Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1585
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Micali Nadia N King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom. - - 2007
To determine the impact of pregnancy on eating disorders (ED) symptoms using data from a large prospective, community-based cohort study. Women (12,254) were classified according to whether they had a recent or past history of ED, were obese before pregnancy, or constituted part of the general population control group. We ...
Karlsen Jon - - 2007
This study assessed how shaft weight influenced golf putting accuracy and subjective perception of swing parameters. Three putters of different shaft weight (100, 420, and 610 gm) were tested by 24 club players. Distance and deviation in direction were measured, and subjective ratings of the putters recorded. Subjects hit the ...
Anderson N G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the major sources of error in ultrasonographic assessment of fetal weight and whether they have changed over the last decade. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study in 1991 and again in 2000 of a mixed-risk pregnancy population, estimating fetal weight within 7 days of delivery. In ...
Hossain Nazli - - 2007
Adverse pregnancy outcome (APO), includes fetal loss > or =20 weeks' gestation (fetal death), severe preeclampsia <36 weeks, or severe intrauterine growth restriction (severe IUGR) defined as birth weight < or =5th percentile or < or =10th percentile for gestational age. APO affects 8% of pregnant women (320,000 annually) and ...
Vargas Marco - - 2007
High altitude decreases birth weight, but this effect is diminished in long vs. short-resident, high-altitude populations. We asked whether women from long vs. short-resident, high-altitude populations had higher arterial oxygenation levels by comparing 42 Andean and 26 European residents of La Paz, Bolivia (3,600 m), serially during pregnancy (weeks 20, ...
Sims Michelle - - 2007
1. There is increasing evidence that density-independent weather effects influence life-history traits and hence the dynamics of populations of animals. Here, we present a novel statistical approach to estimate when such influences are strongest. The method is demonstrated by analyses investigating the timing of the influence of weather on the ...
Eddib Abeer - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study prepregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI) and overall maternal weight gain in triplet gestations in relation to maternal and newborn outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of birth certificate data of all live-born triplet gestations occurring between 1999 and 2003 in an eight-county region in ...
Evans Jonathan J Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK. - - 2007
There is conflicting evidence regarding the effect of depression during pregnancy on birth weight. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to investigate whether depressive symptoms during pregnancy in 10,967 women led to low birth weight at term in their offspring. Those with a high ...
Siemer J - - 2008
PURPOSE: Fetal weight is an important predictive parameter of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Precise estimation of fetal weight is therefore a valuable item of information for further prenatal and obstetric management. Many regression formulae for sonographic fetal weight estimation have been published during the last 30 years, which, unfortunately, generally ...
Mastorakos George - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Throughout pregnancy maternal adipose tissue is metabolically active, producing adipocytokines involved in the process of insulin resistance. We explored the role of serum adipocytokines, including the newly identified adipocytokine visfatin, in the process of insulin resistance in normal pregnancy. METHODS: We examined 80 pregnant nonobese, nondiabetic white women during ...
Hecht J L - - 2007
CONTEXT: Very few studies have measured the weight of large numbers of placentas delivered before the 28th post-menstrual week. METHODS: We measured the weight of 930 singleton placentas delivered before the 28th post-menstrual week, and examined the distributions of weights in selected groups (week of gestation, reason for preterm birth, ...
Lukaski Henry C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that bioelectrical impedance vectors, group and individual, are valid indicators of total body water (TBW) and hydration status in women experiencing fluid gain and loss during and after pregnancy. METHODS: We measured TBW, assessed with D(2)O dilution, and resistance (R) and reactance (Xc), determined ...
Sritippayawan Sukit - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the accuracy of the gestation-adjusted projection method in estimating birth weight in Thai pregnant women. 2. To determine the efficiency of the gestation-adjusted projection method for the detection of low actual birth weight, normal birth weight, and large fetus groups. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic clinical trial. MATERIAL ...
Artal Raul - - 2007
This study assessed whether a weight-gain restriction regimen, with or without exercise, would impact glycemic control, pregnancy outcome, and total pregnancy weight gain in obese subjects with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A total of 96 subjects with GDM met the inclusion criteria and were sequentially recruited, with 39 subjects self-enrolled ...
Patel Jitesh A - - 2007
The majority of bariatric surgical procedures are performed in young women. There is a concern about safety and outcomes of pregnancies after weight loss surgery. Pregnancy after weight loss surgery is not only safe, but is associated with more favorable outcomes in comparison to obese populations who do not undergo ...
Salomon L J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To formulate reference charts and equations for estimated fetal weight (EFW) from a large sample of fetuses and to compare these charts and equations with those obtained for birth weight during the same study period and in the same single health authority. METHODS: Biometric data were obtained at 20-36 ...
Jain Neetu J - - 2007
Reports by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommend that gestational weight gain goals should be modified according to prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), which could result in better maternal and infant outcomes. The authors assessed whether the risk of the pregnancy outcomes such as rate of cesarean section to primiparous ...
Amorim Amanda R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the relevance of the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), regarding gestational weight gain (GWG) for long-term BMI development. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The Stockholm Pregnancy and Women's Nutrition is a follow-up study of 483 women who delivered children in 1984 to 1985. ...
Wisniewski Andrzej - - 2007
Turner's syndrome (TS) is one of the most frequent diseases accompanied by growth deficiency. Though developmental disorders have been observed in the fetal period, there has been disagreement as to whether short stature is frequent in newborn girls with Turner's syndrome. Hence we attempted to determine the incidence of 'small ...
Cottrell Gilles - - 2007
Malaria in pregnant women is related to low birth weight (LBW), a factor contributing to infant mortality. Which period of infection during pregnancy leads to the most harmful consequences is unclear. We analyzed data collected in Burkina Faso for 1190 pregnant women. Birth weight was analyzed through multivariate linear and ...
Firoozabadi Raziah Dehghani - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth is the result of interactions between various factors and can be estimated by ultrasonic measurements. Fetal femur length is a scale for estimating the fetal weight in individual races because fetal growth patterns differ among different races. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study involving 500 ...
Freathy Rachel M RM Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, - - 2007
The role of genes in normal birth-weight variation is poorly understood, and it has been suggested that the genetic component of fetal growth is small. Type 2 diabetes genes may influence birth weight through maternal genotype, by increasing maternal glycemia in pregnancy, or through fetal genotype, by altering fetal insulin ...
Jedrychowski Wieslaw - - 2007
A cohort study assessed the relationship between dietary intake of vitamin A in 493 healthy mothers before and around conception and adverse birth outcomes associated with environmental toxicant exposures. The cohort, non-smoking women with singleton pregnancies, aged 18-35 years, gave birth at 34-43 weeks of gestation. The women were asked ...
Schlabritz-Loutsevitch Natalia E - - 2007
Reduced food availability in pregnancy influences fetal growth, obstetric outcomes and offspring health in both developing and developed countries. The objective of the present study was to determine responses to moderate global maternal nutrient restriction (MNR) during pregnancy in baboons (Papio hamadryas) - an established non-human primate model for pregnancy-related ...
Knudsen V K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate possible associations between maternal diet during pregnancy and fetal growth. METHOD: Factor analysis was used to explore dietary patterns among pregnant women. The association between maternal dietary patterns and fetal growth (in terms of small for gestational age, SGA) was investigated by logistic regression. Prospective cohort study, ...
Kabali C - - 2007
Pre-pregnancy overweight and excess weight gain during pregnancy have each been associated with an increased risk of delivering large babies. However, previous studies have focused on the separate effects of these two indices of weight in diabetic women. This study analyzed both separate and combined effects of pre-pregnant body mass ...
Bukowski Radek - - 2007
To determine if first trimester fetal growth is associated with birth weight, duration of pregnancy, and the risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant. Prospective cohort study of 38 033 pregnancies between 1999 and 2003. 15 centres representing major regions of the United States. 976 women from the ...
Hackmon Rinat - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether maternal age, prepregnancy and mid-trimester body mass index (BMI), or excessive mid-pregnancy weight gain predict abnormal glucose challenge test (GCT) results. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 75 consecutive singleton pregnancies was performed. Patients were screened at 24-28 weeks of ...
Huang Tzu-Ting - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to identify factors potentially associated with weight retention measured 6 months after childbirth. A descriptive correlative design was used to systematically women who had given birth at a medical center located in northern Taiwan. Questionnaires were mailed to 810 subjects and a total of ...
Sodowski K - - 2007
Maternal obesity has been reported as a risk factor for various maternal and fetal complications. The aim of the present study was to examine the patterns of basal and postprandial plasma concentrations of certain gut hormones affecting food intake such as acylated ghrelin, peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)), cholecystokinin (CCK), insulin and ...
Peregrine E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the accuracy of clinical and sonographic fetal weight estimation in predicting birth weight prior to induction of labor. METHODS: In a prospective study of 262 women immediately prior to induction of labor, the fetal weight was estimated clinically by both the doctor (DR EFW) and ...
Nielsen G L - - 2007
AIMS: To examine the association between maternal glycated haemoglobin in the second half of diabetic pregnancies and the relative risk of delivering large-for-gestational-age (LGA) babies, controlling for maternal body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy, weight gain, age, White class and smoking habits. METHODS: We identified all pregnant diabetic women in ...
Julian Colleen Glyde - - 2007
The chronic hypoxia of high-altitude (>/=2500 m) residence has been shown to decrease birth weight in all populations studied to date. However, multigenerational high-altitude populations appear protected relative to newcomer groups. This study aimed to determine whether such protection exists independently of other factors known to influence fetal growth and ...
Rasmussen Svein - - 2007
We assessed whether a pregnant woman who was born small for gestational age has increased risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), and whether the same applies to a pregnant partner of a man who was born small for gestational age. We linked generational data from the medical birth registry of Norway ...
Roberts L G - - 2007
The developmental toxicity of toluene was evaluated via whole body inhalation exposure, in pregnant Sprague Dawley rats exposed to toluene (99.9% pure) from gestation day (GD) 6-15 inclusive, 6h/day, at concentrations of 0, 250, 750, 1500 and 3000ppm (0, 938, 2812, 5625 and 11250mg/m(3)). Doses were selected from a preliminary ...
Lee K J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between twin weight discordance and maternal weight change during the gestational period. METHOD: One hundred forty-seven twin pregnancies (Group A: <25%, Group B: > or =25% birth weight discordance) were analyzed using Student's t-test, chi(2)-test, and two-way ANOVA at three gestational intervals: before 18 weeks, ...
Thomas Claudia C Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK. - - 2007
Birth weight has been associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes in several studies. We investigated whether prenatal influences on birth weight (gestational age, parity, preeclampsia, prepregnancy BMI, smoking during pregnancy, and socioeconomic position [SEP]) were associated with glucose metabolism in midlife and the role of birth weight for ...
Wolff Mary S - - 2007
Evidence is inconsistent or poorly understood for links between polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 1,1'-dichloro-2,2'-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE), and organophosphate (OP) pesticides and adverse pregnancy outcomes, although they are known developmental toxicants. We measured biomarkers of maternal exposure to DDE, PCB, and OP metabolites in the third trimester of pregnancy among 404 mothers in ...
Kernaghan D - - 2007
AIM: To re-examine the relationships between birth weight and maternal glycated haemoglobin (HbAlc) concentration at different time points in pregnancies complicated by pre-gestational type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A dataset was collected prospectively on all deliveries in Scotland to women with pre-gestational type 1 diabetes occurring during two 12 month periods ...
Mohammadi H - - 2007
Genetic parameters were estimated for birth weight (BWT), weaning weight (WWT) and pre-weaning Average Daily Gain (ADG) using Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) procedures. Six different animal models were fitted, differentiated by including or excluding maternal effects. The direct heritability estimates (h2) ranged from 0.26 to 0.53, 0.18 to 0.32 and ...
Catalano Patrick M - - 2007
Maternal pregravid obesity is a significant risk factor for adverse outcomes during pregnancy. In early pregnancy there is an increased risk of spontaneous abortion and congenital anomalies. In later gestation maternal metabolic manifestations of the metabolic syndrome, such as gestational hypertensive disorders and diabetes, become clinically recognized because of the ...
Mironov Boris - - 2007
We analyze data on the height and weight of mothers and newborn babies between 1980 and 2005 in St. Petersburg, Russia. We find that women's living standards, as measured by their height, improved steadily from the end of World War II through those born in 1972, hence reached adulthood in ...
Iyare, EE; Department of ...
Pregnancy and increased gestational weight gain has been observed to be associated with increased postpartum weight retention. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of an aqueous extract of Hibiscus Sabdariffa (HSE) on gestational weight gain, pregnancy outcome and postpartum weight retention in Sprague-Dawley rats. Fifteen pregnant SD ...
Frasch M G - - 2007
Reduced birth weight predisposes to cardiovascular diseases in later life. We examined in fetal sheep at 0.76 (n = 18) and 0.87 (n = 17) gestation whether spontaneously occurring variations in fetal weight affect maturation of autonomic control of cardiovascular function. Fetal weights at both gestational ages were grouped statistically ...
T.O. Ososanya
Four low cost feed samples were formulated using 0, 25, 50 and 75% levels of broiler litter processed into feed along with other feed ingredients. All the animals were dewormed using Ivermectin and dipped against ticks and fleas using diazintol. Estrus was artificially synchronized in all the animals using Prostaglandin ...
Mattsson Nina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to evaluate the quality of ultrasound estimation of fetal weight when performed by midwives experienced in ultrasound examinations. We also examined whether the accuracy was affected by fetal presentation, twin pregnancy or birth weight category. The results of 5 different formulas were compared to determine ...
Johnston Sarah L - - 2007
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is highly variable, both between and within species. One hypothesis is that this variation may be linked to the capacity for sustained rate of energy expenditure, leading to associations between high BMR and performance during energy-demanding periods of life history, such as reproduction. However, despite the ...
Levy Liran - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the impact of an average change in body mass index (BMI) during the first 16-25 weeks on outcomes of triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective observational study we evaluated a cohort of triplets born to 1235 nulliparas and 705 multiparas. The difference between the pregravid ...
Bisai Samiran - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The study examined to what degree maternal early second trimester pregnancy weight is useful and efficient in predicting birth outcome of Bengalee women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in a government general hospital in South Kolkata, India. This hospital serves the needs of people belonging ...
Forsum Elisabet - - 2007
This review summarizes information regarding how human energy metabolism is affected by pregnancy, and current estimates of energy requirements during pregnancy are presented. Such estimates can be calculated using either increases in basal metabolic rate (BMR) or increases in total energy expenditure (TEE). The two modes of calculation give similar ...
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