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Olsson Pia - - 2010
In Sri Lanka pregnancy termination is very restricted by law and social norms. Premarital sex, and pregnancies are not generally accepted and unmarried pregnant women are vulnerable in their decision-making on pregnancy termination. The objective of this study was to describe the circumstances of becoming pregnant and factors considered in ...
Palliser Hannah K - - 2010
Despite the increased incidence of preterm labor with intrauterine growth restriction, the mechanisms of the relationship are unclear. In women, functional progesterone withdrawal mediated by changing myometrial progesterone receptor (PR) expression is linked to labor. The objectives of this study were to assess myometrial PR isoform abundance in guinea pig ...
Seal Subrata Lall - - 2010
Malaria during pregnancy is a recognised risk factor for maternal and foetal complications and it is endemic in certain areas of our country. Pregnancy also enhances the severity of malaria particularly with P falciparum infestation. The outcome of effects of malaria in pregnancy on the mother and foetus is studied ...
Carson George - - 2010
to establish national standards of care for the screening and recording of alcohol use and counselling on alcohol use of women of child-bearing age and pregnant women based on the most up-to-date evidence. published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library in May 2009 using ...
Konno Toshihiro T Institute of Maternal-Fetal Biology, and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, - - 2010
Early pregnancy loss is common and can be caused by a range of factors. The Brown Norway (BN) rat exhibits reproductive dysfunction characterized by small litter size and pregnancy failure and represents a model for investigating early pregnancy loss. In this study, we investigated the establishment of pregnancy in the ...
Bailey Daniel W - - 2010
In pigs, endometrial functions are regulated primarily by progesterone and placental factors including estrogen. Progesterone levels are high throughout pregnancy to stimulate and maintain secretion of histotroph from uterine epithelia necessary for growth, implantation, placentation, and development of the conceptus (embryo and its extra-embryonic membranes). This study determined effects of ...
Hayatbakhsh Mohammad R - - 2010
Introduction and Aims. To study the prevalence of use of illicit drugs by women of reproductive age before and during pregnancy and the changes in rates of illicit drug use in pregnancy over recent years. Design and Methods. All pregnant women attending the public antenatal clinic over a 7 year period ...
Rådestad Ingela - - 2010
It can be quite natural for pregnant women to believe that a decrease in the frequency of fetal movements at the end of pregnancy is normal if they have been so informed. There is also probably scope for interpretation concerning what is to be regarded as a decrease in the ...
Begum Shahina - - 2010
Violence against women, especially by their husbands, is a serious public health issue that is associated with physical, reproductive and mental health consequences. The association between physical violence and unintended pregnancies has not been explored in India. Data were drawn from the second round of the National Family Health Survey ...
Tsui Dana Wy - - 2010
The presence of fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women has opened up new possibilities for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. Over the past decades, different types of fetal markers have been developed, initially based on discriminative genetic markers such as male-specific signals or paternally-inherited polymorphisms, and gradually evolved to the ...
Dehghani-Firouzabadi Razieh - - 2010
Aim of this study is to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome by maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) level. We followed 295 pregnant women from MSAFP screening in the 14th to 22th week of gestation until the end of pregnancy and information on pregnancy outcome have been recorded in questionnaires. ...
Visnjevac Jovana - - 2010
Even though artificial surfactant is now available, respiratory distress syndrome still remains a serious problem in neonatology. Prenatal analysis of the amniotic fluid can provide data giving insight into the fetal lung maturity, which enables planning of the further outcome of high-risk pregnancies. Surfactant prevents atelectasis by forming a layer ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2010
Of the 149 women with 0 pregnancy losses, 7 (5%) had factor XI level ≥150% versus 5 of 31 (16%) women with recurrent pregnancy loss. Three of the 5 women with high factor XI and recurrent pregnancy loss, with 19 previous pregnancy losses and 0 live births, were given enoxaparin ...
Ivanov Petar D - - 2010
Polymorphism A1/A2 in the β3 subunit of integrins αIIb/β3 and αV/β3 is implicated in the risk of development of embryonic and fetal recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). In 191 women with RPL, polymorphism A1/A2 was statistically significantly associated with RPL at <10 weeks of gestation (29.3% versus 16.4% in controls), but ...
Kaye Alyson - - 2011
Toxoplasmosis is a rare disease caused by the obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. Most persons with toxoplasmosis in the United States are asymptomatic, but if a woman is infected during pregnancy, the parasite can cross the placenta and cause congenital toxoplasmosis in the fetus. The severity of congenital toxoplasmosis ...
Bosch E - - 2010
The influence of elevated serum progesterone levels during in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles on pregnancy rates is a matter of continued debate among fertility clinicians. Efforts to resolve this question have been impeded by the various assays used to measure progesterone and the different, arbitrary threshold values for ...
Shorten P R - - 2010
In this paper we develop a mathematical model of the luteal phase of the reproductive cycle in mammals with the aim to generate a systems understanding of pregnancy recognition. Pregnancy recognition is initiated by the production of interferon tau (IFNtau) by the growing conceptus. This ensures that the maternal corpus ...
Fraser Hamish M - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) during the first postpartum cycle in marmosets housed with a fertile male where a 90% fertility rate is normal. On resumption of mating, females were treated with either 25 mg/kg aflibercept, a potent VEGF inhibitor, or control ...
Saito Tomoko - - 2010
The number of children with undesirable lifestyles has recently increased. We tested the hypothesis that maternal feelings about pregnancy might be associated with their attitude towards promoting healthy lifestyles in their children. We used a city database collected from guardians of 204 randomly selected children aged 1 to 3 years ...
Opare D A - - 2010
Malaria during first few months of life may be due to transplacental transfer of parasitized maternal erythrocytes. The most common clinical features of congenital malaria are fever, anaemia and splenomegaly. Other signs and symptoms include hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, regurgitation, loose stools, and poor feeding. A 28 year old woman (G2P1A), with ...
Addo V N - - 2010
To find out the effects of pregnancy weight gain in different body mass index (BMI) groups on maternal and neonatal outcomes in women delivering singletons at term. Retrospective analysis of clinical records of patients attending antenatal clinics and delivering in hospital from January 1st 1992 to December 31st 2009. A ...
Mobasheri Elahm - - 2010
This study was conducted to determine the serum level of folic acid and vitamin B12 in neural tube defects pregnancies (NTD) and healthy controls in Northern Iran. This case-control study was performed on women with neural tube defects pregnancies and controls with unaffected pregnancies in Northern Iran during 2006. Twenty ...
Hoque Monjurul - - 2010
Adolescent pregnancies are known to be associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes. The objectives were to calculate the incidences of the obstetric and perinatal complications at the time of delivery of early adolescent and late adolescent mothers and then compare the same with adult pregnant mothers. A retrospective comparative ...
Georgsson Öhman S - - 2010
The objective was to investigate how ultrasound screening for Down syndrome (DS) in the first trimester, compared with a routine ultrasound examination in the second trimester, affected Maternal-Fetal Attachment (MFA) in mid-pregnancy. This study of 2026 pregnant women was a sub-study of a larger RCT aiming at evaluating the effect ...
Hill Martin - - 2010
Despite the extensive research during the last six decades the fundamental questions concerning the role of steroids in the initiation of human parturition and origin and function of some steroids in pregnancy were not definitely answered. Based on steroid metabolomic data found in the literature and our so far unpublished ...
Baxi Asha - - 2010
Expectant management for tubal heterotopic pregnancy could be considered as a successful option in a symptom-free patient where the ectopic embryo has a limited craniocaudal length with no cardiac activity. We report the obstetric outcome after expectant management for a right tubal heterotopic pregnancy. Heterotopic pregnancy was first recognized at ...
Jain Ruchi - - 2010
The availability of technological advances like ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has made the diagnosis of rudimentary horn pregnancy possible at an early gestation. However, in advanced pregnancy, such cases can sometimes pose a diagnostic dilemma and are recognized only when patient presents with abdominal pain and collapse ...
Asnafi Nesa - - 2010
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a new method and its true risk of fetal loss and complications is not still clearly determined. The objective of this study was to review the clinical pregnancy outcome of transabdominal CVS (TA-CVS) performed on women with minor beta thalassemia. TA-CVS performed on 300 women ...
Skurupiy V A - - 2010
Myocyte hypertrophy and proliferation in the myometrium were observed in mice during the first pregnancy and involution of the myometrium was completed by day 10 postpartum. Parameters of all structures returned to values observed in intact uterus. During the third pregnancy, the processes of myometrium hypertrophy were similar to those ...
Drenovska Kossara - - 2010
The management and counseling of patients with pemphigus vulgaris during pregnancy is a challenge. The frequency of the association is very low and the current knowledge is based only on case reports or small series. The authors report 2 cases ofpemphigus vulgaris and pregnancy that differed from each other in ...
Mink van der Molen Aebele - - 2010
Abstract In the Netherlands a new and countrywide routine screening system for physical congenital anomalies was introduced by legislation in 2007. The screening was aimed initially at Down syndrome, but under specified conditions secondary screening for cleft lip and palate and other congenital malformations is performed as well. This article ...
Shrivastava V - - 2010
In spite of legalising abortion and making safe abortion available at affordable price at accessible distance to almost everyone, unsafe abortion especially second trimester abortion is still a big health problem in Nepal. The objective of the study is to fi nd the demographic profile, reasons for seeking abortion and ...
Szekeres-Bartho Julia - - 2010
PROBLEM: The role of progesterone-dependent immunomodulation in the maintenance of normal pregnancy. METHODS: In vitro and in vivo data on the effect that progesterone and its mediator progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) exert on the immune functions of pregnant women are reviewed, together with clinical findings. RESULTS: Activated pregnancy lymphocytes express ...
Polyzos Nikolaos P - - 2010
To investigate whether vaginal progesterone gel may result in similar or higher pregnancy rates compared with all other vaginal progesterone forms when used for luteal-phase support. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Infertile women undergoing IVF or ICSI. Vaginal progesterone gel 90 ...
Papaleo E E Centro Natalità, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy. - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of intramuscular (IM) and intravaginal (IV) progesterone for luteal phase support, in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer cycles (IVF-ET). retrospective, observational, case-control study Centro Natalità, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy, from July 2007 to June 2009. 172 A-GnRH down-regulated IVF-ET cycles in patients with age ...
Cetingoz Elcin - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the prophylactic administration of vaginal progesterone would reduce the preterm birth rate in high-risk population including singleton and twin pregnancies. This was a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study that included 150 high-risk pregnancies. Risk groups included prior spontaneous preterm birth, twin ...
Figuero Elena - - 2010
AIM: To test whether exacerbated gingival inflammation in pregnancy is associated with increased salivary hormone levels and changes in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cohort study, 48 pregnant women without periodontitis were evaluated in the first, second, and third trimesters ...
Hildingsson Ingegerd - - 2010
Parents' thoughts about childbirth during pregnancy are important for the adjustment process but little is known about factors associated with such thoughts. To describe and study background characteristics, feelings and support in relation to thoughts about childbirth in mid-pregnancy, in women and their partners and to analyze which factors are ...
Coleman Priscilla K - - 2010
The primary aim of this study was to compare the experience of an early abortion (1st trimester) to a late abortion (2nd and 3rd trimester) relative to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms after controlling for socio-demographic and personal history variables. Online surveys were completed by 374 women who experienced either ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2010
To study in a large-scale cohort with prospective data the associations between psychosocial stress during pregnancy and placenta weight at birth. Animal data suggest that the placenta is involved in stress-related fetal programming. We defined a priori two types of psychosocial stress during pregnancy, life stress (perceived burdens in major ...
Young Steven L SL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7570, North Carolina, USA. - - 2010
Progesterone is essential for endometrial receptivity and successful establishment of pregnancy. Either an insufficient progesterone concentration or an insufficient response to progesterone, therefore can lead to infertility and pregnancy loss. Assessment of the role that either progesterone insufficiency or inadequate progesterone response plays in human reproductive failure has been difficult ...
Lež Cvjetko - - 2010
Chorangioma of the placenta is a rare tumor with a frequency of about 1%, which usually presents as a solitary nodule or, less frequently, as multiple nodules. It is found on the fetal surface of the placenta or in placental parenchyma. Most chorangiomas are small and possess no clinical significance. ...
Babalola Dolapo A - - 2010
An increasing number of studies are confirming an association between periodontal disease (PD) and adverse outcomes in pregnancy. PD places pregnant women at greater risk for preterm birth than alcohol consumption or smoking. This underscores the importance of offering dental screening to women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy and ...
Guelinckx I - - 2010
This PhD thesis indicated by a literature review and a prospective study that maternal obesity is associated with serious complications for both mother and child. This is a problem since already 9% of the pregnant women at the antenatal department of the University Hospital Leuven was obese during 2006. A ...
Sucak A - - 2010
Women with thrombophilic disorders may have pregnancy complications including fetal loss (FL); however, the impact of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and previous obstetric history remains to be clarified. Our aim was to compare the effects of LMWH in three groups of women with thrombophilia who had varying ...
Thapa M - - 2010
Primary ovarian pregnancy is a rare entity, the incidence being 1 in 25,000 to 40,000 pregnancies. The diagnosis is difficult and still continues to challenge the clinicians. A case of ovarian pregnancy is reported here. The patient underwent laparotomy with right sided oophorectomy. Histopathological examination confirmed it to be an ...
Musilova Ivana I Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Charles University, Prague, Czech - - 2010
To determine sonographically the transverse diameter of the fetal thymus and present nomogram for the transverse diameter of the fetal thymus in uncomplicated singleton pregnancies between 19 and 38 weeks of gestation. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine Hradec Kralove, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, ...
Rebuelto Marcela M Farmacología, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Chorroarín 280, 1427 Buenos Aires, - - 2010
The use of pharmacological agents in pregnant females poses a major clinical challenge due to the marked physiological changes that may modify the pharmacokinetics of drugs and to the potential effects on the fetus. The purpose of this paper is to review briefly our knowledge on the use of antibacterial ...
Martínez-Torres Martín - - 2010
Several studies have shown that the corpus luteum is the principal source of progesterone during the gravidity period in reptiles; however, its participation in the maintenance of gestation in the viviparous squamata is in dispute. The effects of ovariectomy or luteectomy vary according to the species and the time at ...
Karki P - - 2010
Ocular involvement in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is common. To study the association between pregnancy-induced hypertensive fundus changes and fetal outcomes. A prospective cohort study was carried out including 153 subjects with the diagnosis of PIH. The subjects were evaluated for hypertensive fundus changes. Fetal outcomes were assessed in terms of ...
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