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Moyer Cheryl A - - 2010
This research examines whether maternal optimism/pessimism is associated with unplanned Cesarean section deliveries in China. If so, does the association remain after controlling for clinical factors associated with C-sections? A sample of 227 mostly primiparous women in the third trimester of pregnancy was surveyed in a large tertiary care hospital ...
Vargas Roberto R Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Penn State University College of Medicine Hershey, - - 2010
Diabetes complicates up to 10% of all pregnancies in the United States. Of these, 0.2% to 0.5% are patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Pregnancies affected by T1DM are at increased risk for preterm delivery, preeclampsia, macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, intrauterine fetal demise, fetal growth restriction, cardiac and renal malformations, ...
Duan Lijun - - 2010
Progesterone supplementation has been used in a large number of women with threatened abortion for decades, despite various degrees of success, and contradictory and ever-changing views about its efficacy. The majority of previous literature has mainly focused on evaluation the effect of progesterone on pregnancy outcome of threatened abortion. No ...
McCrae Keith R - - 2010
Thrombocytopenia occurs commonly during pregnancy, and may result from diverse etiologies. Awareness of these many causes facilitates proper diagnosis and management of thrombocytopenia in the pregnant setting. Some causes of thrombocytopenia are unique to pregnancy and may not be familiar to hematologists. In the review, we will discuss the differential ...
Tagbor Harry - - 2010
The effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) may be compromised by the spread of resistance to sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) across Africa. But little information exists on alternative drugs for IPTp or alternative strategies for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy. Therefore, we have investigated whether screening with ...
Tamási Lilla - - 2010
Asthma is one of the most common chronic medical conditions that may complicate pregnancy. Asthma influences the outcome of pregnancy and, vice versa, pregnancy affects asthma severity, but the underlying immunological mechanisms of this interaction are not fully understood. As a sign of pregnancy-induced immunotolerance, attenuation of allergic responses can ...
Kurth Florian - - 2010
Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality worldwide. Young maternal age at delivery has been proposed as risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome, yet there is insufficient data from Sub-Saharan Africa. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of maternal adolescence on pregnancy outcomes in ...
Louie Jimmy Chun Yu - - 2010
Background/Aim. Dietary glycemic index (GI) has received considerable research interest over the past 25 years although its application to pregnancy outcomes is more recent. This paper critically evaluates the current evidence regarding the effect of dietary GI on maternal and fetal nutrition. Methods. A systematic literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Athwal Sharan - - 2010
Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is a rare complication of multiple pregnancy caused by defects in early embryogenesis. The pump twin supplies the acardiac recipient twin with blood, and although the pump twin is usually structurally normal, congenital anomalies have sometimes been reported. We report a unique case of ...
Goodier Michael A - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to identify and compare the presence and location of aquaporins in the fetal and adult larynx using immunohistochemical techniques. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on adult and fetal true vocal fold specimens. The presence and location of aquaporins -1, -2 and -3 in the fetal ...
Davenport Margie H - - 2010
The increasing incidence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), gestational diabetes (GDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) during pregnancy was hypothesized to be associated with increases in pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). The aims were to 1) determine the prevalence of IGT/GDM/T2 D over a 10 year period; 2) examine the ...
Kamberi Lulzim - - 2010
Treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during pregnancy is necessary to protect both mother and the fetus. In case of hemodynamic deterioration, pharmacological treatment is the treatment of choice. There are limited reports for the safety and efficacy of verapamil use in pregnancy for treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Numerous case ...
Koren Gideon - - 2010
When a woman suffering from a hematological condition is contemplating pregnancy, she may need to continue the use of medications that do not have sufficient evidence of fetal safety. We discuss the evidence existing for some therapies of major hematological conditions in the context of major principles in clinical teratology. ...
Chigbu C O - - 2010
The study was done to determine obstetricians' attitude to and factors predicting obstetricians' acceptance of caesarean delivery on maternal request in Nigeria. Nigerian obstetricians were asked to respond to case scenarios depicting caesarean delivery on maternal request without medical indications and the reasons for their responses. The case scenarios were ...
Farfaras A - - 2010
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. Only 10% to 15% of the gene carriers have the clinical syndrome. The prevalence of AIP in Europe is 1/20,000. Pregnancy represents an essential risk factor in patients suffering from AIP. The clinical syndrome in AIP presents mainly with ...
Check J H - - 2010
To determine if too high of a level of progesterone at the time of peak follicular maturation of donors adversely affects pregnancy or implantation rates of recipients. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on donor egg recipients. Pregnancy rates were calculated according to ranges of five serum progesterone (P) levels ...
Kravetz Jeffrey - - 2010
Infection with Toxoplasma gondii is asymptomatic or mild in immunocompetent people and leads to lifelong immunity, but it can have serious consequences in pregnancy. About five per 1000 non-immune pregnant women may acquire toxoplasma infection, with a 10% to 100% risk of transmission to the baby. Risks of transmission to ...
Turner Judi A - - 2010
Pre-eclampsia is a significant, multifactorial, multiorgan disease affecting 5%-8% of all pregnancies in the US where it is the third leading cause of maternal mortality. Despite improvements in the diagnosis and management of pre-eclampsia, severe complications can occur in both the mother and the fetus, and there is no effective ...
Check J H - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine if a mid-luteal phase non-homogeneous hyperechogenic (HH) endometrial echo pattern may lower pregnancy rates following frozen embryo transfer and to determine if raising the dosage of progesterone improves pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Women not attaining an HH pattern at the mid-luteal phase following estrogen-progesterone replacement were randomly given ...
Thapa K - - 2010
Complete Hydatidiform mole is one of the most frequent abnormal pregnancies. This review studies the trend of complete mole in Paropakar Maternity and Women's hospital and clinical ability to detect it. This is a retrospective study of 504 cases of complete hydatidiform mole recorded at Paropakar maternity and women's hospital, ...
Khan R - - 2010
We retrospectively evaluated the relationship between fetal aneuploidy and placental mineral deposits and villous architecture in 2nd trimester placentas of mid-trimester pregnancy terminations for fetal anomaly. Study cases were aneuploid and matched with euploid controls. Six slides per case were histologically evaluated. Our findings showed significantly increased subtrophoblastic mineral depositions ...
Osaro Erhabor - - 2010
Transplacental or fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) may occur during pregnancy or at delivery and lead to immunization to the D antigen if the mother is Rh-negative and the baby is Rh-positive. This can result in hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) in subsequent D-positive pregnancies. The aim of this ...
Sugaya S - - 2010
A unicornuate uterus is a rare congenital uterovaginal anomaly. A unicornuate uterus is associated with infertility, cervical incompetence, and premature labor. A case of a 32-year-old null gravid female with a unicornuate uterus who had wished to bear a child for five years is reported. After undergoing insemination treatment with ...
Mao Yuyan - - 2010
Four of six patients with endometrial cancer had initial response to progesterone therapy and obtained complete response; three among them had successful pregnancies with three live births. The results suggest that progesterone therapy, combined with assisted reproductive technology, provides more chance of carrying a full-term pregnancy for patients with endometrial ...
Qureshi N S - - 2009
Threatened miscarriage, as demonstrated by vaginal bleeding with or without abdominal cramps, is a common complication of pregnancy. It occurs in about 20% of recognised pregnancies. Risk of miscarriage is increased in older women and those with a history of miscarriage. Low serum levels of progesterone or human chorionic gonadotrophin ...
Liu Xuemin - - 2011
To investigate the effect of pre-pregnancy BMI on adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancy women of northern China. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study of 5,047 singleton nulliparous pregnancies. The subjects were categorized into four groups by BMI-underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m(2)), normal (BMI 18.5-24 kg/m(2)), overweight (BMI ...
Klingberg-Allvin Marie - - 2010
To describe birth rates and pregnancy outcomes, specifically stillbirth, preterm delivery and low birth weight (LBW) in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, among adolescent women in a rural district in northern Vietnam. Within an epidemiological field laboratory, quarterly surveillance of 7767 adolescent women in the ages 15-19 during the period January ...
Szekeres-Bartho Julia - - 2009
Progesterone is indispensable in creating a suitable endometrial environment for implantation, and also for the maintenance of pregnancy. Successful pregnancy depends on an appropriate maternal immune response to the fetus. Along with its endocrine effects, progesterone also acts as an "immunosteroid", by contributing to the establishment of a pregnancy protective ...
Arndt Wendy J - - 2009
Progesterone plays an important role in maintenance of pregnancy. It is hypothesized that insufficient progesterone early in pregnancy may result in embryonic loss, and that supplemental progesterone would decrease pregnancy loss in dairy cows. In Experiment 1, 84 cows and 16 heifers from a single dairy operation were selected randomly. ...
Facchinetti F - - 2009
Preterm delivery (PTD) is defined by the World Health Organization as birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation. In Western countries, PTD accounts for over 75% of all perinatal morbidity and mortality. The social importance of PTD derives from the consideration that it causes near three quarter of neonatal deaths ...
Nilsson Eric E EE Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163-4231, United - - 2009
Fertility in mammals is dependant on females having an adequate primordial follicle pool to supply oocytes for fertilization. The formation of primordial follicles is called ovarian follicular assembly. In rats and mice progesterone and estradiol have been shown to inhibit follicle assembly with assembly occurring after birth when the pups ...
Günzel-Apel A R - - 2009
Pharmacologically-induced luteolysis or treatment with an antiprogestin in early post-implantation pregnancy in dogs results in asynchronous death and resorption of conceptuses, indicating variable rates of response of individual conceptuses towards progesterone deficiency. This variability also seems to occur in bitches showing pregnancy failure in response to spontaneous luteal deficiency. In ...
Ahmed Salah R - - 2009
Maternal obesity has long been correlated with an increased risk of chronic hypertension and diabetes prior to pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, fetal macrosomia, Cesarean deliveries, postpartum endometritis and a prolonged hospital stay To determine the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy obesity on pregnancy outcomes Methods: One ...
Hill M - - 2010
Progesterone and estradiol are the foremost steroid hormones in human pregnancy. However, the origin of maternal progesterone has still not been satisfactorily explained, despite the generally accepted opinion that maternal LDL-cholesterol is a single substrate for placental synthesis of maternal progesterone. The question remains why the levels of progesterone are ...
Yiallourides M - - 2009
Nutrient restriction (NR) during critical windows of pregnancy has differential effects on placento-fetal growth and development. Our study, therefore, investigated developmental and metabolic adaptations within the ovine placenta following NR at different critical windows during the first 110 days of gestation (term=147 days). Thus, the effects of NR on cell ...
Lepenies Julia - - 2009
19-nor-progesterone (19-nor-P) has the characteristics of a potent mineralocorticoid in adrenalectomized or salt-loaded rats and is capable of causing hypertension. In human placenta, progesterone is converted to 19-hydroxy-progesterone, a precursor of 19-nor-P. In some states of pregnancy hypertension, 19-nor-P may inhibit renal 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2), thus allowing cortisol ...
Aboulghar Mohamed - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Luteal phase support (LPS) is an integral part of the IVF cycles treated by gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues. There is a worldwide controversy concerning the type of hormones used for LPS, its dose, duration, when to start and when to stop. This review will cover original as well ...
Feinshtein Valeria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: One of the most important hormones synthesized by the placenta during pregnancy is progesterone. The regulating mechanisms of progesterone synthesis and the mechanism responsible for the spontaneous onset of labor in women are still not fully understood. Progesterone is thought to have been involved in human parturition. The objective ...
Mongardon Nicolas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with decreased hypnotic requirement, allegedly related to progesterone. However, the effects of pregnancy and progesterone on propofol requirement have not been thoroughly investigated. We conducted this study to determine whether propofol dose and predicted effect-site concentration for loss of consciousness (LOC) during induction of anesthesia, and ...
Mendelson Carole R - - 2009
Mechanisms underlying the initiation of parturition remain unclear. Throughout most of pregnancy, uterine quiescence is maintained by elevated progesterone acting through progesterone receptor (PR). Although in most mammals, parturition is associated with a marked decline in maternal progesterone, in humans, circulating progesterone and uterine PR remain elevated throughout pregnancy, suggesting ...
Bateman Helen L - - 2009
In this study, fecal samples were collected from 24 North American river (NARO) and 17 Asian small-clawed otters (ASCO) for 6-36 months and semen collected seasonally from NARO males (n=4/season) via electroejaculation. Our main objectives were to: (1) characterize endocrine parameters by longitudinal monitoring of fecal hormone metabolites and (2) ...
Pali-Schöll Isabella - - 2009
Asthma and allergic disorders can affect the course and outcome of pregnancy. Pregnancy itself may also affect the course of asthma and related diseases. Optimal management of these disorders during pregnancy is vital to ensure the welfare of the mother and the baby.Specific pharmacological agents for treatment of asthma or ...
Mach Mojmír - - 2009
The important role of equilibrium of environmental factors during the embryo-fetal period is undisputable. Women of reproductive age are increasingly exposed to various environmental risk factors such as hypoxia, prenatal viral infections, use of drugs, smoking, complications of birth or stressful life events. These early hazards represent an important risk ...
Ribeiro María L - - 2009
Anandamide is an endocannabinoid known to participate in reproductive processes. This study observed that 17beta-oestradiol and progesterone modulated the production of anandamide and its metabolizing enzymes in the rat uterus. Anandamide production was highest at the oestrous stage and 17beta-oestradiol and progesterone stimulated its synthesis in ovariectomized rats. During early ...
Lof Marie - - 2009
Elevated pregnancy hormone levels, such as oestrogen and progesterone, may increase the risk of developing breast cancer both in mothers and offspring. However, the reasons for large inter-individual variations in estrogen and progesterone levels during pregnancy remain unknown. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether a) intakes of ...
Mokube John Ahmadou - - 2009
To the best of our knowledge similar cases of severe burns in pregnancy have not been published in Cameroon; indicating the rarity of this devastating condition and therefore the dilemma that practitioners may be confronted with in its management. This report is to help the Physician understand the factors that ...
Jabara Sami - - 2009
To compare luteal phase bleeding and pregnancy outcomes in normogonadotropic patients receiving progesterone vaginal gel (PVG) or intramuscular progesterone (IMP) injections. In this retrospective cohort study, data from 270 patients (292 cycles) undergoing day-3 fresh embryo transfer were analyzed. PVG, 90 mg daily (170 cycles) or IMP, 50 mg daily ...
Suzuki Takahiro - - 2009
Objective: We evaluated whether or not persistent ectopic pregnancy (PEP) is a preventable complication after conservative laparoscopic surgery (salpingotomy) for tubal pregnancy. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 139 patients who underwent salpingotomy between December 1992 and December 2008. Results: Out of 139 patients, 23 (16.5%) were diagnosed with ...
Lenković Maja - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of progesterone in the development of primary varicose veins on lower limbs during pregnancy. In 50 primiparae with varicose veins, serum progesterone level was quantitatively determined in the 14th week of pregnancy and results were compared with those obtained in ...
Mokube John Ahmadou - - 2009
BACKGROUND : To the best of our knowledge similar cases of severe burns in pregnancy have not been published in Cameroon; indicating the rarity of this devastating condition and therefore the dilemma that practitioners may be confronted with in its management. This report is to help the Physician understand the ...
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