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Morales-Suárez-Varela María M - - 2011
Sex hormones closely regulate development of the male genital organs during fetal life. The hypothesis that xenobiotics may disrupt endogenous hormonal signalling has received considerable scientific attention, but human evidence is scarce. We analyse occurrence of hypospadias and cryptorchidism according to maternal and paternal occupational exposure to possible endocrine disrupting ...
Wang Mian-Ying - - 2011
The impact of Morinda citrifolia (noni) juice on fertility and offspring health in three generations of ICR mice was evaluated. The authenticity of the source of noni juice in this study was determined by chemical analysis of known marker compounds. Mice were supplied with 5% noni juice at gestation (day ...
Omole-Ohonsi A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Zaria Road, Kano, Nigeria. - - 2011
The objective was to review the obstetric performance of booked grand multiparae. A 5-year prospective observational study of cases between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2006, was conducted in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, a tertiary institution, in Kano, Nigeria. The antenatal complications and pregnancy outcomes among booked grand mulitparous ...
Huppertz Berthold - - 2011
The villous trophoblast of the human placenta is the epithelial cover of the fetal chorionic villi floating in maternal blood. This epithelial cover is organized in two distinct layers, the multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast directly facing maternal blood and a second layer of mononucleated cytotrophoblasts. During pregnancy single cytotrophoblasts continuously fuse with ...
Tarim E - - 2011
We studied the relation of first trimester nuchal translucency and first trimester biochemical markers using low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) at 11-14 weeks of gestation. This retrospective study was conducted at our university between January 2007 and July 2009. Ninety-six patients were treated with low-dose LMWHs (enoxaparine 40 mg) from ...
Lee JoonHo - - 2011
Chronic chorioamnionitis is found in more than one-third of spontaneous preterm births. Chronic chorioamnionitis and villitis of unknown etiology represent maternal anti-fetal cellular rejection. Antibody-mediated rejection is another type of transplantation rejection. We investigated whether there was evidence for antibody-mediated rejection against the fetus in spontaneous preterm birth. This cross-sectional ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2011
During the last few years, several researches, often showing contradictory findings, have investigated the safety of psychotropic medications used for treating mood disorders in pregnancy. Hence, the necessity exists to update this information constantly in order to ensure the safest option for the mother-infant pair. The risk of fetal anomalies ...
Giancotti Antonella - - 2011
We describe a case of early and persistent reverse end-diastolic flow in the middle cerebral artery in a fetus with severe ascites. These features are associated with a rare liver malformation known as ductal plate malformation. A 28-year-old Caucasian woman was referred to our high-risk obstetric unit at 24 weeks' ...
Dadhwal V V Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2011
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APAS) is regarded as the most frequently acquired risk factor for thrombophilia. The obstetric manifestations of APAS include early or late pregnancy losses and complications like preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction. Its timely diagnosis and treatment can improve maternal and neonatal outcome. To study the pregnancy outcome ...
Check J H - - 2011
To determine any differences in pregnancy rates if frozen-thawed embryos are transferred to a gestational carrier if the source of oocytes came from infertile women trying to conceive vs a paid egg donor. Gestational carriers were used because of uterine problems or health issues. If there was adequate ovarian egg ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2011
There is a strong association between stillbirth and fetal growth restriction. Early detection and management of IUGR can lead to reduce related morbidity and mortality. In this paper we have reviewed effectiveness of fetal movement monitoring and Doppler velocimetry for the detection and surveillance of high risk pregnancies and the ...
Pecks Ulrich - - 2011
In 2008 and 2009, the authors saw in their institution three women who had undergone oocyte donation and went on to develop severe de novo hypertension before the 26(th) week of gestation, with values above 180/110 mm Hg. Pregnancy was prematurely terminated in these cases because of the acute threat ...
Verkuyl Douwe A - - 2011
In The Netherlands, caesarean sections (CSs) are rarely combined with tubal occlusion (TO), partly because discussing CS/TO near delivery is considered unethical and earlier hypothetical counselling--i.e. suppose you happen to need a CS--is rare. This results in more unintended pregnancies and is inconsistent with informed choice. We explored whether TO ...
Hernandez-Andrade E E National Institute of Perinatal Medicine (INPer), Mexico City, Mexico. ehernandez @ - - 2011
To analyze social and economic factors affecting the implementation of a fetal surgery program in a developing country. During an 18-month period, 30 women with complicated monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies were evaluated. 27 women had twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), 2 women had a selective intrauterine growth restriction, and 1 a ...
Dunkel Schetter Christine - - 2011
Psychological science on pregnancy is advancing rapidly. A major focus concerns stress processes in pregnancy and effects on preterm birth and low birth weight. The current evidence points to pregnancy anxiety as a key risk factor in the etiology of preterm birth, and chronic stress and depression in the etiology ...
Lieberman Richard W - - 2011
A second trimester fetal demise followed influenza-like illness in early pregnancy. Influenza A virus (H1N1) was identified in maternal and fetal tissue, confirming transplacental passage. These findings suggested a causal relationship between early exposure and fetal demise. Management of future influenza outbreaks should include evaluation of products of conception associated ...
Fang Hua H Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, - - 2011
Prenatal tobacco exposure is a risk factor for the development of externalizing behaviors and is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Because pregnancy smoking is a complex behavior with both daily fluctuations and changes over the course of pregnancy, quantifying tobacco exposure is a significant challenge. To better measure the ...
Mutihir J T - - 2011
Introduction: Death of a fetus in-utero or intrapartum is both devastating to the couple and of concern to the clinician. Identifying the etiological and risk factors of stillbirths will help in the prevention or reduction of its occurrence. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective observational study of all stillbirths ...
Tashiro Haruko - - 2011
We report here a 35-year-old pregnant woman with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). She was diagnosed with AML (M2) in August 2009, coinciding with the 26(th) week of pregnancy. She underwent a cesarean section at 27 weeks gestation, delivering a very low birth weight male infant (1,066 g). One week later, ...
Goldberg-Stein Shlomit - - 2011
The objective of our study was to analyze body CT utilization trends, indications, fetal radiation doses, and scanning parameters associated with high fetal radiation doses (defined as > 30 mGy). A retrospective review of all chest and abdominopelvic CT examinations performed between 1998 and 2005 of patients known to be ...
Tan Sinan - - 2011
The yolk sac is the first conceptional structure that becomes sonographically visible within the gestational sac. Because the yolk sac is the primary route of exchange between the embryo and the mother, it is essential in early embryonic life. This study aimed to determine whether an irregular yolk sac shape ...
Ashoor Ghalia - - 2011
To examine the association between maternal serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (free β-hCG) in trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and euploid pregnancies at 11-13 weeks and investigate the potential value of TSH in first-trimester screening for aneuploidies. Maternal serum TSH and free β-hCG levels ...
Beta Jarek - - 2011
To develop a model for prediction of spontaneous delivery before 34 weeks based on maternal factors, placental perfusion and function at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Two groups of studies: first, screening study of maternal characteristics, serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG) and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI). ...
McCarthy Fergus P - - 2011
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpesvirus and the most common cause of congenital infection in developed countries. Congenital CMV infection can have devastating consequences to the fetus. The high incidence and the serious morbidity associated with congenital CMV infection emphasise the need for effective interventions to prevent the antenatal transmission of ...
Azim Hatem A HA - - 2011
The diagnosis of cancer during the course of pregnancy is a challenging clinical situation both for the patient and the treating physicians. Given its relative rarity, evidence remains scarce as it is practically impossible to perform large prospective clinical trials. Another critical issue is the potential conflict between maternal and ...
Aktan Tahsin Murad TM Department of Histology and Embryology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Selçuk University, Konya, - - 2011
To determine whether the addition of intact cumulus cell mass (ICM) to both embryo culture (EC) and embryo transfer (ET) improves embryo quality and pregnancy rates. A total of 133 infertile couples were included, of which 67 received ICM (study group) and 66 did not (control group). The ICM was ...
Tongsong T - - 2011
To determine the accuracy of splenic artery peak systolic velocity (SPA-PSV) in predicting fetal hemoglobin (Hb) Bart's disease at mid-pregnancy among fetuses at risk. Pregnant women at risk of having a fetus with Hb Bart's disease were recruited into the study at 18 - 22 weeks of gestation and underwent ...
Edwards Andrew K - - 2011
Commercial swine breeds in North America undergo two waves of spontaneous fetal loss; one during peri-attachment and another during mid-gestation. Although an exact mechanism for this loss is not known, deficits in vasculature at the attachment sites appear to be a major cause. We hypothesized that a balance between pro-angiogenic ...
Robins Jared C JC Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, - - 2011
The placenta and its myriad functions are central to successful reproductive outcomes. These functions can be influenced by the environment encountered throughout pregnancy, thereby altering the appropriate genetic programming needed to allow for sustained pregnancy and appropriate fetal development. This altered programming may result from epigenetic alterations related to environmental ...
Burstyn Igor - - 2011
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with complications of pregnancy that implicate fetal hypoxia (FH); the excess of ASD in male gender is poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that risk of ASD is related to fetal hypoxia and investigated whether this effect is greater among males. Provincial delivery records ...
Said Joanne M - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction is an important pregnancy complication that has major consequences for the fetus and neonate as well as an increased risk of long-term morbidity extending into adulthood. The precise aetiology of most cases of fetal growth restriction is unknown although placental thrombosis is a common feature in many ...
Wright David - - 2011
To examine the distribution of fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in dichorionic twins and investigate the effect of the correlation between NT measurements in each twin pair on the performance of screening for trisomies. The distribution of fetal NT for crown-rump length (CRL) was examined in 5646 dichorionic twin pregnancies, ...
Wildschut Hajo - - 2011
With the improvement of ultrasound technology, the likelihood of detection of major fetal structural anomalies in mid-pregnancy has increased considerably. Upon the detection of serious anomalies, women typically are offered the option of pregnancy termination. Additionally, there are still many reasons other than fetal anomalies why women seek abortion in ...
Vijayaraghavan S Boopathy - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic appearance of the fetal anus and its usefulness in diagnosis of anal atresia. An anomaly scan was performed in 13,150 patients over 8 years. Gestational ages ranged from 16 to 38 weeks. A tangential scan of the fetal perineum was ...
Schwartz Nadav - - 2011
An early fetal growth lag may be a marker of future complications. We sought to determine the utility of early biometric variables in predicting adverse pregnancy outcomes. In this retrospective cohort study, the crown-rump length at 11 to 14 weeks and the head circumference, biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference, femur length, ...
Moore Tanya - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Perinatal loss can be emotionally devastating for couples who experience miscarriage, fetal or neonatal death. Nurses in a variety of settings can assist couples through their grief by providing emotional support, giving information about the grief process, and in planning for a future pregnancy or deciding to forego future ...
Ishikawa Gen - - 2011
We describe a patient with complete chorioamniotic membrane separation (CMS). During embryologic development, the chorionic and amniotic membranes each arise from their own germ layers and form a celomic cavity in the first trimester of pregnancy. By the early second trimester, the cavity has shrunk and the membranes become conjugated. ...
Syngelaki Argyro - - 2011
To examine the performance of the 11-13 weeks scan in detecting non-chromosomal abnormalities. Prospective first-trimester screening study for aneuploidies, including basic examination of the fetal anatomy, in 45 191 pregnancies. Findings were compared to those at 20-23 weeks and postnatal examination. Aneuploidies (n = 332) were excluded from the analysis. ...
Amaral Daphne R T - - 2011
Background: Maternal plasma analysis for the determination of the fetal RHD status is an exciting tool for the management of RhD-negative pregnant women, specially sensitized women. We assessed the accuracy of fetal RHD genotyping by analysis of maternal plasma in a multi-ethnic population. Methods: We analyzed plasma samples from 88 ...
Kazandi M - - 2011
The assessment of ectopic pregnancy, its risk factors and comparison of the treatment modalities. MATERIAL AND DESIGN: Between January 2002 and July 2009, 254 ectopic pregnancies were reviewed retrospectively at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ege University. Complaints of patients, localizations of ectopic pregnancy and comparison of patients, whether ...
Fukushima Akimune - - 2011
To clarify the developmental activity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) of the normal fetus and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) cases using fetal magnetocardiography (FMCG). Normal pregnancy (n = 35) and IUGR (n = 12) cases at 28-39 and 32-37 weeks of gestation, respectively, were included in this study. The ...
Teman Elly - - 2011
Research has suggested that religion and spirituality may inform individuals' interpretation of and responses to uncertainty during pregnancy including the possibility of genetic disorders. In this study, 25 qualitative interviews were undertaken with ultra-Orthodox [Haredi] Jewish women about their experiences with uncertainties related to pregnancy, prenatal care, and prenatal diagnosis. ...
Neerhof Mark G MG Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Evanston, IL, - - 2011
To evaluate the pathophysiology of chronic nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition-induced fetal growth restriction (FGR) in the rat. Timed-pregnant rats received L-NAME (2.5 mg/kg/h) with or without endothelin (ET-1) receptor A (ETA) antagonist from day 14 to 21 of gestation. In separate groups, ETA antagonist and/or L-NAME were discontinued on ...
Ismail Nor Azlin Mohamed - - 2011
This prospective observational study was done to analyse the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among primigravidae and its outcome. All healthy primigravidae with singleton pregnancies were offered universal glucose tolerance testing between 16 and 28 weeks gestation. GDM and non GDM groups were managed according to hospital protocol. The ...
McKnight Jason R - - 2011
Recent years have witnessed an increase in the prevalence of maternal obesity during pregnancy in the United States and worldwide. Obese women have increased risks for gestational problems, such as diabetes, hypertension, and pre-eclampsia. Further, gestational obesity can adversely impact fetal growth and result in macrosomia, congenital abnormalities, and even ...
Hünseler C - - 2011
During a period of 12 months 7 newborns with a partially severe fetopathy caused most probably by maternal sartan-intake in pregnancy were treated in 5 German teaching hospitals. Sartans antagonize the effect of angiotensin II at the AT1-receptor and are used to treat arterial hypertension. We presented 2 cases at ...
Hassan I A - - 2011
Invasive group B streptococcus (GBS) disease is a leading cause of neonatal death. There is no UK national screening programme for GBS in pregnancy, hence colonisation rates are unknown. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is given during labour to colonised women to reduce neonatal GBS transmission and subsequent invasive infection. Data about ...
Hussain Arwa Abbas - - 2011
An important determinant of pregnancy outcome is the timely onset of labor and birth. Prolonged gestation complicates 5% to 10% of all pregnancies and confers increased risk to both the fetus and mother. The purpose of this review was to study the possible impact of induction of labour (IOL) for ...
Hahn Sinuhe - - 2011
The analysis of cell-free fetal nucleic acids in maternal blood for prenatal diagnosis has been transformed by several recent profound technology developments. The most noteworthy of these are 'digital PCR' and 'next-generation sequencing' (NGS), which might finally deliver the long-sought goal of noninvasive detection of fetal aneuploidy. Recent data, however, ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2011
The nutritional status of the mother prior to and during pregnancy plays a vital role in fetal growth and development, and maternal undernourishment may lead to adverse perinatal outcomes including intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Several macronutrient interventions had been proposed for adequate protein and energy supplementation during pregnancy. The objective ...
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