Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1428
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Chen Shee-Uan - - 2004
To report a successful pregnancy from cryopreserved sibling oocytes and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for an infertile couple with an unexpectedly low fertilization rate in the fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. The woman had bilateral tubal obstruction and polycystic ovarian syndrome. The man had normal semen parameters. The couple ...
Donnay Isabelle - - 2004
New strategies were proposed to improve the developmental competence of calf oocytes through in vitro technologies. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were first prematured for 24 h in the presence of meiosis inhibitors. Both Roscovitine alone (50 microM) or in combination with Butyrolactone-I (12.5 microM Rosco+6.25 microM BL-I) prevented the progression of meiosis. ...
Ciotti P M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between the first polar body (1st PB) morphology and the fertilization rate, cleavage rate, embryo quality, pregnancy and implantation rate. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 167 consecutive cycles undergoing assisted reproduction with ICSI. The 1st PB morphology ...
Miao Yiliang - - 2004
Both nuclear transfer and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) practice necessitates studies on the spatial relationship between the MII spindle and the first polar bodies (FPB). Although recent observations have shown that the FPB position does not predict accurately the location of the meiotic spindle in metaphase II oocytes of monkey, ...
Wani N A - - 2004
Cryopreservation of oocytes collected from slaughtered animals of high genetic value, their subsequent utilisation for production of embryos for transfer may provide an opportunity to replenish the valuable germplasm lost. Experiments were conducted to study the effect of cryoprotectants, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethylene glycol (EG), 1,2-propanediol (PROH) and glycerol at ...
Cheon Kang Woo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the efficacy of recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (rFSH) versus highly purified urinary human FSH (uFSH) in women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, randomized, quality of retrieved double-blind study compared uFSH with rFSH in IVF-ET rFSh ...
Borini Andrea - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential of oocyte cryopreservation techniques. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. SETTING: A tertiary infertility center. PATIENT(S): Sixty-eight patients (29 to 37 years of age) undergoing assisted reproduction procedures for infertility problems. INTERVENTION(S): Oocytes from women treated for infertility were cryopreserved with a slow cooling/rapid thawing protocol in ...
Ocal Pelin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to measure concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), inhibin A and inhibin B in follicular fluid (FF) of women undergoing to in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles and to determine their relationship with ovarian response and pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Follicular fluid was collected ...
Chi Hee-Jun - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of calcium ionophore on the fertilization rate of a patient with normozoospermia who nonetheless exhibited a low fertilization rate in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: In vitro fertilization center. PATIENT(S): A male patient whose sperm, though diagnosed as normal by semen analysis, ...
Stachecki James J - - 2004
The ability to cryopreserve human oocytes and store them indefinitely would be beneficial for cancer patients at risk of becoming sterile after therapy, allow women to delay reproduction, and alleviate religious concerns associated with embryo storage. In 1986, Chen was the first to report a pregnancy originating from a frozen-thawed ...
Aktan Erdal - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 'coasting' on the outcome of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (ICSI-ET). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: IVF Centre, Ozel Ege Tup Bebek Merkezi, Izmir, Turkey. SAMPLE: Twenty-six coasted and 52 non-coasted COH and ICSI-ET patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. ...
Wright Diane L - - 2004
In the last 20 years, a worldwide effort to cryopreserve oocytes has resulted in 40 infants and approximately 50 ongoing pregnancies being reported. While the ability to freeze human embryos has become a standard of practice in assisted reproductive technologies, obtaining reliable techniques for oocyte cryopreservation has been more difficult. ...
Smith Gary D - - 2004
During the last three decades, significant advances have been made in successful cryopreservation of mammalian preimplantation embryos, and more recently oocytes. The ability to cryopreserve, thaw, and establish pregnancies with supernumerary preimplantation embryos has become an important tool in fertility treatment. Human oocyte cryopreservation has practical application in preserving fertility ...
Miller Kathleen A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis to assess the prevalence of meiotic errors after oocyte cryopreservation in an oocyte donation cycle. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private IVF center. PATIENT(S): A 42.6-year-old patient with ovarian failure. INTERVENTION(S): A donor oocyte IVF cycle with cryopreservation of oocytes followed ...
Rienzi L - - 2004
Human oocyte survival after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be compromised by abnormal oolemma breakage patterns during the penetration of the microinjection needle. We previously reported a case of repeated ICSI failures associated with abnormal oolemma breakage in which a substantial improvement and successful pregnancy were achieved by performing ICSI ...
Borini Andrea - - 2004
The aim of our study was to assess relationship between perifollicular vascularity and outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. In our study, women who received embryos originating from oocytes developed in well vascularized follicles had a statistically higher pregnancy rate than women who received embryos chosen without considering follicles ...
Zinger Michael - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Treatment of cervical cancer is often effective but at the cost of the woman's fertility. Ovarian transposition with subsequent oocyte retrieval and surrogate pregnancy can enable these patients to become genetic parents. We present the third reported such case. CASE: A 22-year-old woman was diagnosed with bulky, stage IB ...
Emery M - - 2004
Unexpected ejaculation failure on the day of oocyte retrieval for IVF occurs once or twice a year in our Reproductive Medicine Unit, where approximately 500 oocyte retrievals are performed each year. Two clinical situations which occurred in 2001 are presented. In the first case, sperm were finally obtained by epididymal ...
Kwon In-Kiu - - 2004
The fertilization of pig oocytes following intracytoplasmic injection of freeze-dried spermatozoa was evaluated. Activation and male pronuclear (MPN) formation were better in oocytes injected with isolated freeze-dried sperm heads than whole freeze-dried spermatozoa, but cleaved embryos were generally difficult to develop to the morula or blastocyst stage. When spermatozoa were ...
Zeleznik Anthony J - - 2004
During the follicular phase of the primate menstrual cycle, a single follicle usually matures to the preovulatory stage and releases its oocyte for fertilization and the potential establishment of pregnancy. In assisted reproductive technology procedures, it is desirable to override the natural process of follicle selection to produce many oocytes ...
Oliveira Flávio Garcia - - 2004
This case report represents one of the few documented cases of parthenote embryo retrieval from an IVF patient with a history of ovarian teratomas. A 29-year-old woman presented at our centre with a history of primary infertility for 6 years due to male factor. She had undergone left oophorectomy 4 ...
Otsuki J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: During ICSI, we occasionally observe pronucleus sized translucent vacuoles. We investigated why these vacuoles occur and determined the effect on pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Translucent vacuole-positive oocytes and the corresponding cohort were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and histochemical staining with DiI and ER-Tracker. Stimulation methods, hormonal levels, patients' ...
Isiklar Aycan - - 2004
Although, it is well known that pre-incubation of oocytes prior to conventional IVF improves fertilization and pregnancy rates, there are conflicting results regarding the effect of pre-incubation time in ICSI. This study evaluated the role of pre-incubation of oocytes on outcome in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. A total of ...
Chian Ri-Cheng - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The recovery of immature oocytes followed by in-vitro maturation (IVM) and in-vitro fertilization is an attractive alternative to conventional in-vitro fertilization treatment in which controlled ovarian stimulation with gonadotropins is used to increase the number of available oocytes and embryos. Significant progress has been made to improve ...
Revel A - - 2004
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with prolonged anovulation had resulted in endometrial carcinoma in a 43-year-old woman. Since she and her husband did not share common biological children, they requested fertility preservation. Due to the woman's age, high dose progesterone and postponing surgery were both considered inappropriate. We therefore proposed oocyte ...
Fisch Robert O - - 2004
The consequences of pregnancies in untreated phenylketonuria (PKU) mothers are a high incidence of spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation with microcephaly, congenital malformations, and abnormal intellectual development. PKU fathers, on the other hand, produce normal children. Obviously children of PKU women and men are at least heterozygous, proving that the ...
Levy Rachel - - 2004
Cytoplasmic control of preimplantation development is not a 'new' concept; the first cytoplasmic transfer experiment was performed in the mouse during the early 1980s, as a means of overcoming cleavage arrest at the 2-cell stage, the '2-cell block'. Since the first human pregnancy following the transfer of cytoplasm from donor ...
Murase Yoshihiko - - 2004
We report our attempts to achieve a successful pregnancy outcome with calcium ionophore A23187 and puromycin oocyte activation using sperm from a normozoospermic husband of a patient with previous repeated failed fertilization following ICSI. Oocytes from the female partner of a couple with a 4 year history of unexplained primary ...
Tamassia M - - 2004
Mitochondria have a broad range of functions that affect reproduction, and structural as well as quantitative variation in mtDNA has been associated with gamete quality and reproductive success. To investigate the mitochondria effect on in vitro embryo production, we collected oocytes by ultrasound-guided follicular aspiration from donor cows known to ...
Tesarik Jan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several reports have shown that inadvertent administration of a GnRH agonist in the luteal phase does not compromise pregnancy. Moreover, some studies suggested that, unexpectedly, the embryo developmental potential is improved in these conditions. This prospective controlled study was designed to test this hypothesis. METHODS: In an oocyte donation ...
Tucker Michael - - 2004
Embryo cryopreservation has become an ethical necessity due to the way human in vitro fertilization (IVF) infertility therapy has developed. Limited embryonic implantation has by necessity driven IVF therapy to adopt ways to maximize the harvest of oocytes following ovarian hyperstimulation with its attendant risks. Collection of more oocytes has ...
Hovatta Outi - - 2004
Maturation of oocytes from primordial follicles after cryopreservation of ovarian tissue with subsequent in vitro fertilisation would be an important method of infertility treatment for young women who are to undergo premature ovarian failure due to chemotherapy or genetic causes. Cryopreservation of human ovarian tissue is already feasible. Human primordial ...
Lim Eun-A - - 2004
Most studies of oocyte apoptosis have been performed in vitro and have employed the method of artificial induction of apoptosis by an anti-cancer agent. However, the process of oocyte death in vivo has not been clearly identified. To investigate the death process in unfertilized oocytes in vivo, we examined the ...
Pasqualotto Eleonora B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE(S): To measure levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in the follicular fluid from patients undergoing IVF and to examine the association among LPO and TAC and oocyte maturity, embryo quality, fertilization, cleavage, and pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care medical center. PATIENT(S): Forty-one ...
Colleoni S - - 2004
Horse is a seasonal breeder and information on oocyte quality outside the breeding season is very limited. Ovaries obtained at the slaughterhouse are a convenient but often limited source of oocytes in this species. As the low quantity of ovaries leads to an intensive use of all available material, it ...
Takeuchi Takumi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Germinal vesicle transplantation (GVT) provides a means of investigating interactions between karyoplasts and cytoplasts isolated from different cells. Technically, GVT can be accomplished with a high degree of efficiency without compromising the maturation of either the human or mouse oocyte nucleus. Although maturation, fertilization and preimplantation development have been ...
Hasegawa Akiko - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the capacity for fertilization and development of preantral oocytes in oocyte-granulosa cell complexes (OGC) originating from vitrified ovaries. DESIGN: Experimental animal study. SETTING: University-based research laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Normal (C57BL/6xDBA2) F1 mice in a laboratory environment. INTERVENTION(S): Vitrification of mouse ovaries using polyester sheets as a storage device; ...
Davis Lynn Bentley - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transvaginal, ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval performed through the myometrium has a negative impact on IVF pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic hospital and research center. PATIENT(S): A total of 5,115 IVF cycles performed at the Brigham and Women's Hospital between 1998 and 2001 were evaluated. ...
Buckett William M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) priming on endometrial receptivity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome undergoing in vitro maturation. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a randomized, controlled trial. After a withdrawal bleed, on day 8-10 of the cycle, women were randomized to receive 10,000 IU ...
Moser M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In MII oocytes showing difficult oolemma breakage, ICSI can cause an increase in the degeneration rate. This may be overcome by laser-assisted ICSI using a 5-10 micro m opening in the zona pellucida for injection. However, such a small opening might impair the hatching process, especially if assisted hatching ...
Paz Gedalia - - 2004
A couple with unexplained infertility was referred for routine IVF and ICSI treatment. Ovulation was induced by the GnRH analogue protocol combined with HMG and HCG. Preparation of denuded oocytes revealed a major disorder of the zona pellucida and abnormal oocytes. During preparation of ova for ICSI, 15 retrieved oocytes ...
Gil Maria A - - 2004
The present study was conducted to evaluate the influence of sperm:oocyte ratio during in vitro fertilization (IVF) of in vitro matured cumulus-intact oocytes on fertilization parameters and embryo development in pigs. In vitro matured oocytes surrounded by intact cumulus cells (COC) were inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa at different sperm:oocyte ratios ...
Jedrzejowska Izabela - - 2004
Snake flies (Raphidioptera), alder flies (Megaloptera: Sialidae) and also some myxophagan coleopterans share the same, peculiar telotrophic organization of their ovarioles usually referred to as ovarioles of the Sialis-type. Ovariole ontogenesis in Raphidia sp. is described and the basic events that lead to the formation of germ cell clusters and ...
Baldassarre H - - 2004
The use of laparoscopic ovum pick-up (LOPU) followed by in vitro embryo production was evaluated in the early propagation of cloned goats. Ten kinder goats produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer technology were used as oocyte donors. Half of the donor animals were subjected to LOPU at 2-3 months of ...
Wang W - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of intramural or subserosal fibroids in the uterine fundus or corpus on pregnancy outcome following transfer of embryos formed from donated oocytes methods. METHODS: Leiomyomata were measured in three dimensions by transvaginal sonography. Scanning was performed in two planes (sagittal and coronal) at the level ...
Krisher R L - - 2004
Oocyte quality affects early embryonic survival, the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, fetal development, and even adult disease. Quality, or developmental competence, is acquired during folliculogenesis as the oocyte grows, and during the period of oocyte maturation. Assisted reproductive technologies involving ovarian hyperstimulation, or collection of immature oocytes followed by ...
Kanyó Katalin - - 2004
Animal experiments are very important for the development of new assisted reproductive techniques (ART) for use in human and animal reproductive medicine. Most technical aspects of reproductive manipulation of humans and animals are very similar, and many components of successful human ART used nowadays have been derived from animal studies. ...
Horwath D - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine if top embryos require an unusual, and possibly fortuitous, combination of excellent oocyte quality and sperm, or whether some oocyte property alone leads to the formation of superior quality embryos on day 3. METHODS: The embryo quality of donor oocyte recipient cycles was evaluated to find a ...
Miller Kathleen A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and tolerability of two different 17-gauge follicle aspiration needles used in a large in vitro fertilization (IVF) program. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized single blinded study. SETTING: Private IVF center. PATIENT(S): Three hundred women undergoing IVF were randomly allocated at the time of oocyte retrieval to either ...
Landau Ruth R Paul Baerwald School of Social Work, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2004
Postmenopausal pregnancy (PMP) is presented as a means of alleviating women's suffering by helping them realize their wish for a child of their "own." The availability of IVF technology and oocyte donation, both necessary for PMP, create the illusion of unlimited female fertility. The aim of this paper is twofold: ...
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