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Results 101 - 150 of 2089
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Pasquier Elisabeth - - 2013
To compare the microparticle levels of women referred for unexplained pregnancy loss with those of parous controls. Incident case-control study. University medical center. 124 women consecutively referred for unexplained pregnancy losses (two or more losses at or before 21 weeks of gestational age, or at least one later loss), and ...
Deshpande Cs - - 2013
Improvements in technology have increased the chances of survival for the micro-premature infant and the very low birth-weight infant but have significantly increased the financial burden of health care organizations. This economic burden has a significant impact on third-party payers and on society in general. The study was designed to ...
Friedler S S IVF and Infertility unit, Assaf -Harofeh Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel. - - 2013
To study whether intravaginal application of seminal plasma after follicle aspiration has the potential to increase implantation and clinical pregnancy rates after IVF-ET. We conducted a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study of 230 patients undergoing IVF-ET cycles. 500 μL of Fresh seminal plasma from the patient's partner or culture medium ...
Al-Hinai Mustafa - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain and low birth weight (LBW) in babies born to a sample population of Omani women. A case-control study was carried out among deliveries registered between 1(st) May 2010 and 30(th) April 2011 at ...
Ugwu Emmanuel Onyebuchi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness and safety of membrane stripping at 40-41 weeks of gestation as a means of preventing post-term pregnancy and the need for formal induction of labor in Enugu, Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: A randomized controlled trial of 134 post-date pregnant women at the University of Nigeria ...
Madkour Aubrey Spriggs - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of prepregnancy parental support and control on adolescent girls' pregnancy resolution decisions. METHODS: Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed. Girls whose first pregnancy reported in wave IV occurred after wave I and before age 20 were included (n = 1,107). Participants ...
Nittner-Marszalska Marita - - 2013
It has been reported that fractioned exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) can be used for monitoring airway inflammation and for asthma management but conclusions drawn by different researchers are controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of FENO assessment for monitoring asthma during pregnancy. We monitored ...
Anderson Douglas C - - 2013
Germany's Catholic bishops recently ruled that levonorgestrel emergency contraception (EC) was acceptable for prevention of pregnancy in the case of rape. The ruling represents a significant change in Catholic doctrine that has been opposed to most forms of birth control. In their ruling the bishops cited a lack of evidence ...
Sana Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical significance of a chorionic bump diagnosed by ultrasound in women attending a teaching hospital early pregnancy unit (EPU). METHODS: This was a retrospective case control study over an eight-year period 2003-2010. Cases were identified by searching our early pregnancy database and were matched to controls ...
Kanter G - - 2013
Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is used to treat various conditions from uterine leiomyoma to uncontrollable bleeding. We describe a case of placenta accreta after a prior delivery, which required UAE to control a postpartum hemorrhage. This case highlights the importance of both antenatal evaluation of placentation and heightened precaution for ...
Agholor K - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy remains a major public health problem especially in many developing countries where it is a significant contributor to pregnancy related morbidity and mortality. To determine the association between prior Chlamydia trachomatis infection and the risk of ectopic pregnancy. A case-control study from two tertiary health care facilities in ...
Belkacemi L L 1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatal Research Laboratories, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2013
Gestational diabetic mellitus (GDM) pregnancies have an increased risk of macrosomic infants and large placental mass, though the mechanisms explaining each of these is uncertain. We sought to evaluate the contribution of apoptosis to placental size and the expression of glucose transporters (SLC2A) in GDM pregnancies. Maternal age and pre-pregnancy ...
Balayla Jacques J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Montreal, Montreal, - - 2013
To evaluate the outcomes in the conversion of high-response gonadotropin intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles to "rescue" in vitro fertilization (IVF) using a Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) antagonist, with regards to implantation rates, pregnancy rates, cost, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) as compared to matched, hyper-responder, IVF controls. This prospective cohort study ...
Lauszus Finn F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and pulse pressure (PP) during pregnancy and 3 months after delivery in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and compare it to healthy pregnant controls. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive study of 59 women with T1DM and 42 non-diabetic women. Blood pressure was ...
Soh May Ching - - 2013
Objective. To determine whether women with persistent aPL (>12 weeks apart on at least two separate occasions) without a history of thrombosis or adverse pregnancy outcome had the same adverse pregnancy outcomes as those with obstetric APS or unmatched controls.Methods. This was a case-control study between 2005 and 2011 where ...
Richardson Barbra A BA Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104-2499, USA. - - 2013
To compare the 2 control arms of HPTN 035 [a hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC) gel control arm and a no-gel control arm] to assess the behavioral effects associated with gel use and direct causal effects of the HEC gel on sexually transmitted infections (STIs), pregnancy, and genital safety. Randomized trial with 1 ...
Catoire Patrick - - 2013
Levitas et al. (2006) showed in a cohort study that hypnosis during embryo transfer (ET) increased pregnancy ratio by 76%. In order to evaluate hypnosis during ET in a general population, the authors performed a randomized prospective controlled study comparing diazepam (usual premedication) administered before ET plus muscle relaxation versus ...
Frise Charlotte J - - 2013
Endocrine disease is common in pregnancy. Most pre-existing endocrine conditions, if well controlled, have little impact on maternal or fetal morbidity. Uncontrolled endocrine conditions in pregnancy, whether poorly controlled pre-conception or newly diagnosed, are associated with a variety of adverse fetal outcomes and maternal morbidity. Also, transplacental transfer of maternal ...
Aali Bibi Shahnaz BS Physiology Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2013
Controlled ovarian stimulation combined with intra uterine insemination (IUI) is a convenient treatment of infertility with a success rate of 11%. The clinical observation and pattern of progesterone secretion in this method is suggestive of luteal phase defect and postulated as an implicating factor of treatment failure. To investigate the ...
Zhou F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common pregnancy-specific liver disorders. Although various biological effects of corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) has in pregnancy have been reported, its activities in patients with ICP are lacking. Here we evaluated CRH and its receptor (CRH-R1) expression in placenta and serum in control ...
Saglam Aylin - - 2013
PURPOSE: The present study was designed to examine apoptotic cell death via the caspase-dependent pathway in human fetal membranes. METHODS: Amniotic membrane samples were collected from three groups of women: group 1, women with preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM) after cesarean delivery (n = 10), group 2, women with preterm ...
Charoo Bashir Ahmed - - 2013
Normal pregnancy results in a number of important physiological and hormonal changes that alter thyroid function. In pregnancy, the thyroid gland being subjected to physiological stress undergoes several adaptations to maintain sufficient output of thyroid hormones for both mother and fetus. Consequently, pregnant women have been found to be particularly ...
Kamara M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of placenta praevia accreta following primary (first) elective or primary emergency caesarean section in a pregnancy complicated by placenta praevia. DESIGN: Retrospective matched case-control study, employing variable matching. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre between 1993 and 2008. POPULATION: Sixty-five cases and 102 controls were used for ...
Kintiraki E - - 2013
The primary aim of this case-control study was to compare women whose pregnancy was complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), diagnosed by the new International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria, with a control group of healthy, pregnant women in terms of incidence of large- (LGA) and ...
Lai Jonathan - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the potential value of maternal serum concentrations of free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and placental growth factor (PlGF) at 30-33 weeks of gestation in the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE) developing at or after 34 weeks. Methods: Serum free β-hCG, PAPP-A and PlGF were ...
Blossom Sarah J - - 2013
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a major cause of infant mortality. Most CHDs are thought to result from genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors that include maternal obesity, diabetes, toxicant exposure, and alterations in anti-oxidant capacity. Since these well-documented risk factors are also associated with immune dysregulation, we sought to compare ...
Vähämiko Sanna - - 2013
We aimed here to assess the impact of dietary counselling during pregnancy on dietary intake of vitamins and the vitamin status of women and their children. At the first trimester of pregnancy, 89 women from allergic families were randomized to a control group (n = 45) or to receive individual dietary counselling ...
Gungor Sami - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to compare levels of acyl and des-acyl ghrelin, obestatin, nesfatin-1 and leptin in healthy gravidas to hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty pregnant women with HG and twenty healthy pregnant women all of similar ages, BMI and all at similar pregnancy ...
Gullai Nóra - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the Triage placental growth factor (PlGF) assay, together with its prognostic efficiency in determining the need for preterm delivery in all forms of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. A total of 130 pregnant women with a diagnosis of preeclampsia ...
Watanabe Kazushi - - 2013
To determine whether enhanced oxidative stress during pregnancy impairs vascular endothelial function and improves after delivery in preeclamptic women, we measured serum parameters of oxidative stress and endothelial function during pregnancy and 1 month after delivery in women with or without preeclampsia. We evaluated 18 participants with uncomplicated pregnancies, 11 ...
Sydsjö Gunilla - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the effect of a weight-gain restriction programme for obese pregnant women on sickness absence days and pregnancy benefit days during pregnancy and postpartum. Design. A prospective, controlled intervention study. The Swedish Social Security Agency's records were utilized to compile sickness absence and pregnancy benefit information. Setting. Antenatal ...
Kuuranne Tiia T Doping Control Laboratory, United Medix Laboratories, Höyläämötie 14, 00380, Helsinki, - - 2013
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is dimeric glycoprotein produced by placenta in pregnancy and also in low levels by pituitary gland. The main clinical use for exogenous hCG-administration is typically linked to infertility. The desired effect of hCG misuse in sport is due to the enhancement of testicular production of testosterone. ...
Beurskens Leonardus W J E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A has been related to the etiology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We performed a case-control study to investigate whether maternal dietary vitamin A intake is related to CDH in the offspring. METHODS: Thirty-one pregnancies diagnosed with CDH and 46 control pregnancies were included during the study. After ...
Okwara J E - - 2013
High prevalence of anaemia has been reported among pregnant women especially in developing nations. This paper considers maternal haemoglobin (Hb) level, serum total iron, iron binding capacity, and serum ferritn iin antenatal women in Orlu-Imo State Nigeria. Haemoglobin level, serum iron, serum ferritin, and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) were ...
Ivancsó István - - 2013
Asthma has a high burden of morbidity if not controlled and may frequently complicate pregnancy, posing a risk for pregnancy outcomes. Elevated plasma level of the inflammatory biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is related to a worse prognosis in many conditions such as infectious, autoimmune, or pregnancy-related diseases; ...
Cali U - - 2013
To examine the placental expression of caspase-3 and bcl-2 in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia, IUGR, and HELLP syndrome. A prospective case-control study was conducted on 50 pregnant women between December 2006 and August 2007 at Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Placental tissue samples ...
Kota Sunil K - - 2013
The myometrium must remain relatively quiescent during pregnancy to accommodate growth and development of the feto-placental unit, and then must transform into a highly coordinated, strongly contracting organ at the time of labour for successful expulsion of the new born. The control of timing of labour is complex involving interactions ...
Salge A K Marques - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify placental and umbilical cord macroscopic changes and correlate them to maternal and fetal clinical events in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). The authors examined 150 placentas, 30 from each HDP group, totaling 120, and 30 from the control group. All placentas and ...
Platt Kristen M - - 2013
During pregnancy, women often show a willingness to make positive lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, initiation of a vitamin regimen, improvement of their diet, and increases in their levels of exercise or physical activity. To study health outcomes in both pregnant mice and their offspring, we developed a model ...
Peñacoba Puente Cecilia - - 2013
This study investigated the role of locus of control in the development of psychopathological symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum in women with low-risk pregnancies. Pregnant women participated during the first trimester of pregnancy (n = 285), third trimester (n = 122), and in the postpartum (n = 116). Participants were ...
Yang Ga Young GY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the differences in urinary nephrin among controls, gravidas with preeclampsia (PE), and small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants. We also determined whether or not maternal urinary concentrations of nephrin are associated with the subsequent development of PE and SGA infants. We analyzed maternal urinary ...
Ispasoiu Corina-Alina CA Astra Clinic, Gr. Alexandrescu Street, No. 1, 550371 Sibiu, - - 2013
Objective. Patients with more than two spontaneous pregnancy losses are diagnosed with recurrent pregnancy loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate the IR (insulin resistance) in patients with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss. Material and Method. A single center, case control study was performed on one hundred eighteen women ...
Guo H J HJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2013
To explore the effects of cervical loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or cold knife conization (CKC) on pregnancy outcomes. Patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) who wanted to become pregnant and received LEEP or CKC were considered as the treatment groups. Women who wanted to become pregnant and only underwent ...
Keskin Fatih - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. It is unclear how immune tolerance develops to a semiallograft fetus in pregnancy. Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) expressed by extravascular trophoblasts plays an important role in the recognition of the gestational tissues as self and the development of immune tolerance against the gestational tissues by the ...
Thomas Viju V VV Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, 7937 Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
Approximately 1% of all couples trying to conceive will suffer from recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Nutritional deficiencies have been postulated as a possible cause of RPL and in particular, selenium deficiency has been associated with reproductive failure in animal studies and more recently, in some human studies. This study was ...
Bamaiyi A J AJ Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto. - - 2013
The pregnancy state in a woman's life is a unique state in terms of the desirable physiological changes and the exciting reversal of the changes soon after the termination of the pregnancy. It is considered essential that to guarantee a good feto-maternal outcome the attainment of optimum anthropometric and haematological ...
Seyyed Elahe Zarean EZ Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Pre-term delivery is still a main cause of perinatal mortality and morbidities. This study was designed to find any association between maternal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization and pre-term delivery. This case-control study was conducted from March 2010 to May 2011 at two referral university hospitals (Al-Zahra and Shaheed Beheshty), ...
Polen Kara N D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Few epidemiologic studies have investigated the use of venlafaxine (Effexor XR capsules, Product Monograph, Wyeth, Montreal, Canada), an antidepressant used to treat major depression and anxiety disorders in adults, during pregnancy. Our objective was to determine whether use of venlafaxine during pregnancy is associated with specific birth defects. METHODS: ...
Li ChunMei C College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China. - - 2013
Pollutants from burning of diesel fuel are hazardous to human health. Nanoparticles in diesel exhaust potentially have profound impact on fetal development and maternal endocrine function during pregnancy due to their ability to penetrate deeply into the body. To investigate the effects of nanoparticle-rich diesel exhaust (NR-DE) on pregnancy, pregnant ...
Cyganek Katarzyna K University Hospital, Krakow, - - 2013
Pregnancy in type 1 diabetes requires excellent glycemic control. Most pregnant type 1 diabetic women achieve normoglycemia; however, there is scarce data on their postdelivery characteristics. We aimed to examine postpregnancy glycemic control and weight changes in type 1 diabetes. We identified and followed (median 20 months) 254 women with ...
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