lesion; only 14 acceptable examples have been reported in the literature. This study describes five additional examples with a critical review of the previously published cases. Four of the five women were nulliparous and three had sought medical intervention for infertility. The ...
Hansen P J - - 1998
Survival of the fetal allograft results from orchestrated adjustments in activity of maternal lymphoid cells as well as in trophoblast gene expression. One molecule that regulates uterine immune responsiveness is progesterone. In fact, uterine skin graft survival and susceptibility to bacterial infections are increased by progesterone. This review focuses on ...
Niemuller C A - - 1998
Immunoreactive relaxin activity and progesterone concentrations in weekly plasma samples were measured throughout six pregnancies in five Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). One animal aborted, one delivered a stillborn calf at term and the remaining pregnancies concluded normally with living young. Immunoreactive relaxin activity increased by week 20 of pregnancy to ...
Zhao X X - - 1998
Serum progesterone and 17 beta-estradiol during pregnancy in the Bactrian camel were measured by radioimmunoassay. Serum progesterone concentrations increased by 15 d after artificial insemination (AI) and remained elevated throughout most of gestation, the mean concentrations (3.06 +/- 0.49 to 8.51 +/- 4.80 ng/mL) were similar to those reported for ...
Steyn DW - - 1998
> Objective: To determine the effects of ketanserin given from early in the midtrimester of pregnancy on fetal heart rate parameters later in pregnancy. Methods: Patients with diastolic blood pressure persistently higher than 80 mm Hg between 12 and 20 weeks' gestational age were randomized to receive either ketanserin or ...
Wimalawansa S J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclamptic toxemia (PET) affects 4 to 8% of human pregnancies. Presently, reliable specific therapies to treat this disorder are not available. This study was designed to develop a new therapeutic approach in the management of PET using an animal model. DESIGN: Pregnant rats (5/group) infused with 50 mg L-NAME ...
Ohba T - - 1998
> At week 32 of a pregnancy complicated by maternal seizures, fetal ultrasonography showed hydrocephalus and an intracranial hyperechoic mass identified by magnetic resonance imaging as subacute right thalamic hemorrhage, with aqueductal obstruction. Fetal intracranial bleeding may be a cause factor of perinatal death complicating maternal epilepsy.
Krasnegor NA - - 1998
> Objective: This paper describes the deliberations of an interdisciplinary group of clinical and basic scientists who met at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to discuss the potential role of fetal behavior in assessing fetal well being and predicting neonatal outcome. The conference focused on three ...
Azancot-Benisty A - - 1998
> Objectives: This European protocol is designed to estimate the efficacy of transplacental digoxin administered intravenously to the mother in sustained fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (FSVT) with or without cardiac failure and in intermittent runs of FSVT with cardiac failure. The natural history of FSVT is evaluated in self-limited runs of ...
De Crée C - - 1998
This article aims to clarify why, and by which mechanisms, exercise may influence the normal menstrual cycle. Therefore, the vast amount of literature on this subject is reviewed and a critical appraisal of the most widespread hypotheses if offered. The strikingly low body mass which frequently accompanies exercise-related menstrual irregularities ...
Morris J - - 1998
> Objective: To establish whether uterine artery flow velocity waveforms in the second trimester are associated with adverse pregnancy outcome in women with a poor obstetric history. Methods: We reviewed the obstetric case notes of 50 women with a poor obstetric history in previous pregnancies in whom uterine artery flow ...
Bicíková M - - 1998
5Alpha-reduced metabolites of progesterone, especially 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (allopregnanolone) are now listed to neurosteroids. Their anesthetic properties can be explained by their allosteric interaction with GABA(A) receptors. A woman's organism is provided with an abundance of progesterone during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and its level falls down sharply with ...
Jerat S - - 1998
Pregnancy is characterized by volume expansion and vasodilation. We investigated whether the hypotensive peptide adrenomedullin (ADM) might be a significant factor in the cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy. Rats were prepared with indwelling cannulae. Plasma ADM levels were measured by RIA before mating, at 7, 14, and 21 days of pregnancy, ...
Silver RK - - 1998
>Objective: Administration of purified human IgG from antiphospholipid syndrome patients has not consistently caused murine pregnancy loss despite the presence of significant anticardiolipin antibody (ACA) activity. We evaluated whether a correlation exists between ACA activity and the degree of fetal resorption in murine pregnancy and also determined whether pooled IgG ...
Acevedo C H - - 1998
Nitric oxide was proposed as an endogenous inhibitor of myometrial contractility during pregnancy. Carbon monoxide (CO) like nitric oxide increases cGMP and is generated during the degradation of heme to biliverdin IX by hemeoxygenases (HO). Here we report that the expression of both HO-1 (inducible) and HO-2 (constitutive) were > ...
Yasuhi I - - 1998
>Objective: To determine whether maternal meal ingestion affects amniotic fluid index (AFI) over a short period after maternal meal ingestion in normal growth fetuses with normal amniotic fluid volume in uncomplicated late pregnancies.Methods: Twenty-five women with an appropriate-for-gestational-age fetus with normal AFI were included in a simple crossover, blinded study ...
Shimonovitz S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: It is now accepted that gelatinase B (92 kd type IV collagenase) is involved in blastocyst implantation and trophoblast invasion. However, little is known about the regulation of this enzyme at the fetomaternal interface. Progesterone has been demonstrated to inhibit gelatinase B secretion from endometrial cells, myometrium, and cervical ...
Salahuddin S - - 1998
>Objective: To obtain a longitudinal gestational reference range for the amniotic fluid index (AFI) among Japanese women and to compare the study with those of previous reports.Methods: A total of 739 measurements of the AFI of 96 Japanese women with normal pregnancies were analyzed. The criteria were singleton pregnancies between ...
Chaffin DG - - 1998
>Objective: Variability of the fetal heart rate (FHR) is used clinically to assess fetal well being. Approximate entropy (ApEn) is a statistic that quantifies the regularity of a time series. This study was designed to test whether ApEn changed in the FHR of the hypoxic ovine fetus.Methods: Five time-bred ewes ...
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