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Govindan R B RB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham Street, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2011
Changes in fetal magnetocardiographic (fMCG) signals are indicators for fetal body movement. We propose a novel approach to reliably extract fetal body movements based on the field strength of the fMCG signal independent of its frequency. After attenuating the maternal MCG, we use a Hilbert transform approach to identify the ...
Antsaklis Aris - - 2011
The number of multiple pregnancies has increased, mainly due to the uncontrolled use of the assisted conception techniques. Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) has been used to reduce the risks associated with these high-risk pregnancies. It is performed in the first trimester of pregnancy by transabdominal injection of potassium chloride into ...
Chevalier Nicolas - - 2010
Context: Recombinant human GH treatment and oocyte donation (OD) have improved the quality of life in women with Turner syndrome (TS). However, life expectancy is reduced, mainly due to cardiovascular complications. Pregnancy may itself increase that risk and be associated with hazardous materno-fetal outcome. Objective: The objective of this study ...
Bergman Eva - - 2011
Objective . To establish absolute- and relative-growth reference curves for the detection of intrauterine growth restriction from weekly self-administered symphysis-fundus (SF) measurements and to assess the influence of fetal sex, maternal obesity and parity. Design. Prospective longitudinal study. Setting. Pregnant women from six primary antenatal care centres. Population. Three hundred ...
Tikkanen Minna - - 2011
Placental abruption, classically defined as a premature separation of the placenta before delivery, is one of the leading causes of vaginal bleeding in the second half of pregnancy. Approximately 0.4-1% of pregnancies are complicated by placental abruption. The prevalence is lower in the Nordic countries (0.38-0.51%) compared with the USA ...
Wei Qiang - - 2011
To investigate the timing of pregnancy and pregnancy termination and its management in women with pregnancy complicating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A series of 86 cases of pregnancy complicating SLE treated in our hospital from January 2005 to June 2010 were retrospectively reviewed, including 54 cases of planned pregnancy and ...
Stacey Tomasina - - 2011
Background:  In high-income countries, stillbirth rates have been static in recent decades. Unexplained stillbirths account for up to 50% of these deaths. Methods:  A case-control study was conducted in Auckland, New Zealand, from July 2006 to June 2009 to explore modifiable risk factors for late stillbirth (≥28 weeks of gestation). Eligible ...
Kathiresan Anupama S Q - - 2011
We sought to determine if outcomes of nulliparous twin pregnancies differ based on maternal age. Nulliparous women with current twin pregnancies were identified from a database of women enrolled for outpatient nursing surveillance. Data were stratified into four groups by maternal age: less than 20, 20 to 34, 35 to ...
Mizutani Shigehiko - - 2011
Preeclampsia and preterm delivery are important potential complications in pregnancy and represent the leading causes for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The mechanisms underlying both diseases remain unknown, thus available treatments (beta2-stimulants and magnesium sulfate) are essentially symptomatic. Both molecules have molecular weights less than 5-8  kDa, cross the ...
Hawthorne Gillian - - 2011
Pregnant women with diabetes have to manage both the effect of pregnancy on glucose control and its effect on pre-existing diabetic complications. Most women experience hypoglycaemia as a consequence of tightened glycaemic control and this impacts on daily living. Less commonly, diabetic ketoacidosis, a serious metabolic decompensation of diabetic control ...
Kalogiannidis Ioannis - - 2011
To investigate whether diamniotic twin gestations are at increased risk of amniocentesis-related adverse outcomes compared to singleton pregnancies. This was a retrospective study of mid-trimester amniocenteses performed during the period 1993-2009. Cases were divided in two groups, one including singleton (Group 1) and the other diamniotic twin pregnancies (Group 2). ...
Bister Dirk - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of facial clefting in Cambridge, UK, using multiple resources of ascertainment and to relate the findings to antenatal ultrasound screening (AUS) detection rates. AUS records from an obstetric ultrasound department, post-natal records from the regional craniofacial unit, and autopsy reports ...
de Saint Martin Luc - - 2011
Compared with 537 parous controls with no history of pregnancy loss, a lower thrombomodulin-related inhibition of the endogenous thrombin potential was measured in 264 cases with previous unexplained pregnancy loss, especially when losses occurred between 9 and 12 weeks of gestation. Adjusting age, protein S, factor VIII, factor V Leiden, ...
Frölich M A - - 2011
Maternal intrapartum fever has been associated with an increased incidence of neonatal morbidity. In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated whether intravenous oxytocin has a fever-inducing effect. Oxytocin augments secretion of prostaglandins E(2) and F(2α) which are inflammatory mediators known to elevate body temperature. Between January 2005 and June 2008, ...
Gibbons William E - - 2011
To evaluate the obstetrical outcome measures of birth weight (BW) and length of gestation (GA) in singleton pregnancies from in vitro fertilization (IVF), donor egg (DE), and gestational carrier (GC) cycles. Retrospective data analysis. Clinics. SART data set from the years 2004-2006. The BW and GA of singleton pregnancies were ...
Wucher H - - 2011
To describe the clinical presentation and the prognosis of autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D) that was first revealed during pregnancy masquerading as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We reviewed the files of 21 women in whom diabetes was revealed during a pregnancy ("index pregnancy") and progressed to T1D after delivery, and ...
Yoshida Masashi - - 2011
Objective: There have been a number of studies on immunoglobulin injection into fetuses or mothers during pregnancy for the treatment of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. However, no study has examined the effect of injected immunoglobulin on fetal hemodynamics. In this study, we examined the effect of immunoglobulin injection on fetal hemodynamics ...
Kemp A S - - 2011
Cite this as: A. S. Kemp, A-L Ponsonby,T. Dwyer J. A. Cochrane, A. Pezic and G. Jones, Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2011 (41) 224-231. SUMMARY: Background There is considerable controversy whether maternal peanut ingestion during pregnancy might influence sensitization in later life. Objective To examine whether maternal peanut ingestion during ...
Ramu Bhavadharini - - 2011
Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) increases during pregnancy, due to several factors like decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure, increased intra-abdominal pressure secondary to the enlarged gravid uterus and alteration in gastrointestinal transit. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of GER in pregnancy in a southern State of the ...
Bwire Robert - - 2011
Celgene has developed and operated pregnancy prevention programs since 1998 with the first approval of thalidomide in the US. With the development and marketing of lenalidomide, an analog of thalidomide, the company further advanced its risk management activities, which now cover several territories across the globe. To date, the program ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2011
We sought to estimate the association of several maternal risk factors with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in twin pregnancies. This is a case-control study of 313 patients with twin pregnancies delivered greater than 24 weeks between June 2005 and January 2010. We used three definitions of IUGR: (1) either twin ...
Hernandez Gerson D - - 2011
Objective. Multiple observational studies have emphasized the increased risk of elective induction versus spontaneous labor. We estimated the risks of elective induction before 39 weeks compared to expectant management. Methods. Using a single institution's delivery data (1996-2004), we identified women with uncomplicated term gestations who underwent elective induction before 39 weeks (Early ...
Abi-Nader Khalil N - - 2011
Remote telemetric monitoring of fetal haemodynamics in pregnant sheep would allow unrestricted animal movement, minimize suffering and distress, and improve animal welfare, while enhancing the quality of data collected. This may also be useful in clinical practice following fetal surgery. Using an open fetal surgical technique at approximately two-thirds of ...
Guan Huai - - 2010
To examine maternal and fetal exposure levels to four carcinogenic metals, arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and beryllium (Be), and to investigate their environmental influences. Metal concentrations in maternal and umbilical cord blood were measured by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Environmental factors that might play a role in ...
Lee Kyung A - - 2010
Although the clinical importance of chorionicity in twin pregnancies has been studied widely, the significance of perinatal determination of zygosity using molecular genetic analyses remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical significance of twin gestations according to zygosity and chorionicity in a Korean ...
Wu Ming-Yih - - 2010
Pregnancies with extremely preterm premature rupture of membranes (EPPROM), especially before 20 weeks of gestation, are usually considered to be a termination of pregnancy. By improvement of obstetric and neonatal care, we can prolong the pregnancy across the threshold of survival by aggressive tocolysis. Using intrauterine insemination, a 32-year-old woman ...
Matevosyan Naira Roland - - 2011
To elucidate plausible associations between periodontal disease (PD) and pregnancy events through meta-analysis of original research published between 1998 and 2010. One hundred and twenty-five randomized, case-control, matched-cohort studies on pregnancy and postpartum specifics in women with PD are identified through PubMed, LILACS, and Cochrane Register. Meta-study is performed on ...
Teng Li-Song - - 2010
We report a case of rare bilateral massive ovarian luteinized follicular cysts in a twin pregnancy. A 28-year-old, gravida 1, para 0, abortus 0 woman was incidentally found to have bilateral massive ovarian cysts (left side, 12 × 10 × 8 cm; right side, 15 × 10 × 6 cm) ...
Croft Maxine L - - 2010
A population-based record linkage case cohort of 239,995 births, to 119,214 women, born in Western Australia from 1980 to 2001 inclusive, was used to measure the recording of selected indicators of maternal health (current and prior) during pregnancy. We compared records of women with singleton pregnancies with that in twin ...
Virally M - - 2010
The aim of this review is to provide answers to the question “How does one screen for and diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) between 24 and 28 weeks gestation?” Two methods are currently widely used: a one-step approach (the 75g-Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, OGTT) and a two-step approach (the 50g ...
Somprasit Charintip - - 2010
To determine the diameter changes of umbilical cord components in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) fetuses comparative with normal growth fetuses by using the ultrasonogram. A cross sectional study was performed with 140 singleton pregnant women who was attended at Maternal-Fetal Medicine unit, Thammasat University Hospital between June, 2007 to May, ...
Calsteren Kristel Van - - 2010
The paucity of data on fetal effects of prenatal exposure to chemotherapy prompted us to study the transplacental transport of commonly used anticancer agents in a pregnant baboon model. Single or combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel, docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab was administered to 9 baboons at a mean (SD) gestational age ...
Vigeh Mohsen - - 2010
Although evidence tends to suggest that high levels of lead exposure increase the risk of spontaneous abortion, we do not yet know whether moderate- to low-level exposure elevates risk. Among 351 women (aged 16 to 35 years, with single pregnancies) who were registered for a longitudinal study, 15 (4.3%) women ...
Tsuchiya Miwa - - 2010
To determine the relationship between ultrasound findings during the first trimester and obstetrical outcomes. A retrospective cohort study was carried out on 516 women who underwent ultrasound examination between 12 and 14 gestational weeks. The reduced crown-rump length, biparietal diameter, femur length (Z-score < -1 and -1.5) and increased umbilical ...
Rabindran R - - 2010
The objective of this study is to describe the time of onset of contractions in twin pregnancies that result in delivery, so as to investigate whether there is a diurnal influence. A UK maternity department database was used to identify twin deliveries over a 5-year period, and the time of ...
Kunwar S - - 2010
The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of misoprostol (400 μg) given intravaginally repeated at 6 hourly intervals for a maximum of 6 doses for second-trimester pregnancy terminations. The study was conducted on women who had to undergo pregnancy termination between 13 and 26 weeks of ...
Silva Camila Atallah Pontes da - - 2010
Preeclampsia and neural tube defects can be prevented during pregnancy. Today, there is level I evidence showing that calcium supplementation during pregnancy may prevent preeclampsia and that use of folic acid may prevent neural tube defects. The aim here was to evaluate the proportion of patients undergoing prenatal follow-up who ...
- - 2010
Intrapartum fetal monitors help clinicians determine the well-being of the fetus during labor. However, with at least two heart rates involved (the mother's and the fetus's), the possibility exists that the measurements will be misrepresented. We evaluate two intrapartum monitors, basing our ratings primarily on their capability to alert the ...
Cheng Shi-Yann - - 2010
This pilot study retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of medical induction of termination of midtrimester pregnancies with hourly oral misoprostol administration. Sixteen women with living fetuses, who had undergone pregnancy termination at 12-25 weeks of gestational age, were reviewed. The method of induction was hourly oral administration of misoprostol, given at ...
Maurovich-Horvat Eszter - - 2010
Narcolepsy is associated with altered metabolic functions. We sought to investigate the effect of narcolepsy on pregnancy and newborns. A retrospective cohort study of patients in whom the first symptoms of narcolepsy appeared before or after pregnancy. Our study included 54 women, mothers of a total of 110 children (37 ...
Zajicek Michal - - 2010
The aim of this study was to present the outcome of bichorionic twin pregnancies complicated by early second trimester rupture of membranes in one sac. Data regarding all cases of ruptured membranes at 13-20 weeks in bichorionic twin pregnancies were collected retrospectively from three fetal medicine units. Patients who have ...
Safavi Arash - - 2010
A prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) enables therapeutic decision making during the intrapartum period. This study seeks to identify the gestational age and delivery mode associated with optimal outcomes. A national data set was used to study CDH babies born between 2005 and 2009. The primary outcome was ...
Walker Melissa G - - 2010
Objective: Advanced placental maturation (Grannum [G] grade 3) before term is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes associated with placental insufficiency. The nature and timing of the underlying pathology of this process is presently unclear. We hypothesized that advanced placental maturation at 30 to 34 weeks' gestation is not associated with ...
Voigt M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare neonatal outcomes in primiparous women with and without previous extrauterine pregnancies. We analysed data from 207 171 singleton pregnancies in primiparous women from the German Perinatal Survey of 1998-2000. To minimise confounding factors, we only included women without previous miscarriages or terminations ...
Van Paulina - - 2010
Grief is a normal response after pregnancy loss. Potentially, prolonged periods of grief can have a negative impact on physical or mental health. African-American women experience pregnancy loss at rates that are at least twice the rate of any other racial or ethnic group. However, the research literature on pregnancy ...
Mohorovic Lucijan - - 2010
The aim of this epidemiologic study was to point out a relationship between the exposure to products of coal combustion, and complications in pregnancy where one third of causes of stillbirth are still unknown. In the town of Labin (Croatia) a coal-powered thermoelectric power plant is the single major air ...
Gall Brent - - 2010
Background: Rituximab is a novel therapy for immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP); however, information about its safety in pregnancy is limited. This case illustrates the successful use of rituximab to treat pregnancy-associated ITP. Case: A 34-year-old woman presented with severe ITP at 23 weeks' gestation. Standard treatment with corticosteroids, intravenous immune ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2010
The termination of pregnancy because of fetal abnormalities in Japan has not been described. The aim of the present study was to analyze the current status and to evaluate the medical and ethical relevance in our institution for negative treatment decision-making for fetuses demonstrating neonatal surgical disease with a prenatal ...
Rahman Mizanur - - 2010
The Matlab Maternal Child Health-Family Planning (MCH-FP) project provides maternity care as part of its reproductive health services. It is important to assess whether this project has reduced maternal mortality and, if so, whether this was due to differences between the MCH-FP area (which received project services) and the comparison ...
DiGangi Brian A - - 2010
To determine the earliest day of gestation at which relaxin could be detected in pregnant queens by use of a commercially available point-of-care test designed for use in dogs, and to calculate sensitivity and specificity of the test for pregnancy detection on any specified day of gestation. Evaluation study. 162 ...
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