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Murase Jenny E JE Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Dermatology, Palo Alto Foundation Medical Group, Mountain View, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dermatologists are frequently faced with questions about the safety of commonly prescribed topical and systemic medications during pregnancy and lactation from women of childbearing age who are pregnant, considering pregnancy, or breastfeeding. Safety data, particularly regarding medications that are unique to dermatology, can be difficult to locate and are not ...
Gómez-Puerta Jose A JA Department of Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Section of Clinical Sciences, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by the occurrence of venous and arterial thromboses, often multiple, and recurrent fetal losses, frequently accompanied by a moderate thrombocytopenia, in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Some estimates indicate that the incidence of the APS is around 5 new cases per 100,000 persons ...
Ego Anne - - 2013
Stillbirth classifications use various strategies to synthesise information associated with fetal demise with the aim of identifying key causes for the death. RECODE is a hierarchical classification of death-related conditions, which grants a major place to fetal growth restriction (FGR). Our objective was to explore how placement of FGR in ...
Guzmán-Huerta Mario E - - 2013
The aim of this study is to describe the phenotype of fetuses affected by amniotic band sequence (ABS) that were diagnosed at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes and to propose a new classification based on morphologic findings. Cases with a final diagnosis of amniotic band ...
Voigt M M German Center for Growth, Development and Health Encouragement during Childhood and Youth, - - 2013
Background and Aim: The classification of weight gain during pregnancy and the somatic classification of neonates according to birth weight and duration of pregnancy can be done using percentile values. We aimed to compare such classifications using percentiles of the overall study population with classifications using percentiles that were calculated ...
Kelly Sherrie - - 2013
Objective: To determine the groups within the obstetric population contributing most substantially to the Caesarean section rate in five Canadian provinces. Methods: Hospital births from five participating provinces were grouped into Robson's 10 mutually exclusive and totally inclusive classification categories. The relative contribution of each group to the overall CS ...
Suttie Michael M Molecular Medicine Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, - - 2013
Classic facial characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) are shortened palpebral fissures, smooth philtrum, and thin upper vermillion. We aim to help pediatricians detect facial dysmorphism across the fetal alcohol spectrum, especially among nonsyndromal heavily exposed (HE) individuals without classic facial characteristics. Of 192 Cape Coloured children recruited, 69 were ...
Holland Erica - - 2012
To compare classification of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) using self-reported pre-pregnancy weight versus weight measured at the first prenatal visit. Retrospective cohort of 307 women receiving prenatal care at the faculty and resident obstetric clinics at a Massachusetts tertiary-care center. Eligible women initiated prenatal care prior to 14 weeks gestation ...
Levine Michael - - 2012
The emergency physician frequently encounters women who seek care because of pregnancy- and nonpregnancy-related complaints. Many medications are safe for use during pregnancy, including several that are listed as potential teratogens based on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) pregnancy classification; but it is important that the emergency physician know ...
Hoffmann C - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Monochorionic twin pregnancies complicated by the IUFD of 1 twin are associated with substantial morbidity to the survivor twin. The aim of this study was to determine whether fetal sonography, T2 MR imaging, and DWI can diagnose acute cerebral lesions in the survivor of an MC twin pregnancy ...
Hohmann Cynthia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic noise is an environmental pollutant and well-known to cause annoyance and sleep disturbance. Its association with clinical and subclinical adverse health effects has been discussed. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to examine associations between chronic noise exposure during pregnancy or childhood and health outcomes in early and late ...
Bouchard Geneviève - - 2012
The aim of this longitudinal study on determinants of parenting was to test a mediated-moderation model of fathers' postnatal engagement with their children in the context of the transition to fatherhood. More precisely, the model postulated that men's marital status (marriage vs. cohabitation) moderated the relation between one characteristic of ...
Bhatia Manjeet Singh MS Department of Psychiatry, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, - - 2012
Tokophobia is a pathological fear of pregnancy and can lead to avoidance of childbirth. It can be classified as primary or secondary. Primary is morbid fear of childbirth in a woman, who has no previous experience of pregnancy. Secondary is morbid fear of childbirth developing after a traumatic obstetric event ...
Pike Katharine C KC Clinical and Experimental Sciences Academic Unit, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, - - 2012
Studies exploring the relationship between prenatal vitamin D exposure and childhood asthma have yielded conflicting results. Higher vitamin D intake during pregnancy has been shown to lower the risk of childhood wheeze, yet a study of maternal late-pregnancy serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D suggested higher serum concentrations may be associated with increased ...
McDermott Suzanne - - 2012
This study was designed to analyze when, during pregnancy and early childhood, the association between soil metal concentrations of arsenic (As), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg) and the outcome of intellectual disability (ID) is statistically significant. Using cluster analysis, we identified ten areas of land that contained a cluster of ...
Mosquera Claudia - - 2012
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a serious condition that affects 10% to 15% of twin pregnancies with monochorionic diamniotic placentation. The pathophysiology of TTTS is not completely understood; however, the presence of unbalanced placental vascular communications within a shared circulation has been implicated in its development. The presentation of TTTS ...
Rudant Jérémie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationships between childhood acute leukemia (AL) and selective maternal and birth characteristics, including congenital malformations and the use of fertility treatment, for which the literature remains scarce. PROCEDURE: The national registry-based case-control study ESCALE was carried out in France in 2003-2004. Population controls were frequency ...
Hartge David Rafael - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We analyze the incidence, etiology, outcome of pregnancy and therapeutic regimes of prenatally and postnatally detected isolated and complex congenital talipes equinovarus in a tertiary referral center. METHODS: We included fetuses with at least one prenatal ultrasound examination conducted by a sub-specialized practitioner for prenatal medicine. Retrospective evaluation was ...
Catalano R A - - 2012
Antagonists in the debate over whether the maternal stress response during pregnancy damages or culls fetuses have invoked the theory of selection in utero to support opposing positions. We describe how these opposing arguments arise from the same theory and offer a novel test to discriminate between them. Our test, ...
Pincus Maike - - 2012
Emerging evidence reveals that the incidence of allergic disorders commencing during childhood is influenced by pre-, peri- and early postnatal environmental challenges. We here highlight biomarkers involved in the purported interaction of a challenged intrauterine environment during pregnancy and the risk for allergies in the children later in life. We ...
Ingstrup Katja Glejsted - - 2012
Background. Maternal distress during pregnancy increases the intrauterine level of glucocorticoids, which may have long-term health consequences for the child. Objective. To examine if distress as a combined measure of anxiety, depression, and stress of the mother during pregnancy was associated with offspring childhood overweight at age 7. Methods. We ...
Turner Steve - - 2012
The "fetal origins hypothesis" or concept of "developmental programming" suggests that faltering fetal growth and subsequent catch-up growth are implicated in the aetiology of cardiovascular disease. Associations between reduced birth weight, rapid postnatal weight gain, and asthma suggest that there are fetal origins to respiratory disease. The present paper first ...
Ulep Valerie Gilbert T - - 2012
The effect of pregnancy intention on post-natal practices like breastfeeding is still poorly understood in the Philippines. In this light, this study aims to determine the association between pregnancy intention and optimal breastfeeding practices in the Philippines. This is a cross-sectional study design using the 2003 Philippine National Demographic and ...
Mook-Kanamori Dennis O - - 2012
The objective was to estimate the heritability for height and weight during fetal life and early childhood in two independent studies, one including parent and singleton offsprings and one of mono- and dizygotic twins. This study was embedded in the Generation R Study (nā€Š=ā€Š3407, singletons) and the Netherlands Twin Register ...
Buss Claudia C Department of Pediatrics, University of California Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California, United States of America. - - 2012
Increasing evidence suggests exposure to adverse conditions in intrauterine life may increase the risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. High maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) has been shown to predict child ADHD symptoms, however the neurocognitive processes underlying this relationship are not known. The aim of the ...
Melamed Nir - - 2011
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate short and long-term outcome following blunt trauma in pregnancy, and to identify risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome in these cases. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all pregnant women who were admitted following blunt trauma (n=411). Women who experienced immediate complications (N=13) were compared with ...
Templeton Allan - - 2011
In early pregnancy, medical abortion avoids surgery but is associated with more pain and bleeding and a slightly higher risk of incomplete abortion. Data show that neither type of abortion increases the risk of long-term mental health problems or breast cancer or adversely affects fertility.
Li Hong-Tian - - 2011
Cesarean section births have been steadily increasing over the past decade and have become an epidemic in China. Cesarean delivery on maternal request is a major contributor to this upward trend, and there has been of much concern about its impact on maternal and child health. Most of mothers believe ...
Singh Abha - - 2011
To test the classification system Re. Co. De. to improve our understanding of the main causes associated with fetal deaths. The study included 348 women who were admitted with intrauterine deaths. After the stillborn babies were examined along with the placenta. The causes were classified according to Re. Co. De. ...
Clark Erin A S - - 2011
Concern regarding the association between cesarean delivery and long-term maternal morbidity is growing as the rate of cesarean delivery continues to increase. Observational evidence suggests that the risk of morbidity increases with increasing number of cesarean deliveries. The dominant maternal risk in subsequent pregnancies is placenta accreta spectrum disorder and ...
Clark Steven L - - 2011
The designation term pregnancy and the distinction between term, preterm, and postterm pregnancy carry with them significant clinical implications with respect to the management of pregnancy complications. Although the potential hazards of both preterm birth and postterm pregnancy have been long recognized, little attention has, until recently, been given to ...
Lee Qin Yi - - 2011
Objective. This study examines the leading causes of maternal mortality in Ghana, classifies the main causes of maternal deaths and suggests how maternal care can be improved. Design. Retrospective review. Setting. Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Sample. 322 maternal deaths with 30 269 live births in the period 1(st) January ...
Mackay Andrea P - - 2011
: To estimate mortality ratios for all reported pregnancy deaths in the United States, 1999-2005, and to estimate the effect of the 1999 implementation of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) and adoption of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death, 2003 Revision, on the ascertainment of deaths resulting from ...
Petrone Patrizio - - 2011
Trauma in pregnancy is the leading cause of non-obstetrical maternal death and remains a major cause of fetal demise. The objective of this study was to examine the outcomes of pregnant patients sustaining abdominal injury. This is a retrospective analysis of all pregnant trauma patients admitted to two level 1 ...
Thaens A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, - - 2011
Single center 10-years audit on the relation between labour ward management and caesarean section rate, with special emphasis on the impact of reduced induction rate and the use of strict criteria for the diagnosis of onset of spontaneous labour and the indication for induction of labour. Retrospective classification of all ...
Wang Chenhong - - 2011
Spontaneous (non-traumatic) rupture of the spleen rarely occurs in the setting of a normal spleen, especially during pregnancy. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of a normal spleen at 33.7 weeks gestation and review the literature with the aim of exploring the etiology, diagnosis, and management of this condition ...
Tolcher Mary C - - 2010
Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is a rare, but important potential cause of acute upper abdominal pain in pregnancy. We report a patient with history of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets syndrome who presented with upper abdominal pain, hypotension, elevated hepatic transaminase levels, and a visibly enlarging right costal margin ...
Oneko Olola - - 2010
To review the diagnosis and treatment of 9 advanced abdominal pregnancies in a low-resource setting of a developing country, focusing on the management of the placenta. Abdominal pregnancies occurring between 1999 and 2007 were identified from hospital records in Tanzania. All patients were followed up for a median of 6 ...
Germain A - - 2010
With an incidence of 950,000 pregnancies per year in France, the likelihood of seeing one or more surgical abdominal diseases during pregnancy is high. The goal of this update was to describe the management of four different settings in the pregnant woman: colorectal cancer, laparoscopic surgery, gastrointestinal emergency surgery, and ...
Woodfield Courtney A - - 2010
The educational objectives for this self-assessment module are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her understanding of the imaging evaluation of abdominal pain during pregnancy.
Elliott James M - - 2010
The patient was a 32-year-old woman diagnosed with grade III spondylolisthesis at the age of 18. While the patient had not experienced back pain in recent years, she anticipated a recurrence of symptoms during her final trimester of pregnancy. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging was used to confirm the presence of ...
Abasiattai A M - - 2010
Heterotopic pregnancy is the coexistence of intrauterine and extrauterine gestations. It is associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality particularly in low resource settings. Spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy is very rarely seen with documented incidence of 1 in 30,000 pregnancies. We present the first case of heterotopic pregnancy managed in our ...
Giulini Simone - - 2010
We present a case of a 31-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 1, pregnant at 33 + 2 weeks of gestational age with acute abdomen due to hemoperitoneum. Hemoperitoneum was suspected for non-specific symptoms such as acute abdominal pain, vomit, cardiotocography alterations and maternal acute anaemia. An emergency caesarean section was ...
Shetty Mahesh K - - 2010
This article reviews the radiation risks to the developing fetus when exposed in utero to diagnostic radiological procedures. The discussion focuses primarily on abdominal computed tomography as this is the examination that delivers the highest radiation dose to the fetus among the diagnostic radiological procedures performed during pregnancy. The review ...
Biolchini Federico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Primary abdominal pregnancies are potentially life-threatening, particularly without an accurate preoperative diagnosis. CASE: A 41-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with 2 days-lasting left upper quadrant abdominal pain, irradiated to the left shoulder. An urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin test was positive. Transvaginal sonography raised a suspicion of ectopic ...
Veleminsky Milos M - - 2010
A case of a pregnant woman with bilateral cystic ovaries diagnosed in the 12th week of gestation is presented. The successful outcome of pregnancy with hyperreactio luteinalis, which spontaneously resolved in the 3rd trimester and the importance of a differential diagnosis of an abdominal mass during pregnancy to avoid unnecessary ...
Shehu B B - - 2010
A male fetus was extruded from the uterus following multiple lower abdominal stab wounds to the mother. He was brought to the emergency room at 8 hours of age. He had sustained a compound skull fracture with brain contusion. There was no neurological deficit. Debridement and primary wound closure were ...
Derbent Aysel A Department of Obstretrics and Gynecology, Fatih University, Ankara, - - 2010
Ultrasound examination in early pregnancy has steadily gained importance and is now routine for most women in the first trimester. The sonographic features of early trisomy 7 pregnancies are not well characterized. We present a case of trisomy 7 in which early pregnancy ultrasound revealed a gestational sac featuring cystic ...
Farah Nadine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if Fetal Abdominal Subcutaneous Tissue (FAST) measurements using antenatal ultrasound differ between male and female fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Women who had an ultrasound examination for fetal growth between 20 and 40 weeks gestation were studied. Women with diabetes mellitus were excluded. The fetal anterior abdominal subcutaneous tissue ...
Sunday-Adeoye Ileogben - - 2011
This analysis attempts to highlight the varied presentations, diagnostic difficulties, management and subsequent obstetric performances of women managed for advanced abdominal pregnancy. A retrospective analysis of all 20 cases of abdominal pregnancies between 1976 and 2006, at the Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Afikpo, southeastern Nigeria was performed. There were 20 cases ...
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