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Petropoulos Sophie - - 2007
Multidrug resistance phosphoglycoprotein (ABCB1) has been shown to limit maternal-fetal transfer by actively excluding ABCB1 substrates. The authors have previously demonstrated a marked decrease in placental ABCB1 expression in the human and mouse with advancing gestation. In the present study, it is hypothesized that the decrease in ABCB1 expression will ...
Venetis C A - - 2007
The role of progesterone elevation on in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome has remained a debatable issue for several years. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether progesterone elevation on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) administration is associated with the probability of pregnancy. Eligible ...
Zakar Tamas - - 2007
Whereas the essential role of progesterone in the maintenance of pregnancy is accepted generally, the mechanisms that suppress progesterone's function near term to allow labor and delivery of the conceptus are still shrouded in uncertainty. In most subprimate placental mammals, the withdrawal of progesterone before the initiation of labor is ...
Geber Selmo - - 2007
The use of progesterone for luteal phase support has been demonstrated to be beneficial in assisted reproduction cycles using gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa). Two micronized progesterone preparations are available for vaginal administration: capsules and gel. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of these two forms for ...
Itsekson Alek M - - 2007
PROBLEM: The cause of recurrent miscarriage is often unknown. Recurrent miscarriage may be associated with inappropriate responses to progesterone and estrogen. We examined whether the condition may be diagnosed by skin testing. METHOD OF STUDY: In a longitudinal prospective study, the weal and flare reaction after intradermal injection of estradiol ...
Ramhorst Rosanna - - 2007
PROBLEM: Several studies indicate that RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) is able to downregulate T-cell responses which suggest it might be relevant for fetal tolerance induction. However, the role of RANTES in pregnancy had not been established. Here we investigate RANTES regulation during early pregnancy ...
Wildemeersch D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Levonorgestrel (LNG), delivered locally into the uterine cavity has a profound effect on the endometrium. The aim of the study was to use a LNG intrauterine system to treat non-atypical and atypical endometrial hyperplasia in women and to evaluate the long-term cure (remission) rate. METHODS: Each of the 20 ...
Wahabi H A - - 2007
Miscarriage is a common complication encountered during pregnancy. The role of progesterone in preparing the uterus for the implantation of the embryo and its role in maintaining the pregnancy have been known for a long time. Inadequate secretion of progesterone in early pregnancy has been linked to the aetiology of ...
Nagy Andras - - 2007
INTRODUCTIONThis RNA isolation procedure is suitable for tissue of almost any size, and is particularly useful for fetal organs or whole embryos from mice, as it can be performed in volumes as small as 0.5 mL. The minimum amount of tissue used should be ten 7.5-dpc (days post-coitum) embryos, one ...
Shams-Esfandabadi N - - 2007
It was hypothesized that suboptimal progesterone concentrations during the late embryo and early fetal period may act to compromise conceptus development in dairy cattle. The importance of progesterone during early pregnancy in cows is well established. Adequate secretion of progesterone is clearly the major requirement for success of early pregnancy. ...
Ellegård Eva K - - 2007
By clinical experience, rhinitis has been suggested as caused by some endocrine disorders, but the evidence for this is vague, and the few descriptions almost anecdotal. Rhinitis of the menstrual cycle has been more described, although a solid picture is still lacking. Pregnancy rhinitis is therefore so far the only ...
Shafik A - - 2007
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: The effect of different types of textiles on pregnancy was studied in 35 pregnant bitches divided equally into one control and four experimental groups. METHODS: During pregnancy, the test groups were dressed in a garment made of either pure polyester, cotton or wool, or of a 50/50% ...
Orvieto R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: With the recent trend toward single-embryo transfer (ET), cryopreservation of extraneous embryos is becoming increasingly prevalent. Several replacement protocols for frozen-thawed ET exist, with no consensus regarding the dosage or delivery mode of progesterone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hormonal replacement with only estrogen and progesterone is the most frequently used ...
Lee James - - 2007
INTRODUCTIONThis article shows the expected amounts of total RNA one can recover from a variety of mouse tissues at different developmental stages. Expected recovery amounts from embryos, extraembryonic tissues, fetal tissues, and adult tissues are given.
Downs Thomas - - 2007
Numerous randomized controlled trials have demonstrated limited efficacy of intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring in improving fetal outcome. A potential reason is the wide variability in clinical decision making seen with its use. Standardizing management of variant intrapartum fetal heart rate tracings may reduce this variability and lead to improvement ...
Alon G - - 2007
The steroidal hormonal profiles of two sympatric species of desert snails, Sphincterochila zonata and Sphincterochila prophetarium were determined at three ecophysiological-behavior stages, i.e., aestivation, cryptobiosis, and active-feeding phases. Live snails were collected in their natural habitat every month for 13 months, the corpi removed and extracted with organic solvents and ...
Hagedorn Kathryn A - - 2007
During pregnancy, maternal vascular function is altered through mechanisms that remain unclear. Progesterone synthesis and metabolism are also increased. Progesterone metabolites are potent endogenous ligands for the pregnane X receptor (PXR), a nuclear receptor that induces the expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes. Cytochrome P450 enzymes located in the vasculature ...
Conway C A - - 2007
Findings from previous studies of hormone-mediated behavior in women suggest that raised progesterone level increases the probability of behaviors that will reduce the likelihood of disruption to fetal development during pregnancy (e.g. increased avoidance of sources of contagion). Here, we tested women's (N=52) sensitivity to potential cues to nearby sources ...
Sfakianaki Anna K - - 2006
Progesterone is a steroid hormone that plays an integral role in each step of human pregnancy. In early pregnancy, progesterone produced by the corpus luteum is critical to the maintenance of early pregnancy until the placenta takes over this function at 7 to 9 weeks of gestation, hence its name ...
Day Clara - - 2006
Obstetric cholestasis (OC) presents with pruritus in the second half of pregnancy and is associated with increased risk of foetal distress, intra-uterine death and premature delivery. From a tertiary referral, renal-obstetric clinic, we report the occurrence of OC in 5/23 pregnancies of women with renal transplants maintained on ciclosporin treatment ...
Khanum Shahnaz Adeeb - - 2007
A study was undertaken to look into the reproductive performance of female Dwarf goats reared under traditional conditions at NIAB Farm, Faisalabad, Pakistan. The serum progesterone profile was used to monitor various reproductive parameters (length of postpartum period, resumption of cyclicity, gestation period, prepartum period, parturition) in two lots of ...
de Brito Faturi Claudia - - 2006
Several studies have shown the influence of the oestrous cycle on anxiety levels and the important role of progesterone in this effect. The metabolism of this steroid hormone yields neuroactive steroids among them allopregnanolone (alloP) and allotetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (alloTHDOC), which bind to GABAA receptors and have anxiolytic effects. Considering that during ...
Kusuda Satoshi - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to establish a simple method to monitor ovarian activity and non-invasively diagnose pregnancy in okapi (Okapia johnstoni). The feces of a female okapi were collected daily or every 3 days for 28 months. Steroids in lyophilized feces were extracted with 80% methanol, and ...
Fatemi H M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of progesterone for luteal support in stimulated cycles for IVF is well established. However, controversy still surrounds the benefit of additional supplementation with estradiol (E2) in GnRH agonist (GnRHa) cycles, while no such data are available for GnRH antagonists. The aim of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) ...
Abecia José-Alfonso - - 2006
The relationship between nutrition and reproduction in sheep has been the subject of research in several international groups. This review will particularly focus on the effects of undernutrition on the potential causes of reproductive failure including abnormalities of the ovum or the embryo, luteal inadequacy and failure of the supply ...
Nardo Luciano G - - 2006
Implantation failure has been questioned for many cases of recurrent miscarriage and unsuccessful assisted reproduction. The exact cause of implantation failure is not known, but luteal phase defect is encountered in many of these cases. Consequently, women with recurrent miscarriages have been treated with progesterone supplementation with various degrees of ...
Tempfer Clemens B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare a combination treatment of prednisone, aspirin, folate, and progesterone with no treatment in women with idiopathic recurrent miscarriage (IRM). DESIGN: Matched-pair study. SETTING: Academic research institution. SUBJECT(S): Women with a history of IRM, defined as three or more consecutive miscarriages before 20 weeks' gestation without associated anatomic, ...
Proctor Asha - - 2006
A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate IVF clinical pregnancy rates and livebirth rates between patients receiving progesterone supplementation through the first trimester of pregnancy (first trimester protocol) at 12 weeks vs. discontinuation after a positive beta-hCG test 2 weeks after retrieval (luteal protocol) at 4 weeks of pregnancy. ...
Kumar V - - 2006
Intradural spinal cord teratoma is a very rare tumour that can be associated with dysraphism. The relationship of this lesion to pregnancy is unknown and its occurrence during pregnancy in the thoracic spine has not been previously reported. We report a 19-year-old pregnant woman with spinal dysraphism, who presented with ...
Sheehan Penelope M - - 2006
There has been a recent resurgence of interest in the role of progesterone in the maintenance of human pregnancy and the onset of labour, following recent reports of its use to prevent preterm labour in high-risk patients. One possible mechanism by which progesterone might contribute to uterine quiescence is through ...
Loutradis Dimitris - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Diethylstilboestrol (DES) exposure in-utero has been shown to have negative effects on pregnancy. DES-exposed women are at increased risk of early spontaneous pregnancy loss, ectopic gestation and infertility. DESIGN: A 34-year old woman with a 6-year history of primary infertility is presented. The patient underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) ...
Fieni Francis - - 2006
In order to evaluate the efficacy, the safety and the variation in plasma concentrations of estrogens, progesterone, PGFM, oxytocin, cortisol and prolactin after mid-pregnancy termination induced by aglepristone, 61 pregnant queens (33.3 + 4.2 days), were injected subcutaneously with 15 [corrected] mg/kg aglepristone, (Alizine) [corrected] repeated once 24 h later. ...
Beehner Jacinta C - - 2006
An impressive body of research has focused on the mechanisms by which the steroid estrogens (E), progestins (P), and glucocorticoids (GC) ensure successful pregnancy. With the advance of non-invasive techniques to measure steroids in urine and feces, steroid hormones are routinely monitored to detect pregnancy in wild mammalian species, but ...
Mark P J - - 2006
This study investigated placental expression of the two main isoforms of the progesterone receptor and the regulation of placental and fetal growth by progesterone over the final third of rat pregnancy, the period of maximal fetal growth. Expression patterns of mRNAs encoding the two major progesterone receptor isoforms (PR-A and ...
Arredondo Francisco - - 2006
Following implantation, the maintenance of the pregnancy is dependent on a multitude of endocrinological events that will eventually aid in the successful growth and development of the fetus. Although the great majority of pregnant women have no pre-existing endocrine abnormalities, a small number of women can have certain endocrine alterations ...
Oakes Samantha R - - 2006
Massive tissue remodelling occurs within the mammary gland during pregnancy, resulting in the formation of lobuloalveoli that are capable of milk secretion. Endocrine signals generated predominantly by prolactin and progesterone operate the alveolar switch to initiate these developmental events. Here we review the current understanding of the components of the ...
Abourawi Fathi I - - 2006
Diabetes mellitus is the most common medical complication of pregnancy and it carries a significant risk to the foetus and the mother. Congenital malformations and perinatal morbidity remain common compared with the offspring of non diabetic pregnancies. Diabetic mothers are at risk of progression of microvascular diabetic complications as well ...
Lanzafame S - - 2006
The coexistence of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and pregnancy is very rare. We are the first to add to the literature a case report of GIST occurring during pregnancy with immunohistochemical staining for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and progesterone receptor (PgR). A role of PgR and EGFR in tumor ...
Di Renzo Gian Carlo - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Progesterone is an essential hormone in the process of reproduction. Although the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of progesterone have been well studied, its use in the pathophysiology of pregnancy remains controversial. One of these concerns is the way in which the hormone is administered. RECENT FINDINGS: In obstetrics ...
Isobe N - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to examine whether pregnancy diagnosis was possible by measuring fecal progesterone concentrations in beef and dairy heifers and beef cows. Rectal fecal samples collected on days 18-24 after insemination or days 11-17 after embryo transfer were mixed with methanol and shaken for preparation of a ...
Katsikis Ilias - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to investigate the predictive value of progesterone and CA-125 in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP) and inevitable miscarriage. METHODS: Forty women with EP, 20 with intrauterine (IU) abortive gestation and 20 regular pregnant women (controls) were studied. IU abortive and EP were confirmed and ...
Katsumata Etsuko - - 2006
Killer whales were used to evaluate peripartum changes and interactions between body temperature and circulating progesterone concentration. Daily body temperature was measured between 0800 h and 0830 h before activity. Body temperature clearly increased during the first phase of pregnancy, and this was followed by a gradual decline until full ...
Houdeau E - - 2005
In the present study, we compared rat uterine contractility and myometrial inositol phosphate (InsP) production in response to activation of muscarinic and oxytocin receptors during pregnancy and at term. The level of myometrial phospholipase (PL) Cbeta was also determined by Western blotting at different stages of pregnancy and following administration ...
Chernyshov Victor P - - 2005
PROBLEM: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and soluble TNF receptors (sTNF-Rs) system related with Th1 and Th2 and activity of NF-kappaB/IkappaB regulatory system. This study was designed to compare sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 production (shedding) and levels of late activated CD8+ T-lymphocytes in non-pregnant (n = 30) and pregnant (n = 20) ...
Gilbert Evans Susan E - - 2005
Allopregnanolone (ALLO) and pregnanolone (PREG), the 3alpha-reduced metabolites of progesterone (PROG), are potent modulators of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors that may function as endogenous anxiolytics. They are purported to be involved in the etiology or expression of clinical depression. In the present study we quantified ALLO and PREG, as ...
Mann Phyllis E - - 2005
Estrogen and progesterone play important roles during pregnancy in stimulating the onset of maternal behavior at parturition. The status of receptor expression of these hormones during pregnancy in neural regions that regulate maternal behavior is unclear. The objective of the present study is to characterize changes in neural gene expression ...
Campagnoli Carlo - - 2005
In the last two decades the prevailing opinion, supported by the "estrogen augmented by progesterone" hypothesis, has been that progesterone contributes to the development of breast cancer (BC). Support for this opinion was provided by the finding that some synthetic progestins, when added to estrogen in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) ...
Schindler Adolf E - - 2005
Placental human chorionic gonadotropin and corpus luteum secretion of progesterone and oestradiol are the main endocrine events at the beginning of pregnancy, whilst the luteo-placental shift is an important step during the later stages. Progesterone not only affects decidualisation, but is the major immunological determinant and controls uterine contractibility and ...
Chakravarty Baidya Nath - - 2005
The objective of this prospective, randomised study was to compare the efficacy, safety and tolerability of vaginal micronised progesterone with oral dydrogesterone as luteal phase support after in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). A total of 430 women underwent IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Long protocol gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue down-regulation was followed ...
Pelfrey Clara M - - 2005
Sex hormones play a central role as modulators of immune responses and autoimmune diseases. We hypothesized that suppression of MS disease during pregnancy may be mediated by sex steroid hormones via regulation of costimulatory molecules such as CD40L or CD80/CD86 (B7-1/B7-2). We tested two sex hormones that are implicated in ...
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