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Malapati Radha - - 2011
Misoprostol has been used for induction of labor either as a cervical ripening agent or as an abortifacient. Its use in women with previous cesarean births may be associated with an increased risk of uterine rupture. We describe 3 cases of pregnancy termination between 18 and 24 weeks' gestation in ...
Guerreiro da Silva André Vilella - - 2011
Background: This study sought to determine if acupuncture in LI4 and SP6, or in sacral points could harm the pregnancy outcome in Wistar rats as is believed according to traditional knowledge. Methods: 48 pregnant Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: total control where the rats were left in ...
Wright David - - 2011
To examine the distribution of fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in dichorionic twins and investigate the effect of the correlation between NT measurements in each twin pair on the performance of screening for trisomies. The distribution of fetal NT for crown-rump length (CRL) was examined in 5646 dichorionic twin pregnancies, ...
Bertucci Micka C - - 2011
Perinatal morbidity and mortality are significantly higher in pregnancies complicated by chronic hypoxia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Clinically, placental insufficiency and IUGR are strongly associated with a fetoplacental inflammatory response. To explore this further, hypoxia was induced in one fetus in twin-bearing pregnant sheep (n=9) by performing single umbilical ...
Lathrop Anthony - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Objectives: (1) To broadly explore the experiences of women who chose to continue pregnancies affected by lethal fetal diagnoses and (2) to develop knowledge useful to nurses and other healthcare professionals who provide perinatal hospice (PH) care. Design: Qualitative descriptive study using narrative analysis. Participants: Fifteen women who learned ...
Murthi Padma - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is an adverse pregnancy outcome associated with significant perinatal and paediatric morbidity and mortality, and an increased risk of chronic disease later in adult life. One of the key causes of adverse pregnancy outcome is fetal growth restriction (FGR). While a number of maternal, fetal, and ...
Makhija Aman - - 2011
Successful Induction With Progesterone and Radiofrequency Ablation. Verapamil-sensitive idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia in pregnancy is a rare diagnosis. We report a case of a primigravida female with new onset fascicular ventricular tachycardia that was managed with oral verapamil. Post pregnancy, the tachycardia was not inducible in the electrophysioplogy lab. Progesterone, ...
Ballard Sarah - - 2011
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is commonplace, with many midwives frequently counselling women in their care. But how do midwives know when NVP becomes pathological? Although hyperemesis gravidarum (HEG) is less common, midwives must be able to recognise and differentiate between these two conditions, especially as HEG has the ...
Vardo Joycelyn H - - 2011
To determine rates of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes among nulliparous women undergoing elective labor induction compared with spontaneous labor. Retrospective chart review of term, nulliparous women with singleton gestations in 2007. Elective induction was defined as induction occurring from 37(0/7) to 41(0/7) weeks without ruptured membranes, fetal/maternal complications, or ...
Lekatz L A - - 2011
To determine the effects of maternal Se intake and plane of nutrition during mid or late gestation or both on AA concentrations and metabolite concentrations in the dam and fetus, pregnant ewe lambs (n = 64) were assigned to 1 of 8 treatments arranged in a 2 × 2 × ...
Choi Sae-Kyung - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain on perinatal outcomes in a population of Korean women. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 2,454 women who had received antenatal care at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital from ...
van der Hoek Wim - - 2011
Q fever has become a major public health problem in The Netherlands. Infection with Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) during pregnancy has resulted in adverse pregnancy outcome in the majority of reported cases. Therefore, we aimed to quantify this risk by examining the earliest periods corresponding to the epidemic in The ...
Umazume Takeshi - - 2011
We report a 32-year-old woman (1-gravid, 1-para) with a vesicular lesion in her uterus that was pointed out on ultrasound at 8 weeks' gestation. Amniocentesis at 15 weeks' gestation showed a normal female karyotype, 46XX. As the pregnancy advanced, the mole-like lesion became relatively reduced. Throughout gestation, the maternal human ...
Babovic I I Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinical Center of Serbia, Serbia. - - 2011
The relation between placental histopathological examination, umbilical cord pathology and abnormal umbilical and cerebral Doppler as a predictor of stillbirth at later gestations was evaluated. A retrospective study of 55 monofetal pregnancies complicated with late fetal death from 2005-2008 was conducted at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bel-grade. chi-square ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2011
Hypertension in pregnancy stand alone or with proteinuria is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity in the world. Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that an inverse relationship exists between calcium intake and development of hypertension in pregnancy though the effect varies based on baseline calcium ...
Grazul-Bilska A T - - 2011
Normal placental development is critical for placental function and thus for normal embryonic and fetal growth and development. Many factors, including those from the environment or from the application of assisted reproductive techniques, are known to affect embryonic development. Additionally, altered DNA methylation was reported for fetal and/or maternal placenta ...
Luton Dominique - - 2011
Iodine is essential for normal fetal and neonatal development. We studied the prevalence and impact on fetal thyroid development of iodine deficiency in pregnant women in the northern part of the Paris conurbation. 110 patients underwent several determinations of urinary iodine excretion (UIE) and of serum FT4, FT3, and TSH. ...
Sumners J E - - 2011
There are no reports indicating the effect of prophylactic transabdominal cerclage (TAC) on the prolongation of multifetal pregnancies. We report the use of TAC in triplets, which evolved over 20 years in one practice. A retrospective cohort study of triplet pregnancies was conducted. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared among ...
Hackmon Rinat - - 2011
My last pregnancy was diagnosed as ectopic, and I was treated successfully with intramuscular methotrexate (MTX) 8 weeks ago. I am currently planning for another pregnancy; however, I have read that MTX causes birth defects and that it stays in my body for a very long time, ranging from 1 ...
Settin Ahmad - - 2011
Thrombophilias have been suggested as a possible cause of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Testing for the association of factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin (FII) mutations with RPL among cases from the Nile Delta region of Egypt. Participants included 72 cases having a history of two or more events of ...
Roberts Christine L - - 2011
Although the connection between ascending infection and preterm birth is undisputed, research focused on finding effective treatments has been disappointing. However evidence that eradication of Candida in pregnancy may reduce the risk of preterm birth is emerging. We conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility of conducting a large ...
Ozkaya E - - 2011
Subchorionic haemorrhage in the 1st trimester of pregnancy can be seen in some patients and the significance of it is controversial. In this study, subchorionic haemorrhage was found to be significantly associated with increased risk of miscarriage and IUGR. On the other hand, we did not see a significant relation ...
Hawkins Joy L - - 2011
: To examine 12 years of anesthesia-related maternal deaths from 1991 to 2002 and compare them with data from 1979 to 1990, to estimate trends in anesthesia-related maternal mortality over time, and to compare the risks of general and regional anesthesia during cesarean delivery. : The authors reviewed anesthesia-related maternal ...
Beta Jarek - - 2011
To develop a model for prediction of spontaneous delivery before 34 weeks based on maternal factors, placental perfusion and function at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Two groups of studies: first, screening study of maternal characteristics, serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG) and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI). ...
Nicolaides Kypros H - - 2011
Effective screening for major aneuploidies can be provided in the first trimester of pregnancy. Screening by a combination of fetal nuchal translucency and maternal serum free-β-human chorionic gonadotrophin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A can identify about 90% of fetuses with trisomy 21 and other major aneuploidies for a false-positive rate of ...
Maijaliisa Erkkola - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is fairly common in many parts of the world. However, currently there is no consensus on the optimal vitamin D intake during pregnancy. Vitamin D is known to be of great importance for the homeostatic functions within the immune system. Maternal vitamin D status during ...
Ortega García Juan A - - 2011
Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder in which the interactions of genetic, epigenetic and environmental influences are thought to play a causal role. In humans, throughout embryonic and fetal life, brain development is exquisitely susceptible to injury caused by exposure to toxic chemicals present in the environment. Although the use ...
Narasimha Aparna - - 2011
Background: Toxemia of pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal mortality and is an important factor in fetal wastage. The incidence is high in developing countries with malnutrition, hypoproteinemia, and poor obstetric facilities. Objectives: The present study was undertaken to analyze placental changes in the preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome with a view ...
Kowalewski Mariusz Pawel - - 2010
PPARγ is a nuclear hormone receptor of the PPAR family of transcription factors closely related to the steroid hormone receptors serving multiple roles in regulating reproductive function. Endogenous factors from the arachidonic acid metabolites group serve as ligands for PPARs. PPARγ modifies the steroidogenic capacity of reproductive tissues and has ...
Rothenberger Steffi E - - 2011
Prospective studies concerning prenatal stress and its outcome on children's emotional development postulated a potential influence of prenatal hormonal levels or emotional stressors on child development [1-3]. In a retrospective study, an influence of maternal emotional stress on infant affective reactivity was found [4]. This study was conducted in order ...
Conway Deirdre A - - 2010
Our investigation of differences in first-trimester placentation and/or fetal biometry in pregnancies conceived spontaneously compared with those conceived through fertility treatment, and comparing less invasive fertility treatment with in vitro fertilization found no statistically significant difference in first-trimester abnormal placentation or fetal growth between pregnancies conceived spontaneously and those conceived ...
Tulic Ivan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful pregnancy and delivery after IVF and ET in a patient with Swyer syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Unit of Assisted Reproduction, Gynecology and Obstetrics Institute, University of Belgrade. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old patient with 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. INTERVENTION(S): Chromosomal analysis, diagnostic laparoscopy, IVF using ...
Sikovanyecz J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the extent of fetomaternal transfusion after amniocentesis and cordocentesis. SETTING: Three-hundred and forty-five amniocentesis and 268 cordocentesis were performed for genetic indications. The extent of fetomaternal transfusion was calculated on the basis of the maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein level changes. RESULTS: The mean fetomaternal transfusion was 6.3 and ...
Cace I Bilic - - 2010
Exposure to methylmercury at any stage of central nervous system development could induce alterations and result in severe congenital abnormalities. Total mercury level in maternal hair during pregnancy correlates well with blood levels of methylmercury and with total mercury levels in fetal brain. A prospective study has been conducted and ...
Park C B - - 2010
Nodal, a secreted signaling protein in the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) superfamily, has established roles in vertebrate development. However, components of the Nodal signaling pathway are also expressed at the maternal-fetal interface and have been implicated in many processes of mammalian reproduction. Emerging evidence indicates that Nodal and its extracellular ...
Chi Ching-Chi - - 2010
Topical corticosteroids may be indicated in pregnant women with skin conditions, but their safety in pregnancy is unclear. We used the UK General Practice Research Database to conduct a population-based cohort study to investigate whether maternal exposure to topical corticosteroids results in adverse pregnancy outcomes. We identified 35,503 pregnant women ...
Parra Juan - - 2011
We studied spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) during human development to identify possible delays or alterations in fetal movements detectable by ultrasound. We evaluated 29 pregnancies at risk for severe SMA performing 2D-ultrasound around 11-14weeks, prior to prenatal molecular testing of the SMN1 gene. We charted the occurrence of generalized body ...
Luchi Carlo - - 2010
Background and Aims. This study was planned to evaluate whether increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in the first trimester of gestation can be related to onset of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy. Methods. From January 2006 to August 2008, a group of 678 singleton pregnancies who had developed GDM has been ...
Takaya Junji - - 2011
Magnesium deficiency in pregnancy frequently occurs because of inadequate or low intake of magnesium. Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy can induce not only maternal and fetal nutritional problems, but also consequences that might last in offspring throughout life. Many epidemiological studies have disclosed that small for gestational age (SGA) is associated ...
Wallenius Marianne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: To examine possible associations between chronic inflammatory arthritides (CIA) and pregnancy outcomes with separate analyses of first and subsequent births before and after diagnosis. METHODS:: Linkage of data from a CIA patient registry and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway enabled a comparison of pregnancy outcomes in CIA- and ...
Nanda Surabhi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To develop a model for the prediction of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) from maternal characteristics and biochemical markers at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation. METHODS: A prospective screening study on early prediction of pregnancy complications (n = 11, 464), including 297 (2.6%) cases of GDM was used to create ...
Nanda Surabhi - - 2011
To develop a model for the prediction of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) from maternal characteristics and biochemical markers at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation. A prospective screening study on early prediction of pregnancy complications (n = 11, 464), including 297 (2.6%) cases of GDM was used to create the predictive ...
Raunig Jefferey M JM Department of Tropical Medicine, Medical Microbiology and Pharmacology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96813, United - - 2011
Assisted reproduction technologies (ART) include in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and are common treatments for infertility. Although generally successful, ART warrant further investigations due to emerging perinatal issues, especially low birth weight. Herein we extend our previous work demonstrating higher steroid clearance in murine ART placentas ...
Kumasawa Keiichi - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a relatively common pregnancy-related disorder. Both maternal and fetal lives will be endangered if it proceeds unabated. Recently, the placenta-derived anti-angiogenic factors, such as soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT1) and soluble endoglin (sENG), have attracted attention in the progression of preeclampsia. Here, we established a unique experimental model ...
Renaud Stephen J - - 2011
Abnormal maternal inflammation during pregnancy is associated with spontaneous pregnancy loss and intrauterine fetal growth restriction. However, the mechanisms responsible for these pregnancy outcomes are not well understood. In this study, we used a rat model to demonstrate that pregnancy loss resulting from aberrant maternal inflammation is closely linked to ...
Sharma J - - 2011
Rhabdomyoma is the most common cardiac tumor in fetuses, often associated with tuberous sclerosis complex and usually diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy, with a benign course in the majority of cases. The hemodynamic impact of cardiac tumor depends on the location and size of the mass and the ...
Leung T Y - - 2011
To examine the association between head-to-body delivery interval (HBDI) and cord arterial pH and base excess (BE), and the risk of development of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Retrospective review. A university hospital. Pregnancies complicated with shoulder dystocia during the period 1995-2009. Cases were identified from a search of the hospital ...
Uchida Taku - - 2010
Both down-regulation of glutamate decarboxylase 67 (GAD67) and maternal exposure to severe stress during pregnancy can increase the risk of schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders in the offspring. To investigate a gene-environment interaction, we performed the restraint-and-light stress to pregnant GAD67-GFP knock-in (GAD67(+/GFP)) and wild-type (GAD67(+/+)) mice three times a ...
Cornette J - - 2010
Please cite this paper as: Cornette J, Duvekot J, Roos-Hesselink J, Hop W, Steegers E. Maternal and fetal haemodynamic effects of nifedipine in normotensive pregnant women. BJOG 2010; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02794.x. While nifedipine is commonly used for tocolysis, the controversy on its safety remains. So far, the haemodynamic effects on maternal ...
Fink Nadine S - - 2011
Stress during pregnancy can have adverse effects on the course of pregnancy and on fetal development. There are few studies investigating the outcome of stress reduction interventions on maternal well-being and obstetric outcome. This study aims (1) to obtain fetal behavioral states (quiet/active sleep, quiet/active wakefulness), (2) to investigate the ...
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