Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 2087
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Babic Zdravko - - 2011
A 28-year-old patient, medical nurse, in 10th week of her second pregnancy suffered ventricular fibrillation just after entering the waiting room of the emergency department. After she was successfully defibrillated, electrocardiography revealed a large acute anteroseptolateral ST elevation myocardial infarction. Urgent coronarography was done (premedication with 300 mg of aspirin ...
Stuart Andrea E - - 2011
Objective. Due to the high incidence of neonatal complications in diabetic pregnancies the aim with our study was to investigate if elective cesarean section could prevent adverse neonatal outcome. Design. Population-based study. Setting. Data was extracted from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. Population. All women (n = 13 491) with diabetic pregnancies during ...
Koutsaki Maria - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The human Placental Growth Hormone (hPGH) and the Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) system are implicated in fetal development. This study aimed to evaluate the expression of hPGH, IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3 genes in placentas from pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). DESIGN: The study group was comprised of ...
Babic Zdravko - - 2011
A 28-year-old patient, medical nurse, in 10th week of her second pregnancy suffered ventricular fibrillation just after entering the waiting room of the emergency department. After she was successfully defibrillated, electrocardiography revealed a large acute anteroseptolateral ST elevation myocardial infarction. Urgent coronarography was done (premedication with 300 mg of aspirin ...
Kuriya Bindee - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: To characterize therapies prescribed during pregnancy to women with RA. METHODS.: We conducted a cohort study of women with RA with pregnancies using health care utilization data from 2002-2008. We examined the distribution of RA drugs by therapeutic classes, including NSAID/coxibs, glucocorticoids (GC), non-biologic DMARD and biologic DMARD during ...
Zhang Lin - - 2011
We estimated the success rates of cytogenetic analyses in different tissue samples after intrauterine fetal deaths and analyzed the value of cytogenetic testing for determining the causes. Women with intrauterine fetal deaths (occurring at > 10 weeks of gestation) were offered either invasive testing before medical induction of labor, or ...
Jadaon Jimmy E - - 2011
Ebstein anomaly and atrio-ventricular septal defect involve a profound change in the appearance of the atrio-ventricular septum (AVS). AVS is the area between the insertion of the mitral valve and the tricuspid valve leaflets to the ventricular septum. In normal fetuses, the tricuspid valve has an apical displacement relative to ...
Vanky Eszter - - 2011
Objective. To describe patient characteristics according to different diagnostic criteria in early pregnancy, in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design. Descriptive, cross-sectional study of 257 women with PCOS in the first trimester of pregnancy. Setting. Data from a multicenter trial at the time of inclusion. Population. 257 PCOS women ...
Kirkegaard Ida - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether measuring pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG) before 10 weeks of gestation affect the association between these biomarkers and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Singleton pregnant women (9450) who attended the prenatal screening program, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, were included. Maternal serum ...
Luedders Doerte W - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and characteristics of prenatally detected fetal micrognathia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all pregnancies with the suspicion of fetal micrognathia was performed. The affected fetuses were reassessed by estimation of the inferior facial angle (IFA) and the frontal nasomental angle on stored gray scale images ...
Luedders Doerte W - - 2011
To determine the accuracy and characteristics of prenatally detected fetal micrognathia. A retrospective analysis of all pregnancies with the suspicion of fetal micrognathia was performed. The affected fetuses were reassessed by estimation of the inferior facial angle (IFA) and the frontal nasomental angle on stored gray scale images to objectively ...
Jadaon Jimmy E - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Ebstein anomaly and atrio-ventricular septal defect involve a profound change in the appearance of the atrio-ventricular septum (AVS). AVS is the area between the insertion of the mitral valve and the tricuspid valve leaflets to the ventricular septum. In normal fetuses, the tricuspid valve has an apical displacement relative ...
Santo Susana - - 2011
The aim of this study is to outline the aetiology and outcome of a series of fetuses with non-immune hydrops (NIH), detected prenatally. The findings are compared with a comprehensive review of recent reports. This is a retrospective study reviewing all pregnancies complicated by NIH in the fetus and continued ...
SenthamaraiKannan Paranthaman - - 2011
The mechanisms for provisioning maternal resources to offspring in placental mammals involve complex interactions between maternally regulated and fetally regulated gene networks in the placenta, a tissue that is derived from the zygote and therefore of fetal origin. Here we describe a novel use of an embryo transfer system in ...
Carty David M - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a major determinant of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. We used a proteomic strategy to identify urinary biomarkers that predict preeclampsia before the onset of disease. We prospectively collected urine samples from women throughout pregnancy. Samples from gestational weeks 12 to 16 (n=45), 20 (n=50), and 28 ...
Sharma Rowena - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the perinatal outcome of prenatally diagnosed congenital talipes equinovarus. This was a retrospective observational study of all cases of prenatally diagnosed congenital talipes equinovarus referred to a major tertiary fetal medicine unit. Cases were identified from the fetal medicine and obstetric databases ...
Sharma Rowena - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perinatal outcome of prenatally diagnosed congenital talipes equinovarus. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of all cases of prenatally diagnosed congenital talipes equinovarus referred to a major tertiary fetal medicine unit. Cases were identified from the fetal medicine and ...
Deprest Jan A - - 2011
Over half of the cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia are picked up prenatally. Prenatal assessment aims to rule out associated anomalies and to make an individual prognosis. Prediction of outcome is based on measurements of lung size and vasculature as well as on liver herniation. A subset of fetuses likely ...
Maso Gianpaolo - - 2011
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancies affecting around 7% of women. This clinical condition is associated with an increased risk of developing fetal macrosomia and is related to a higher incidence of caesarean section in comparison to the general population. Strong evidence indicating the ...
Gatti Antonietta M - - 2011
The proliferation of the nanotechnologies with the production of engineered nanoparticles presents a dilemma to regulators regarding hazard identification mostly for human health. We investigated the presence of inorganic micro and nanosized contamination in fetal liver and kidney tissues by Field Emission Gun-Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (FEGESEM) innovative observations. An ...
Lynch Anne M AM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado, School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2011
To estimate whether elevations of complement C3a early in pregnancy are predictive of the subsequent development of adverse pregnancy outcomes. A plasma sample was obtained from each enrolled pregnant woman before 20 weeks of gestation. The cohort (n=1,002) was evaluated for the development of adverse pregnancy outcomes defined as hypertensive ...
Cardenas-Goicoechea Segundo Joel - - 2011
The diagnosis and management of meningioma during pregnancy is challenging, and a multidisciplinary approach is warranted. We present a case of meningioma during pregnancy with one year of follow-up. A 37-year-old, Caucasian female who presented at 28 weeks' gestation with meningioma was managed conservatively until 31.4 weeks' gestation. Worsening symptoms ...
Kelly C M CM Brain Repair Group, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, UK. - - 2011
"Proof-of-principle" that cell replacement therapy works for neurodegeneration has been reported, but only using donor cells collected from fetal brain tissue obtained from surgical terminations of pregnancy. Surgical terminations of pregnancy represent an increasingly limited supply of donor cells due to the tendency towards performing medical termination in much of ...
Syngelaki Argyro - - 2011
To examine the performance of the 11-13 weeks scan in detecting non-chromosomal abnormalities. Prospective first-trimester screening study for aneuploidies, including basic examination of the fetal anatomy, in 45 191 pregnancies. Findings were compared to those at 20-23 weeks and postnatal examination. Aneuploidies (n = 332) were excluded from the analysis. ...
Bedeschi Maria Francesca - - 2011
It is not unusual for patients with "rare" conditions, such as skeletal dysplasias, to remain undiagnosed until adulthood. In such cases, a pregnancy may unexpectedly reveal hidden problems and special needs. A 28 year old primigravida was referred to us at 17 weeks for counselling with an undiagnosed skeletal dysplasia ...
Røsand Gun-Mette B - - 2011
Recognition of maternal emotional distress during pregnancy and the identification of risk factors for this distress are of considerable clinical- and public health importance. The mental health of the mother is important both for herself, and for the physical and psychological health of her children and the welfare of the ...
Thomas Sanjeev V - - 2011
There are close to one and half million women with epilepsy (WWE) in reproductive age group in India. WWE have several unique gender-specific problems in the biological and social domains. Women experience more social stigma from epilepsy and have more difficulty with education and employment. They have more difficulty to ...
Larsen Ann D - - 2011
A number of studies have examined the effects of prenatal exposure to stress on birth outcomes but few have specifically focused on psychosocial job strain. In the present protocol, we aim to examine if work characterised by high demands and low control, during pregnancy, is associated with the risk of ...
Chiu Rossa W K - - 2011
To validate the clinical efficacy and practical feasibility of massively parallel maternal plasma DNA sequencing to screen for fetal trisomy 21 among high risk pregnancies clinically indicated for amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. Diagnostic accuracy validated against full karyotyping, using prospectively collected or archived maternal plasma samples. Prenatal diagnostic units ...
Deprest Jan - - 2011
In isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia, prenatal prediction is made based on measurements of lung size and the presence of liver herniation into the thorax. A subset of fetuses likely to die in the postnatal period is eligible for fetal intervention that can promote lung growth. Rather than anatomical repair, this ...
Brown Laura D LD Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver; Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2011
Maternal dietary protein supplementation to improve fetal growth has been considered as an option to prevent or treat intrauterine growth restriction. However, in contrast to balanced dietary supplementation, adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnant women who received high amounts of dietary protein supplementation have been observed. The responsible mechanisms for these ...
Begum K Sameera - - 2011
The increasing prevalence of maternal obesity worldwide provides a major challenge to obstetric practice from preconception to postpartum. Maternal obesity can result in unfavorable outcomes for the woman and fetus. Maternal risks during pregnancy include gestational diabetes and chronic hypertension leading to preeclampsia. The fetus is at risk for stillbirth ...
Yangin Hatice Balci - - 2011
The authors designed this study in order to understand changes in sexual behavior during pregnancy. The sample comprised 26 healthy women who were in at least their 37th week of pregnancy. The authors collected data through in-depth individual interviews. Participants reported the following most common reasons for ceasing sexual intercourse ...
Jain Varsha - - 2011
Historically, pregnancy in women with many inflammatory rheumatic diseases was not considered safe and was discouraged. Combined care allows these pregnancies to be managed optimally, with the majority of outcomes being favorable. Disease activity at the time of conception and anti-phospholipid antibodies are responsible for most complications. Disease flares, pre-eclampsia, ...
Baqui Abdullah H - - 2011
Lack of data is a critical barrier to addressing the problem of stillbirth in countries with the highest stillbirth burden. Our study objective was to estimate the levels, types, and causes of stillbirth in rural Sylhet district of Bangladesh. A complete pregnancy history was taken from all women (n=39 998) ...
Li Xiangqun - - 2011
Amnioreduction remains a treatment option for pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) not meeting criteria for laser surgery or those in which it is not feasible. Amnioreduction is a relatively simple treatment which does not require sophisticated technical equipment. Previous reports of conservative management have indicated that major neurodevelopmental impairment ...
Ashoor Ghalia - - 2011
To examine the association between maternal serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (free β-hCG) in trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and euploid pregnancies at 11-13 weeks and investigate the potential value of TSH in first-trimester screening for aneuploidies. Maternal serum TSH and free β-hCG levels ...
Chowdhury S - - 2011
Twin pregnancy is a high-risk pregnancy as it is associated with significant increase in the perinatal mortality and morbidity and maternal mortality and morbidity. This study was carried out to determine the maternal complications related with twin pregnancy. This was a cross-sectional observational study among all women with twin pregnancy, ...
Nwankwo N C - - 2011
A case of late first trimester/early second trimester recurrent pregnancy loss in a 30-year-old para 3+0 Nigerian woman is reported. She was referred to the Radiologist for Hysterosalpingography (HSG) work-up following repeated spontaneous abortions at early pregnancy stage. There was no history of trauma, surgery, alcohol/drug abuse or haematological disorder ...
Finnbogadóttir Hafrún - - 2011
Although both labour dystocia and domestic violence during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcome, evidence in support of a possible association between experiences of domestic violence and labour dystocia is sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether self-reported history of violence or experienced violence ...
Orczyk-Pawiłowicz Magdalena - - 2011
We aimed to analyze possible alternations in the sialylation and fucosylation of α(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) in pregnancies complicated by postmature syndrome. The relative amounts of sialyl- and fucosyl-glycotopes on AGP were analyzed in 49 plasma and 49 amniotic fluid samples from postmature and normal pregnancies with gestational ages of 41 ...
Orczyk-Pawiłowicz Magdalena - - 2011
Glycotypes, particularly those that terminate with sialic acid and fucose are known to play a fundamental role in human development, during implantation, growth and differentiation of fetal tissues. The present review describes changes in the exposition of terminal sialic acid and fucose isoforms in the amniotic fluid glycoconjugates, α1-acid glycoprotein ...
Godfrey Emily M - - 2011
More than 30% of the pregnancies in women aged 35 and over are unintended. This paper compares perceptions about contraceptive methods and use among women with and without an unintended pregnancy after turning age 35. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 17 women. They were all 35 to 49 years ...
Jabeen Mehnaz - - 2011
Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia are relatively common complications of pregnancy, leading to considerable maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. We sought to review the effect of aspirin, calcium supplementation, antihypertensive agents and magnesium sulphate on risk stillbirths. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies evaluating the above interventions. We ...
Rumbold Alice - - 2011
Miscarriage is a common complication of pregnancy that can be caused by a wide range of factors. Poor dietary intake of vitamins has been associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, therefore supplementing women with vitamins either prior to or in early pregnancy may help prevent miscarriage. The objectives of ...
Gambino A - - 2011
Cancer complicates one out of 1,000 pregnancies. No standardized therapeutic interventions have been reported for these patients. Fifteen patients with cancer during pregnancy were diagnosed between 6.5 and 36 weeks of gestational age between January 1991 and December 2007. Among the 15 cases one patient with early diagnosis (11 weeks) ...
Lemos Andrea - - 2011
This cross-sectional study was designed to examine the effects of the Valsalva Maneuver (VM) and its duration on the acid- base equilibrium of the neonate and its maternal repercussions during the expulsive stage of labor, after standard breathing and pushing instructions were given. A convenience sample of women with low ...
Miyake Hidehiko - - 2011
Postnatal examination of fetal appendages is important because this information may help predict perinatal outcome. We present a case of a red streak along the entire umbilical vein after a cesarean section due to non-reassuring fetal status. The pathological findings revealed an umbilical cord with dilated vascular changes and mild ...
Memon F - - 2011
In this retrospective cohort study involving 393 singleton pregnancies, we evaluated the maternal and prenatal factors influencing the use of and the outcome of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) induced labours. Only a nulliparous pregnancy was shown to be a significant predictor of the use of more than one dose of PGE(2) ...
Nicolaides Kypros H - - 2011
Effective screening for major aneuploidies can be provided in the first trimester of pregnancy. Screening by a combination of fetal nuchal translucency and maternal serum free-β-human chorionic gonadotrophin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A can identify about 90% of fetuses with trisomy 21 and other major aneuploidies for a false-positive rate of ...
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