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Results 151 - 200 of 1585
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Jevitt Cecilia - - 2009
Obesity-related comorbidities such as gestational diabetes and hypertension have the potential to affect at least 25% of women in the United States. Midwives have been caring for and collaboratively managing these conditions in nonobese women for decades. Prenatal weight gain advice should be based on pregravid body mass index and ...
Kayem G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic value of fundal height and sonographically measured fetal abdominal circumference in the prediction of high and low birth weight in routine practice between 37 and 41 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Data were obtained from a multicenter study of 19 415 women in France and Belgium. In ...
de Man Ya??l A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of pregnancy in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to disease activity and medication use during the pregnancy. METHODS: In a prospective study, pregnant women with RA were evaluated before conception (when possible), during each trimester of the pregnancy, and postpartum. Clinical characteristics, disease ...
Groth Susan W - - 2009
This research was conducted to describe ethnically diverse new mothers' perceptions of gestational weight gain. Forty-nine low-income women of diverse racial and ethnic origins who birthed an infant within the past year completed a semistructured interview in a pediatric clinic waiting room. The interviews were designed to elicit views on ...
Freeman Dilys J - - 2010
Since the hypothesis linking low birth weight and poor fetal growth with future risk of cardiovascular disease was first proposed, there has been much interest in the early origins of disease. As rates of obesity increase and as maternal obesity has become common, interest has been directed towards the early ...
Jeffries Kirby - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if regular weight measurement throughout pregnancy can reduce excessive gestational weight gain. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary obstetric hospital in Melbourne, between July 2007 and May 2008. PARTICIPANTS: 236 pregnant women recruited at < or = 14 weeks' gestation. INTERVENTION: Women allocated to the ...
Siega-Riz Anna Maria - - 2009
This systematic review focuses on outcomes of gestational weight gain, specifically birthweight, fetal growth, and postpartum weight retention, for singleton pregnancies with respect to the 1990 Institute of Medicine weight gain recommendations. A total of 35 studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. There was strong evidence to support ...
Althuizen Ellen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Factors associated with weight gain during pregnancy that may be linked to maternal overweight and obesity were examined. METHODS: In this observational study, 144 women reported on demographics, (prepregnancy) body weight, and lifestyles in self-reported questionnaires at 30 weeks gestation. Body weight at the end of pregnancy (self-reported at ...
Wallace Jacqueline M - - 2010
Nutritional backgrounds prior to pregnancy may interact with subsequent gestational intake to influence pregnancy outcome, particularly in young, growing adolescents. To investigate this interaction, singleton pregnancies were established in two groups of adolescent sheep of identical age but different initial weight and adiposity score, classified as good (G) and poor ...
El-Mohandes Ayman A E AA Department of Prevention and Community Health, School of Public Health and Health Services, George Washington University Medical Center, 2175 K St NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20037, USA. - - 2009
The goal was to investigate the association between maternal salivary cotinine levels (SCLs) and pregnancy outcomes among black smokers. In a randomized, controlled trial conducted in 2001-2004 in Washington, DC, 714 women (126 active smokers [18%]) were tested for SCLs at the time of recruitment and later in pregnancy. Sociodemographic ...
Huang Tzu-Ting - - 2011
to examine the effect of individual counselling on diet and physical activity from pregnancy to six months post partum, or from birth to six months post partum, on weight retention among Taiwanese women. a randomised controlled trial assigned participants to two experimental groups [from pregnancy to six months post partum ...
Goswami Ipsita Roy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to find out whether there is any significant difference in outcome if low birth weight babies weighing between 1500g and 1800g are managed by keeping them with their mothers, i.e., without special care neonatal unit (SCNU) admission. METHODS: It was a retrospective study for which ...
Doumouchtsis Stergios K - - 2009
Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP), is an injury of the brachial plexus at childbirth affecting the nerve roots of C5-6 (Erb-Duchenne palsy-nearly 80% of cases) or less frequently the C8-T1 nerve roots (Klumpke palsy). OBPP often has medicolegal implications. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland the incidence ...
Crozier Sarah R SR Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2009
Principal component analysis (PCA) is a popular method of dietary patterns analysis, but our understanding of its use to describe changes in dietary patterns over time is limited. Using a FFQ, we assessed the diets of 12,572 nonpregnant women aged 20-34 y from Southampton, UK, of whom 2270 and 2649 ...
Suntio Katariina - - 2010
The aim was to determine maternal weight gain and body composition during pregnancy and 3 months postpartum in women with uncomplicated singleton and twin pregnancies and in women with gestational diabetes (GDM) and gestational hypertension (GH). This prospective study includes four groups of subjects: those with an uncomplicated pregnancy (n ...
Dall'Alba Valesca - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reflux symptoms are common in pregnancy, but their association with fat ingestion is unclear. AIM: To investigate an association of dietary fats with heartburn and regurgitation in pregnancy. METHODS: This is a prospective study in which 89 pregnant women (gestational age 34 +/- 4 weeks) attending a low-risk prenatal ...
Phelan Suzanne - - 2010
Excessive gestational weight gain has been shown to relate to high-postpartum weight retention and the development of overweight and obesity later in life. Because many women are concerned about the health of their babies during pregnancy and are in frequent contact with their healthcare providers, pregnancy may be an especially ...
Sullivan T M - - 2010
We determined the influence of nutritional protein and energy during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy in composite beef heifers on prepubertal reproductive parameters of their male calves. At artificial insemination, heifers were stratified by weight within each composite genotype into 4 treatment groups: High/High (HH=250% crude protein (CP) ...
Kiserud Torvid - - 2009
Ultrasound is used to assess foetal age, foetal weight and growth. The error of such measurements is considerable, but the technique of averaging repeat measurements restricts random error. The use of customised foetal weight charts, that is, adjusting for ethnicity and maternal and foetal factors helps in classifying foetal weight ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate pregnancy outcome of patients following different types of bariatric surgery. METHODS: A population-based study includes all pregnancies of patients with bariatric surgeries delivered during 1988-2008. Pregnancy outcome was compared between the different types of surgeries. RESULTS: This retrospective study included 449 ...
McCowan Lesley - - 2009
There are many established risk factors for babies who are small for gestational age (SGA) by population birth weight centiles (usually defined as <10th centile). The confirmed maternal risk factors include short stature, low weight, Indian or Asian ethnicity, nulliparity, mother born SGA, cigarette smoking and cocaine use. Maternal medical ...
Ogland B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare body mass index (BMI) and waist and hip circumference in early puberty (10.8 years in girls and 11.8 years in boys) among offspring of preeclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. DESIGN: Population based follow-up study. METHODS: Anthropometry measured in early puberty in 91 girls and 92 boys of preeclamptic ...
Dietz Patricia M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess associations between pregnancy weight gain (PWG) and small for gestational age (SGA) defined by birthweight < 10th percentile and 2 more restrictive definitions and to assess the proportion of SGA attributed to low PWG. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort ...
Power M L - - 2009
A survey regarding management of obesity in pregnancy was mailed to 787 practising members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 433 responded of whom 353 practised obstetrics. Most (79.2%) had read ACOG Committee Opinion, 'Obesity in Pregnancy,' and rated it helpful (68.6%) or very helpful (17.2%). Most ...
Tabcharoen C - - 2009
A historical cohort study was conducted to examine the pregnancy outcome in women aged 40 or older and determine the effect of age on low birth weight. The pregnancy outcomes of 789 mothers aged 40 years or older were analysed and compared with those of 20,852 mothers aged 20-34 years. ...
Haeri Sina - - 2010
Excess weight gain in pregnancy, as defined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), has been linked to adverse obstetrical outcomes. However, this relationship has not been examined in the younger maternal population. Our aim was to study excess weight gain in our inner-city teenage population. In this retrospective cohort study, ...
Saha Sumona S Center for Women's Digestive Disorders, Women & Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. - - 2009
Hyperemesis gravidarum is severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy leading to dehydration, nutrition deficiency, and fetal morbidity and mortality. Treatment must maintain fluid and electrolyte balance and caloric intake. Parenteral nutrition is often attempted; however, complication rates are high. Nutrition via nasoenteric and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes is limited by ...
Sullivan T M - - 2009
The influence of nutritional protein during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy on placental measures at term and caruncle numbers in the uteri of adult offspring was determined in composite beef heifers. At artificial insemination (AI), heifers were divided by weight and composite genotype into four dietary treatment groups, ...
Hasenoehrl G - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the accuracy of different formulas to estimate fetal weight using 2D and 3D ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study on unselected singleton pregnancies. All scanned fetuses delivered within 7 days in absence of structural and chromosomal abnormalities were included. The fetal weight ...
Stuebe A M AM Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2009
Emerging evidence suggests that exposures during fetal life affect adult metabolism. We assessed the relationship between recalled maternal pre-pregnancy body mass, gestational weight gain (GWG), and adiposity in the daughter. Retrospective cohort study among mother-nurse daughter dyads in the Nurses' Health Study II and the Nurses' Mothers' Cohort. Mothers of ...
Madan Juliette C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether obesity is associated with changes in pro-inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokines in pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using maternal serum from the early second trimester to examine biomarkers associated with inflammation in relation to maternal body mass index (n=80 total). RESULTS: Leptin and high sensitivity ...
Davis Esa - - 2009
Childbearing contributes to the long-term development of obesity in women. High prepregnancy weight, excessive pregnancy weight gain, and postpartum weight retention increase the risk for obesity in women. Maternal obesity contributes to maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Educating women about appropriate pregnancy weight gain parameters and weight loss postpartum ...
Thornton Yvonne S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although obesity in pregnancy continues to be associated with ongoing health problems, many clinicians have been reluctant to place nondiabetic, obese, pregnant women on a monitored, calorie-appropriate nutritional regimen for fear of fetal growth restriction, low birth weight, or starvation ketosis. METHODS: A total of 257 patients were enrolled ...
Bertalan Rita - - 2009
It has been shown that women who gained an excessive weight during pregnancy had an increase in long-term BMI compared with those without an excessive weight gain. Several studies have demonstrated that some polymorphisms of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene may influence body composition and metabolic parameters. In the present ...
Oken Emily E Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2009
Studies have found that higher maternal weight entering pregnancy increases risk for obesity and its cardiometabolic complications among offspring. Epidemiologic studies have found that higher maternal gestational weight gain is associated with higher weight and consequent risk for obesity, and elevated blood pressure among children. While these associations are partly ...
Dwarkanath P - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fetal energy demands are met from the oxidation of maternally supplied glucose and amino acids. During the fasted state, the glucose supply is thought to be met by gluconeogenesis. Underweight women with low body mass index (BMI) might be unable to adequately supply amino acids to satisfy the demands ...
Kac Gilberto - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of a Latin-American curve used to predict adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA). METHODS: More than 23000 body mass index (BMI) measurements from 4540 pregnant women participating in a prospective cohort study ...
Kurpad A V - - 2009
Nitric oxide (NO) has been proposed as a mediator of vascular expansion during pregnancy. Inability to increase NO synthesis and/or production of its precursor, arginine, may be a contributor to pregnancy-induced hypertension or preeclampsia. Because maternal weight is associated with blood pressure and risk of preeclampsia during pregnancy, it may ...
Ritterath Claudia - - 2010
Several studies show an association of adiponectin deficiency with obesity, insulin resistance and dysfunctional fat metabolism. This study investigates to what extent the correlations described occurs in pregnant women. Metabolism parameters and adiponectin serum levels were measured in 32 pregnant women at various times during their pregnancies and during the ...
Burdan Franciszek - - 2009
PURPOSE: Treatment-related signs of maternal toxicity, intrauterine growth retardation, increased skeletal developmental variations, and decreased bone ossification have been reported previously in rats exposed to high doses of non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors (ibuprofen, piroxicam, and tolmetin), also known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). On the other hand, decrease in fetal ...
Ronco A M - - 2009
Cadmium exposure induces low birth weight through unknown mechanisms. Since low birth weight is associated to foetal exposure to high glucocorticoids (GC) concentrations, we hypothesized that low birth weight induced by prenatal exposure to Cd(2+) is, at least in part, mediated by higher foetal exposure to GC, specifically corticosterone, the ...
Ay L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the associations of maternal anthropometrics with fetal weight measured in different periods of pregnancy and with birth outcomes. DESIGN: Population-based birth cohort study. SETTING: Data of pregnant women and their children in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. POPULATION: In 8541 mothers, height, prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) ...
Hegaard H K - - 2010
We examined the association between sports and other leisure-time physical activities during pregnancy and birth weight of babies born after 37 completed weeks of gestation. All Danish-speaking pregnant women attending routine antenatal care at the Department of Obstetrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, from August 1989 to September 1991 were invited ...
Chu Susan Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines recommend a gestational weight gain of 35-45 pounds for a twin pregnancy, but actual levels of weight gain during pregnancy among US women delivering twins are currently unknown. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed gestational weight gain among 6345 US women who delivered twins from 2001 to 2006, using ...
Timmermans Sarah - - 2009
Countries worldwide, including the Netherlands, recommend that women planning pregnancy use a folic acid supplement during the periconception period. Some countries even fortify staple foods with folic acid. These recommendations mainly focus on the prevention of neural tube defects, despite increasing evidence that folic acid may also influence birth weight. ...
Uusitalo Ulla - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study whether the dietary patterns of Finnish pregnant women are associated with their weight gain rate during pregnancy. DESIGN: A validated 181-item FFQ was applied retrospectively to assess the diet during the eighth month of pregnancy, and maternal height and maternal weight at first and last antenatal visits ...
Sankaran Srividya - - 2009
We assessed the effect of using customized birth-weight standards on the association of uterine artery Doppler resistance index (RI) and birth weight. This was a cross-sectional study of 2035 pregnancies scanned at 19 to 23 weeks. Both uterine arteries were identified using color flow mapping, and the RI was measured. ...
Thompson Mary Lou - - 2009
Improved understanding of the determinants of blood pressure (BP) changes during pregnancy is essential for decreasing the morbidity and mortality borne by women and their families worldwide. While most epidemiological studies consider associations based on categorical risk factor classifications, using measurements on a continuous scale has been advocated as a ...
Fattah Chro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We set out to compare measurement of Body Mass Index (BMI) with selfreporting in women early in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 100 women booking for antenatal care in the first trimester with a normal ongoing pregnancy. Selfreported maternal weight and height were recorded and the Body Mass Index ...
Insiripong Somchai - - 2009
Thirty-two mothers with thalassemia, more than half of whom had hemoglobin H disease with or without other forms of thalassemia or hemoglobinopathies along with their 46 children were evaluated. The mean maternal hematocrit was 22.2% and the mean maternal body mass index was 18.7. The majority of women were not ...
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