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Results 451 - 500 of 705
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Van Hoe L - - 1995
The post-delivery evaluation of the obstetric patient presenting with severe abdominal pain can be a challenge to the obstetrician, the internist, and the radiologist. Besides non-pregnancy-related causes of abdominal pain, several pregnancy-related complications should be included in the list of differential diagnoses. Based on pathogenesis, these conditions can be divided ...
Webb J C - - 1995
Complications of pregnancy secondary to old abdominal burn scars are uncommon but have been reported. Common problems include failure of the scar to stretch (resulting in uterine displacement), maternal discomfort, and occasionally scar breakdown. We report the case of a 23-year-old patient who had a tight circumferential scar involving the ...
LaBan M M - - 1995
Although the mechanical and positional stresses of pregnancy are the primary inciting factors contributing to lumbosacral pain accompanying gestation, in approximately 1:10,000 cases a herniated disk (HNP) can be identified as the proximal cause of pain. Six patients are described, all of whom without antecedent history of pain presented with ...
Paul J A - - 1995
Physically loading aspects of work may have adverse effects on the health of both the pregnant woman and the unborn child. Improving the fit between the pregnant woman and the workplace layout contributes to minimizing the load associated with given tasks. The aim of this paper is to evaluate two ...
Lehmann T - - 1995
The behavioural responses of Onchocerca lienalis microfilariae (mf) to tissue factors of the surrogate black fly host, Simulium vittatum, were studied using a novel in vitro bioassay. Mf accumulated towards thoracic tissues to a density 4 times higher than towards abdominal tissues, despite the larger surface area and volume of ...
Fisch B - - 1995
We present a case that, as far as we know, is the first report of lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage as a complication of heterotopic pregnancy induced by artificial reproductive technology. The heterotopic abdominal pregnancy caused erosion of the intestinal wall and massive rectal bleeding, 8 weeks after in-vitro fertilization/embryo transfer. The ...
Nathan L - - 1995
The anatomic and physiologic changes of pregnancy make the diagnosis and management of abdominal pain difficult. Abdominal conditions both related and unrelated to the pregnancy may be life threatening for mother or fetus; therefore, accurate diagnosis and proper management are essential. This article reviews the most common conditions presenting as ...
Little K J - - 1995
Abdominal pregnancy is such an unusual form of ectopic gestation that the diagnosis is often missed or delayed. We report three cases, each with a different clinical presentation. A careful history and evaluation in the Emergency Department (ED), along with liberal and timely use of ultrasonography, are critical for prompt ...
Bronshtein M - - 1995
The sonographic markers of female and male external genitalia have been documented in early and late gestation. The aim of the present study was to report our experience of possible sonographic markers of fetal genital anomalies. Sonography was performed with a vaginal probe in early gestation and an abdominal sector ...
Wagner A - - 1995
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare but life-threatening condition. The preoperative diagnosis may be difficult. When there is a suspicion of abdominal pregnancy and ultrasonographic findings are equivocal or inconclusive, MR imaging should be performed. We report a case of an abdominal pregnancy of 28 weeks' gestation diagnosed by MR.
Qureshi R N - - 1995
Patient presented with an acute abdomen at 18 weeks gestation. Ultrasound and CT scan confirmed single extra uterine gestation. Considering the maternal hazards associated with surgical removal of viable abdominal pregnancy feticide was performed with ultrasound guided intracardial injection of KCl solution. Ten days after the procedure successful removal of ...
Luger E J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To present an unusual case of traumatic extensive separation of the symphysis pubis during pregnancy and rationale for mode of treatment. DESIGN: Diagnosis for etiology of public and lower back pain following trauma in a 37-year-old woman in an advanced stage of pregnancy. METHODS: Physical examination and plain anterioposterior ...
Golaszewski T - - 1995
We report on a primigravida, who was admitted in the 14th week of pregnancy because of recurrent vomiting and upper abdominal pain. The diagnosis of a large 20 cm echinococcal cyst of the liver was confirmed by ultrasound and an indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). In the 19th week of pregnancy ...
Lizcano-Gil L A - - 1995
A male clinically affected by the OEIS complex was studied. His mother, aged 30 years, has an affective disorder and ingested 30 mg of Diazepam daily, from 3 months previous to the gestation and during the entire pregnancy. At birth, a closure during the entire pregnancy. At birth, a closure ...
Ali Q M - - 1995
Echogenicity of the normal fetal telencephalic choroid plexus was characterized anatomically in 102 consecutive antenatal abdominal ultrasonographic examinations. Echogenicity of the plexus was observed only during the second trimester, first appearing at week 13 and disappearing after week 23. We suggest that this echogenicity may be due to different stages ...
Hensleigh P A - - 1995
A patient with acute hydramnios and advanced preterm labor at 34 weeks was seen after gastroschisis had been diagnosed by second-trimester fetal ultrasonography. The fetus also had meconium peritonitis and acute ascites. The distended abdomen did not decompress spontaneously during the second stage of labor. Severe abdominal dystocia was resolved ...
Yoshida M - - 1995
Female prune belly syndrome and tetralogy of Fallot were diagnosed in obstetric ultrasound screening at 13 and 28 weeks of gestation, respectively. The baby was born at 38 weeks showing abdominal distension, hypoplasia of abdominal muscles, vaginal atresia, imperforate anus and clubfeet. Radiologic and ultrasound examinations confirmed our prenatal diagnosis ...
Cheng W F - - 1994
An abdominal pregnancy after superovulation with human menopausal and chorionic gonadotropins followed by intrauterine insemination of the husband's sperm is reported. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy increases with administration of human menopausal and chorionic gonadotropins. However, the role of human menopausal and chorionic gonadotropins as a cause of abdominal pregnancy ...
Rojansky N - - 1994
Surgical and anesthetic interventions during pregnancy are not hazard free. While an increase in fetal resorption and the abortion rate during the first trimester is well documented, a second-trimester intervention is assumed to be relatively safe. A case of acute transient oligohydramnios, fetal growth arrest and limb reduction anomaly following ...
Crabtree K E - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Abdominal and heterotopic pregnancies appear to be increasing in incidence. CASE: We report a case of puerperal presentation of a living heterotopic pregnancy in an African woman. The patient presented 6 days postpartum with fever and abdominal pain. The correct diagnosis of heterotopic pregnancy was not considered, and for ...
Stengel C L - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of unrecognized pregnancy in the emergency department and to ascertain if patient history can effectively detect unrecognized pregnancies. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Urban ED with annual census of 40,000. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety-one consecutive women meeting inclusion criteria. INTERVENTIONS: All participants completed a menstrual/sexual ...
Hsieh C H - - 1994
Ectopic pregnancy is one of the major complications of pregnancy. The abdominal pregnancy is a comparatively rare type of ectopic gestation with a high fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Although abdominal pregnancy had been well documented, it still remains a serious dilemma for most clinicians in the contemporary obstetric ...
Boulton R - - 1994
Most pregnant women with a history of ulcerative colitis will have a normal pregnancy and deliver a healthy child. Medical therapy can usually control the disease in those patients who experience an exacerbation, and only a minority of women progress to severe colitis necessitating surgery in pregnancy. We describe a ...
Paidas M J - - 1994
Prenatal ultrasound has advanced our understanding of congenital abdominal wall defects. In addition to providing insights into the divergent embryological origins and natural history of abdominal wall defects, ultrasound has had an important impact on the management of these anomalies. For fetuses with gastroschisis, the changes in appearance of the ...
Rani P R - - 1994
Advanced abdominal pregnancy is a rare event with a high fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. We present 3 cases of abdominal pregnancy seen at our hospital. The perinatal mortality was 100% with no maternal deaths. Literature has been reviewed and management of abdominal pregnancy is discussed. Awareness of this ...
Rillo O L - - 1994
Among the idiopathic forms of osteoporosis, the one developing during pregnancy is the least common and scarcely studied. Poorly understood, it seems to stem from transient failure of calcitropic hormones and decreased osteoblast activity. A 25-year-old patient presented with coxofemoral pain during the last three months of pregnancy, followed by ...
Miller L J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Untreated major mood disorders during pregnancy pose significant risks. The author reviews case reports of the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) during pregnancy to clarify potential risks and modifications of ECT techniques that make the procedure safer for pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 300 case reports of ECT ...
Kang Y K - - 1994
The authors present a retroperitoneal fetus in fetus in a 3-month-old girl. A 15-cm cystic mass with a monstrous fetuslike structure surrounded by a complete sac containing serous fluid was removed from the left retroperitoneal space. The draining vessel of the cystic mass was connected to the right renal vein ...
Scalzone J M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in pregnancy is extensive. An important consideration in endemic areas is a bite by a black widow spider. CASE: A 30-year-old woman at 30 weeks' gestation presented with acute abdominal pain following an insect bite. We based the diagnosis on classic symptomatology in ...
Suonio S - - 1994
The infectious complications of 122 consecutive abdominal twin deliveries over the period 1984-1989 were analyzed in a prospective clinical study, comparing them with 761 singleton abdominal deliveries over the period 1984-1986. The incidence of endometritis was nearly three-fold after twin deliveries and the incidence of abdominal wound infections nearly two-fold ...
Awwad J T - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of selective laparotomy in pregnant women with penetrating abdominal injuries. METHODS: A retrospective survey was carried out at our center over 16 years of civil war, extending from 1975 to 1991. Fourteen pregnant women had uterine injuries secondary to high-velocity abdominal penetrating trauma. The corresponding ...
De Vits A - - 1994
The case of a woman suffering from progressive diaphyseal dysplasia is presented. Characteristic symptoms of crippling pain in both legs, severe aching in both forearms, and episodic temporofrontal and occipital headache were only partially regulated by corticosteroid treatment. However, pregnancy resulted in a progressive disappearance of these symptoms, allowing withdrawal ...
Epstein F B - - 1994
Some degree of abdominal pain is virtually physiologic in pregnancy, for which reason these women will commonly present to the emergency physician for clinical evaluation. Appendicitis is the commonest nonobstetric surgical malady complicating pregnancy; however, its clinical presentation may resemble several other surgical as well as medical entities reviewed in ...
Heggeness M H - - 1994
This is a report of a 17-year-old female with congenital insensitivity to pain who was noted to develop significant truncal asymmetry during pregnancy. A dense paraparesis developed 10 days after delivery. Charcot arthropathy of the spine had resulted in severe destructive changes of both L3 and L4 with significant canal ...
Mäntymaa M L - - 1994
Spontaneous rupture of the hepatic capsule and subsequent massive intra-abdominal bleeding is a rare but life-threatening complication of pregnancy, which is often associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension. High maternal and fetal mortality rates have been reported. We describe a case with massive intra-abdominal bleeding. The diagnosis and treatment of this condition ...
Klufio C A - - 1993
Abdominal pain in pregnancy is most commonly caused by complications of the pregnancy, e.g., abortion, ectopic pregnancy and abruptio placentae. A careful history and methodical physical examination and, if necessary, simple ultrasonographic investigations will reveal the cause in most of these conditions. In a few cases of abdominal pain in ...
Cappell M S - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the risks versus benefits of panendoscopy to the pregnant female and fetus. METHODS: Retrospective study of 20 consecutive pregnant patients admitted to three university teaching hospitals during 7 1/2 yr who underwent panendoscopy. RESULTS: Indications for panendoscopy included hematemesis in eight, vomiting and abdominal pain in five, ...
el Kareh A - - 1993
A case of term abdominal pregnancy is reported. The patient was followed throughout pregnancy, but the diagnosis was made only at the time of laparotomy for elective cesarean section. The report exemplifies the ease with which the diagnosis of abdominal pregnancy can be overlooked and stresses the importance of considering ...
Aaen V - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Although successful pregnancy has been reported in women with prosthetic mesh abdominal wall grafts, the complication of severe pain in pregnancy from shearing of the graft has not been described. We report an unusual case of severe pain in pregnancy caused by abdominal wall stretching by the enlarging uterus. ...
Roberts S H - - 1993
A woman in the 32nd week of pregnancy was referred for investigation because of fetal abnormalities, including an abdominal wall defect, detected by ultrasonography. In view of the increased risk of chromosome abnormality, amniocentesis was performed to enable informed decisions about the management of the pregnancy and delivery to be ...
Hatada Y - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Primary peritoneal pregnancy is extremely rare in the category of extrauterine pregnancy and usually has wide attachment to the peritoneal surface at the implantation site. CASE: A 37-year-old woman had severe lower abdominal pain 13 days before laparotomy for a preoperative diagnosis of extrauterine pregnancy. The conceptus was implanted ...
Yip L - - 1993
A 20-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a history of lower abdominal pain and recent loss of consciousness. She was admitted with a primary diagnosis of abdominal pain; ectopic pregnancy was ruled out. The culture of the endocervix was positive for Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Surgical exploration of the pelvis ...
Abitbol M M - - 1993
The ratio pelvic/abdominal cavity is 6.9% in samples of nonhuman mammals and nonhuman primates, and rises to approximately 30% in humans. This relative reduction of the abdomen and increase of the pelvis is associated with a partial or total shift of some organs from the abdomen to the pelvis: rectosigmoid ...
Gondry J - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to test the ability of uterine electrical activity recorded by electrohysterography (EHG) from abdominal electrodes during pregnancy to provide reliable information about uterine contractions. In this preliminary study, abdominal EHG was used to monitor the uterine contractions of eight women, three of whom were ...
Jasnosz K M - - 1993
Intraamniotic instillation of urea is a common mode of legal second-trimester pregnancy termination. Associated mortality rarely occurs and is most commonly due to amniotic fluid embolism, pulmonary thromboembolism, infection, hemorrhage, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). We present the case of an 18-year-old gravida 2, para 1 white woman at 18 ...
Jackson S - - 1993
A case report is described in which abdominal pregnancy was misdiagnosed by ultrasound scanning as a pregnancy within a horn of a bicornuate uterus. Two serum alpha fetoprotein (SAFP) results were greatly elevated and an amniocentesis was performed, the liquor alpha fetoprotein (LAFP) and karyotype were normal. Elective Caesarean section ...
Rothstein R D - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Malrotation of the intestine is an uncommon anomaly most often seen in infants, but occasionally in adults. Rarely, symptoms from malrotation may occur during pregnancy. CASE: A 30-year-old woman, with a long history of abdominal pain and constipation, developed more frequent and severe symptoms in the second trimester of ...
Pai P R - - 1993
Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy and post-partum period, rarely encountered in surgical practice, can have a lethal effect on the mother and the foetus. We report here a case of a 35 year old tertigravida who presented with high grade fever, abdominal pain with distension, tachycardia and tachypnoea. Chest examination and ...
Khalifa E - - 1993
The current retrospective study was undertaken at a tertiary care academic reproductive medical center to evaluate the role of abdominal metroplasty (Jones or Strassman techniques) in patients with bicornuate uteri, T-shaped uteri and septate uteri when associated with other pelvic lesions not amenable to the transcervical approach. Fifteen patients with ...
McCurdy C M CM - - 1993
Obstetric delivery may be accomplished by only two methods, vaginally or abdominally. In the management of the pregnancy complicated by a fetal malformation, the choice of delivery method may be made on obstetrical grounds or in belief that one method offers the fetus benefit over the other. That choice must ...
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