Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1426
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Marshall V S - - 2003
To reduce the number of animals required for controlled studies of marmoset oocytes and early embryos, a superovulation protocol was developed for the common marmoset. Females were given up to 50 i.u./day recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)--(r-hFSH) for 6 days. Ovaries were visualized by a modified laparoscopic technique and ...
Probst Sabine - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to develop a protocol for the successful production of piglets employing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with flowcytometrically sexed spermatozoa and artificially activated porcine oocytes. In vitro matured oocytes were fertilized by ICSI using non-sorted frozen/thawed epididymal semen. Oocytes were either activated by CaCl(2), ...
Hashimoto Shu - - 2003
The effects of the medium (TCM 199 or SOFaa) and temperature (20 or 39 C) during meiotic arrest by cycloheximide (CHX) under air on the developmental competence of bovine oocytes after in vitro maturation (IVM) and fertilization (IVF) were investigated. Oocytes were maintained in meiotic arrest by 10 microg/ml CHX ...
Peña Joseph E - - 2003
Our preliminary experience on the use of donor oocytes in human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) serodiscordant couples who have previously failed conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) therapy is presented. Five HIV-1 serodiscordant couples in which the male is infected and the female is seronegative underwent IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ...
Check J H - - 2003
PURPOSE: To see if sharing of donated oocytes from a compensated donor lowers outcome following embryo transfer compared to recipients keeping all oocytes. METHOD: Retrospective review. Recipients have the option of keeping all oocytes or sharing to reduce costs. RESULTS: There were equal clinical, and ongoing/delivered pregnancy rates and implantation ...
Squires E L - - 2003
Recent studies demonstrated that zwitterionic buffers could be used for satisfactory storage of equine embryos at 5 degrees C. The success of freezing embryos is dependent upon size and stage of development. Morulae and blastocysts <300 microm can be slowly cooled or vitrified with acceptable pregnancy rates after transfer. The ...
Check J H - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine if oocyte donors aged 36-39 can provide adequate pregnancy rates for recipients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical, ongoing/delivered pregnancy and implantation rates for a group of recipients receiving oocytes from a pilot group of older donors. RESULTS: Comparable pregnancy and implantation rates were found in recipients transferring ...
Peura Teija T - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine if the nutrition of the oocyte donor ewe influenced the success of somatic cell cloning. Merino ewes were fed at either a high- or a low-nutrition level for 3-5 mo before superovulation treatments. Freshly ovulated oocytes were enucleated and fused with serum-starved ...
Crichton Elizabeth G - - 2003
A comparison of the amino acid sequences demonstrated that Siberian tiger gonadotropins are more homologous with those of porcine than any other commercially available preparation. The present study measured the efficacy of repeated ovarian stimulation with purified porcine gonadotropins on the follicular, hormonal, and immunogenic responses in Siberian tigers as ...
Quintans Carlos J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Oocyte cryopreservation may have significant potential for assisted reproductive technology. However, to date, successful results have been limited. We report a preliminary series of IVF outcomes after fertilization of oocytes that were frozen in a low-sodium medium. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 12 patients (21-41 years old), who underwent ...
Leader Benjamin - - 2002
Successful reproduction in mammals requires a competent egg, which is formed during meiosis through two assymetrical cell divisions. Here, we show that a recently identified formin homology (FH) gene, formin-2 (Fmn2), is a maternal-effect gene that is expressed in oocytes and is required for progression through metaphase of meiosis I. ...
Farhi Jacob - - 2002
To study the effect of the presence of coarse granules in the perivitelline space (PVS) of oocytes on embryonic development, and on implantation and pregnancy rates in IVF. The study population included 24 patients treated during the period 1995-2000. The majority or all of their oocytes exhibited repeatedly coarse granulation ...
Paulson Richard J RJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Keck School of Medicine,University of Southern California, Women's and Children's Hospital, 1240 N Mission Rd, Los Angeles, 90033, USA. - - 2002
As a result of oocyte donation, women in their sixth decade of life are now able to conceive and carry pregnancies to term. However, little is known about pregnancy outcomes in this population. To describe pregnancy outcomes in women aged 50 years or older who conceived after in vitro fertilization ...
Selman Helmy A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of ovarian stimulation with highly purified urofollitropin on oocyte and embryo quality. DESIGN: Parallel randomized open-label clinical study. SETTING: Assisted reproduction centers. PATIENT(S): Two hundred sixty-seven infertile couples undergoing IVF/ICSI. INTERVENTION(S): All participants underwent standard down-regulation with GnRH analogue. One hundred thirty-three participants received highly ...
Nayudu Penelope L - - 2002
An important limiting factor in assisted reproduction treatment success rates is oocyte quality. In spite of improved results through several important innovations, the pregnancy rate per collected oocyte remains far too low. In order to improve this situation, it is necessary to learn more about fundamental factors modulating follicular development ...
Kolibianakis Efstratios - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of ovarian stimulation with recombinant FSH, GnRH antagonists, and hCG on endometrial maturation on the day of oocyte pick-up. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Fifty-five women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). INTERVENTION(S): [1] Ovarian stimulation with recombinant FSH, ...
Son Weon-Young - - 2002
This case report describes an ongoing pregnancy after cryopreservation of blastocysts produced by in-vitro matured oocytes retrieved from a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Oocyte retrieval was performed on day 18. The patient was administered 10 000 IU of hCG s.c. 36 h prior to oocyte collection. A total ...
Harris Sarah E - - 2002
This study investigated factors that may affect the clinical outcome of oocyte donation on the basis of data from a clinical programme involving 243 treatment cycles analysed retrospectively. In each cohort, oocytes were distributed randomly to one, two or three recipients, which enabled the outcomes in terms of pregnancy and ...
Son Weon-Young - - 2002
To report a delivery after transfer of blastocysts derived from eggs collected following in vivo HCG priming in a patient with regular menstrual cycles undergoing in vitro maturation (IVM) program. A woman had regular menstrual cycle and had experience of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) during a previous conventional IVF-ET cycle. ...
Lee Jang-Won - - 2003
The objectives of this study were 1) to compare the efficiency of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with and without additional artificial stimulation using frozen-thawed sperm and in vitro-matured porcine oocytes and 2) to determine the nuclear anomalies of ICSI oocytes that failed to fertilize or develop. In experiments 1 and ...
Ng Soon Chye - - 2002
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa was performed in the cynomolgus monkey (Macacafascicularis) to produce embryos in vitro. Eleven sexually mature females were hyperstimulated with an GnRH agonist (1.8 mg active triptorelin per 2 kg body weight), followed (2 weeks later) by rFSH (37.5 IU per 2 kg ...
Lj Xilong - - 2002
The objective of this study was to provide a simple cryopreservation method for oocytes from Yunnan Yellow Cattle and facilitate preservation efforts in this native Chinese breed, which is threatened by agricultural modernization. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from slaughterhouse ovaries and matured in vitro for 22-24 h, then selected ...
Sheffer-Mimouni Galit - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We evaluated interactions between perinatal outcome after oocyte donation and various maternal factors. METHODS: The study included 134 parturients after oocyte donation. Data were collected from medical files and personal interviews. Stepwise logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and selected maternal variables. RESULTS: Fifty ...
Child Tim J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish the relative success of treatment by unstimulated in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes or stimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) in women with polycystic ovaries undergoing assisted conception treatment. METHODS: The case-control study included 107 IVM and 107 IVF cycles matched for age and cause of infertility. In ...
Liebermann J - - 2002
The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of a cooling regimen during vitrification on survival and morphological appearance of human oocytes after warming and the developmental potential of day 3 embryos. Aged human oocytes that had failed to fertilize and human embryos derived from abnormally fertilized zygotes that ...
KuczyƄski W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Failed fertilization after IVF occurs in 10-20% of cycles. Conflicting results of rescue fertilization by ICSI have been reported. We therefore compared the success rate in terms of fertilization and pregnancy of cycles in which rescue ICSI was performed with those from a matched control group of primarily ICSI ...
Tesarik Jan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sperm-borne and oocyte-borne oocyte activation failures can be overcome by mechanical means that entail modifying the ICSI technique. DESIGN: Case report series. SETTING: Private clinics. PATIENT(S): Six infertile couples undergoing ICSI. INTERVENTION(S): Standard ICSI and modified ICSI based on mechanical manipulation that facilitated entry of calcium ...
Liu Lin - - 2002
Late generations of telomerase-null (TR(-/-)) mice exhibit progressive defects in highly proliferative tissues and organs and decreased fertility, ultimately leading to sterility. To determine effects of telomerase deficiency on germ cells, we investigated the cleavage and preimplantation development of embryos derived from both in vivo and in vitro fertilization of ...
Kuleshova Lilia L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Cryopreservation of embryos and oocytes has become an essential service for infertility treatment. The clinical application of this technology should ensure optimal survival of the embryos and oocytes that are stored and subsequently thawed for transfer. The aim of this review is to compare the widely employed slow cooling ...
Abir Ronit - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if apoptosis occurs in human germ cells between 19 and 33 gestational weeks (GW). DESIGN: Human fetal ovaries were obtained from aborted fetuses aged 19-33 GW. SETTING: Rabin Medical Center, a major tertiary care and referral center. PATIENT(S): Twenty-seven women undergoing pregnancy termination. The abortions were mostly ...
Filicori Marco - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To prove that several days of low-dose hCG alone can be used to stimulate folliculogenesis, complete FSH-initiated follicle/oocyte maturation, and achieve pregnancy in assisted reproduction technology. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Reproductive endocrinology center at an academic institution. PATIENT(S): A 35-year-old female patient and her partner with male-related infertility. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Bavister Barry D - - 2002
Although in vitro fertilization (IVF) is used widely for a variety of purposes, it is often not appreciated how this technology was developed. A large number of experiments beginning in 1878 contributed to the first successful reports of IVF over 75 years later. The discovery of sperm capacitation in 1951 ...
Stalf Thomas - - 2002
The presence of a clear half-moon-like zone of cytoplasm in oocytes is called "halo effect." The prognostic value of this effect is not yet determined. Aligned nucleoli in pronuclei (PN) represent a further polarization phenomenon and a marker for implantation potential. Aim of the prospective study was to evaluate the ...
Kyono Koichi - - 2002
To estimate frozen zygotes, which developed from in vitro matured oocytes retrieved from polycystic ovarian syndrome-like disease. Oocyte retrieval was performed on Day 15 following withdrawal bleeding. The oocytes were incubated for 24 h in TCM-199 maturation medium supplemented with follicle fluid, E2, FSH, and hCG. A total of 12 ...
Zeyneloglu Hulusi Bulent - - 2002
Pregnancy achieved with sperm from a patient with globozoospermia is rare, even after ICSI, since the activation of the oocyte may not occur in this disorder. Therefore, activation of the oocytes by piezoelectricity or calcium ionophores has been suggested, although spontaneous activation of the oocyte after ICSI has been reported ...
Isaza V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Oocyte donation provides us with an opportunity to study the clinical outcome of oocytes, retrieved from women undergoing coasting, in recipients in whom endometrial receptivity is unaltered by the coasting procedure. Thus, our aim was to describe oocyte donation outcome in donors undergoing coasting, the oocyte and embryo quality ...
Varisanga M D - - 2002
In an attempt to determine the cultural factors that would improve cloning efficiency, we compared the effects of two incubation systems-a simple portable system and a standard CO2 incubator-on the production of bovine embryos by electrofusion of quiescent fetal fibroblast nuclei to enucleated oocytes matured in vitro. While the temperature ...
Damario Mark A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the approach of transabdominal-transperitoneal ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval undertaken in a patient with müllerian agenesis and ovarian malposition who underwent a successful gestational carrier treatment cycle. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A tertiary-referral reproductive medicine unit. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old patient with müllerian agenesis. Her 44-year-old mother served as the ...
Picton Helen M - - 2002
In contrast to conventional assisted reproduction techniques in which metaphase II oocytes are retrieved for fertilization in vitro, during the in-vitro maturation of oocytes, immature germinal vesicle stage oocytes are retrieved and matured in the laboratory before fertilization and embryo transfer. Whereas in-vitro maturation is technically more demanding than in-vitro ...
Mahutte Neal G - - 2002
An inadequate response to gonadotropins during in-vitro fertilization treatment may result in cycle cancellation, fewer embryos available for transfer and decreased pregnancy rates. For these reasons, numerous strategies to improve ovarian stimulation in poor responders have been proposed. These include variations in the type, dose and timing of gonadotropins, gonadotropin-releasing ...
Levran David - - 2002
Maturation arrest of human oocytes may occur at various stages of the cell cycle. A total failure of human oocytes to complete meiosis is rarely observed during assisted conception cycles. We describe here a case series of infertile couples for whom all oocytes repeatedly failed to mature during IVF/ICSI. Eight ...
Lédée-Bataille N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of an antifibrotic treatment by a combination of pentoxifylline (PTX) and tocopherol (vitamin E) in patients with a thin endometrium who were enrolled in an oocyte donation programme. METHODS: Eighteen oocyte recipients who failed to develop a pre-ovulatory endometrial thickness of at least 6 mm ...
Tan Seang Lin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To select women who will benefit most from in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes treatment, this study was undertaken to examine the ability of a transvaginal ultrasonography to predict the number of immature oocytes collected from unstimulated ovaries. STUDY DESIGN: The relationship between the number of immature oocytes retrieved ...
Rawe V Y - - 2002
To analyze the distribution of a tubulins and acetylated alpha tubulins and the chromatin configuration in abnormally fertilized zygotes from a patient with a multifollicular ovarian response after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Immunofluorescence and phase contrast microscopy was performed in abnormally fertilized zygotes. After phase ...
Rodríguez-González Manuel - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We studied the incidence of vanishing embryos (VE) in pregnancies achieved by oocyte donation and evaluated the obstetric and perinatal complications. METHOD: A retrospective study was carried out based on a chart review of 399 patients with multiple pregnancies from our oocyte donation programme. We defined vanishing phenomenon as ...
Graves J E - - 2002
The effect of low levels of atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine) on in vitro oocyte maturation, in vitro capacitation of sperm, or in vitro fertilization of bovine oocytes and on the quality of blastocyst formation was studied. Bovine oocytes collected from abattoir ovaries were matured, fertilized, and developed to the blastocyst stage in ...
Opsahl M S - - 2002
To determine whether donor oocyte cytoplasm transferred into the oocytes of women < or = 40 years or with diminished ovarian reserve would enhance embryo quality, implantation, or pregnancy rates. Study subjects included women > or = 40 years (15) or with abnormal FSH levels (3). Healthy volunteers (18) produced ...
Brüggerhoff Katja - - 2002
The efficiency of bovine nuclear transfer using recipient oocytes recovered by ultrasound-guided follicle aspiration (ovum pick-up [OPU]) was investigated. Oocyte donors were selected from 2 distinct maternal lineages (A and B) differing in 11 nucleotide positions of the mitochondrial DNA control region. A total of 1342 cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were ...
Plachot Michelle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Decisions concerning the treatment choice for assisted reproduction (IVF or ICSI) are usually made after the evaluation of male fertility factors, or after taking into account the results of previous IVF attempts. There are no widely accepted criteria, so decisions for couples with male subfertility are often empirical and ...
Wilhelm Wolfram - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome of assisted reproductive technology procedures in women who undergo monitored anesthesia care (MAC) with remifentanil versus general anesthesia. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 251 ASA physical status I and II women participating in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >