Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2045
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Ramirez Edwin Ricardo - - 2011
This pilot study was performed from March 2008 through February 2010 to demonstrate that pregnancy can be achieved in a uterine allograft in the sheep model with the guidance of assisted reproductive technology. Uterine allotransplantation was performed in 12 sexually mature African sheep (Sudanese and Ethiopian). All animals underwent uterine ...
Devoe Lawrence D - - 2011
Computerized analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram has been developed during the past 40 years. A mature system for ST analysis (STAN) has resulted from a series of laboratory and clinical studies. The current STAN system provides adjunctive information to the standard interpretation of fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns. This monograph ...
Cruz-Martínez Rogelio - - 2011
: To estimate the value of fetal brain Doppler in predicting the risk of cesarean delivery for nonreassuring fetal status and neonatal acidosis after labor induction in small-for-gestational-age fetuses with normal umbilical artery Doppler. : Fetal brain Doppler parameters, including cerebral tissue perfusion measured by fractional moving blood volume, cerebroplacental ...
Eppert Heather D - - 2011
Abstract Sepsis remains one of the leading causes of mortality during pregnancy. Because of the inherent limitations of conducting scientific investigations during pregnancy, a great deal of clinical decision making is based on observational reports, an understanding of the physiologic changes of pregnancy, and consideration for risk to the fetus. ...
Kellogg Ann - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends and prevalence of chronic prescription narcotic use during pregnancy and the subsequent neonatal outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries at Mayo Clinic from 1998 through 2009; the data was obtained from prospectively maintained obstetrics and neonatal databases. ...
Goonewardene M - - 2011
The fetal acoustic stimulation test (FAST) is a simple cost effective screening test for antenatal fetal monitoring. The aim of the study was to evaluate the FAST as a screening test for early intrapartum fetal well being. An initial non stress test (NST) followed by a FAST using corometric model ...
Kupferminc Michael - - 2011
Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment has been recommended for pregnant women with previous adverse pregnancy and who were diagnosed as having a thrombophilia. We now examined the effect of LMWH on pregnant women without thrombophilias who had severe pregnancy complications and placental vasculopathy in an earlier pregnancy. Seventy-two women ...
Gardosi Jason - - 2011
The single most important condition affecting the viable fetus is intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). IUGR is a common condition, affecting about 10% to 15% of the general maternity population. Despite its importance and relatively high prevalence, IUGR detection is poor. This article will focus on how to improve on IUGR ...
Aziz Shaista - - 2011
To asses the frequency of ectopic pregnancy and to evaluate the relevance of the risk factors in a Medical Center, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This retrospective study was done in Royal Commission Medical Centre, Yanbu Industrial City, KSA over a period of four years, where the medical records of ...
Chao An-Shine - - 2011
To evaluate the pregnancy courses and obstetric outcomes in patients conceived after conservative treatment of endometrial cancer. Case series and systemic review of pregnancy women after fertility-sparing treatment of endometrial cancer. Patients with early stage endometrial cancer were identified through Tumor Registry in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1990 and ...
Yang Hong-Seuk - - 2011
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is recommended for patients with psychotic disorders that do not respond to medication. Usually, many psychotropic medications have teratogenic effects on the fetus. ECT seems to be a relatively safe and effective treatment during pregnancy. We report here on a 33-year-old primigravida patient in her third trimester ...
Elias Jackie - - 2011
There has been a great deal of discussion in both the medical and lay literature about the use of probiotics to improve general health. Subsequently, pregnant women have been asking me if probiotics used for treating conditions such as bacterial vaginosis and diarrhea are safe to use during pregnancy and ...
Horon Isabelle L - - 2011
Information that would allow the identification of women who were pregnant at the time of death or within the year preceding death has historically been underreported on death certificates. As a result, the magnitude of the problem of pregnancy-associated mortality is underestimated. To improve the identification of these deaths, check ...
Wildman D E - - 2011
The placenta is fundamentally important for the success of pregnancy. Disruptions outside the normal range for placental function can result in pregnancy failure and other complications. The anatomy of the placenta varies greatly across mammals, as do key parameters in pregnancy such as neonatal body mass, length of gestation and ...
Mor Gil - - 2011
The concept that pregnancy is associated with immune suppression has created a myth of pregnancy as a state of immunological weakness and, therefore, of increased susceptibility to infectious diseases. A challenging question is whether the maternal immune system is a friend or a foe of pregnancy. In this review, we ...
Mogra R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To document the incidence of congenital heart defects (CHD) detectable echocardiographically in the fetus with trisomy 21 and the relationship with nuchal translucency, fetal sex and ethnicity. METHODS: Fetuses with a karyotypic diagnosis of trisomy 21 were collected between January 2002 and March 2010. The data was analysed for ...
Derbent Aysel Uysal - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) affects first-trimester maternal serum PAPP-A and free β-hCG levels. METHOD: An observational study was conducted in 115 cases of HG and 110 control pregnancies who attended the first-trimester prenatal screening program between January 2006 and July 2010. RESULTS: Maternal serum TSH levels were ...
Eastabrook Genevieve - - 2011
Pre-eclampsia is a multisystem disorder with profound implications for both mother and fetus. Its origins lie in the earliest stages of pregnancy. Abnormal interactions between fetal trophoblast and maternal decidua, including the cells of the maternal immune system, lead to inadequate placental invasion and maternal vascular remodelling. However, abnormal placentation ...
Kloetzel Megan K - - 2011
Oral health is essential to overall health in the prenatal period. Pregnancy is not a time to delay dental care. Several studies have shown an association between periodontal disease and poor pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth. Interventions to provide periodontal treatment to pregnant women yield inconsistent results regarding preterm birth ...
Brennan Patricia A - - 2011
The purpose of the current study is to examine the moderating influence of the catechol O methyltransferase gene (COMT) on the maternal prenatal smoking/offspring externalizing disorder relationship. The sample consisted of 430 young adults born between 1981 and 1984 at the Mater Misericordiae Mother's Hospital in Brisbane, Australia, as well ...
Hernandez-Andrade E - - 2011
Objective: To analyze social and economic factors affecting the implementation of a fetal surgery program in a developing country. Materials and Methods: During an 18-month period, 30 women with complicated monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies were evaluated. 27 women had twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), 2 women had a selective intrauterine growth ...
- - 2011
In 1997, the Office of Management and Budget issued revised standards for reporting race and ethnicity in federal datasets. In addition to permitting the reporting of two or more races for each record, the revised standards separated the "Asian or Pacific Islander" category into two categories: "Asian" and "Native Hawaiian ...
Chaveeva Petya - - 2011
Objective: To examine the effect of method of conception on adverse pregnancy outcome after the 11-13 weeks scan. Methods: Prospective screening study for adverse obstetric outcomes in women with singleton pregnancies and live fetus with no obvious defects at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks. The method of conception was recorded as spontaneous, in ...
Farah Nadine - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify the maternal body composition parameters that independently influence birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective observational study in a large university teaching hospital. One hundred and eighty-four non-diabetic caucasian women with a singleton pregnancy were studied. In early pregnancy maternal weight and height were measured digitally in ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether fetal lung volume and fetal lung volume growth over gestation are different in mothers who reported smoking during pregnancy compared to non-smoking controls. METHOD: Cross-sectional retrospective study of the data of 200 consecutive singleton pregnancies that underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fetal lung volumes of 32 ...
Jelliffe-Pawlowski Laura - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare euploid pregnancies with congenital heart defects (CHDs) to similar pregnancies without CHDs on typically collected second trimester biomarker measurements. METHOD: Second trimester serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), and unconjugated estriol were compared for 306 CHD cases and 1224 no-CHD controls drawn from a ...
Cowans Nicholas J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the existence of a relationship between maternal body mass, maternal ethnicity and maternal smoking status and nuchal translucency (NT) in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: NT measurements from 130 339 euploid, singleton pregnancies were converted to NT multiples of the median (MoM) and delta NT using ...
Marciniak Beata - - 2011
The fetus may be exposed to increased endogenous or synthetic glucocorticoid (GS) exposure in late gestation. Approximately 7% of pregnant women in Europe and North America are treated with synthetic GSs to promote lung maturation in fetuses at risk of preterm delivery. Maternal steroid treatment before preterm delivery is one ...
Levy Amalia - - 2011
Most studies on safety/risk of drugs in pregnancy consider the proportion of births (but not pregnancy terminations) affected by the drug from all exposed infants. Lack of data on pregnancy terminations could bias results. A computerized database for medications dispensed to pregnant women in southern Israel was linked with records ...
McElrath Thomas F - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Disorders that lead to preterm delivery influence the fetal inflammatory response. STUDY DESIGN: We calculated odds ratios of elevated concentrations of 25 blood proteins on the first postnatal day in 798 infants born before the 28th week and classified by the pregnancy disorder that lead to preterm delivery. RESULTS: ...
Menezes Vinith - - 2011
During the past decade there has been an explosion in the number of nanoparticulate drugs or drug delivery systems being explored, developed and marketed for the treatment and prevention of human diseases. While the potential dangers of drug administration in pregnancy are well known, there are circumstances where the benefits ...
Eyers S - - 2011
Background There is evidence to suggest that the risk of asthma might be increased with exposure to paracetamol in the intrauterine environment, infancy, later childhood and adult life. Objective To review the evidence from studies investigating the association between paracetamol use in pregnancy and childhood asthma. Methods A systematic review ...
Olowu Oladimeji - - 2011
Objectives To present a rare case of tubal ectopic pregnancy in a woman using Implanon® after a previous contralateral ectopic pregnancy that had occurred without contraceptive use. Case A 26-year-old woman presented with an ectopic pregnancy conceived whilst having an etonogestrel implant (Implanon®) in situ. A laparoscopic salpingectomy was performed and the ...
Wellge Björn E - - 2011
Background There is a paucity of data on fertility or pregnancy in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Objective To assess fertility in PSC by comparing the number of children in a large cohort of PSC patients to healthy controls and to investigate the outcome of pregnancy, as well as ...
Staboulidou Ismini - - 2011
Introduction: To examine the prevalence and outcome of absent ductus venosus (DV) diagnosed at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Method: Prospective screening study for aneuploidies in 65,840 singleton pregnancies, including measurement of nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and examination of the DV. Prenatal findings and outcome of fetuses with absent DV were examined. ...
Sibiude Jeanne - - 2011
Objective: To describe pregnancy outcomes of fetuses affected by trisomies 13 and 18 following prenatal diagnosis and a decision to continue the pregnancy. Material and Methods: A single-center, retrospective study of 34 cases with a diagnosis or strong suspicion of trisomy 13 or 18. Results: Fourteen of 34 (41%) families ...
Kang Hey-Joo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful paternity from a male homozygous for 5α-reductase-2 deficiency. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic center, division of reproductive endocrinology. PATIENT(S): A 45-year-old Dominican man and his 32-year-old wife. INTERVENTION(S): In vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy. RESULT(S): Viable twin gestation. ...
Kuc S - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Kuc S, Wortelboer E, Koster M, de Valk H, Schielen P, Visser G. Prediction of macrosomia at birth in type-1 and 2 diabetic pregnancies with biomarkers of early placentation. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.02904.x. Objective  To evaluate the value of first trimester placental biomarkers (fβ-hCG, PAPP-A, ...
Jayaprakasan K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of congenital uterine anomalies in subfertile women and to evaluate their influence on early pregnancy following assisted reproduction treatment (ART). METHODS: We prospectively recruited 1392 subjects undergoing ART over a period of 5 years from 2004 - 2009. Three-dimensional transvaginal scan was performed in the ...
Aris Aziz - - 2011
Pesticides associated to genetically modified foods (PAGMF), are engineered to tolerate herbicides such as glyphosate (GLYP) and gluphosinate (GLUF) or insecticides such as the bacterial toxin bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between maternal and fetal exposure, and to determine exposure levels of ...
Quintela L A - - 2011
Ultrasonography (US) provides detailed visualization of the fetus in early pregnancy in cows, thus allowing for fetal sex determination. The objective of this prospective observational study was to determine the feasibility and accuracy of a single US examination to diagnose fetal sex in dairy cattle under routine reproductive management conditions. ...
Millene Dell'agnolo Cátia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to identify the implications for the mother and the newborn in pregnancies occurring after the bariatric surgery. METHODS: The present retrospective, exploratory cohort study was conducted to analyze the implications for the mother and the newborn in women of childbearing age (10 to 49 years) who ...
Lannes Gabriela - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) often requires administration of cyclophosphamide (CYC), especially for severe glomerulonephritis. As this disease usually affects young women in reproductive age, pregnancy, though not recommended may occur. The teratogenic effects of this drug make pregnancy prognosis and fetal survival indeterminate. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical ...
Diav-Citrin Orna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine first trimester safety of angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin-receptor-blockers (ARBs). Study Design: Prospective observational cohort regarding pregnancy ACEI/ARBs-exposure including contacts to two Teratology Information Services in Israel (1994-2007) and Italy (1990-2008), with two comparison groups: 1. exposed to other anti-hypertensives (OAH) 2. after non-teratogenic exposure (NTE) in similar ...
Rijken M J - - 2011
Recommendations for interventions to control malaria in pregnancy are often based on studies using birthweight as the primary endpoint. Differences in birthweight may be attributable partly to methodological difficulties. We performed a structured search of the literature using 'malaria', 'pregnancy' and 'birth weight' as search terms. Of the clinical trials ...
Higgins Mary F - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Delayed villous maturation (DVM) is a spectrum of placental disease characterised by decreased tertiary villus formation, reduced vasculosyncytial membrane formation and, in the more severe grades, increased large bullous villi. In some series it is associated with an increased risk of stillbirth in the late third trimester, but ...
Maroni E - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pregnancy outcome in patients with increased uterine artery pulsatility at 34 weeks as an isolated finding. METHODS: Normotensive women attending at 34 weeks for fetal growth assessment were enrolled in the study if fetal growth was appropriate and mean uterine pulsatility was persistently above the 95th centile ...
Begam M A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prenatal sonographic features of Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS). METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of confirmed SWS during an eight years period was conducted. Clinical and historical data and outcome of the pregnancies were noted. Fetal biometry, skeletal survey, amniotic fluid volume and associated anomalies were ...
Bertoldo M J - - 2011
Recently, oocyte quality in sows culled for reasons unrelated to fertility was found to decline during the period of seasonal infertility. Wean-to-service interval (WSI) has also been associated with pregnancy loss in sows mated during the period of seasonal infertility. The aims of this study were to determine whether WSI ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the feasibility of early fetal cystoscopy for the prenatal diagnosis and therapy of severe first-trimester megacystis. METHODS: Between January 2008 and February 2010, early fetal cystoscopy at 16 weeks of gestation was offered to 15 patients whose fetuses presented with severe first-trimester megacystis. All infants were followed ...
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