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Bose Purabi Deka - - 2011
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is associated with high maternal and fetal mortalities. A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the role of viral and host factors in HEV related pregnancy outcomes. The study included HEV infected pregnancy cases; acute viral hepatitis (AVH), n=100 and fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), n=43, ...
Kim Yohan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Currently available fetal intervention techniques rely on invasive procedures that carry inherent risks. A non-invasive technique for fetal intervention could potentially reduce risks of fetal and obstetric complications. Pulsed cavitational ultrasound therapy (histotripsy) is an ablation technique that mechanically fractionates tissue at the focal region using extracorporeal ultrasound. In ...
Tongprasert Fuanglada - - 2011
To create a normal reference table of fetal liver length in normal fetuses A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted on normal pregnancies with accurate gestational age (GA) from 14 to 40 weeks of gestation. All fetuses were measured for fetal liver length from the top of the right hemidiaphragm to ...
Thuring Ann - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of antenatal betamethasone on fetal and uteroplacental hemodynamics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 33 women with singleton high-risk pregnancies (23-33 completed weeks; 27 pregnancies < 30 weeks) not in labour, but at risk for preterm delivery on fetal or maternal indications. They were treated with ...
Dumont Coralie - - 2010
Objectives are to describe the contribution of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to prenatal diagnosis of congenital infantile fibrosarcoma, to discuss the treatment options, and to advise close monitoring of the pregnancy because of the risk of rupture of the tumor in utero.We report the case of a large leg tumor ...
Chiu Rossa W K - - 2010
Prenatal diagnosis is an important part of obstetrics care. In the current prenatal programmes, definitive diagnosis of fetal genetic or chromosomal conditions is conducted through fetal sampling by amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. To obviate the risks of fetal miscarriage that are associated with the invasive sampling procedures, we have ...
Wakefield Sarah L - - 2010
The preimplantation embryo is sensitive to its environment and despite having some plasticity to adapt, perturbing environments can impair embryo development, metabolic homeostasis, fetal and placental development, and offspring health. This study used an in vitro model of embryo culture with increasing mitochondrial inhibition to directly establish the effect of ...
Amer-Wåhlin I - - 2011
Since its introduction more than 40 years ago, electronic fetal monitoring has become widely used for intrapartum surveillance to determine fetal wellbeing in labor. Although fetal hypoxia and acidosis are reflected in changes in fetal heart rate, there is no evidence that cardiotocography has been effective in reducing neonatal morbidity ...
Lawrence Jean M - - 2011
Given the increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes, the recent emergence of type 2 diabetes as a condition that can begin during childhood, and the increasing prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus, the number of women who have some form of diabetes during their pregnancies is increasing. The perceptions and expectations ...
Gawlikowska-Sroka Aleksandra - - 2010
Increased care of fetal and neonatal airways has led to advances in neonatal medicine. The early diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases require a detailed knowledge of fetal airway anatomy and development. The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical development of the thyroid and cricoid cartilages and ...
Pallares Pilar - - 2010
Mice deficient for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3(-/-)) may represent a good model for studying embryo loss and intrauterine growth retardation caused by vascular deficiencies. We determined the effects of embryo genotype (homozygous vs. heterozygous descendants with paternal or maternal source of the non-functional NOS3 allele) and maternal environment (NOS3(-/-) ...
Huang Jack Y J - - 2010
The only reliable way to eliminate the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is complete avoidance of gonadotropin ovarian stimulation. It could be argued that in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes represents the most effective strategy to prevent OHSS. IVM has been an established treatment option in many centers worldwide ...
Mbumba B - - 2010
Although rare, sacrococcygeal teratoma is the most common congenital tumor. We report a case of a precociously diagnosed and rapidly growing cystic lesion. These tumors may be associated with hemodynamic and hemorrhagic complications. Therefore, affected fetuses should be carefully followed during the entire pregnancy by ultrasound and MR imaging in ...
Rio Ines - - 2010
The time before a woman has confirmed her pregnancy is an important time for both the woman and her unborn baby's wellbeing. With the period of organogenesis largely occurring between the third and eighth week of development, early pregnancy is a time when a woman may have problems related to ...
Coolen Jillian - - 2010
to evaluate the influence of initial oligohydramnios on the prognosis of women with preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) at 30 to 36 weeks' gestation. the Royal Alexandra Hospital ultrasound database was used to identify singleton pregnancies at 30 to 36 weeks' gestation with an ultrasound performed for confirmed ...
Kariyawasam Sampath - - 2010
Dengue is the most important mosquito-borne disease in Sri Lanka, leading to more than 340 deaths during the last outbreak (˜35,000 reported cases) starting in mid April 2009. The predominant dengue virus serotypes during the last few years have been DENV-2 and DENV-3. Dengue infection in pregnancy carries the risk ...
Stöckl Heidi H London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Global Health and Development, Gender Violence and Health Centre, London, UK. - - 2010
Violence by an intimate partner, including violence during pregnancy, is an important human rights and public health issue. This paper presents the findings from large household surveys conducted in Mbeya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in 2001-2002, as part of the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence ...
Odom Lawrence N - - 2010
The healthy adult is the result of successful interaction between the maternal environment and the developing fetal epigenome. The Barker hypothesis first suggested that in utero exposure to the maternal environment impacts adult health and disease. Since the origin of this theory, numerous studies have lent further support. Epigenomic alteration ...
Muretti Mirko - - 2010
The incidence of bacterial endocarditis (BE) during pregnancy is about 0.01%, while maternal and fetal mortality rates due to BE are 22% and 15%, respectively. Fetal survival is <15% until week 25 of gestation, and cesarean delivery is recommended before cardiopulmonary bypass in the third trimester. The case is described ...
Devries Karen M KM Gender, Violence and Health Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London UK. - - 2010
We aimed to describe the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy across 19 countries, and examine trends across age groups and UN regions. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (20 surveys from 15 countries) and the International Violence Against Women Surveys ...
Zisser Howard C - - 2010
Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia can pose a number of serious risks to pregnant mothers with diabetes, but these risks are not always related to glucose concentrations directly. Previous studies have shown the utility of using mathematical transformation functions to create patient risk profiles that can then be used to analyze and ...
Amado Eduardo Díaz - - 2010
During a highly contested process, abortion was partially decriminalised in Colombia in 2006 by the Constitutional Court: when the pregnancy threatens a woman's life or health, in cases of severe fetal malformations incompatible with life, and in cases of rape, incest or unwanted insemination. However, Colombian women still face obstacles ...
Rout Ujjwal K - - 2010
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy causes wide range of behavioral and structural deficits in children, commonly known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Children with FAS may suffer behavioral deficits in the absence of obvious malformations. In rodents, the exposure to alcohol during gestation changes brain structures and weights of offspring. ...
O'Connor Mary J MJ Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, rm 68-265A, Los Angeles, CA 90024, United States. - - 2011
South Africa has the highest prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) in the world. The purpose of this study was to identify high risk factors associated with drinking alcohol prior to pregnancy recognition in 24 neighborhoods in the Cape Flats outside Cape Town, South Africa. An interviewer assessed risk ...
Forsyth Claire - - 2011
The main aim of this study was to extend previous research of men's experiences of pregnancy; 48 Australian men and their pregnant partners took part. Most men reported feeling positive about the pregnancy, emotionally well supported and well informed. Men reported receiving more valuable information from their partner than from ...
Gardosi Jason - - 2011
Customised centiles based on individual fetal growth potential enhance our ability to differentiate between physiological and pathological smallness. A series of studies in different maternity populations has found striking similarities in the way fetal growth varies with maternal and pregnancy related characteristics, and has established the clear advantages of this ...
Traina Evelyn - - 2011
Hormonal, inflammatory and vascular alterations during pregnancy are thought to be involved in pregnancy loss. The role of progesterone, the actions of which involve cytokines and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has been thoroughly studied. Genetic factors are involved in modulation of these molecules, and several genes have been associated ...
Halpern Vera - - 2011
High pregnancy rates undermine the conduct and interpretation of HIV prevention trials. We performed this analysis to identify baseline participant characteristics associated with increased risk of pregnancy in recent vaginal microbicide trials. We analyzed the data from four recently completed Phase III trials of candidate microbicides for prevention of HIV ...
Razeghinejad M Reza - - 2010
there are limited data about the effects of anti-glaucoma drugs on pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to observe pregnancies exposed to anti-glaucoma medications. six pregnant glaucomatous patients referred to the glaucoma clinic after their first trimesters were advised to continue their medications. In one patient who was on ...
Firoz Tabassum - - 2010
The majority of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. However, nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is not always nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). The differential diagnosis of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy can be extensive and the underlying cause can sometimes be difficult to diagnose. However, the ...
Parasuramalu B G - - 2010
Data were collected from 78 teenage pregnant mothers (15-19 years) out of 1446 pregnant mothers who attended the primary health centers situated in the field practice area of the rural health center, Kengeri of Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, between May and July 2009 to study the factors associated ...
M─ârginean C - - 2010
Fetal face was the main concern of researchers who developed three-dimensional ultrasound. 3-D ultrasound beginnings date back to 1973. Parallel concerns of researchers from different parts of the world have led to a constantly changing the equipment and software. 3-D images of the fetal face were obtained since 1986, but ...
Dimejesi I B O - - 2010
Early pregnancy losses are a source of deep emotional trauma to any woman, her family and the attttending Gynaecologist. This study evaluated the prelence, pattern and management outcomes of such losses at a tertiary Health Institution. Data of all women who suffered early pregnancy losses between 1st January, 2002 and ...
Sirimi Natalia - - 2010
Obesity, the most common metabolic disorder, concerns, among others, women of reproductive age and, when it occurs before or during pregnancy, constitutes a major risk factor for both maternal and fetal complications. The complications of obesity in a prospective mother include subfertility, miscarriage, thrombo-embolism, hypertensive disorders, metabolic syndrome, preterm delivery ...
Mostafa-Gharebaghi P - - 2010
Misoprostol is a cheap product of prostaglandin E1 which has gained interest in pregnancy termination. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of vaginal misoprostol and prostaglandin E2 suppository in pregnancy termination before 20 weeks of gestational age. In this clinical trial, 111 participants under 20 weeks ...
Sunami Rei - - 2010
Fetal cell microchimerism is defined as the persistence of pluripotent fetal cells in the maternal body long after delivery. The exact process by which fetal cells cross the placental barrier and enter maternal circulation is still being investigated. We reported that fetal cells persist only in the maternal bone marrow ...
Walfisch Asnat - - 2010
Anticoagulation therapy during pregnancy in women with prosthetic cardiac valves is a therapeutic challenge. The use of vitamin K antagonists such as warfarin during pregnancy carries the potential for serious risks to the fetus, especially if these drugs are administered during the first trimester or at term. Between 6 and ...
Aggarwal Anjali - - 2010
Objective: To determine if repeat screening for sexually transmitted infection is appropriate for adolescent obstetric patients and to identify any risk factors associated with increased risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection (STI) during pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of adolescent obstetric patients seen ...
Mesiano Sam - - 2011
The process and timing of human parturition involves a complex hormonal dialogue between maternal and fetal systems that transforms the uterine muscle into the laboring state. Progesterone, through specific progesterone receptors (PRs) in uterine tissues, is key player in this process. For most of pregnancy, progesterone promotes myometrial relaxation and ...
Brunton Paula J - - 2010
The female sex steroid hormones, estrogens and progesterone, are produced in large amounts in pregnancy, increasing as pregnancy progresses. These hormones have essential peripheral actions to maintain pregnancy, and to secure safe delivery at term. They also have important actions on the brain in pregnancy, generally through interactions with neuropeptide ...
Abdulkareem T A - - 2011
This study was undertaken to detect pregnancy in Iraqi riverine buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) using three different methods (rectal palpation, plasma progesterone concentration and detection of the presence of pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB) with the BioPRYN(®) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test. The aim of the study was to identify the most ...
Fatemeh Tavassoli - - 2010
To evaluate maternal and perinatal outcome in nulliparious women complicated with pregnancy hypertension. This descriptive-analytic and case-control study was performed on 100 hypertensive and 100 normotensive nulliparious women who were referred to Imam Reza hospital in 2008. They were compared for maternal and perinatal outcomes. The data was analyzed by ...
Rocca Corinne H CH Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 335, UCSF Box 0744, San Francisco, CA 94143-0744, USA. - - 2010
Using data from a prospective cohort of 555 adolescent girls and boys from a predominantly Latino neighborhood of San Francisco, we examined how well four survey questionnaire items measuring pregnancy intentions predicted the incidence of pregnancy. We also compared consistency of responses among items and assessed how intentions fluctuated over ...
Kuhle Stefan - - 2010
In order to better target prevention initiatives for the obesity epidemic in Canada, policy-makers, in addition to information about risk factors, require an understanding of the preventive potential which is best provided by the risk factor's population attributable risk fraction (PARF). To estimate the PARF for childhood overweight risk factors ...
Gessessew Amanuel - - 2010
Unwanted pregnancy is associated with increased risk of maternal mortality and morbidity. This study was done to determine the causes of unwanted pregnancy and its impact on maternal health. A cross sectional study (February 1, 2002-January 31, 2004) was conducted on 907 patients with diagnosis of abortion and admitted to ...
Pani Nibedita - - 2010
Pregnancy induces progressive changes in maternal carbohydrate metabolism. As pregnancy advances insulin resistance and diabetogenic stress due to placental hormones necessitate compensatory increase in insulin secretion. When this compensation is inadequate gestational diabetes develops. 'Gestational diabetes mellitus' (GDM) is defined as carbohydrate intolerance with onset or recognition during pregnancy. Women ...
Chan Oi Ka - - 2010
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is the most common pregnancy complication affecting women during the first trimester of pregnancy. The cause of NVP remains unknown and factors associated with the occurrence of NVP are contradictory. There is currently little information on its effects of NVP in general and specifically ...
Jain J - - 2011
The presence of deformation twinning in magnesium introduces significant challenges for predicting the bulk response of the material. In this work, we present results showing the presence of tensile twins formed within pre-existing tensile twins in samples deformed in compression at 77 K. Such double twins mirror the observation of ...
Kyrou D - - 2010
Limited data exist concerning the need for luteal support in clomiphene citrate-stimulated intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. The addition of progesterone became an established clinical practice, despite the absence of evidence of effectiveness. A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed in a tertiary referral centre to assess the effect of intravaginal ...
Lindgren P - - 2010
The aim was to estimate the risk of maternal hypertensive complications following first- or second-trimester invasive diagnostic procedures, i.e. chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and amniocentesis (AC). Odds ratios (ORs) for gestational hypertension, mild pre-eclampsia or severe pre-eclampsia were calculated for women who underwent CVS (n = 1,984) or AC (n ...
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