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Results 401 - 450 of 1585
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Knight Brian S - - 2007
The association between suboptimal intrauterine environment and developmental origins of adult health and disease is variable, suggesting that genotype may contribute to eventual outcome. The objective of this study was to characterize maternal and fetal responses to maternal dietary restriction during pregnancy in 2 phylogenetically distant strains of mice. Pregnant ...
Yassaee Fakhrolmolouk - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Advances in surgical techniques and immunosuppressive therapy have improved the survival and quality of life in organ transplant patients. Thus, the number of organ transplant women at their reproductive age has also increased. We sought to investigate the allograft and obstetric outcomes in pregnant kidney recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Yeh John - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The rate of twin gestations is now about 3% of all pregnancies. The study objective was to investigate the association between twin pregnancy newborn outcomes and maternal weight. METHODS: Birth certificate information of 1,342 sets of live-born twin deliveries collected in a regional perinatal data system from a contiguous ...
Theobald Hannah E - - 2007
Good nutrition is essential to help support a successful pregnancy and breast-feeding. Women planning a pregnancy should follow a balanced nutrient-rich diet and consume a daily folic acid supplement up until the end of the first trimester. Many pregnancies, especially amongst teenagers, are unplanned, and educating women of childbearing age ...
Osman Hibah - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with striae gravidarum (SG). A cross-sectional study of 112 primiparous women delivering at a private teaching hospital was conducted. Participants were assessed during the immediate postpartum period for evidence of SG. Presence and severity of SG were compared to ...
Nelson Scott M - - 2007
Obesity is a major health problem across the world. Recent editorials suggest that obese patients should be denied treatment of any kind aimed to improve ovulation rates and achieve pregnancy until they have reduced their BMI. We propose that this approach is not a resolution of the problem, but indeed ...
Ugaonkar Shweta - - 2007
A number of studies have been carried out to investigate the crystalline to amorphous conversion of carbamazepine (CBZ) using solid dispersion techniques. In this study we have tried to achieve conversion using a novel technique combining near-supercritical carbon dioxide (n-scCO(2)) and pharmaceutically acceptable polymers (Na CMC and PVP) of varying ...
Taylor P D - - 2007
Converging lines of evidence from epidemiological studies and animal models now indicate that the origins of obesity and related metabolic disorders lie not only in the interaction between genes and traditional adult risk factors, such as unbalanced diet and physical inactivity, but also in the interplay between genes and the ...
Lawlor Debbie A - - 2007
The fetal overnutrition hypothesis proposes that greater maternal adiposity results in increased obesity throughout life in the offspring. The authors examined the associations between parental prepregnancy body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)), based on height and weight reported by the mother at her first antenatal clinic visit, and offspring ...
Dao Tuoc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes of patients who become pregnant within the first year after surgery and those who delayed pregnancy until after 1 year after surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed to identify patients who became pregnant after their gastric-bypass surgery from 2001 ...
Hellmeyer L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine prospectively the change in results of bone ultrasonometry measurement during pregnancy in healthy German women. Study design Quantitative ultrasonometry (QUS) of the phalanges was performed in 60 healthy, pregnant women. Measurements of amplitude-dependent bone propagation velocity (speed of sound; AdSOS) and ...
Ahrari Mahshid - - 2006
The positive deviance approach identifies and promotes existing uncommon healthy behaviours. A positive deviance-informed antenatal project was pilot-tested in Al-Minia Governorate, Upper Egypt, during 2003-2004, after a positive deviance study in 2000 found that successful pregnancies had increased consumption of meat and vegetables, daytime rest, and antenatal care; less second-hand ...
Ciafaloni E - - 2006
Obstetric risk in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is not known. We surveyed 38 women with FSHD reporting 105 gestations and 78 live births. Review of medical records showed that pregnancy outcomes were generally favorable. The rates for low birth weight and total operative deliveries were statistically higher than the national ...
Starkman Glenn D - - 2006
We revisit anthropic arguments purporting to explain the measured value of the cosmological constant. We argue that different ways of assigning probabilities to candidate universes lead to totally different anthropic predictions. As an explicit example, we show that weighting different universes by the total number of possible observations leads to ...
Hindle Laura J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multiple micronutrient supplementation of Nepalese women during pregnancy is associated with a significant increase in birth weight. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that improved birth weight in infants of mothers supplemented with micronutrients is associated with a decrease in inflammatory responses and an increase in the production of T ...
Wilsher S S Department of Veterinary Medicine Equine Fertility Unit, University of Cambridge, Mertoun Paddocks, Woodditton Road, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9BH, - - 2006
There is a paucity of information on factors that influence placental development in the horse. Changes in nutrition, particularly around the time of proliferative placental growth, can affect development of the placenta and fetal growth. To investigate the effects of 2 planes of nutrition and an unforeseen infection-mediated nutritional insult ...
Moraes C L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy is linked to intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS: A total of 394 women being delivered at term at Rio de Janeiro public maternities from March to October 2000 were randomly selected. The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales were used to assess ...
Fillmann Gilberto - - 2007
The present study was conducted to elucidate the specific distributions of organochlorine (OC) compounds in various tissues and organs of juveniles of the South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) found stranded on beaches in southern Brazil. The OC residue concentrations occurred in the following order: PCBs>DDTs>CHLs>HCHs>HCB. OC concentrations in blubber ...
Ariba A J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many deliveries and maternal deaths occur in peripheral facilities and are usually attended to by General Practitioners (GPs). Maternal features that could help the GP predict whether a pregnancy will end in normal delivery or whether skilled assistance will be required to deliver the woman at term would be ...
Moses Robert G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a condition in which the glycemic index (GI) may be of particular relevance because maternal glucose is the main energy substrate for intrauterine growth. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the effects of low-GI and conventional dietary strategies on pregnancy outcomes in healthy women. Compliance and acceptability ...
Villamor Eduardo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity has been positively associated with risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, but evidence of a causal relation is scarce. Causality would be lent support if temporal changes in weight affected risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We examined the associations between change in prepregnancy body-mass index (BMI) from ...
Davis M E - - 2006
Data for the current study were obtained from a divergent selection experiment in which the selection criterion was the average serum IGF-I concentrations of 3 postweaning blood samples collected from purebred Angus calves. Multiple-trait derivative-free REML procedures were used to obtain genetic parameter estimates for IGF-I concentrations and for BW ...
Vallet J L - - 2006
We hypothesized that the ability of the fetus to alter nutrient shunting and organ growth might be associated with uterine capacity. White crossbred gilts from a randomly selected control line, a line selected for ovulation rate, and a line selected for uterine capacity (UC) were unilaterally hysterectomized-ovariectomized at 160 d ...
Merlino Amy - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Low maternal pre-pregnancy body-mass index (BMI) has been associated with preterm birth (PTB). Women delivering preterm are at increased for recurrent PTB. Our goal was to determine whether change in BMI between pregnancies alters the risk of PTB. STUDY DESIGN: From our electronic perinatal database, we identified women who ...
Tsukamoto Hiroko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of restricting weight gain during pregnancy to reduce perinatal complications. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in the Tokyo metropolitan area, and reviewed 3071 mothers and their infants born from singleton pregnancies retrospectively. To examine the influence of increased maternal weight gain on perinatal complications, ...
Sekiya Nobuko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low total weight gain during pregnancy has been widely accepted as a valid risk factor for small-for-gestational-age infants and pre-term births. However, it is not obvious in which trimester the weight gain rate most affects birth weight and length of gestation. METHOD: Using logistic regression analysis and Pearson's correlation ...
Buresova Martina - - 2006
Epidemiological studies have shown a clear link between fetal growth retardation and an increased propensity for later cardiovascular disease in adults. It has been hypothesized that such early fetal deprivation "programs" individuals toward a life-long metabolical "thrifty phenotype" that predisposes adults to such diseases. Here we test this hypothesis, and ...
Bar-Zohar D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of morbid obesity is increasing steadily among women of reproductive age. In addition to the well-known comorbidities of the disease, it has been shown that the pregnancy outcome for obese women is worse than for women with a normal body mass index. This study aimed to evaluate ...
Yu C K H - - 2006
Overweight and obesity are common findings in women of reproductive age in the UK; as 32% of 35- to 64-year-old women are overweight and 21% obese. Obesity causes major changes in many features of maternal intermediary metabolism. Insulin resistance appears to be central to these changes and may also be ...
Pathi A - - 2006
Morbid obesity in pregnancy is a growing problem and is having an impact on morbidity, mortality as well as significantly increasing antenatal and intra-partum costs of pregnancy care. The incidence of morbid obesity in pregnancy in our unit was 7.5% during the study period and this was associated with statistically ...
Nagata Chisato - - 2006
Birth weight has been associated with a subsequent risk of breast cancer. The present study examined associations between birth weight and pregnancy estrogens and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). The concentrations of estradiol, estriol, and AFP were measured in maternal and umbilical cord blood samples from 194 women during pregnancy and at birth. ...
Derbyshire E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Adequate maternal nutrition is of paramount importance in pregnancy, particularly in the first trimester when fetal development is crucial. It has been reported that heavier women are most likely to fear weight gain associated with pregnancy. Few studies have, however, investigated associations between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and ...
Carlsen S M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Animal studies have indicated that maternal androgen levels influence the intrauterine environment and development of the offspring. Human data are missing. We therefore investigated the possible association between maternal androgens and offspring size at birth in humans. DESIGN: A random sample of parous Caucasian women (n=147) was followed prospectively ...
Forsum Elisabet - - 2006
PURPOSE: Interpretation of physical activity as energy expenditure requires adjustment for body size. This is usually accomplished by means of the MET system, which assumes a basal metabolic rate (BMR) of 4.184 kJ.kg(-1).h(-1) and, when the standard calculation is used, that the energy costs of different activities are proportional to ...
Zintzaras Elias - - 2006
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-related disorder that causes maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Its exact inheritance pattern is still unknown, and genome searches for identifying susceptibility loci for preeclampsia have thus far produced inconclusive or inconsistent results. We performed a heterogeneity-based genome search meta-analysis (HEGESMA) that synthesized the available genome ...
Harlev Avi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of fetal weight estimations performed by parturients vs. clinical and sonographic estimates. graphic estimates. STUDY DESIGN: Term parous women were included in this prospective trial. Each woman estimated the weight of her fetus. Fetal weight was also estimated sonographically and clinically. The clinical evaluations were ...
Dapper D V B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conflicting results have been documented regarding the statistical significance of variations in some haematological parameters at different trimesters of pregnancy. Environmental factors, ethnic and tribal peculiarities have variously been implicated. The values of eight important haematological parameters: Haematocrit (Hct), Haemoglobin concentration (Hbc), Red Blood Cell (RBC) count, White Blood ...
Albers Leah L - - 2006
Weight status is an important determinant of many health indices. Data from a clinical trial on measures to lower genital tract trauma in vaginal birth were used for a secondary analysis. The goal was to describe the relationship of body mass index and pregnancy weight gain to clinical intrapartum care, ...
Fung Tak Yuen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify all pregnancies complicated by maternal dextrocardia and report the obstetric performance in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of all deliveries between May 1984 and December 2004 at Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong. Maternal demographic data as well as information on the ...
Graves Barbara W - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to identify the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), weight gain in pregnancy, and newborn birth weight on route of delivery and induction of labor in patients receiving nurse-midwifery care. This retrospective cohort study examined the outcomes of 1500 consecutively delivered women who ...
Sarwer David B - - 2006
At present, more than 60% of American women of childbearing age are either overweight or obese. As the obesity epidemic in the United States and many other countries continues to grow unchecked, there is greater interest in the relationship between obesity and other major health issues. This paper reviews the ...
Price Catherine J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In pregnant women, antiretroviral drugs improve maternal health and reduce vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus to the infant. However, few nonclinical studies have examined the potential for adverse drug interactions. METHODS: On gestational days (GD) 6-16, mice were dosed with vehicle, ddI (360, 1440, or 2,880 mg/kg/day, p.o.), ...
Weina Stacy Usher - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of time needed for postpartum soldiers to return to prepregnancy fitness condition as evidenced by Army Physical Fitness Test scores (APFT). The findings from this study have implications for health care providers, patients, and the Army regarding the effects of ...
Dilek I - - 2006
The incidence of hematological malignancies during pregnancy is low, and treatment in this setting is problematic. This study observed 21 pregnancies in 18 patients with hematological malignancies. Patients' ages were between 19 and 43 (median 25) years. Two pregnancies ended with spontaneous abortion, one pregnancy ended with in utero death, ...
Ochsenbein-Kölble Nicole - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To generate reliable new reference ranges for weight gain and increase in body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy from a large population. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective cross-sectional study at the Obstetric outpatient clinic, Zurich University Hospital, weight gain and BMI, before gestation and at the booking visit, were ...
Cheng Edith Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The impact of pre-pregnancy pulmonary and nutritional status in pregnancy outcomes of women with cystic fibrosis (CF) is not clearly defined. METHODS: A chart review of CF women who attended the University of Washington Medical Center (UWMC), Seattle WA. from January 1989 until May 2004. RESULTS: There were 43 ...
Davies Michael J - - 2006
Body weight, and its constituent components of fat mass and lean tissue, plays an important role modulating reproductive development and functioning. Body weight influences the timing of menarche and the capacity to achieve a pregnancy. The nature of this relationship appears to be some variant on a 'U' shape. Extremes ...
Helms Eric - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the proportion of women meeting established weight gain recommendations during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using chi2 and logistic regression analysis of 1,463,936 registered North Carolina births from 1988 to 2003. RESULTS: The percentage of pregnant women achieving recommended weight gain decreased significantly ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which blood glucose, obesity, and maternal weight gain explains differences in birth weight using offspring sibling pairs in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 90 women with at least 2 GDM pregnancies was conducted. ...
Cedergren M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of low and high gestational weight gain, in different maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) classes, on obstetric and neonatal outcomes. METHOD: A prospective population-based cohort study of 245,526 singleton term pregnancies. Women were grouped in five categories of BMI ...
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