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Walch Katharina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A planned study to test the hypothesis that dydrogesterone given during the first trimester of pregnancy can positively influence the immune system of women suffering from recurrent miscarriages and thereby lead to successful pregnancies. The primary objective is to show whether the administration of dydrogesterone during the first trimester ...
Latif Syed A - - 2005
In earlier studies [Latif, S.A., Sheff, M.F., Ribeiro, C.E., Morris, D.J., 1997. Selective inhibition of sheep kidney 11beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase isoform 2 activity by 5alpha-reduced (but not 5beta) derivatives of adrenocorticosteroids. Steroids 62, 230-237], only derivatives of steroid hormones possessing the 5alpha-Ring A-reduced configuration selectively inhibited 11beta-HSD2-dehydrogenase, whereas their 5beta-derivatives were inactive. ...
Piura Benjamin - - 2006
Women suffering from anovulatory infertility may develop endometrial hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma due to the unopposed estrogen effect. We present the case of a young infertile woman with endometrial atypical hyperplasia bordering on adenocarcinoma who refused hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and achieved two successful pregnancies after conservative treatment with high-dose progesterone ...
Zhu Ning - - 2005
STREX alternative-exon adds to Slo channel a phosphorylation sequence that can invert protein kinase A (PKA) regulation from excitatory to inhibitory. Because pregnancy switches Slo responsiveness to PKA from inhibitory to excitatory, we hypothesized that STREX expression diminishes with pregnancy and is regulated by sex hormones. Different from total-rSlo, which ...
Iqbal Mohammad Masud - - 2005
Chlorpromazine, haloperidol, fluphenazine, clozapine, risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine, ziprasidone, and aripiprazole are antipsychotics commonly used in psychiatric medicine. Approximately one third of pregnant women with psychotic symptoms use antipsychotics at least once. This review will discuss the effects of antipsychotic use during pregnancy and lactation on the fetus and infant.Although adequate ...
Héctor F-H - - 2005
The contra gestational effects of norethisterone and its main metabolites, 5alpha-NET and 3beta5alpha-NET, has been demonstrated in several species. However, the focus has been mainly on their effects in the uterus. We previously reported that 5alpha-NET inhibits the progesterone-induced AR in pig spermatozoa and induces severe morphological damage to fertilized ...
Görlinger S - - 2005
Hypoluteoidism is characterized by insufficient secretion of progesterone by the corpora lutea during pregnancy. The resulting failure to maintain progesterone concentration above a critical level presumably could lead to fetal resorbtion as well as frank abortion. This report concerns a 2.5-year-old Bernese Mountain dog with a history of two previous ...
Lee Hyung-Yul - - 2005
Serum levels of the ovarian hormones relaxin, estrogen, and progesterone are elevated during the second half of 23-day rat pregnancy when dramatic growth of the cervix occurs. Recently, we demonstrated that relaxin contributes to cervical growth by both promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis of cervical cells during late pregnancy. ...
Pabuccu Recai - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss luteal support in assisted reproduction and to provide an evidence-based overview of the current options available. RECENT FINDINGS: The luteal phase has been found to be defective in virtually all of the stimulation protocols used for in-vitro fertilization. Common ...
Tay P Y S - - 2005
This is a prospeve randomised study designed to clarify the impact of various luteal support regimes (HCG and progesterone) on progesterone profiles and pregnancy outcomes. This study involved subjects undergone down regulated. stimulated IVF cycles using various types of luteal support, namely: Cyclogest (n=35). Crinone gel (n=36), various doses of ...
Murase Jenny E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively how psoriasis fluctuates in pregnancy and post partum and to correlate hormone levels in pregnancy (progesterone and estrogens) with psoriatic change. DESIGN: Psoriatic body surface area (BSA) in pregnant patients with psoriasis (study group) and nonpregnant, menstruating patients with psoriasis (control group) were assessed 5 times ...
Manno Massimo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of vaginal progesterone supplementation with intramuscular supplementation in assisted reproduction cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Physiopathology of Human Reproduction Unit, Pordenone, Italy, from July 2000 to June 2004. PATIENT(S): Three hundred and eight-five intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures (188 with vaginal gel and 197 with ...
Di Renzo G C - - 2005
Progesterone is an essential hormone in the process of reproduction. It is involved in the menstrual cycle, implantation and is essential for pregnancy maintenance. Although the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of progesterone have been well studied, and since 1935 it has been synthesised and is now available commercially, its use in ...
Jayasekara Walimuni Samantha Nilanthi - - 2005
20Alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20alpha-HSD) catalyzes the conversion of progesterone to its inactive form 20alpha-dihydroprogesterone (20alpha-OHP). 20Alpha-HSD is expressed in the murine placenta, suggesting a role, yet unidentified, played by this enzyme during the course of pregnancy. To elucidate the possible roles of 20alpha-HSD during pregnancy, 20alpha-HSD gene expression in the placenta ...
Nawroth Frank - - 2005
Different studies dealing with the start of progesterone supplementation in assisted reproduction treatment cycles have shown that the problem apparently is the correct timing. We therefore would like to discuss the data on: (i) the start of progesterone replacement in oocyte donation programmes; (ii) the start of progesterone replacement in ...
Check J H - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine if the failure to detect the immonomodulatory protein progesterone induced blocking factor (PIBF) at three to five weeks of seemingly normal pregnancies in women supplemented by extra progesterone is associated with a higher miscarriage rate. METHODS: Progesterone-induced blocking factor expression by lymphocytes was measured by an immunocytochemistry ...
Szekeres-Bartho J - - 2005
The biological effects of progesterone are mediated by a 34-kDa protein named the progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF). PIBF, synthesized by lymphocytes of healthy pregnant women in the presence of progesterone, inhibits arachidonic acid release as well as NK activity, and modifies the cytokine balance. Within the cell the full-length PIBF ...
Nosarka Saleema - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if luteal phase support improves the pregnancy rate in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. DESIGN: A meta-analysis of randomized trials of luteal phase support was carried out with the main outcome measure being the pregnancy rate per cycle. RESULTS: Fifty-nine trials were evaluated. Eighteen trials met the ...
Ioannidis G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Serum progesterone has been advocated as a tool in the diagnosis of early pregnancy failure. We conducted this prospective study in order to investigate the potential value of early (14 days after oocyte recovery) serum progesterone measurement, in women undergoing IVF/ICSI and receiving rectal progesterone supplements, in relation to ...
Fonttis Alvaro Alosilla - - 2004
Progesterone luteal support has become a standard procedure during IVF cycles. Donor egg cycle women without inherent ovarian function require complete hormone replacement, in contrast with women undergoing IVF in which luteal support is used to supplement endogenous progesterone production. Progesterone support is clearly beneficial, although the timing of its ...
Palagiano A - - 2004
Fifty women with previous diagnosis of inadequate luteal phase and threatened abortion underwent a prospective, randomized, double-blind study in one medical center carried out with a parallel trial. The primary objective was to establish the effects of vaginal progesterone (Crinone 8%) in reducing both pain and uterine contractions (UCs). The ...
Brown Amy G - - 2004
Progesterone is a major factor maintaining uterine quiescence throughout pregnancy. In most species, peripheral progesterone levels decline before initiation of labor, and treatments that inhibit progesterone synthesis or action cause termination of pregnancy and/or premature deliveries. These findings suggest that progesterone withdrawal is required for activation of myometrial contractions. However, ...
Elliott Kirsty Jayne - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of supra-physiological changes in ovarian hormone levels on maximum force production in two conditions, one physiological (pregnancy) and one pseudo-physiological (in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment). Forty IVF patients were tested at four distinct stages of treatment and 35 women were ...
Villaseca Paulina - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A 16 week pregnant woman presented with massive theca-lutein cysts requiring bilateral oophorectomy. Pregnancy progressed uneventfully and spontaneous lactation ensued after delivery. METHODS: To study the role of the ovary on the hormonal profile at the end of gestation and in post-partum, we measured FSH, estradiol (E2), unconjugated estrone ...
Almeida-Santos S M - - 2004
Crotaline snakes present delayed fertilization and sperm storage because secondary vitellogenesis is not completed by the time of mating. The release of vitellogenesis and synchrony between ovulation and fertilization suggest a steroidal modulation. We investigated changes of sexual steroid levels during reproduction in the Neotropical rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus, analyzing ...
Parízek Antonín - - 2005
The pregnanolone isomers (PI) allopregnanolone (3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one), pregnanolone (3alpha-hydroxy-5beta-pregnan-20-one), isopregnanolone (3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one), epipregnanolone (3beta-hydroxy-5beta-pregnan-20-one), progesterone, and estradiol were measured in 138 pregnant women. The sampling was carried out from the first through the 10th month of pregnancy. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and RIA were used for the measurement of steroid levels. The ...
Piekorz Roland P - - 2005
The two highly related signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stats), Stat5a and Stat5b, are major mediators of prolactin signaling in both the mammary gland and in the ovary. Deficiencies in Stat5b, or in both Stat5a and Stat5b, result in loss of pregnancy during midgestation and are correlated with an ...
Compitak Kovit - - 2004
To determine the diagnostic performance of NST, AFI and modified-BPP for screening fetal acidemia in high-risk pregnancies. Diagnostic tests. Srinagarind (tertiary) Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University. Between April 2000 and August 2001, we included 185 high risk singleton pregnancies, GA > 37 weeks, with NST and AFI once ...
Piyamongkol Wirawit - - 2004
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Biologic markers, fetal fibronectin and transvaginal ultrasound scanning, have been introduced to identify the risk of preterm birth. The aim of management of preterm labour is to reduce neonatal complications. Various groups of tocolytic agents have been used, including ...
Dekker Gus - - 2004
Preeclampsia still ranks as one of obstetrics major problems. Clinicians typically encounter preeclampsia as maternal disease with variable degrees of fetal involvement. More and more the unique immunogenetic maternal - paternal relationship is appreciated, and as such also the specific 'genetic conflict' that is characteristic of haemochorial placentation. Factors influencing ...
Singhakom Nitsana - - 2004
To establish the centile chart for the ratio of transverse cerebeller diameter to abdominal circumference throughout pregnancy from 13-40 weeks. Cross-sectional study. Department of Maternal - Fetal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University. The participants are women with gestational age between 13 and 40 weeks who attend Antenatal ...
Chanprapaph Pharuhas - - 2004
Pre-eclampsia, formerly called pregnancy-induced hypertension, refers to the new onset of hypertension (SBP > or = 140 mmHg or DBP > or = 90 mmHg) and proteinuria (> or = 0.3 g protein in a 24-hour urine specimen or 1+ on dipstick) after 20 weeks of gestation in a previously ...
Julavijitphong Suphakde - - 2004
It has been recognized that multiple pregnancy is associated with the increase risks to both maternal and newborn compared to singleton pregnancy. High incidence of premature birth complicated in the multiple pregnancy not only result in the high neonatal morbidity and mortality rate but also consume a high financial cost ...
Komwilaisak Ratana - - 2004
To establish the reference ranges of the middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI) in normal fetuses between 20 and 37 weeks gestation. A descriptive study. Antenatal Care Clinic, Outpatient department, Faculty of Medicine, Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen University. At least sixteen women of each gestational age with an uncomplicated ...
deCatanzaro Denys - - 2004
Excretory samples from adult female mice were collected non-invasively during development, estrous cycling, pregnancy, and postpartum. In initial studies, urinary measures were statistically more dynamic over days than were fecal measures; thus subsequent studies focused on urine. Higher 17beta-estradiol levels were present in isolated females than in those exposed to ...
Farina M - - 2004
Myometrial quiescence is a key factor in all species to accomplish a successful gestation. PGs play a crucial role in mediating parturition events, and their synthesis and metabolism are regulated by cyclooxygenases (COXs) and NAD(+)-dependent 15-hydroxy-PG dehydrogenase (PGDH), respectively. Progesterone (P(4)) is the hormone responsible for maintaining uterine smooth muscle ...
Ben-Chetrit Avraham - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many techniques have been developed to soften the cervix to reduce complications following surgical dilatation. Progesterone inhibits myometrial contractility and its secretion during pregnancy ensures cervical competence. We used the progesterone antagonist mifepristone as a cervical ripening agent and evaluated its effect prior to office hysteroscopy. METHODS: Fifty-eight healthy ...
Polgár Beáta - - 2004
Peripheral lymphocytes from healthy pregnant women secrete a mediator protein named the progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) that exerts an immunomodulatory function and contributes to the maintenance of pregnancy in mice. The gene coding for PIBF mRNA has been cloned and sequenced, and now the recombinant human protein is available. The ...
Nautiyal Jaya - - 2004
PROBLEM: The survival of an embryo bearing the paternal antigens within the immunocompetent environment of the maternal uterus renders 'pregnancy' to be a state of immunological paradox. The ratio of Th1/Th2 responses is crucial for pregnancy maintenance. Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-3 (MCP3) is a pro-inflammatory, CC chemokine and a Th1 effector ...
Unfer Vittorio - - 2004
One of the main issues in the management of IVF and embryo transfer techniques is to ensure adequate concentrations of progesterone. The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of 17 alpha -hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-HPC) administered intramuscularly and intra-vaginal progesterone in gel in luteal phase support ...
Hommeida Abdelrahim - - 2004
The objective of this study was to investigate the types and incidence of luteal sub-function in lactating cows after artificial insemination (AI) and their relationship with pregnancy, and to clarify the relationship between luteal function and parity, body condition score (BCS), milk yield, and dietary intake. In 19 cows, milk ...
Tolmacheva Elena A - - 2004
Spontaneously occurring spike-wave discharges (SWDs) and serum concentrations of ovarian steroid hormones were investigated before, during and after pregnancy in WAG/Rij rats, a rat strain with genetically determined absence seizures. Eight groups of rats were included in the assays of progesterone and estradiol: rats at diestrus, at various days of ...
Kolibianakis E M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The objective of this prospective study was to assess the impact of elevated serum progesterone levels on day 2 of the cycle on pregnancy rates in patients treated by IVF using GnRH antagonists. METHODS: Ovarian stimulation was started on day 2 of the cycle if progesterone levels were normal ...
Henson Michael C - - 2004
Cadmium (Cd(2+)) is a common environmental pollutant and a major constituent of tobacco smoke. Exposure to this heavy metal, which has no known beneficial physiological role, has been linked to a wide range of detrimental effects on mammalian reproduction. Intriguingly, depending on the identity of the steroidogenic tissue involved and ...
Nathanielsz Peter W - - 2004
Prostaglandins play key central roles in both the maintenance of pregnancy and parturition. Extensive data exist from studies in human pregnancy but the needs of clinical management and the inability to conduct carefully controlled perturbation studies in human pregnancy make it necessary to obtain information from nonhuman primate models. We ...
Tamane Reg─źna - - 2004
The expression of progesterone receptors and matrix ribonucleic acid in 37 corpora lutea in 1-7 month's pregnant cows was investigated. Corpora lutea were obtained from slaughtered animals. Progesterone receptors expression was confirmed using biotin-streptavidin immunohistochemistry. Matrix ribonucleic acid expression was studied using pyronin staining by Unna-Brashe method. The expression of ...
Preston Amanda M - - 2004
Uterine epithelium undergoes dramatic changes during early pregnancy in preparation for implantation. We have studied distribution patterns of the desmosomal marker, desmoglein 1&2, in rat uterine epithelial cells during early pregnancy as well as in hormonally stimulated ovariectomised animals. On day 1 of pregnancy as well as in oestradiol treated ...
Daya S - - 2004
The aspiration of the granulosa cells that surround the oocyte and the use of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) during assisted reproduction technology (ART) treatment can interfere with the production, during the luteal phase, of progesterone, which is necessary for successful implantation of the embryo. Providing hormonal supplementation during the ...
Inskeep E K - - 2004
Although fertilization rate usually is very high when male fertility is normal, pregnancy rates are below expectations when defined by the birth of live offspring in response to first service. Factors that affect establishment and retention of pregnancy include 1) preovulatory influences on the follicle and oocyte, 2) early postovulatory ...
Stjernholm-Vladic Y - - 2004
The concept of a blockade of progesterone during human pregnancy and withdrawal of this blockade at parturition remains controversial There is no sharp fall in serum progesterone before parturition, but treatment with an antiprogestin is successful for labor induction at term pregnancy. The human progesterone receptor (PR) exists in two ...
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