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Results 51 - 100 of 2045
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Csáky-Szunyogh Melinda - - 2013
Congenital heart defect (CHD) cases have been evaluated together as a group in some previous epidemiological studies. However, different CHD entities have different etiologies, and the underlying causes are unclear in the vast majority of patients. Thus the aim of this study was to analyze the possible association of different ...
Ersal Tulga - - 2013
Throughout pregnancy, women experience physical, physiological, and hormonal alterations that are often accompanied by decreased postural control. According to one study, nearly 27% of pregnant women fell while pregnant. This study had two objectives: (1) to characterize the postural responses of pregnant fallers, nonfallers, and controls to surface perturbations, and ...
Deka Deepika - - 2013
Objectives: To study the usefulness of direct fetal intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) infusion along with intrauterine transfusion (IUT) in the management of severe fetal anemia in rhesus (Rh) alloimmunized pregnancies. Methods: Thirty-four consecutive Rh-isoimmunized pregnant women who required serial IUTs received either blood alone (control group, n = 16) or IVIG ...
Pagán Ana - - 2013
Better knowledge on the disturbed mechanisms implicated in materno-fetal long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) transfer in pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may have potential high implications for later on in effective LC-PUFA supplementation. We studied in vivo placental transfer of fatty acids (FA) using stable isotopes tracers, administrated to ...
An Gye Hyeong - - 2013
To estimate the association between uterine compression sutures for postpartum hemorrhage and subsequent pregnancy outcomes. We reviewed the medical records of 336 women who received uterine compression sutures to control postpartum hemorrhage during their first delivery at a single medical center between 2006 and 2011. Of these, 42 women who ...
Keenan Kate K Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 3077, Room W415, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
Studies of the effects of prenatal nutrition on neurodevelopment in humans are complicated because poor nutrition occurs in the context of psychosocial stressors and other risk factors associated with poor developmental outcomes. Under controlled experimental conditions, we tested an effect of prenatal nutrition on neurodevelopmental outcomes in the nonhuman primate. ...
Miquelutti Maria A - - 2013
Antenatal preparation programmes are recommended worldwide to promote a healthy pregnancy and greater autonomy during labor and delivery, prevent physical discomfort and high levels of anxiety. The objective of this study was to evaluate effectiveness and safety of a birth preparation programme to minimize lumbopelvic pain, urinary incontinence, anxiety, and ...
Satyapriya M - - 2013
To study the effect of integrated yoga on Pregnancy experience, anxiety, and depression in normal pregnancy. This Prospective Randomized control study recruited 96 women in 20th week of normal pregnancy. Yoga group (n = 51) practiced integrated yoga and control group (n = 45) did standard antenatal exercises, one hour daily, from 20th to ...
Li Yu - - 2013
We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration for infertile women with thin endometrium in frozen embryo transfer program. Among 59 infertile patients with thin endometrium (≤7 mm), 34 patients received uterine infusion of recombinant human G-CSF (100 μg/0.6 mL) on the day of ovulation or ...
Yang Chi-Jiao - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To investigate the perinatal complications and risk of thyroid dysfunction at early childhood of Graves' disease (GD) mothers with euthyroidism (EU) or subclinical hyperthyroidism (sHT) during pregnancy. Method: One hundred and twenty-three pregnant women with GD were recruited. They were all in euthyroidism with treatment of anti-thyroid drugs ...
Pasquier Elisabeth - - 2013
To compare the microparticle levels of women referred for unexplained pregnancy loss with those of parous controls. Incident case-control study. University medical center. 124 women consecutively referred for unexplained pregnancy losses (two or more losses at or before 21 weeks of gestational age, or at least one later loss), and ...
Deshpande Cs - - 2013
Improvements in technology have increased the chances of survival for the micro-premature infant and the very low birth-weight infant but have significantly increased the financial burden of health care organizations. This economic burden has a significant impact on third-party payers and on society in general. The study was designed to ...
Friedler S - - 2013
To study whether intravaginal application of seminal plasma after follicle aspiration has the potential to increase implantation and clinical pregnancy rates after IVF-ET. We conducted a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study of 230 patients undergoing IVF-ET cycles. 500 μL of Fresh seminal plasma from the patient's partner or culture medium (placebo) ...
Al-Hinai Mustafa - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain and low birth weight (LBW) in babies born to a sample population of Omani women. A case-control study was carried out among deliveries registered between 1(st) May 2010 and 30(th) April 2011 at ...
Ugwu Emmanuel Onyebuchi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness and safety of membrane stripping at 40-41 weeks of gestation as a means of preventing post-term pregnancy and the need for formal induction of labor in Enugu, Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: A randomized controlled trial of 134 post-date pregnant women at the University of Nigeria ...
Madkour Aubrey Spriggs - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of prepregnancy parental support and control on adolescent girls' pregnancy resolution decisions. METHODS: Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed. Girls whose first pregnancy reported in wave IV occurred after wave I and before age 20 were included (n = 1,107). Participants ...
Nittner-Marszalska Marita - - 2013
It has been reported that fractioned exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) can be used for monitoring airway inflammation and for asthma management but conclusions drawn by different researchers are controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of FENO assessment for monitoring asthma during pregnancy. We monitored ...
Anderson Douglas C - - 2013
Germany's Catholic bishops recently ruled that levonorgestrel emergency contraception (EC) was acceptable for prevention of pregnancy in the case of rape. The ruling represents a significant change in Catholic doctrine that has been opposed to most forms of birth control. In their ruling the bishops cited a lack of evidence ...
Sana Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical significance of a chorionic bump diagnosed by ultrasound in women attending a teaching hospital early pregnancy unit (EPU). METHODS: This was a retrospective case control study over an eight-year period 2003-2010. Cases were identified by searching our early pregnancy database and were matched to controls ...
Kanter G - - 2013
Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is used to treat various conditions from uterine leiomyoma to uncontrollable bleeding. We describe a case of placenta accreta after a prior delivery, which required UAE to control a postpartum hemorrhage. This case highlights the importance of both antenatal evaluation of placentation and heightened precaution for ...
Agholor K - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy remains a major public health problem especially in many developing countries where it is a significant contributor to pregnancy related morbidity and mortality. To determine the association between prior Chlamydia trachomatis infection and the risk of ectopic pregnancy. A case-control study from two tertiary health care facilities in ...
Balayla Jacques - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes in the conversion of high-response gonadotropin intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles to "rescue" in vitro fertilization (IVF) using a Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) antagonist, with regards to implantation rates, pregnancy rates, cost, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) as compared to matched, hyper-responder, IVF controls. METHODS: This prospective ...
Lauszus Finn F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and pulse pressure (PP) during pregnancy and 3 months after delivery in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and compare it to healthy pregnant controls. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive study of 59 women with T1DM and 42 non-diabetic women. Blood pressure was ...
Soh May Ching - - 2013
Objective. To determine whether women with persistent aPL (>12 weeks apart on at least two separate occasions) without a history of thrombosis or adverse pregnancy outcome had the same adverse pregnancy outcomes as those with obstetric APS or unmatched controls.Methods. This was a case-control study between 2005 and 2011 where ...
Catoire Patrick - - 2013
Levitas et al. (2006) showed in a cohort study that hypnosis during embryo transfer (ET) increased pregnancy ratio by 76%. In order to evaluate hypnosis during ET in a general population, the authors performed a randomized prospective controlled study comparing diazepam (usual premedication) administered before ET plus muscle relaxation versus ...
Frise Charlotte J - - 2013
Endocrine disease is common in pregnancy. Most pre-existing endocrine conditions, if well controlled, have little impact on maternal or fetal morbidity. Uncontrolled endocrine conditions in pregnancy, whether poorly controlled pre-conception or newly diagnosed, are associated with a variety of adverse fetal outcomes and maternal morbidity. Also, transplacental transfer of maternal ...
Aali Bibi Shahnaz BS Physiology Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2013
Background: Controlled ovarian stimulation combined with intra uterine insemination (IUI) is a convenient treatment of infertility with a success rate of 11%. The clinical observation and pattern of progesterone secretion in this method is suggestive of luteal phase defect and postulated as an implicating factor of treatment failure. Objective: To ...
Zhou F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common pregnancy-specific liver disorders. Although various biological effects of corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) has in pregnancy have been reported, its activities in patients with ICP are lacking. Here we evaluated CRH and its receptor (CRH-R1) expression in placenta and serum in control ...
Saglam Aylin - - 2013
PURPOSE: The present study was designed to examine apoptotic cell death via the caspase-dependent pathway in human fetal membranes. METHODS: Amniotic membrane samples were collected from three groups of women: group 1, women with preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes (PPROM) after cesarean delivery (n = 10), group 2, women with preterm ...
Charoo Bashir Ahmed - - 2013
Normal pregnancy results in a number of important physiological and hormonal changes that alter thyroid function. In pregnancy, the thyroid gland being subjected to physiological stress undergoes several adaptations to maintain sufficient output of thyroid hormones for both mother and fetus. Consequently, pregnant women have been found to be particularly ...
Kamara M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of placenta praevia accreta following primary (first) elective or primary emergency caesarean section in a pregnancy complicated by placenta praevia. DESIGN: Retrospective matched case-control study, employing variable matching. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre between 1993 and 2008. POPULATION: Sixty-five cases and 102 controls were used for ...
Kintiraki E - - 2013
The primary aim of this case-control study was to compare women whose pregnancy was complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), diagnosed by the new International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria, with a control group of healthy, pregnant women in terms of incidence of large- (LGA) and ...
Lai Jonathan - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the potential value of maternal serum concentrations of free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and placental growth factor (PlGF) at 30-33 weeks of gestation in the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE) developing at or after 34 weeks. Methods: Serum free β-hCG, PAPP-A and PlGF were ...
Blossom Sarah J - - 2013
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a major cause of infant mortality. Most CHDs are thought to result from genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors that include maternal obesity, diabetes, toxicant exposure, and alterations in anti-oxidant capacity. Since these well-documented risk factors are also associated with immune dysregulation, we sought to compare ...
Vähämiko Sanna - - 2013
We aimed here to assess the impact of dietary counselling during pregnancy on dietary intake of vitamins and the vitamin status of women and their children. At the first trimester of pregnancy, 89 women from allergic families were randomized to a control group (n = 45) or to receive individual dietary counselling ...
Gungor Sami - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to compare levels of acyl and des-acyl ghrelin, obestatin, nesfatin-1 and leptin in healthy gravidas to hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty pregnant women with HG and twenty healthy pregnant women all of similar ages, BMI and all at similar pregnancy ...
Richardson Barbra A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To compare the two control arms of HPTN 035 (a hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC) gel control arm and a no gel control arm) to assess behavioral effects associated with gel use and direct causal effects of the HEC gel on STIs, pregnancy, and genital safety.Design: Randomized trial with one blinded (HEC ...
Gullai Nóra - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the Triage placental growth factor (PlGF) assay, together with its prognostic efficiency in determining the need for preterm delivery in all forms of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. A total of 130 pregnant women with a diagnosis of preeclampsia ...
Watanabe Kazushi - - 2013
To determine whether enhanced oxidative stress during pregnancy impairs vascular endothelial function and improves after delivery in preeclamptic women, we measured serum parameters of oxidative stress and endothelial function during pregnancy and 1 month after delivery in women with or without preeclampsia. We evaluated 18 participants with uncomplicated pregnancies, 11 ...
Kuuranne Tiia - - 2013
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is dimeric glycoprotein produced by placenta in pregnancy and also in low levels by pituitary gland. The main clinical use for exogenous hCG-administration is typically linked to infertility. The desired effect of hCG misuse in sport is due to the enhancement of testicular production of testosterone. ...
Sydsjö Gunilla - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the effect of a weight-gain restriction programme for obese pregnant women on sickness absence days and pregnancy benefit days during pregnancy and postpartum. Design. A prospective, controlled intervention study. The Swedish Social Security Agency's records were utilized to compile sickness absence and pregnancy benefit information. Setting. Antenatal ...
Beurskens Leonardus W J E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A has been related to the etiology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We performed a case-control study to investigate whether maternal dietary vitamin A intake is related to CDH in the offspring. METHODS: Thirty-one pregnancies diagnosed with CDH and 46 control pregnancies were included during the study. After ...
Okwara J E - - 2013
High prevalence of anaemia has been reported among pregnant women especially in developing nations. This paper considers maternal haemoglobin (Hb) level, serum total iron, iron binding capacity, and serum ferritn iin antenatal women in Orlu-Imo State Nigeria. Haemoglobin level, serum iron, serum ferritin, and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) were ...
Ivancsó István - - 2013
Asthma has a high burden of morbidity if not controlled and may frequently complicate pregnancy, posing a risk for pregnancy outcomes. Elevated plasma level of the inflammatory biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is related to a worse prognosis in many conditions such as infectious, autoimmune, or pregnancy-related diseases; ...
Cali U - - 2013
To examine the placental expression of caspase-3 and bcl-2 in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia, IUGR, and HELLP syndrome. A prospective case-control study was conducted on 50 pregnant women between December 2006 and August 2007 at Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Placental tissue samples ...
Kota Sunil K - - 2013
The myometrium must remain relatively quiescent during pregnancy to accommodate growth and development of the feto-placental unit, and then must transform into a highly coordinated, strongly contracting organ at the time of labour for successful expulsion of the new born. The control of timing of labour is complex involving interactions ...
Salge A K Marques - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify placental and umbilical cord macroscopic changes and correlate them to maternal and fetal clinical events in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). The authors examined 150 placentas, 30 from each HDP group, totaling 120, and 30 from the control group. All placentas and ...
Platt Kristen M - - 2013
During pregnancy, women often show a willingness to make positive lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, initiation of a vitamin regimen, improvement of their diet, and increases in their levels of exercise or physical activity. To study health outcomes in both pregnant mice and their offspring, we developed a model ...
Peñacoba Puente Cecilia - - 2013
This study investigated the role of locus of control in the development of psychopathological symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum in women with low-risk pregnancies. Pregnant women participated during the first trimester of pregnancy (n = 285), third trimester (n = 122), and in the postpartum (n = 116). Participants were ...
Yang Ga Young GY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the differences in urinary nephrin among controls, gravidas with preeclampsia (PE), and small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants. We also determined whether or not maternal urinary concentrations of nephrin are associated with the subsequent development of PE and SGA infants. We analyzed maternal urinary ...
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