Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1577
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Christian Parul - - 2009
Undernutrition continues to be high in many regions of the developing world. Birthweight, a common proxy measure of intrauterine growth, is influenced by nutritional, environmental and lifestyle factors during pregnancy and, in turn, affects immediate survival and function, and is a determinant of later life risk of chronic diseases. Maternal ...
Oyama Mari - - 2009
Infants' rapid (catch-up) weight gain is associated with later obesity and chronic adult diseases. The aim of this study was to determine maternal and environmental factors related to rapid weight gain at one month and 18 months after full-term birth in Japan. Subjects were 1,524 infants and their mothers who ...
Calvo Elvira Beatriz - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To create reference charts for weight gain and body mass index (BMI) in pregnancy derived from longitudinal data obtained in a representative sample of the Argentinean population. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 1439 healthy pregnant women was selected from antenatal clinics in seven different urban regions in Argentina. Serial ...
Burgos Jorge - - 2009
OBJECTIVE. To determine whether fetal weight estimated by ultrasound on the day the external cephalic version (ECV) is related to the procedure's success rate. DESIGN. Retrospective cohort study. Setting. University hospital. POPULATION OR SAMPLE. Two hundred women with a singleton pregnancy undergoing an ECV attempt between March 2002 and March ...
Bulik Cynthia M - - 2009
We explored the impact of eating disorders on birth outcomes in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Of 35,929 pregnant women, 35 reported broad anorexia nervosa (AN), 304 bulimia nervosa (BN), 1,812 binge eating disorder (BED), and 36 EDNOS-purging type (EDNOS-P) in the six months before or during pregnancy. ...
Claesson Ing-Marie - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate whether pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcome among obese pregnant women who took part in an intervention study for weight restriction differed from a group of obese pregnant women attending regular antenatal care. The intervention group consisted of 155 obese pregnant women and ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2009
Several mechanisms of disease have been implicated in the pathophysiology of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) including an anti-angiogenic state, and an exaggerated intravascular pro-inflammatory response. Adiponectin plays a role in a wide range of biological activities including those that have been implicated in the pathophysiology SGA. Thus, the aim of this study ...
Bang Seo Won - - 2009
Adequate nutrient intake during pregnancy is important to fetal and maternal health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting birth weight and gestational age and to provide basic data to promote more favorable pregnancy outcomes. Data were collected from 234 pregnant women at two hospitals in ...
Spyer G G Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK. - - 2009
To assess determinants of fetal growth in the offspring of pregnant women with hyperglycaemia due to a heterozygous glucokinase (GCK) gene mutation. Details of gestational age at delivery, fetal birth weight and maternal antenatal treatment were collected from patients and retrospective case note review of 82 offspring born to 42 ...
Garcia-Filion Pamela - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to describe and clarify the birth and prenatal characteristics of a large cohort of children with optic nerve hypoplasia. This is a descriptive report of 204 patients aged </= 36 months and enrolled in a prospective study at the Children's Hospital Los Angeles. Birth ...
Shiotsuki L - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the possible use of heifer pregnancy at 16 mo as a selection criterion and its possible genetic associations with hip height, yearling weight, and visual scores of conformation, finishing, and muscling. The data set contained records of 56,458 Nelore yearlings for the ...
Cohen Jennifer H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 40% of women of childbearing age report that they are attempting to lose weight. No professional medical organization recommends attempting to lose weight during pregnancy because of the possible risks to both mother and baby. Since half of all pregnancies are unintended, women may attempt to lose weight ...
Alberici Antonella - - 2009
Topiramate (TPM) is generally recognized efficacious and safe in migraine prevention. A significant proportion of patients undergoing TPM administration may show weight loss. In epileptic subjects, high body mass index (BMI) was found to be predictive of weight loss under TPM therapy. We therefore aimed to study whether common clinical ...
Joy Saju - - 2009
We investigated the impact of maternal obesity on pregnancy outcomes. Women with normal or obese body mass index (BMI) who delivered singleton infants at term were identified from a perinatal database. Rates of pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes were compared between women with normal prepregnancy BMI (20 to 24.9 kg/m ...
Salihu H M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Data on extreme obesity and placental abruption are scarce. This study aimed to determine the association between pre-pregnancy weight and placental abruption and whether pregnancy weight gain impacts this risk. METHODS: We used the Missouri maternally linked cohort files (years 1989-1997). Analyses were restricted to singleton live births (n ...
Voigt M - - 2008
AIM: We aimed to illustrate the relationship between maternal obesity during pregnancy and maternal and fetal outcomes. We examined the influence of maternal BMI at the beginning of pregnancy on risks of pregnancy and birth, and on the somatic classification of the neonates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our retrospective cohort ...
Talas Betul Bayir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the predictive factors and short-term fetal outcomes of breech presentation by comparing breech and cephalic pregnancies of >or=36 weeks gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and one breech and 149 cephalic pregnancies of >or=36 weeks gestation, with no other maternal or fetal problems, were compared with ...
Schlabritz-Loutsevitch Natalia E - - 2008
Several risk factors are associated with the incidence of human stillbirths. The prevention of stillbirths in women is a pressing clinical problem. We reviewed 402 pathology records of fetal loss occurring in a large baboon (Papio spp.) colony during a 15-year period. Clinical histories of 565 female baboons with one ...
Webb Jennifer B - - 2009
Pregnancy is a critical time window for evaluating weight gain on subsequent risk for obesity among women of childbearing age. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, and fetal health locus of control (FHLC) beliefs were significant risk factors for adequacy of ...
Sánchez Rodríguez Susana María - - 2008
In the cooperative breeding system of cotton-top tamarin (TCB; Saguinus oedipus) <<expectant>> males gain weight during the last months of pregnancy of their partners as a way to cope with energy costs of reproduction. This phenomenon was described only in humans as a symptom of <<Couvade syndrome>>. As after infants' ...
Singh T - - 2008
This is a prospective study conducted in a dedicated post-dates clinic to investigate the importance of antenatal ultrasound, Doppler and cardiotocographic (CTG) indices in the prediction of adverse intra-partum events in prolonged pregnancy. Operative delivery for abnormal fetal ECG-ST segment analysis and/or an arterial cord pH < 7.15 were regarded ...
Kim Ki-Hyung - - 2008
Plasma leptin level during pregnancy has been reported as a biochemical predictor of postpartum weight retention. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between pregnancy-related factors including plasma leptin and postpartum weight retention in Korean women. A convenience sampling method was used among women attending a high-risk ...
Collado Maria Carmen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Results of experimental studies suggest that deviations in gut microbiota composition predispose to excessive energy storage and obesity. The mother influences the original inoculum and the development of infant microbiota, which in turn is associated with later weight gain. OBJECTIVE: We characterized the gut microbiota in women according to ...
Johnson C A - - 2008
Pregnancy management to optimize maternal and neonatal health begins with breeding management and the selection of normal, healthy brood stock in ideal body condition. After breeding, a commercial diet appropriate for reproduction and lactation should be fed. Typically these contain 29-32% protein of animal source, at least 18% fat, 20-30% ...
Faupel-Badger Jessica M - - 2009
The association of maternal weight gain with serum hormone concentrations was explored in 75 women who had healthy, singleton pregnancies. Estradiol, estriol, estrone, androstenedione, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and DHEA sulfate concentrations were measured both in maternal and mixed umbilical cord serum to assess hormone levels in both the maternal and ...
Grigoriu Corina - - 2008
Maternal hypertiroidism is a relative rare disorder, which can seriously complicate pregnancy in each of its periods. There are several maternal and fetal complications during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period. Correct management includes an accurate diagnosis, rigorous individualized treatment and minutious follow-up. We are presenting a retrospective study of 38 ...
Olausson Hanna H MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK. - - 2008
Calcium may be mobilized from the maternal skeleton during pregnancy, which may be influenced by several factors. The objective was to investigate changes in bone mineral status and size during pregnancy and to consider the influences of body weight and calcium intake. Thirty-four British women were studied before pregnancy and ...
Olson Christine M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the importance of pregnancy weight gain as a predictor of overweight (Body Mass Index [BMI] >85th percentile) in offspring at age 3 years and if its influence varies by maternal BMI. METHODS: Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were conducted on a sample of 208 mother-child pairs from ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The Hawthorne effect refers to improvement in performance solely due to the subject's knowledge that he or she is being studied. We sought to determine if an obstetrician's clinical estimation of fetal weight (EFW) is influenced by the Hawthorne effect seen in some clinical trials. STUDY DESIGN: We compared ...
Cox Jean T - - 2008
Nutritional concerns in pregnancy are gaining increasing importance as problems with obesity, poor nutrition, and improper weight gain during pregnancy have been shown to result in morbidity for mother and infant during the pregnancy. More recent studies show that the impact of poor nutrition in pregnancy extends for decades to ...
Bennett Adam - - 2008
Hypoxia exerts a profound depressant effect on fetal growth, lowering birth weight, and raising mortality risk. Multigenerational high-altitude populations are relatively protected from this birth-weight decline, leading us to hypothesize that genetic factors were involved. We asked if the amount of high- versus low-altitude ancestry influenced birth weight at high ...
Higuchi R - - 2008
A total of 4 of 153 low birth weight infants at our hospital were found to have pseudo-Bartter syndrome in 2005 and 2006. The neonates (two of whom were twins; light for gestational age 2, appropriate for gestational age 1 and small for gestational age 1) showed symptoms of apnea ...
Zawiejska A - - 2008
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased maternal insulin resistance. Maternal hyperglycemia is a well known risk factor for fetal overgrowth. However, despite improved glycemia control, macrosomia complicates a significant proportion of diabetic pregnancies, resulting in increased perinatal risk. The aim of our retrospective study was to investigate the ...
Syed Rashid Zaheer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between asthmatic pregnancies and selected maternal and neonatal outcomes in a representative cohort. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital during the year 2004. A random selection was made of 65 asthmatic and 63 non-asthmatic singleton births. The neonatal ...
Heinke Dominique - - 2008
It has been proposed that prenatal nutrition provides the fetus with a cue allowing it to adjust biological settings in anticipation of postnatal nutrition. To evaluate the reliability of fetal growth rate as a nutritional cue, this study assesses the extent to which a nonnutritional factor-maternal illness symptoms during pregnancy-predicts ...
Wataganara Tuangsit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Maternal pre-pregnancy weight is a risk of developing preeclampsia. Whether it is also associated with the disease severity is still elusive. This retrospective cohort was to determine the association between body mass index (BMI) at term and severity of preeclampsia. MATERIAL AND METHOD: BMIs on the delivery date of ...
Song W W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of abnormal nutrition during pregnancy on the insulin and leptin resistance of adult offsprings. METHODS: The model of abnormal nutrition during pregnancy was established, and these rats were fed whole-course low-protein or high-nutrition. After natural childbirth, the birth weight of each newborn rat was measured. ...
Joseph Natalie Pierre - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between adolescents' pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), and gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention. DESIGN: We review the medical records of adolescents participating in a prospective cohort study on comprehensive health care and parenting education to determine pre-pregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and ...
Patti F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There exist controversial and discrepant results on the risk of spontaneous abortions and teratogenesis induced by interferon treatment in people with MS.Aim of this study is to evaluate risks of the administration of INFbeta related not only to the foetus, but also to children development up to 12-months developmental ...
Huang Tzu-Ting - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to understand postpartum weight retention among women of different body sizes at pre-pregnancy, and to explore factors influencing this weight retention. DESIGN: a comparative, descriptive study. Pre-pregnancy body mass indices (BMIs) were determined from hospital records. Dependent variables were measured by self-report questionnaires. SETTING: a 3,900-bed medical centre in ...
Drouillet Peggy - - 2009
Recent studies suggest a benefit of seafood and n-3 fatty acid intake on fetal growth and infant development. The objective was to study the association between fatty acid intake and fetal growth in pregnant French women. Pregnant women included in the EDEN mother-child cohort study completed FFQ on their usual ...
Grundy Melanie A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity has a substantial associated morbidity and mortality affecting both mother and child. This has a major impact on provision of care due to increased requirements for both medical and surgical management of the consequences that follow obesity in pregnancy. METHODS: A review examined the English language literature ...
Beltrand Jacques - - 2008
Adult peak bone mass is related to birth weight, suggesting it could be affected by fetal growth pattern. Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns have lower bone mineral content (BMC), but what about adapted-for-gestational-age (AGA) newborns with fetal growth restriction? The purpose of the study was to determine the respective role of birth ...
Jalili Mahdi - - 2008
By considering the eigenratio of the Laplacian of the connection graph as a synchronizability measure, we propose a procedure for weighting dynamical networks to enhance their synchronizability. The method is based on node and edge betweenness centrality measures and is tested on artificially constructed scale-free, Watts-Strogatz, and random networks as ...
Caulfield Michael J - - 2008
We examined the psychological effects of rapid weight loss among a sample of 41 professional jockeys (mean age 30.9 years, s = 7.0). Participants completed the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) and the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) to establish the relationships between rapid weight loss, mood, and attitudes towards eating. These ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the value of combining the sonographically estimated fetal weight (EFW) and amniotic fluid index (AFI) measured within 10 days of term delivery for prediction of macrosomia at birth. METHODS: Prospective sonographic fetal biometric measurements and delivery ward data of a single ...
Thornburg L L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound birth-weight prediction may be more accurate if assessed at 34 to 36 + 6 weeks' gestation and extrapolated using the gestation-adjusted projection (GAP) method than if done at term. Because ultrasound is less accurate in women with elevated body mass index (BMI), we assessed the accuracy of GAP ...
Helmreich Rebecca Jo - - 2008
Obesity and excess gestational weight gain (EGWG) in pregnancy increase the risk for adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Along with careful monitoring of weight gain during pregnancy, early identification of a maladaptive response to the changes of pregnancy may help to avoid adverse outcomes. Simple physiologic markers such as resting ...
Fox N S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of fetuses with an estimated fetal weight (EFW) < 25(th) percentile in the second trimester to those in fetuses with EFW >or= 25(th) percentile in the second trimester. METHODS: We compared outcomes of 252 pregnancies with an EFW < 25(th) percentile at 18-24 weeks' gestation with ...
Lagarto Alicia - - 2008
The potential of oral exposure to dolomite, a natural product that contains calcium and magnesium, to initiate teratogenesis was analyzed in Wistar rats. Animals received dolomite oral dosages of 500 and 1500mg/kg during the period of gestation from day 6-15 post conceptionem (p.c.). Maternal, embryo and fetal toxicity were evaluated. ...
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