Search Results
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Suter Melissa - - 2010
While many fetuses are exposed to tobacco in utero, not all experience adverse outcomes as a result of this exposure. Mechanisms leading to the attenuation of fetal birth weight and adverse pregnancy outcomes are complex. Therefore many studies have begun to focus, not only on the contribution of maternal and ...
Chico Ana A Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Sant Pau, Avenida Pare Claret 167, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2010
This study compared glycemic control and maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treated with multiple daily injections (MDI) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) using regular (RI) or lispro (LP) insulin. Three hundred fifteen consecutive singleton pregnancies of T1DM women using the same ...
Lagiou Pagona - - 2011
Male newborns are somewhat heavier than female ones and it has been reported, in a Caucasian population, that mothers carrying boys have higher energy intake during pregnancy compared to those carrying girls. In the context of a prospective study comprising 150 Caucasian women in Boston, USA and 243 Asian women ...
Ejdesjö A - - 2011
We assessed genetic and environmental influence on fetal outcome in diabetic rat pregnancy. Crossing normal (N) and manifestly diabetic (MD) Wistar Furth (W) and Sprague-Dawley (L) females with W or L males yielded four different fetal genotypes (WW, LL, WL, and LW) in N or MD rat pregnancies for studies. ...
Gurudut Kolala S - - 2011
Rupture of gravid uterus during pregnancy is a rare entity. Overall incidence of rupture of uterus during pregnancy is 0.07%. The maternal and fetal prognoses are bad especially when the rupture occurs in an unscarred uterus. Fortunately, the sole major risk factor of spontaneous rupture of unscarred uterus is preventable, ...
Shim Jae-Yoon - - 2010
We describe a rare conjoined twinning at 9 weeks of gestation. We compared the results of two- and three-dimensional sonography with autopsy findings after the termination of pregnancy. These results showed a thoracoomphalopagus with a shared heart and visceral organs. Three-dimensional sonography showed anencephaly in one of the embryos. Early ...
Ka┼łová N - - 2011
Hyperandrogenic states in pregnancy are almost always the result of a condition that arises during pregnancy. The onset of virilization symptoms is often very fast. The mother is protected against hyperandrogenism by a high level of SHBG, by placental aromatase and a high level of progesterone. The fetus is protected ...
Hill M - - 2011
In this review, we focused on the intersection between steroid metabolomics, obstetrics and steroid neurophysiology to give a comprehensive insight into the role of sex hormones and neuroactive steroids (NAS) in the mechanism controlling pregnancy sustaining. The data in the literature including our studies show that there is a complex ...
Shim Jae-Yoon - - 2011
We describe a rare conjoined twinning at 9 weeks of gestation. We compared the results of two- and three-dimensional sonography with autopsy findings after the termination of pregnancy. These results showed a thoracoomphalopagus with a shared heart and visceral organs. Three-dimensional sonography showed anencephaly in one of the embryos. Early ...
Schepens Janneke J B F G - - 2011
BACKGROUND Female sterilization is a widely used contraceptive method but in a small group of women, post-sterilization regret occurs. A dilemma for these women is the choice between surgical re-anastomosis and IVF. We evaluated the factors that affected pregnancy rate after laparoscopic tubal re-anastomosis for sterilization regret. METHODS We included ...
Mandal Debasmita - - 2011
To study the clinical profile and management of peripartum cardiomyopathy, and to analyze the pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women with this disorder as well as its effect on subsequent pregnancies. All patients admitted with peripartum cardiomyopathy from July 2006 to June 2009 by the Departments of Cardiology and Obstetrics and ...
Arpino Carla - - 2011
Stroke in pediatric age is a rare event with a multifactorial genesis which could involve genetic factors as methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C polymorphism. At the same time, twin gestation with co-twin demise is an important potential risk factor for premature brain damage. We describe two children presenting with ...
Hardman B - - 2011
Copper is an essential trace element necessary for normal growth and development. During pregnancy, copper is transported from the maternal circulation to the fetus by mechanisms which have not been clearly elucidated. Two copper transporting ATPases, Menkes (ATP7A; MNK) and Wilson (ATP7B; WND) are known to be expressed in the ...
Grunewald Charlotta - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the effects on neonatal morbidity of a regional change in induction policy for post-term pregnancy from 43(+0) to 42(+0) gestational weeks (GWs). Design and setting. Nationwide retrospective register study between 2000 and 2007. Population. All singleton pregnancies with a gestational age of >41(+2) GW (n= 119,198). Methods. ...
Chieza J T - - 2011
We report the management of a 24-year-old primigravid woman who was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis at 20weeks of gestation. Maternal symptoms improved with therapeutic plasma exchange, steroids, immunoglobulin therapy and pyridostigmine. Despite this, the fetus had arthrogryposis multiplex congenita due to trans-placental transfer of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies. The baby was ...
Chou Fan-Hao - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare physiological and psychological reactions among Taiwanese women with different degrees of severity of nausea and vomiting (NV) during pregnancy. Based on their scores on the Index of Nausea, Vomiting, and Retching (INVR), 59 pregnant women ≥ 18 years of age, with single ...
Lukasse Mirjam - - 2011
Objective. To examine the association between childhood abuse and fear of childbirth and the wish for cesarean section during second pregnancy. Design. A longitudinal cohort study using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Setting. Fifty maternity units in ...
Yakabe T - - 2010
Lactobacillus brevis KB290 (KB290), a plant-derived probiotic lactic acid bacterium, improves gut health and stimulates immune function. Here we extensively investigated the teratogenicity of KB290 in rats and rabbits. We observed no adverse maternal or fetal effects and concluded that the no observable adverse effect level for maternal general toxicity, ...
Roduit Caroline - - 2011
Cross-sectional studies have suggested that prenatal farm exposures might protect against allergic disease and increase the expression of receptors of the innate immune system. However, epidemiologic evidence supporting the association with atopic dermatitis remains inconsistent. To study the association between prenatal farm-related exposures and atopic dermatitis in a prospective study. ...
Groër Maureen W - - 2011
Pregnancy is associated with transfer of maternal cells to the fetus and fetal cells to the mother. In both cases, the transferred cells are described as microchimeric. Fetal microchimeric cells include semi-allogeneic stem cells, which are few in number and are capable of long-term survival in the "foreign" host. They ...
Cohen-Barak E - - 2011
Background  The association between psoriasis and pregnancy outcomes has not been adequately examined, although psoriasis onset is common in the reproductive period. Objective  To evaluate the association between moderate-to-severe psoriasis and pregnancy complications. Methods  A retrospective, matched cohort study of 68 deliveries in 35 women with moderate-to-severe psoriasis compared to ...
Wagner Norbert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the time interval between first induction and fetal expulsion in fetal defect-related termination of pregnancy and to determine the relevant factors that influence this time interval. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study involving singleton pregnancies that were terminated due to fetal abnormalities between 2005 and 2009. Induction was done ...
Gambhir Prakash S - - 2011
ABSTRACT Entanglement of the umbilical cord with fetal body parts is known to occur in early pregnancy. This can potentially compromise the cord blood flow and cause fetal demise. We report 3 instances of intrauterine fetal deaths in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy with longstanding cord entanglement. The cord had ...
Williams Michelle A MA Center for Perinatal Studies, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or habitual snoring and asthma are known comorbid conditions in men and non-pregnant women. This comorbidity has not been evaluated among pregnant women. We assessed the habitual snoring-asthma relationship among pregnant women. A cohort of women (N = 1335) were interviewed during pregnancy, and we ascertained ...
Sennels Henriette P - - 2010
Abstract Background: Trisomy 21 risk estimation in first trimester pregnancies can be performed by a combined test based on ultrasound measurement of fetal nuchal translucency thickness and maternal plasma concentrations of free β human chorionic gonadotropin (hCGβ) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A). However, little knowledge exists regarding the biological ...
Nj Cowans - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To measure maternal serum placental growth factor (PlGF) levels in trisomy 21 cases and controls in samples drawn before 11 weeks gestation. METHODS: Early first trimester maternal serum samples for 37 trisomy 21 cases and 244 unaffected controls were retrieved from frozen storage and PlGF was retrospectively measured using ...
Messerschmidt Agnes - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the relationship between placental vascular pathology detected by prenatal MRI and perinatal outcome. METHODS:: In our retrospective, hospital-based, cross-sectional study all fetal MRI examinations of singleton pregnancies with vascular placental pathology (i.e. infarction with/without hemorrhage, subchorionic thrombi/hemorrhages, intervillous thrombi/hemorrhages, or retroplacental hematoma) in the last 6 years ...
Musselman Jessica R B - - 2011
Maternal diet during pregnancy may be associated with cancer in offspring. Intake of individual foods, as well as dietary patterns, can be used when examining these relations. Here, the authors examined associations between maternal dietary intake patterns and pediatric germ cell tumors (GCTs) using principal components analysis and logistic regression. ...
Shrestha Anshu - - 2011
We assessed whether exposure to prenatal smoking or alcohol accelerates age of menarche (AOM) in offspring. We studied a Danish cohort of 3169 singleton females born in April 1984-April 1987. Linear regressions were conducted to examine associations between prenatal smoking or alcohol exposure and offspring's AOM on: (i) the daughters ...
Ramos Helton Estrela - - 2011
Monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8 or SLC16A2) mutations cause X-linked Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome. Heterozygous females are usually asymptomatic, but pregnancy may modify thyroid function and MCT8 is expressed in the placenta, suggesting that maternal and fetal abnormalities might develop even in the absence of MCT8 fetal mutation. Genetic counseling is so far ...
Huang Jian - - 2011
We present a rare case of primary unruptured full term ovarian pregnancy resulting in the delivery of a live female infant and draw attention to the importance of early recognition of primary ovarian pregnancy. A 24-year-old primigravida woman presented with oligohydramnios at 36+ weeks after her last normal menstrual period ...
Wang Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA. - - 2011
Placental tissue expresses many lymphatic markers. The current study was undertaken to examine if D2-40/podoplanin, a lymphatic endothelial marker, was expressed in the human placenta, and how it is altered developmentally and pathologically. We examined D2-40/podoplanin and VEGFR-3 expressions in placentas from normotensive pregnancies at different gestational ages and in ...
Mensah-Brown Nana Aba NA Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, - - 2011
We investigated the utility of ICA for evaluation of fetal rhythm in five uncomplicated twin pregnancies and in five twin pregnancies complicated by fetal arrhythmia. Using objective and subjective criteria, we sought to determine how the signal-to-noise ratio, signal fidelity and interference rejection are affected when synthesizing the fetal signal ...
Chen Ching-Hui - - 2011
Uterine rupture during near-term pregnancy is a life-threatening condition. A 31-year-old pregnant woman with a breech presentation at the gestation age of 35(+2) weeks had complained of a dull abdominal pain for days. She was treated 2 years ago with bilateral uterine artery ligation and hysterotomy for removal of the ...
Inde Yusuke - - 2011
To investigate the maternal risk factors for small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns in Japanese dichorionic (DC) twins. A retrospective study was conducted from 2003 to 2008 on 340 DC twin pregnancies resulting in two live births. Newborns were classified as SGA if their birth weight was below the 10th percentile according ...
Capellini Isabella - - 2011
The mammalian placenta exhibits striking interspecific morphological variation, yet the implications of such diversity for reproductive strategies and fetal development remain obscure. More invasive hemochorial placentas, in which fetal tissues directly contact the maternal blood supply, are believed to facilitate nutrient transfer, resulting in higher fetal growth rates, and to ...
Tynan John A - - 2011
The objective of the study was the evaluation of a novel multiplex assay to detect fetal Rh blood group D-antigen gene (RHD) loci in maternal plasma from RhD-negative, pregnant women. An RHD genotyping assay was designed to detect exons 4, 5, 7, and 10 and RHDΨ (pseudogene) of the RHD ...
Ding Tianbing T Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, United - - 2011
We have previously described diminished uterine progesterone response and increased uterine sensitivity to inflammation in adult female mice with a history of developmental exposure to TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin). Since parturition in mammals is an inflammatory process mediated in part by a decline in progesterone action, toxicant-mediated disruption of progesterone receptor (PR) ...
Doret Muriel - - 2011
We performed multifractal analysis of fetal heart rate (FHR) variability in fetuses with and without acidosis during labor. Multifractal analysis was performed on fetal electrocardiograms in 10-minute sliding windows within the last 2 hours before delivery in 45 term fetuses divided in three groups according to umbilical arterial pH and ...
Monk Catherine C Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1150 St Nicholas Ave., Suite 1-121, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2011
Women's experiences during pregnancy are predictive of variation in neurobehavioral profiles in their children. Few studies have assessed these relationships during the prenatal period. In 113 women in the 36(th) -38(th) gestational week (mean age 26.3 ± 5.4 years), electrocardiogram, blood pressure, respiration, salivary cortisol, and fetal heart rate (HR) were measured ...
Lynn Fiona A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is viewed as a major life event and, while the majority of healthy, low-risk women adapt well to pregnancy, there are those whose levels of stress are heightened by the experience. OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of pregnancy-related stress experienced by a group of healthy, low-risk pregnant women ...
Monk Catherine - - 2010
Women's experiences during pregnancy are predictive of variation in neurobehavioral profiles in their children. Few studies have assessed these relationships during the prenatal period. In 113 women in the 36(th) -38(th) gestational week (mean age 26.3 ± 5.4 years), electrocardiogram, blood pressure, respiration, salivary cortisol, and fetal heart rate (HR) were measured ...
Beyer D A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To verify a seasonal variation in the incidence of spina bifida and thus to identify possible environmental triggers leading to its developement. METHODS: An interdisciplinary approach has been taken to develop a better understanding of spina bifida through collaborative efforts from investigators specializing in genetics, fetal pathology, paediatrics, neuro-surgery ...
Amato M P - - 2010
To assess pregnancy and fetal outcomes after in utero exposure to interferon-β (IFNβ) in all pregnancies occurring in women with multiple sclerosis (MS) during the study period, with a specific focus on the risk of spontaneous abortion. In this cohort study, data were gathered through a standardized, semi-structured interview. Patients ...
Karagiannis George - - 2011
Objective: To develop a model for prediction of small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonates in the absence of preeclampsia (PE) based on maternal factors and biophysical and biochemical markers at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Methods: Screening study in 1,536 SGA and 31,314 non-SGA pregnancies based on maternal characteristics, fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness, ...
Aguilera Marijo - - 2010
The etiology of polyhydramnios may be attributed to either increased production of amniotic fluid (fetal polyuria or high-output cardiac failure) or decreased fetal swallowing (obstruction or neurological impairment). Although idiopathic polyhydramnios occurs in nearly half of all cases, it is often associated with fetal abnormalities. Fetal ductus arteriosus flow is ...
Zhong Yan - - 2010
We evaluated the impact of assisted reproductive technology (ART) on the association between first-trimester pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) and adverse pregnancy outcomes. PAPP-A and β-hCG levels were obtained between 11 and 13 (6)/ (7) weeks' gestation and converted to multiples of the median (MoM). ...
Koetje Patricia M J L PM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, - - 2011
This study aims to determine the effect of pregnancy on the accuracy of 3 commonly used methods to estimate glomerular filtration rate ([GFR] creatinine clearance, the Cockroft-Gault, and modification of diet in renal disease [MDRD] formulas) using the inulin clearance as a reference. Longitudinal study design. University hospital. A total ...
Keeling June - - 2011
This study explored the prevalence rates of domestic violence reported during the first trimester of pregnancy and in the postnatal period. Domestic violence is known to have a deleterious effect on the physical and psychological well-being of a woman, with an adverse effect on the unborn child. A validated anonymous ...
Hayashi Kunihiko K Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Gunma University, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan. - - 2011
The adverse effects of maternal smoking on the health of pregnant women have been examined mostly on a disease-by-disease basis. The aims of this study were to evaluate simultaneously the effects of smoking during pregnancy on various obstetric complications, using data from a large medical database, and to investigate the ...
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