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Cittadini Francesca F Institute of Forensic Medicine, Catholic University, L.go F. Vito 1, Rome, 00168, - - 2014
Maternal mortality and morbidity are the leading causes of death and illness, respectively, among women of reproductive age in many countries throughout the world. Of all maternal deaths, those related to unsafe abortions are the most widely underestimated, but they are also the most largely preventable. Medical abortion is a ...
Kim Keewan K Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY, - - 2014
We measured toxic metals in seminal plasma collected from 30 men using vitro fertilization (IVF), to evaluate associations with semen quality and IVF outcomes. A doubling in Hg-adjusted Pb concentration was associated with 47% lower total motile sperm. Positive associations were suggested for Hg with pregnancy and live birth, adjusted ...
Lata Indu I Department of Maternal and Reproductive Health, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, - - 2014
Pregnancy in patients with pan-hypopituitarism following surgery of pituitary adenoma is rare and considered high risk. Hormonal dysfunction in these patients involves more than one axis (gonadotrophic, thyroidal, and adrenal). However, advance in infertility treatment have led to the increased pregnancy rate in hypopituitarism women. We present a case of ...
Hui Julia Y JY Celgene Corporation 86 Morris Avenue Summit, NJ 07901, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies in pregnant rabbits were conducted to evaluate if there are any differences in uptake of thalidomide into the intrauterine compartment and developmental toxicity risk following oral and intravaginal administration. Thalidomide concentrations in maternal plasma, yolk sac cavity (YSC) fluid and embryo following intravaginal administration were 2- to 7-fold lower ...
Chasen Stephen T ST *NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital; †Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New - - 2014
In the first and second trimesters, chemicals produced by the fetoplacental unit are measured to assess risks of fetal abnormalities. Consistent associations between levels of these proteins in such pregnancies enable these biomarkers to be used to calculate risk for Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities in individual pregnancies. Special ...
De Cruz Ryan R Department of Dermatology, St. George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) or toxic pustuloderma (TP) is an uncommon though well-recognised cutaneous hypersensitivity reaction that is usually drug-induced. It presents with a triad of scattered sterile pustules, fever and malaise. Acute localised exanthematous pustulosis (ALEP) is a rare and unusual variant of AGEP. We describe a case ...
Prakash Sathya S Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Olanzapine, a 2(nd) generation antipsychotic, is in use in the clinical practice for nearly a decade and a half now. It is classified as a category C drug with very few reports of its toxic effects on the fetus. In general, the risk benefit analysis warrants its use in pregnancy. ...
Botelho Lourenço Emerson Luiz EL Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Médicas e da Saúde, Universidade Paranaense, P.O. Box 224, 87502-210 Umuarama, PR, Brazil ; Departamento de Farmacologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, P.O. Box 19031, 81531-990 Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
Although several studies have shown the inhibitory effects of Tropaeolum majus extracts (HETM) on angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, no studies have been carried out during the beginning of pregnancy, when humoral and hormonal imbalance may affect zygote and early embryo transport. This study investigates whether HETM can affect embryonic development ...
Cooke Gerard M GM a Toxicology Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate , Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Sir Frederick G. Banting Research Centre , Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa , Ontario , - - 2014
The first trimester of human fetal life, a period of extremely rapid development of physiological systems, represents the most rapid growth phase in human life. Interference in the establishment of organ systems may result in abnormal development that may be manifest immediately or programmed for later abnormal function. Exposure to ...
Tanaka Shingo S Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of - - 2014
  It has been reported the use of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in late pregnancy was associated with potentially fetal toxicity (contraction of fetal ductus areteriosus). According to the package inserts in Japan, many oral NSAIDs are contraindicated to women in late pregnancy, but several oral and topical NSAIDs with case ...
Gonçalves C A CA Centro de Estudos em Células-Tronco, Terapia Celular e Genética Toxicológica, Núcleo de Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, - - 2014
Plants such as Annona nutans used in folk medicine have a large number of biologically active compounds with pharmacological and/or toxic potential. Moreover, pregnant women use these plants indiscriminately, mainly in the form of teas, without being aware of the harm that they could cause to the health of the ...
Eguchi Kazuo K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, - - 2014
A 31-year-old woman with treatment-resistant pregnancy-induced hypertension during her first pregnancy delivered a small-for-gestational-age infant (weight: 1,070 g). After delivery, she was diagnosed with primary aldosteronism (PA) associated with a left adrenal adenoma. Following a thorough examination, she underwent laparoscopic left adrenalectomy, and the diagnosis of an aldosterone-producing adenoma was ...
Tandon Adesh A 0000-0001-7946-9669 Department of Neurosurgery, Montefiore Medical Center, 3316 Rochambeau Avenue, Bronx, NY 10467, - - 2014
Pituitary apoplexy is an uncommon phenomenon typically characterized by vascular insufficiency or acute hemorrhage into a pituitary adenoma. The overall incidence of pituitary apoplexy ranges between 1 and 25% of all pituitary adenomas. With the widespread use of MRI technology, the diagnosis of asymptomatic intratumoral hemorrhage is closer to 10%. ...
Kabuluzi Ezereth - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To estimate the proportion of women in early pregnancy prescribed potentially feto-toxic medications at an out-patient clinic in Malawi. Methods: Over six-months the number of women of child-bearing age attending out-patient clinics and prescribed medicines at Mitundu Community Hospital was derived from the hospital's registry and pharmacy records. ...
Juch Herbert - - 2013
Next to nothing is known about nanoparticle and nanofiber trafficking at the feto-maternal interface in early human pregnancy. As the first trimester is thought to be crucial for the further placental and fetal development, it will be important to assess the possible risks of nanomaterial exposures during this period. There ...
Stinchcombe Stefan - - 2013
Epoxiconazole (EPX; CAS-No. 133855-98-8) is a triazole class-active substance of plant protection products. At a dose level of 50 mg/kg bw/day, it causes a significantly increased incidence of late fetal mortality when administered to pregnant rats throughout gestation (gestation day [GD] 7-18 or 21), as reported previously (Taxvig et al., 2007, ...
Kareli Dimitra - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The examination of the genotoxic, cytostatic and cytotoxic effects of smoking during pregnancy. Methods: Lymphocyte cultures of peripheral blood were received from 20 women who smoked during pregnancy as well as umbilical cord blood of their newborns. Fluorescence Plus Giemsa staining technique was used in order to perform ...
Jafarzadeh Mostafa - - 2013
Organophosphates are commonly used pesticides and cause about onemillion unintentional and 2million suicidal exposures with up to 300,000 fatalities every year around the world. Toxicity of organophosphates is due to inhibition cholinesterase activity and prolonging the effects of acetylcholine in the receptor site. Clinical features of organophosphate poisoning are defecation, ...
Thiele Kristin - - 2013
Counter-intuitively, over-the-counter medication is commonly taken by pregnant women. In this context, acetaminophen (APAP, e.g. Paracetamol, Tylenol) is generally recommended by physicians to treat fever and pain during pregnancy. Thus, APAP ranks at the top of the list of medications taken prenatally. Insights on an increased risk for pregnancy complications ...
Danielsson Bengt R - - 2013
Although demonstration of some degree of maternal toxicity is required in regulatory developmental toxicology studies, marked maternal toxicity may be a confounding factor in data interpretation. Reduction in maternal body weight gain is the far most frequently used endpoint of toxicity, but alternative endpoints, like organ toxicity or exaggerated pharmacological ...
Ikeh-Tawari Erebi P - - 2013
Cadmium (Cd) is currently of great concern in rapidly industrializing countries-India, China. Their products consumed especially due to increase demand in many developing countries like Nigeria can result in adverse effects. Cd is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant and toxicant and humans are continually exposed to the toxic effects of Cd ...
Toyoda Kazunori - - 2013
Coagulability increases during pregnancy, and thromboembolism can easily occur. Venous thromboembolism is a cause of death in pregnant women, but arterial thrombosis such as ischemic stroke in pregnancy is also not uncommon. In pharmacotherapy for thromboembolism in pregnant women, fetal toxicity and teratogenicity must be carefully considered. As anticoagulants in ...
Kumar Sunil - - 2012
A large number of people are using smokeless tobacco and areca nut worldwide. Sufficient data on tobacco smoking have harmful effect on human health and reproduction is available. However, data on the smokeless tobacco and areca nut use on human reproduction is scanty. This overview is an attempt to compose ...
Boareto Ana Cláudia - - 2012
Antimalarial drug combinations containing artemisinins (ACTs) have become first choice therapies for P. falciparum malaria. Data on safety of ACTs in pregnancy are limited and no previous study has been conducted on the developmental toxicity of artesunate-mefloquine combinations on the first trimester of gestation. To evaluate the developmental toxicity of ...
Kim Hyun Jung - - 2012
To review the outcomes of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) using zona drilling with acid Tyrode's solution (chemical zona pellucida drilling, chemical ZD) and those of partial zona dissection (PZD). Clinical outcomes of seventy-one couples undergoing 85 PGD cycles from January 2005 to December 2010 were included. Blastocyst formation and the ...
Bruner-Tran Kaylon L KL Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA - - 2012
In a murine model, we have linked early life toxicant exposure to reduced uterine sensitivity to progesterone, a phenotype we had previously associated with inflammation in endometriosis patients. Subsequent studies revealed that developmental toxicant exposure not only reduces fertility in male and female mice but also negatively impacts pregnancy leading ...
Magley Joseph - - 2012
: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder resulting in neurologic and psychiatric symptoms. Treatment is challenging in pregnancy, because little data exist to guide management. : A 24-year-old woman with a known diagnosis of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis using intravenous immunoglobulin therapy became pregnant. Her pregnancy was uncomplicated with ...
Agrawal Varkha - - 2012
Summary The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of Gram-negative bacteria infection on ovarian steroid receptors, i.e. progesterone receptor (PR) and estradiol receptor (ER) during preimplantation days of pregnancy. A well established mouse model of Gram-negative bacteria infection was used to test this objective. Mice were ...
Chang K W - - 2012
Serotonin transport abnormalities are implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders. [(123)I]ADAM ([(123)I]-2-([2-({dimethylamino}methyl)phenyl]thio)-5-iodophenylamine) is a novel radiotracer that targets serotonin transporters. We assessed the toxicity of [(123)I]ADAM (18.5MBq) administered in early- and late-phases (8 and 14 day postfertilization, respectively) of pregnancy. The mortality, clinical status, and gross necropsy were measured in pregnant rats, ...
Ruiz-González I - - 2012
The aim of this work was to compare PR, ERα and OTR uterine expression between days 9 and 21 of pregnancy in ewes whose estrus had been synchronized with two different protocols. Sixty-four adult Manchega ewes were synchronized with either conventional progestagens (P) or prostaglandin analogues (PG), and mated. Uterine ...
Koh Kwi Hye KH Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2012
Pregnancy alters the rate and extent of drug metabolism, but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. We have found that 17β-estradiol (E2) upregulates expression of the major drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP2B6 in primary human hepatocytes. Results from promoter reporter assays in HepG2 cells revealed that E2 activates constitutive androstane ...
Wagner Günter P GP Yale Systems Biology Institute and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2012
A decrease in maternal serum progesterone (P4) concentrations precedes the onset of labor in most placental mammals. Humans differ by maintaining high levels of P4 throughout birth. Parturition in humans probably includes mechanisms that undercut the pregnancy sustaining function of P4. One attractive hypothesis is the isoform switching hypothesis (ISH). ...
Dasari Papa - - 2012
A 25-year-old primigravida was diagnosed to be suffering from unruptured ectopic pregnancy. The serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin levels were 2851 mIU/l and the ectopic gestational sac was 2.7×2.7 cm without any fetal pole. It was decided to manage her by expectant therapy. But she received medical therapy with multidose methotrexate because of ...
Sato Shunsuke - - 2011
A 31-year-old woman with Marfan syndrome required aortic root repair for annuloaortic ectasia in the 16th week of her first pregnancy. Aortic root reimplantation was successfully performed with a higher-flow-rate cardiopulmonary bypass of 3.4-3.6 l/min/m(2) at normothermia for fetal survival. During the surgery, a cardiotocography and transesophageal echo probe attached on ...
Rooney Brenda L - - 2011
To determine how characteristics of pregnancy, birth, and early infancy are related to offspring obesity at three critical developmental periods. Mothers were followed through pregnancy and 10-15 years after. Offspring data were obtained through medical record review. Maternal and offspring characteristics were examined to predict obesity in childhood (ages 4-5 years), adolescence ...
Carelli Allison M - - 2011
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a proven method for weight reduction. Less is known about pregnancies in patients after LAGB. Information was gathered, through database and survey, on women who underwent LAGB at NYU Medical Center between 2001 and 2008 then became pregnant. Pregnancy occurred in 133 women, resulting ...
Katsuragi Shinji - - 2011
Background: Aortic dilatation and dissection are severe complications of pregnancy that may cause maternal death. The purpose of the present study was to investigate risk factors for aortic dilatation or dissection in pregnant Japanese women with Marfan syndrome. Methods and Results: A total of 28 patients with Marfan syndrome were ...
Garcia-Subirats Irene - - 2011
To describe social and economic inequalities in non-fatal pregnancy outcomes (low birth weight, preterm birth and small for gestational age births) in the neighbourhoods of the city of Barcelona (Spain), according to maternal age and maternal country of origin, between 1991 and 2005. A cross-sectional ecological study was carried out ...
Jakobsen Tanja Roien - - 2011
Objective. To determine the impact which introduction of the 11-14 week scan has had on the gestational age at which fetal malformations are detected by ultrasound in an unselected population of pregnant women. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: University hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark, covering the period 1.1.2003-30.6.2007. Population: All pregnant women who ...
Brent Robert L - - 2011
A risk analysis of in utero caffeine exposure is presented utilizing epidemiological studies and animal studies dealing with congenital malformation, pregnancy loss, and weight reduction. These effects are of interest to teratologists, because animal studies are useful in their evaluation. Many of the epidemiology studies did not evaluate the impact ...
Rouleau Caroline - - 2011
Objective To determine the prevalence and the timing of pregnancy termination relative to the type of central nervous system (CNS) malformations. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Multidisciplinary centre for prenatal diagnosis in the Languedoc-Roussillon region, France. Population A cohort of 481 pregnancy terminations performed between 2005 and 2009. Methods Detailed ...
Beghin Delphine - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of major malformation in the case of paternal exposure to methotrexate (MTX) at the time of conception. METHODS: Using prospective data of our Teratology Information Service, we analyzed outcomes of paternal MTX exposure at the time of conception or up to 3 months before conception. ...
Brosh Koby - - 2011
Objective To investigate the potential impact of exposure to anti epileptic medications during the first-trimester of pregnancy on major malformations.Study DesignA retrospective cohort study comparing all pregnancies of women with and without exposure to antiepileptic medications during pregnancy was performed. A computerized database of medications dispensed from 1998 to 2008 ...
Fryer Anthony A - - 2011
Supplementation with folic acid during pregnancy is known to reduce the risk of neural tube defects and low birth weight. It is thought that folate and other one-carbon intermediates might secure these clinical effects via DNA methylation. We examined the effects of folate on the human methylome using quantitative interrogation ...
Ricchi Paolo - - 2011
In this report, we present a case of a spontaneous pregnancy in a 42-year-old thalassemic woman referred to our Microcythemic Unit while she was on deferasirox (DFX) therapy. The patient had been on treatment with DFX since March 2008 and in March 2009 realized that she was pregnant at 12 ...
Guo Changfa - - 2011
Acute aortic type A dissection is a life-threatening disease that requires immediate surgical intervention. When dissection occurs during pregnancy, it is of high risk for both the mother and the fetus. In this study, we reported two cases of acute aortic dissection in late pregnancy at 28 weeks and 32 ...
Martin J Ryan - - 2011
Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a rare, sporadic triad of congenital malformations involving an extensive port wine stain, soft tissue or bone hypertrophy and underlying venous and/or lymphatic malformation involving an extremity. Pregnancy is known to exacerbate KTS complications and can put women at increased obstetrical risk due to deep venous ...
Leyder Mina - - 2010
The treatment of pregnant women with chemotherapeutic drugs leads to congenital malformations in 10-20% of newborn children. We present a case of an ongoing 19-week-long pregnancy which was diagnosed in a 39-year-old woman who was being treated with CEF (cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy for an infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the ...
Giacomucci Evaldo - - 2010
Background: To evaluate the improvement of the term delivery rate after uterine surgery in various uterine malformations. Methods: 170 patients were eligible for the present retrospective case series study. Data were weighted for the number of pregnancies observed (n = 218) after surgical intervention, stratified to the number of previous ...
Arawi Thalia - - 2011
Termination of pregnancy (TOP) is offered in many countries, for foetuses prenatally diagnosed with congenital malformations that are deemed incompatible with life or that are associated with a high morbidity. In Lebanon, a middle income country where religion plays a focal role, the law prohibits any form of TOP unless ...
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