Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1577
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Voldner Nanna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Newborn macrosomia is associated with both short- and long-term health risks for the infant, and increases the prevalence of birth complications. Parity, maternal age and gender of the child are known variables that influence fetal growth. The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate prospectively the contributions of ...
Scioscia Marco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy and characterize two-dimensional ultrasonographic formulas for the estimation of birth weight according to the type of fetal biometric parameters these formulas rely on to make fetal weight predictions. METHODS: A prospective recruitment of 589 pregnant women was carried out for this cross-sectional study. Different biometric ...
Amorim Amanda R - - 2008
The usefulness of routine prenatal weight measurements in predicting pregnancy outcomes is still a controversial issue. Comparisons among studies and the interpretation of research findings are complicated due to the variety of indicators applied to express maternal weight changes during and after pregnancy. A review of literature was conducted to ...
Siemer Jörn - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To develop new gender-specific regression formulae to estimate fetal weight focusing on a particular weight range from 2,501 to 3,999 g. METHODS: 3,254 singleton pregnancies were included to generate new regression formulae for female and male fetuses, and to evaluate their accuracy. RESULTS: In comparison with commonly used formulae, ...
Rahman Latifah A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension and low birth weight. A population-based case control study was conducted. Antenatal mothers who attended the government health centers in the district of Kuala Muda, Kedah, Malaysia from June 2003 to May 2004 were recruited. Cases were ...
Olson Christine M - - 2008
This review uses the 1990 U.S. Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain recommendations to examine the question, what is a healthy pregnancy weight gain? The relationship of gestational weight gain to infant size at birth; pregnancy, labor, and delivery complications; neonatal, infant, and child outcomes; and maternal weight and ...
Armitage James Andrew - - 2008
Obesity and its sequelae may prove to be the greatest threat to human lifestyle and health in the developed world this century. The so called obesity epidemic has seen the incidence of obesity and overweight almost double in Western societies and the trend is mirrored in nations that are transitioning ...
Herring Sharon J - - 2008
Excessive gestational weight gain promotes poor maternal and child health outcomes. Weight misperception is associated with weight gain in non-pregnant women, but no data exist during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of misperceived pre-pregnancy body weight status with excessive gestational weight gain. At study ...
Chernoff N - - 2008
Standard developmental toxicology bioassays are designed to identify agents with the potential to induce adverse effects and include dose levels that induce maternal toxicity. The work reported here was undertaken to evaluate the relationship of maternal and fetal toxicity. It constitutes an analysis of 125 developmental toxicity bioassays in the ...
Klapec Tomislav - - 2008
Placental selenium, lead and cadmium concentrations were determined in a group of pregnancies with birth weight appropriate for gestational age and in a group of intrauterine growth restriction cases. Following adjustment for a number of confounding variables, selenium was found to be a significant predictor of newborn weight only in ...
Sarkar Rupak K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and impact of increased body mass index (BMI) on maternal and fetal morbidity in the low-risk primigravid population. METHODS: This was a prospective study with retrospective analysis of delivery outcome data. All low-risk primigravida who met the inclusion criteria during the recruitment period were approached. ...
Lim Siew S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We summarize the dietary modifications that optimize fertility treatment outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Body weight and nutritional status are closely related to reproductive function. However, few studies have investigated the direct effects of dietary modification on fertility treatment outcomes. Research on nutrition in pregnancy suggests that reduction in ...
Mook-Kanamori Dennis O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether the insulin gene variable number of tandem repeats (INS VNTR) is associated with growth patterns in fetal life and infancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life ...
Mizoguchi Yasumoto - - 2007
The purpose of the present investigation is to evaluate the restraining effects of protecting jackets attached from the pre-mating period and thereafter up to completion of the fetal organogenesis in rabbits. Forty (40) Kbl:NZW mated rabbits 6 to 10 months of age were divided into 2 groups of 20 animals ...
Nielsen Henriette Svarre - - 2008
It has been speculated whether maternal immune responses against male-specific minor histocompatibility (H-Y) antigens affect pregnancies negatively. This study explores, on a population level, whether previous births of boys compared with girls are associated with a decrease in birth weight of later-born siblings. The population was identified in the Danish ...
Everette Mable - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This investigation explored the participants' perspective on weight, nutrition, and dietary habits during pregnancy. The data of interest were culled from a larger ethnographic research study designed to gather information and ideas about the socio-cultural, psychological, and behavioral influences on maternal health during pregnancy (N=63). METHODS: My study focused ...
Abodeely Adam - - 2008
Obese women who become pregnant face many health risks, including gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and pre-eclampsia. These women also have a greater incidence of preterm labor, cesarean sections, and perioperative morbidity. Infants born to obese women have increased rates of macrosomia and congenital anomalies, as well as life-long complications such ...
Amador Norma - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of obesity on quality of a woman's life during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: At the Hospital of Gynecology and Obstetrics in León, Mexico, we followed-up 220 pregnant women (110 obese and 110 nonobese) who completed the 12-item short-form health survey ...
Stea Susanna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is performed on young as well as older patients. Women in particular, because of a higher incidence of congenital hip dislocation, often undergo THA during the reproductive years. METHODS: We surveyed 143 women with THA regarding pregnancy and childbirth after surgery. Their mean age at ...
Toygar H Uslu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preterm low birth weight (PLBW) is a problem encountered worldwide. The many causes of low birth weight (LBW) and premature or preterm birth (PTB) vary among developing/industrialized countries. Few studies have been published, in part because of the paucity of subjects and the ethnic heterogeneity of the populations. Our ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the accuracy of a single sonographic estimated fetal weight at 29-34 weeks' gestation with respect to birthweight determination in diabetic pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 423 diabetic pregnancies with detailed fetal measurements at 29-34 weeks' gestation. Multivariate regression analysis was ...
Cai Jinwen - - 2007
Whether or not racial disparities exist in fetal mortality rate (FMR) statistics depends upon the methodology used to calculate the rates. While there appears to be consensus that there is a black-white disparity in late gestation (> or = 28 weeks), the issue is unclear for early gestation (20-27 weeks). ...
Kivimäki Mika M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2007
According to the fetal overnutrition hypothesis, intrauterine influences of maternal obesity increased lifelong obesity risk in the offspring. If the hypothesis is true, then the association between maternal body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and offspring BMI should be stronger than the association between paternal BMI and offspring BMI, because ...
Romundstad Pål R - - 2007
Low birth weight of offspring has been associated with increased risk of maternal cardiovascular mortality, and cardiovascular risk factors measured within pregnancy have been related to offspring birth weight. It is not clear whether cardiovascular risk factors assessed prior to pregnancy are associated with the offspring's birth weight. The authors ...
Ness Roberta B - - 2007
Birth weight is associated with later-life cardiovascular risk. A new study by Romundstad et al. (Am J Epidemiol 2007;166:1359-1364) challenges us to consider influences on birth weight with respect to timing and type. Timing of effects on birth weight, according to the "fetal origins hypothesis," is in utero. Alternatively, familial ...
Claesson I-M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To minimise obese women's total weight gain during pregnancy to less than 7 kg and to investigate the delivery and neonatal outcome. DESIGN: A prospective case-control intervention study. SETTING: Antenatal care clinics in the southeast region of Sweden. POPULATION: One hundred fifty-five pregnant women in an index group and ...
Mahony Rhona - - 2007
This study examines the relationship between maternal weight characteristics and recurrence of macrosomia in 111 non-diabetic women who delivered a second baby following primiparous delivery of a macrosomic infant (> 4500 g). Recurrence of fetal macrosomia was associated with greater maternal body mass index (P = 0.032), greater initial pregnancy ...
Huyck Karen L - - 2007
To characterize the effects of maternal arsenic exposure on birth weight. Hair, toenail, and drinking water samples were collected from pregnant women (n = 52) at multiple time points during pregnancy and from their newborns after birth. Total arsenic was measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The association between arsenic ...
Kiel Deborah W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of gestational weight change on pregnancy outcomes in obese women. METHODS: A population-based cohort study of 120,251 pregnant, obese women delivering full-term, liveborn, singleton infants was examined to assess the risk of four pregnancy outcomes (preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, small for gestational age births, and large ...
Sewell Mark F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat in overweight/obese pregnant women (BMI >25) before and during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Thirteen overweight women were evaluated longitudinally (prospective cohort study design) before conception, in early gestation (12-22 weeks) and in late gestation (31-36 weeks). BMI ...
Cedergren Marie I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To establish optimal gestational weight gain for each maternal body mass index (BMI) category based on significant risk estimates of adverse maternal and fetal outcome. METHODS: The study population consisted of 298,648 singleton pregnancies delivered in Sweden between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 2004. The number of individuals ...
Cleal Jane K - - 2007
In utero undernutrition in humans may result in cardiovascular (CV), metabolic, and growth adaptations. In sheep, maternal nutrient restriction during pregnancy, without effects on fetal or birth weight, results in altered CV control in the offspring. Adjustment of gestation length after undernutrition could be a strategy to enhance postnatal health/survival. ...
Villamor Eduardo - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether interpregnancy maternal weight change (difference between body mass index [BMI] at the first antenatal visit of the second pregnancy and BMI at the first antenatal visit of the first pregnancy) or changes in smoking status between pregnancies is related to the sex ratio of the second ...
Steffen K M - - 2007
To examine the contribution of variants in fetal and maternal cholesterol metabolism genes in preterm delivery (PTD). A total of 40 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 16 genes related to cholesterol metabolism were examined for 414 preterm infants (gestational ages 22 to 36 weeks; comprising 305 singletons and 109 twins) and ...
Ness Roberta B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic test characteristics of placental weight as a clinical predictor of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas were weighed at 45,846 deliveries. Predictive values and likelihood ratios (LRs) were calculated assessing placental weight (lowest tertile vs. top 2 or mid/high tertiles) as a predictor of SGA ...
Gustafson L A - - 2007
Pekin ducks are often bill-trimmed to prevent feather pecking and cannibalism, but this practice has been criticized because of the resulting potential for acute and chronic pain. The goal of this experiment was to compare 2 different bill-trimming methods, hot blade trimming with cautery (TRIM) and cautery only (tip-searing; SEAR), ...
Walker Lorraine O - - 2007
Childbearing is a period in the life cycle during which some women may gain weight, become overweight, or become obese. Despite guidelines issued in 1990 for gestational weight gain, many women exceed them. Women who are overweight before pregnancy are most vulnerable to excessive gestational weight gain. Prenatal interventions to ...
Thame Minerva - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A low mean birth weight is a constant finding in pregnancies of women with homozygous sickle cell disease. The factors responsible are largely unknown and have now been investigated in an 11-year retrospective analysis. METHODS: Records for 126 pregnancies of mothers with homozygous sickle cell disease and 126 pregnancies ...
Nahar Shamsun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal anthropometry predicted birth weight, and if so, to identify which cut-offs provided the best prediction of low birth weight (LBW) in a field situation. DESIGN: Community-based longitudinal study. SETTING: A rural union of Bhaluka Upazila, Mymensingh, located 110 km north-west of Dhaka, the capital of ...
Masi Christopher M CM University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2007
Prior research has established associations between pregnancy outcomes and specific neighborhood characteristics, including economic disadvantage, violent crime, and racial/ethnic segregation. Recently, associations have also been found between various health outcomes and group density, the degree to which an individual is a racial or ethnic majority in his or her local ...
Kleinman Ken P - - 2007
Gestational weight gain is important to assess for epidemiological and public health purposes: it is correlated with infant growth and may be related to maternal outcomes such as reproductive health and chronic disease risk. Methods commonly used to assess weight gain incorporate assumptions that are usually not borne out, such ...
Maddah Mohsen - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare pregnancy weight gain and weight gain patterns in a group of Iranian women who attended urban and rural public health centers for prenatal care in Guilan, Iran. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis using routinely collected health centers data. SETTING: 12 randomly selected health centers ...
Micali Nadia N King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom. - - 2007
To determine the impact of pregnancy on eating disorders (ED) symptoms using data from a large prospective, community-based cohort study. Women (12,254) were classified according to whether they had a recent or past history of ED, were obese before pregnancy, or constituted part of the general population control group. We ...
Karlsen Jon - - 2007
This study assessed how shaft weight influenced golf putting accuracy and subjective perception of swing parameters. Three putters of different shaft weight (100, 420, and 610 gm) were tested by 24 club players. Distance and deviation in direction were measured, and subjective ratings of the putters recorded. Subjects hit the ...
Anderson N G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the major sources of error in ultrasonographic assessment of fetal weight and whether they have changed over the last decade. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study in 1991 and again in 2000 of a mixed-risk pregnancy population, estimating fetal weight within 7 days of delivery. In ...
Hossain Nazli - - 2007
Adverse pregnancy outcome (APO), includes fetal loss > or =20 weeks' gestation (fetal death), severe preeclampsia <36 weeks, or severe intrauterine growth restriction (severe IUGR) defined as birth weight < or =5th percentile or < or =10th percentile for gestational age. APO affects 8% of pregnant women (320,000 annually) and ...
Vargas Marco - - 2007
High altitude decreases birth weight, but this effect is diminished in long vs. short-resident, high-altitude populations. We asked whether women from long vs. short-resident, high-altitude populations had higher arterial oxygenation levels by comparing 42 Andean and 26 European residents of La Paz, Bolivia (3,600 m), serially during pregnancy (weeks 20, ...
Sims Michelle - - 2007
1. There is increasing evidence that density-independent weather effects influence life-history traits and hence the dynamics of populations of animals. Here, we present a novel statistical approach to estimate when such influences are strongest. The method is demonstrated by analyses investigating the timing of the influence of weather on the ...
Eddib Abeer - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study prepregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI) and overall maternal weight gain in triplet gestations in relation to maternal and newborn outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of birth certificate data of all live-born triplet gestations occurring between 1999 and 2003 in an eight-county region in ...
Evans Jonathan J Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK. - - 2007
There is conflicting evidence regarding the effect of depression during pregnancy on birth weight. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to investigate whether depressive symptoms during pregnancy in 10,967 women led to low birth weight at term in their offspring. Those with a high ...
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